How many people think that as long as they get a green card, they are Australians? The difference is far, in fact, there are some differences that we don't know between the green card and nationality. Only by optimistic about these can you really determine your identity in Australia.

XNUMX. [Rights and Obligations]

The Australian green card and Australian citizenship have the following differences:

The five rights that only citizens can enjoy but permanent residents cannot enjoy are: 5. the right to vote; 5. the right to be elected; 2. join the army; 12. be elected as a jury member; XNUMX. engage in certain special government tasks (such as intelligence personnel) ). The green card is essentially a valid visa, which generally only allows the holder to enter and leave Australia within XNUMX years. After the expiration, the visa must be renewed. The renewal requires that the holder must have lived in Australia for XNUMX years in the past XNUMX years. Once you obtain Australian citizenship, whether you live in Australia or not, you will remain Australian citizenship for life and will be protected by Australian overseas consulates. If a green card holder is sentenced to more than XNUMX months in Australia, the green card will be cancelled. The Australian citizenship cannot be cancelled.

If one of the parents is an Australian green card holder, if the child is born in Australia, then the child is born as an Australian citizen. If the child was born in China, the child is a Chinese citizen, and of course he can apply for an Australian green card in the future. If one of the parents is an Australian citizen, no matter where the child was born (such as China), the child is born an Australian citizen.

XNUMX. [Naturalization]

Obtaining an Australian green card does not naturally result in Australian citizenship, nor does it result in losing Chinese nationality. Instead, they continue to hold a Chinese passport and maintain Chinese nationality. According to relevant Chinese laws, these people are called overseas Chinese. Once permanent residents become Australian citizens, they are called Chinese Australians. Regardless of immigration countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, or non-immigrant countries such as European countries and Japan, the law usually requires permanent residents to meet certain conditions before they can apply for citizenship in that country, that is, obtain the nationality of that country. According to the Australian Constitution, Australian citizens can have multiple nationalities. This shows that when a citizen of another country applies for naturalization as an Australian citizen, he or she can still retain his or her original nationality as long as the law of the country of origin permits. Conversely, when an Australian citizen applies to join another nationality, he (she) can also retain Australian citizenship. It is worth noting that citizens with dual citizenship are also responsible for fulfilling the obligations of citizens of that country while enjoying the rights of the country. After you get your green card, you can apply for Australian citizenship if you meet certain conditions. Residential requirements that need to be met when applying for naturalization: have lived in Australia for a total of 4 years in the 3 years before naturalization, and have been in Australia for at least 1 year before the naturalization application for at least 9 months, and in the 4 years before the application, You must live in Australia as a permanent residence for at least the last 12 months, but you are allowed to leave the country for no more than 12 months in the 3 months. There are three main steps in applying for naturalization: application, interview and naturalization ceremony. The whole process generally takes 6 months. 1. Application: Applicants can download the nationality application form online. After filling out, send the application form and necessary documents to the Nationality Office. 2. Interview: Applicants over 16 years old must attend the interview. The purpose of the interview is to confirm that you know the rights and obligations of Australian citizens, and can use simple English (applicants over the age of 50 do not need to meet this clause) 3. Naturalization ceremony: After the interview is passed, it will generally be within two months After receiving the notice, attend the "Citizenship Certificate Issuing Ceremony" at the prescribed time and place. During the ceremony, the applicant will take the naturalization oath and receive the Australian citizenship certificate. After having the citizenship certificate, you can get an Australian passport within 2 weeks. With an Australian passport, you can go to all Western countries without a visa, including the United States and Western European countries.

It should be noted that: Naturalization requires each person to apply separately, not as a family. If the wife has lived for 4 years, the wife can apply. If your husband is not full, you cannot apply.

XNUMX. [Welfare articles]

Australian permanent residents and citizens enjoy roughly the same rights.

Australia began to establish a social security system in 1910 and is one of the countries with the earliest and best social welfare systems in the world. After arriving in Australia, new immigrants can immediately enjoy benefits such as free medical care and parent allowance. However, new permanent residence visa holders are not allowed to apply for unemployment benefits, emergency comprehensive relief and student allowances within the first 2 years. Other benefits are the same, such as free primary and secondary education, student loans, and free medical care. After holding a green card for 2 years, you can enjoy all Australian benefits. (Australian permanent residence visa holders can freely settle in New Zealand and enjoy all the rights of a New Zealand green card).

[nextpage title=”澳大利亚社会保障津贴种类”]

澳大利亚社会保障津贴种类齐全, 主要有以下形式:

一、养老金:澳大利亚享受养老金的男子需65岁以上,女子60岁以上。领取者的妻子即使本人无资格享受养老金也可领到养老金。能否领取养老金或领取多少,将根据有关人收入、资产而定,并要满足居住条件的要求。年金与通货膨胀率挂钩,每两年调整一次。凡领取养老金者可以得到优惠的医疗药品和其他卫生保健待遇。政府对享受养老金者提供的其他优惠包括减收交通费、地方税、电费和汽车注册费等。

二、家庭子女补助金:凡养育一个或一个以上子女的人可以得到补贴,但取得这笔补贴必须经过对家庭收入和财产情况的调查。家庭补贴通常每两个星期发一次,交给主要监护人,一般都是交给孩子的母亲。孩子助养费的领取根据一个有孩子的家庭年收入情况而定。

三、残疾人和病人救济金:因伤残而领取抚恤金的人和因患病而领取临时补贴的人,接受康复治疗和培训,父母或监护人因孩子身体、智力或心理伤残而需要在家里得到护理和照顾的可以领取残疾人和病人救济金。已经就业或者正在接受培训但是不能使用公共交通工具的伤残者可以领取交通费补贴;长期在家照顾严重伤残的养老金领取者或领取其他补助者的人可以得到护理者补贴。

四、失业救济金:对于正在寻找职业的失业者或为寻找工作机会正在接受教育、培训或安置的失业者,为使其能得到足够的收入,以维持他们自己和家属的生活所发放的补贴,有”寻找工作补贴”和”重新开始津贴”等;失业救济金额度目前为每人每两周约410澳元。新移民在抵达澳大利亚两年后才有资格申领。

五、孕妇补助金: 居住在澳大利亚,且孩子在澳大利亚出生的孕妇,可以申请孕妇补助金。如在前往澳大利亚定居途中孩子生在船上的产妇,以及在澳居住一年以上的外籍孕妇,也能享受此种补助。每分娩一个孩子时,可得到一次性分娩津贴。

六、全民享有免费医疗保健:国民保健(Medicare)是澳大利亚国家健康保险计划,新移民可以即时享有大多数免费医疗服务,国民保健病患者也可享有免费公立医院的治疗。国家将会为病人支付:看医生的费用、在公立医院手术、住院(包括药品和饮食)的费用,通常情况下,开业医生和医院与政府实行统一结账,病人只需刷卡而不需要付费。国家虽不会为病人支付买药的费用,但政府通过“医药补贴计划”对许多医药处方给予补贴。

此外,还有学习津贴、边远地区津贴、看护津贴、配偶津贴、电话津贴、房租津贴、交通津贴、托儿津贴等,但大多数新移民要等两年才有资格申领部分社会保险补贴,其中包括失业救济金和学习津贴。新移民抵达澳大利亚后即可享受的福利包括医药津贴、孩子助养费、特别救济金、大学奖学金和学费免息贷款的偿还等项。

澳大利亚福利一览

儿童助养费:50-300澳元/人/两周

特别救济金:350澳元/人/两周

儿童早期教育津贴:100澳元/人/周

失业救济金:350澳元/人/两周

基础教育&医疗:免费

分娩津贴:5000澳元/次

高等教育学生津贴:330澳元/人/两周

国家退休金:视个人情况而定