Out-of-school tutoring has become the normal life of Australian Chinese children
Make-up classes outside school become the norm in life
Xiao Huang (pseudonym) will be admitted to the elite middle school in March 2014. Xiao Huang, who has been "supplementing" for three years, and his parents started tuition after traveling to the Gold Coast for four days and three nights. Xiao Huang's mother, Ms. He, introduced to reporters that Xiao Huang is currently studying in a public school in Sydney's North District. Starting from the third grade, make up lessons, supplement mathematics, English and general knowledge. After class on Wednesday and Friday afternoon, supplement English and common sense, and supplement math on Saturday. She felt that tuition was necessary, otherwise she would not be able to understand the child's academic level.
Ms. He said: Regarding the child's learning situation, he used to have only one page of homework a week, and the teacher said it was good. We don’t usually take exams, and we don’t know how our children learn. When you go to the cram school, the teacher will contact us every week to give a report, introducing the test results, the ranking in the cram school, and the strengths and weaknesses of the child.
Ms. He said that Xiao Huang is now preparing for the exam. There is a big gap between the difficulty of the mock questions and the real questions given by the school. On the contrary, the difficulty of the mock questions made in the cram school is just as difficult as the real questions. Ms. He believes that because the school does not take examinations and students lack examination experience, it is very necessary to go to the cram school to exercise and improve the examination experience.
Speaking of the cost, Ms. He said that the current cost is more than XNUMX per year, which is still affordable. However, as the younger son is about to enter the third grade and will also enter the ranks of tutoring, this cost is very likely to double.
Mr. Wu's daughter is about to enter the 11th grade. She is studying at an elite secondary school in Sydney's southern district. 8 years of supplementary age.
Whether it should make up lessons
Regarding whether or not to make up classes and when to start making up classes, different parties have different opinions. Some people believe that Chinese immigrants to Australia are relatively weak in social skills and integration into mainstream society due to cultural, language and traditional barriers. If they want to have a good career, a certain status and income, then Must be engaged in some professions that require weaker but more professional social skills than sales or other fields, such as doctors and other professionals. But to enter such a field, you must take a good university exam before you can enter. Elite schools and prestigious universities have attracted many Chinese parents.
Moreover, the traditional Chinese concept is that the next generation hopes that the next generation will study well and have a bright future without having to suffer as much as the parents. Well, reading good books and getting good grades seems to some people to be a necessary condition for this bright future. To have this necessary condition, it is indispensable to start some small stoves, and tutoring is a matter of course.
Other parents are out of necessity: "Everyone makes up for it. Don’t your children make up for it? How can we keep up?" "We belong to the first generation of immigrants, and our English is not good. When the children gradually When we grow up, our little knowledge has no way to help children with homework, so we have to send them to a cram school."
Some parents also support the questioning tactics of cram schools, thinking that things only need to be familiar to make perfect. Pianists also have to practice piano every day, and their knowledge must be repeatedly strengthened to master. In interviews by reporters, some Chinese have already sent their children to cram schools when they were 4 or 5 years old, in order to prevent their children from losing at the starting line.
However, some people are opposed to make-up lessons, believing that it is a mechanical exercise, which is not good for children's creativity and divergent thinking. Some Chinese parents said: Our children's courage, hands-on ability and team spirit are not as good as the locals, because we have not created the environment and conditions for our children, and the emphasis on cultivating children's abilities is different.
Ms. He told reporters that Xiao Huang's school does not encourage make-up classes. On the one hand, it may be due to the local culture. On the other hand, they always feel that it is unfair to other students to improve their grades through supplementary lessons. Many Chinese make up lessons secretly and will not make claims to outsiders. Once Xiao Huang said that he had gone to make up classes on weekends. Later, when I met, the teacher told Ms. He that it is better for parents to give their children more time to move around and play freely, rather than being buried in the sea of questions.
In the mainstream education sector, some people do not approve of the conduct of tutoring for the entrance examination of elite secondary schools. The NSW Teachers Federation has also described the tutoring classes as "ridiculous" and "contagious", covering up the test. What I want to achieve.
As more and more students hope to improve their grades and career goals, Australia's current tutoring industry is already worth 60 billion yuan a year. And this number is still increasing every year. Some tuition teachers cover almost all subjects, from science to mathematics, from law to economics, and even motivational speeches and IT, earning 60 to 90 yuan per hour.
The tuition industry has a low threshold and a mixed bag
But whether it supports or opposes it. In the tutoring industry, existence is reasonable, and there is a lot of demand, there is rapid development. In recent years, cram schools have sprung up to provide candidates with cram courses, informal "mock exams" and books. In 2011 data, the Australian tutoring industry is worth 60 billion yuan a year, and this number is still increasing every year.
Mohan Dhall, Chief Executive Officer of the Australian Tutoring Association (ATA), said: “Tutoring classes are becoming more and more formal, more rigorously structured, and the organization of courseware is getting better and better. To become an integral part of mainstream education methods, we must admit this."
At present, about one-quarter of children in Australia receive tutoring after school, of varying ages. Some parents are already looking for suitable tuition schools before their children formally go to school. Some parents have never made up for their children and let them develop freely. Dihao told reporters that since the 50s, there have been formal tuition companies. Of course, there was a tutorial system in ancient times. At present, about 36000 people in Australia regard tutoring as their main job. There are an estimated 3500 to 4000 private tuition schools across Australia. In addition, there are about 35000 non-formal "tuition" teachers, they may be students, may be engaged in part-time work, etc.
Usually, if you start to make up, then it is a long-term resistance, with several years as the length unit. And multi-pronged, tutoring multiple subjects at the same time. The tutoring industry has become a big fragrant cake, and everyone wants a piece of the pie. Since the tuition industry does not require a formal qualification certificate, anyone can be a tutor and anyone can make up lessons. In such a large team, there are not only senior teachers with decades of rich experience, but also new teachers, and some young students. Teaching ability is uneven and there are many problems.
A survey conducted by an Australian tutoring industry organization found that nearly 42.5% of parents of students choose face-to-face, one-on-one tutoring for their children, which is also the most common way of tutoring. Some teachers pay as much as 200 yuan per hour for one-on-one tutoring, and college students with some basic professional knowledge can earn 20 yuan per hour. Chinese Mr. Zhu told reporters that his 10th grade son helped two classmates make up lessons every week for 7 yuan per hour because of his top-notch mathematics, physics and chemistry.
Anyone can become a tutoring "teacher" is a significant problem in this industry. Dihao told our reporter that, of course, it is understandable for students with better grades to help students with poor grades. However, if parents spend thousands of yuan or even more eagerly every year and enter the cram school with full of hope, and some cram schools and teachers do not provide teaching quality that meets the price, then this situation must be carried out. reform. The industry should set rules to ensure that Australian parents hire teachers with real talents and do not spend wronged money.
Source: New Express