✿Australian green card ≠ Australian nationality, where is the gap? (Full solution)
How many people think that as long as they get a green card, they are Australians? The difference is far, in fact, there are some differences that we don't know between the green card and nationality. Only by optimistic about these can you really determine your identity in Australia.
XNUMX. [Rights and Obligations]
The Australian green card and Australian citizenship have the following differences:
The five rights that only citizens can enjoy but permanent residents cannot enjoy are: 5. the right to vote; 5. the right to be elected; 2. join the army; 12. be elected as a jury member; XNUMX. engage in certain special government tasks (such as intelligence personnel) ). The green card is essentially a valid visa, which generally only allows the holder to enter and leave Australia within XNUMX years. After the expiration, the visa must be renewed. The renewal requires that the holder must have lived in Australia for XNUMX years in the past XNUMX years. Once you obtain Australian citizenship, whether you live in Australia or not, you will remain Australian citizenship for life and will be protected by Australian overseas consulates. If a green card holder is sentenced to more than XNUMX months in Australia, the green card will be cancelled. The Australian citizenship cannot be cancelled.
If one of the parents is an Australian green card holder, if the child is born in Australia, then the child is born as an Australian citizen. If the child was born in China, the child is a Chinese citizen, and of course he can apply for an Australian green card in the future. If one of the parents is an Australian citizen, no matter where the child was born (such as China), the child is born an Australian citizen.
Obtaining an Australian green card does not naturally result in Australian citizenship, nor does it result in losing Chinese nationality. Instead, they continue to hold a Chinese passport and maintain Chinese nationality. According to relevant Chinese laws, these people are called overseas Chinese. Once permanent residents become Australian citizens, they are called Chinese Australians. Regardless of immigration countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, or non-immigrant countries such as European countries and Japan, the law usually requires permanent residents to meet certain conditions before they can apply for citizenship in that country, that is, obtain the nationality of that country. According to the Australian Constitution, Australian citizens can have multiple nationalities. This shows that when a citizen of another country applies for naturalization as an Australian citizen, he or she can still retain his or her original nationality as long as the law of the country of origin permits. Conversely, when an Australian citizen applies to join another nationality, he (she) can also retain Australian citizenship. It is worth noting that citizens with dual citizenship are also responsible for fulfilling the obligations of citizens of that country while enjoying the rights of the country. After you get your green card, you can apply for Australian citizenship if you meet certain conditions. Residential requirements that need to be met when applying for naturalization: have lived in Australia for a total of 4 years in the 3 years before naturalization, and have been in Australia for at least 1 year before the naturalization application for at least 9 months, and in the 4 years before the application, You must live in Australia as a permanent residence for at least the last 12 months, but you are allowed to leave the country for no more than 12 months in the 3 months. There are three main steps in applying for naturalization: application, interview and naturalization ceremony. The whole process generally takes 6 months. 1. Application: Applicants can download the nationality application form online. After filling out, send the application form and necessary documents to the Nationality Office. 2. Interview: Applicants over 16 years old must attend the interview. The purpose of the interview is to confirm that you know the rights and obligations of Australian citizens, and can use simple English (applicants over the age of 50 do not need to meet this clause) 3. Naturalization ceremony: After the interview is passed, it will generally be within two months After receiving the notice, attend the "Citizenship Certificate Issuing Ceremony" at the prescribed time and place. During the ceremony, the applicant will take the naturalization oath and receive the Australian citizenship certificate. After having the citizenship certificate, you can get an Australian passport within 2 weeks. With an Australian passport, you can go to all Western countries without a visa, including the United States and Western European countries.
It should be noted that: Naturalization requires each person to apply separately, not as a family. If the wife has lived for 4 years, the wife can apply. If your husband is not full, you cannot apply.
XNUMX. [Welfare articles]
Australian permanent residents and citizens enjoy roughly the same rights.
Australia began to establish a social security system in 1910 and is one of the countries with the earliest and best social welfare systems in the world. After arriving in Australia, new immigrants can immediately enjoy benefits such as free medical care and parent allowance. However, new permanent residence visa holders are not allowed to apply for unemployment benefits, emergency comprehensive relief and student allowances within the first 2 years. Other benefits are the same, such as free primary and secondary education, student loans, and free medical care. After holding a green card for 2 years, you can enjoy all Australian benefits. (Australian permanent residence visa holders can freely settle in New Zealand and enjoy all the rights of a New Zealand green card).