release time:

2014-01-19 17: 43: 24

source:

NetEase

Editor in charge: tiny

The Chinese passport has always been regarded as "the most difficult-to-use passport", and there are constant statements about "Chinese passports have low gold content" and "Visa-free countries are poor countries". In fact, when a country formulates a visa-free policy, it must first ensure that it will not cause trouble to itself, and secondly, it must pay attention to the principle of reciprocity. In the 20s, the phenomenon of Chinese smuggling and illegal immigration was very serious. As a result, some countries tightened their visa policies to China, and countries that once exempted China from visas have also cancelled the visa exemption benefits for personal passports.


 As of October 2013, although China has 10 countries with mutual visa exemption, there are only 81 visa exemption countries with ordinary personal passports.


According to the latest data of the Henley Visa Restriction Index in 2013, the Chinese passport has a capacity value of 44, which is ranked 93 among 82 countries in the world, only higher than a few countries such as North Korea, Iran, and Iraq. . As for India, there are also 52. Among the large countries with a population of more than 1 million, China has the lowest passport capacity value and the least number of visa exemptions. As of October 2013, 10, China has signed mutual visa exemption agreements with 31 countries, but these agreements are basically for diplomacy, official business, as well as group travel and general business. Only San Marino, Seychelles, and Mauritius have truly achieved mutual visa exemption for all passports with China. Unfortunately, foreign tourists who want to enter San Marino often need to fly to Italy and then enter the country. For Chinese private passport holders, the few countries on this mutual exemption list are of no practical significance.


 In addition to government factors, China’s high number of illegal immigrants and poor image are reasons why some countries are unwilling to grant China visa exemption.


In addition to the principle of reciprocity and foreign policy factors, illegal residence, immigration, and the poor image of Chinese people abroad are reasons why some countries are unwilling to grant China visa exemption. Take Japan as an example. According to the statistics of "Foreigners Crimes in Japan in 2010" promulgated by the Japanese National Police Agency, Chinese accounted for 2010% of the crimes committed by foreigners in Japan in 39.3, surpassing the next. The total number of offenders in South Korea, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Brazil. In 4659, among the foreign criminals arrested in Japan, Chinese were still the most, accounting for about 2013%, or 38.3. According to a survey conducted by Japan’s Sankei Shimbun on “relaxation of visa conditions for Chinese citizens” in 1840, 2010% of the opinions “oppose the relaxation of visa conditions”, and more than 89% were “worried about the deterioration of public security”.


  In 1990, Hungary became the only country in Europe that was exempted from visas to China. Within two years, the number of Chinese increased to 2. The visa exemption was subsequently cancelled and the illegally stranded Chinese were expelled


Since the early 20s, about 90 Chinese have successively visited Russia and Central and Eastern European countries. Since around 20, China and Hungary signed a mutual visa exemption agreement, and Hungary began to become the only country in Europe that exempted Chinese people from visas. At that time, Hungary was once the main destination for new immigrants from mainland China. It is understood that the number of new Chinese immigrants in Hungary before visa exemption is generally stable at about 1990. In the first two years after the signing of the Sino-Hungarian mutual visa exemption agreement in 2, the number of new immigrants from China increased dramatically, reaching a peak of 1990. However, starting in 5, Hungary cancelled the visa-free concessions and began to expel Chinese who were staying illegally. According to statistics from the Immigration Bureau of the Hungarian Ministry of Internal Affairs, the number of Chinese deported for illegally living in Hungary was about 1992 in 1998 and about 500 in 1999.


 As more and more Chinese overstayed, in May 1996, Singapore cancelled the 5-hour visa exemption for Chinese citizens.


In the 20s, the Singapore Immigration Bureau discovered that some travel agencies were arranging Chinese tour groups to enter Singapore, regardless of whether the personnel left the country on time or not, causing more and more Chinese to stay overdue. Therefore, the Singaporean government announced on May 90, 1996 that it would no longer allow Chinese citizens to stay in the local area for 5 hours as tourists without a visa. It also stipulates that Chinese tourist groups must apply for a 1-hour tourist visa from the Singapore embassy in Beijing, the consulates in Shanghai and Xi’an, or the Singapore diplomatic office in Hong Kong from now on. Before this visa is issued, the relevant travel agency must pay a security deposit of 48 Singapore dollars (96 US dollars) for each tourist.


  In 2007, Colombia, the first in South America to give China visa exemption, cancelled its visa exemption from China four months later due to the surge in illegal entry of Chinese people.


The Republic of Colombia is a Spanish-speaking country in northwestern South America. It is a populous country in Latin America, with a population second only to Brazil and Mexico. It faces the Caribbean Sea to the north. Colombia is the first country in South America to take the lead in granting visa exemption to China. On January 2007, 1, visa exemption was opened to China. Since then, in 1, there have not been thousands of Chinese visiting places. Since the visa exemption, it will be available every day. Baishilai number Chinese visit. In April 2006, Colombian police arrested 2007 Chinese who entered the country illegally, most of whom did not hold any ID cards. Subsequently, Colombian officials cancelled this policy in May of that year, and the visa-free treatment of Chinese private passports was cancelled.


  In 2008, Ecuador opened visa exemption and attracted Chinese smugglers. In half a year, nearly 7000 Chinese were illegally stranded. The visa exemption was cancelled at the end of the year.


Some countries once granted visa-free access to China, but the outcome was not good. On June 2008, 6, Ecuadorian President Correa issued a decree to cancel entry visas for all countries, including Chinese citizens. The number of Chinese who entered Ecuador that day exceeded the total number of people who entered Ecuador each month by about twice. In the following six months, about 20 Chinese citizens entered the country, but fewer than 1.1 left. The Ecuadorian authorities suspect that there are Chinese who want to use Ecuador to smuggle to the United States or Canada. In November of that year, the Ecuadorian Coast Guard arrested 4000 Chinese in the territorial waters who attempted to smuggle into Central America. On December 11, Ecuador changed its policy towards China and no longer granted visa-free treatment to individuals holding ordinary personal passports.


  Tonga will only implement a one-year visa-free cancellation for China in 2010 due to illegal immigrants from Chinese immigrants to New Zealand


The Kingdom of Tonga is located near the equator in the southwestern Pacific Ocean and consists of 172 islands of varying sizes. It is an island country in the South Pacific near New Zealand. King George Tupou V of Tonga visited China in 2009 and declared on the spot that he would grant Chinese citizens visa-free treatment in 2010. However, because Tonga is very close to New Zealand, the islands next to Tonga are basically New Zealand's subsidiary islands. As long as you borrow Tonga, you can easily smuggle to New Zealand by boat. Therefore, after the opening of visas on arrival for Chinese citizens, Tonga has hundreds of illegal stayers in a very short period of time. Eventually, Tonga announced that it would cancel the practice of visas on arrival for Chinese citizens on December 2010, 12, which also means China The visa exemption of the passport was broken again.


 In addition, Venezuela, Costa Rica and other countries have also granted visa exemption to China for private passports, and have successively cancelled them after the outbreak of illegal immigration.


In addition to the above countries that notified the Chinese government to cancel the visa exemption, there are also countries including Venezuela, Costa Rica and other countries that have canceled the visa exemption for private passports due to illegal immigration. There are even some countries that have never notified the Chinese government, but quietly Cancellation of Chinese visa on arrival. They are Malawi, Papua New Guinea, and Iraq. East Timor needs to be approved in advance to get the visa on arrival. Georgia's visa on arrival has also become extremely difficult. However, due to the increase in illegal entry and stay of Chinese citizens in recent years, Papua New Guinea regards China as a high-risk country for illegal immigration, and relevant law enforcement agencies such as immigration, police and security have increased the monitoring and investigation of Chinese citizens. Once problems are discovered, such as the visa held inconsistent with the purpose of coming to Papua New Guinea, or the name of the employer is not allowed, they will be detained, detained or even deported.

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