Restaurant/coffee shop work is the first choice for many international students. Its main advantage is that the time is more flexible. It is mainly in the evening, which does not cause much delay to school. Although the salary is not ideal, many restaurants also solve the problem of eating. Question. However, many restaurants (especially Chinese restaurants) have serious exploitation conditions. Here I kindly remind you: You must know how to protect yourself when you work in restaurants, and students should still focus on their studies. This article focuses on foreign restaurants/ Coffee working rules and related preparations (including a lot of food/kitchenware English vocabulary). Even if you have not landed in Australia or do not plan to work in a restaurant/coffee, it is good to know more about local restaurants!


1. About the restaurant For the sake of illustration, I personally divide the foreigner restaurants in Australia into 3 categories: coffee/cake/sandwich/fish/chip shops, fast food chains, and large restaurants. The first two stores do not necessarily provide table service under normal circumstances, while the third one requires you to provide a more professional table service. For a waitress/waiter, having a table service means having a tip. Because this kind of shop is generally after the meal checkout rather than before the meal checkout. If it is a pre-dinner checkout, the customer has no chance to pay the tip because the money has already been paid! If you don't have any previous experience, I personally recommend starting from a store without a table service, because this will not be too difficult.
1.2 Regarding wages, in NSW,
1. Government regulations: A$18.0/hour (Monday to Friday)
A$21.0/hour (Saturday)
A$25.0/hour (Sunday)

2. Western boss:
Average A$15.0/hour (cash), plus tax.

3. Chinese boss:

Average A$10.0 – 13.0/hour (cash)

4. tip:
Western shop A$20.0 – A$50.0 per day
China Store A$5.0 --A$10.0 / day
However, the statutory minimum wage in other states of Australia may be relatively lower.
1.3 Pros and Cons The benefits are actually quite a lot. The first is a good income. As I said above, there are still 12 yuan per hour. If you have a lot of experience and have special skills (such as making all kinds of coffee), then you will improve on this basis. The wages of casual workers are also slightly higher, but the weekly working hours are not long. If they only do one job, they cannot be used for living expenses. I wrote "foreigner" restaurant worker in the title because the Chinese usually pay you less than the legal minimum standard. But if a Chinese boss offers you a better price, you can also accept it. The second is that it is relatively easy to find a job. Because Australians are usually accustomed to buying a cup of coffee on their way to work in the morning or at 2 or 3 in the afternoon, and they are also accustomed to buying a sandwich for lunch at noon. So coffee sandwich shops abound (especially in the office building clusters). With more stores, naturally there will be more opportunities. On the other hand, a job like this often does not require you to have a PR, because it does not require you to work in the company for a long time like office work, and there is no trouble in handover (there is nothing to follow up), anyway. free. In fact, even if you are looking for an employee, it is good to be a waiter/waitress before you find one. At least you will not be overly nervous financially. For students, we can only work 20 hours a week, and many of these restaurant jobs are parttime, which is more suitable for our visa requirements. Many Hollywood stars also worked as waiting staff before they became famous (Harrison Ford even became a carpenter), because it is better to have a job than no job, and a little money is better than no money.

1.4 Am I suitable? Usually when someone asks me this kind of question, I will answer him: "Take out the word "?" But after careful consideration, I think there will still be some people who are not suitable for this kind of work. I remember someone told me that there are two kinds of jobs in the world: one kind of job requires human-computer dialogue, and the other requires human-machine dialogue. The so-called "human-machine dialogue" is the work of dealing with machines. "Everyone talks" means dealing with people. Some are suitable for only one of them, and some are suitable for both. So you'd better make sure that you are the type that likes "everyone conversation". What's more, English has to be a little bit basic, at least there are no major barriers to listening and oral communication. In this post, I will try my best to give you some examples of oral communication in English. When that happens, you can draw from the gourd and you don’t have to worry about English anymore.


2. How to find a job
2.1 Job hunting channels

There are actually many channels, and the key is that you have to be good at mining. The first is to read advertisements in newspapers and on the Internet. (In fact, there are more comprehensive information on the Internet. Foreigners work mainly from seek.com.au and careerone.com.au) But you must not miss the regional newspapers in your area. Because that type of newspaper usually has a small circulation and less competition, it is easy to succeed.
The second channel is chain stores, such as McDonald's, KFC, Pizza Hut, Donut King, etc. You can go to a fast food chain to ask them for a job application form, fill it out and give it to them. But it is best to avoid the lunch peak between 11 noon and 2 pm, because the store will be very busy at that time, so the store manager will generally not be patient to receive you and ask you to fill out the form.
The third channel is the "invisible job market." Because some stores need people, but don’t worry for a while. If you show up at this time, maybe they will want you too. So you'd better bring your resume and ask from door to door. Of course there are also tricks here. Because such restaurants are generally opened in shopping centers and convenient transportation areas, or office clusters, and elderly clusters. If you plug your resume in a place with more restaurants, you can plug a lot of copies at least once, and you have more opportunities. Especially if there is a food court in some places, that would be even better. Because finding a job is actually a question of probability. If there is only a 1% chance, you will have a success with 100 resumes.
Of course, the actual success rate will not be so low. But if you visit Serbia's resume, the success rate is still good. In the store where I worked, someone often stuffed a resume temporarily and was left by the boss. There is another advantage: some store owners are more attentive, and he usually keeps his resume as a backup resource. Once there are vacancies, they can be contacted immediately.
If you have a car, it's best to go to some restaurants in the elderly community. Because there are few young people living in the surrounding areas, the competition is not too fierce. The elderly in those areas are generally wealthier. Because they usually sell their houses in high-priced locations and then move to low-priced locations, and the difference in price is used by them to enjoy life. In addition, the time difference between buying and selling a house is relatively large, so they usually leave more remaining funds.
Many elderly couples love to go shopping when they are fine, and find a place to drink coffee when they are tired. Or a few old men and women traveling in groups. So the restaurant industry in that kind of place is still booming. Another advantage is that there is free lunch or free coffee. The rules of each store are different anyway, but in general there will always be some free food. I remember when I was making Michel's Patissarie, I often brought home a lot of cream cakes, sometimes even a whole big cake. Because Australia has high requirements for food sales. For things like butter cakes, even if they can be stored for about 5 days in theory, people generally dare not sell them after 3 days, so the boss will distribute the things to everyone and take them home. If you work during lunch hours, your boss will usually let you enjoy free lunch before and after lunch peak hours so that you can save money on meals.
Disadvantages:If you are weak or physically weak, it is best not to do this kind of work. Because in fact, the physical exertion of restaurant workers is quite heavy. You have to stand for a long time and do things without even having a chance to sit.
2.2 Resume preparation
I mentioned door-to-door resumes, and you will definitely think, if I have never done this kind of work, how would I write a resume? In fact, writing this kind of resume requires certain skills.
The first is work experience. Don't write down what office work you did in China. Because people will think that you are an office type person, so you won't even be given an interview opportunity. If you have done services related to physical labor, related to social public relations, or related to commercial sales, you should list it. If you have no experience working with a restaurant, you can avoid it.
If you don't even have such experience, then don't worry. You can add more cover letter. However, the comrades in the restaurant are generally not very educated. If you write thousands of words eloquently, people will naturally not read it. But if it's within 6-8 lines, maybe it can come in handy. As a person without a working background, the impression you have to give to your boss is: Although this person is inexperienced, he is a "good seed."
So you can write in your resume that you are interested in cooking, especially Italian cooking. You can say that you like to taste coffee, you live on coffee, so you are particularly yearning for the coffee-scented working environment. You can also say that you are very outgoing and humorous, and you think that serving people will make you feel very happy, etc. Anyway, the restaurant owner will want to see what you can think of. The point is that many people don't think about it the other way around when looking for a job. After writing these, you'd better write down which time periods of the week you are free. The peak hours of restaurants are usually 8-9am for breakfast and 11am-2pm for lunch, especially lunch time. So if you are free during these time periods, be sure to mark it. Finally, write down when you can start working. Usually if you don’t have a job, you can write that you are willing to start immediately. Because of this, if there is a temporary shortage of staff, you will have a great chance to fill the vacancy.

2.3 Telephone inquiry
If it is a job in a newspaper or an advertisement on a website, the other party will usually ask you to call. In fact, you can also imagine that the owner of a restaurant is not an office type of person, and generally does not want to read a lot of resumes, so the telephone has become the main communication channel. And it is very important to call at the first time.
Generally speaking, the best time to make a call is after 9.30am on the day of the advertisement and before the 11am lunch peak. Because they don’t usually answer the phone during brunch rush hours. And if you call after lunch, too many people may have called, so you have no chance. If your English is not well-exported and fluent in response, you'd better write a draft before calling. I'm here to give you an example, but you'd better modify it yourself and use it again, so that people don't think it is strange-why do all Chinese people say the same when they call?
Phone example:
You: Can I please speak to Tom? (If there is a specific contact person in the newspaper, you directly ask to speak to that person, if not, skip this sentence) Owner: Tom speaking, how can I help you? You: Hi , my name is chinching and I'm just inquiring about the position vacant you advertised on the paper. Is it still available? Generally, after you ask this sentence, there will be 3 answers. 1. Sorry, the position has been taken already. 2. Yes, do you have any experience previously? 3. Yes. Can you come to our shop this afternoon<or other time> For the second answer, you have to be careful. If he has already asked for experience in the advertisement, then you'd better have relevant experience before applying. But if he does not ask for experience in the advertisement, but he asks if you have any experience, there are usually two biggest possibilities: one is that some people with work experience have already called, so he wants to compare; the other is that he listens Get your Asian accent and want to block you back. In this case, you can answer: Well, although I don't have too much experience, I have worked in XXXX shops. I think I've developed some customer service skills which will be quite helpful for me to pick up this job. Or if you have no experience you can answer: Well, I don't have too much experience, but I think I can learn very quickly. And you didn't ask for experience in the AD anyway, did you? ( Then let the boss know that you really want to learn.)
3. Interview
It is best to wear clean-looking clothes during the interview. Because the owner of a restaurant usually prefers to prefer
Clean clerk. If you are a boy, it is best to use an electric razor to clean your beard; for girls, try not to drape their hair (see below for reasons).
During the interview, the boss usually wants to see if you look clean. And get to know your basic situation and suitable working hours. Generally, there will be no big problems. But in the communication process you should emphasize the following points: *You are willing to work for a long time instead of just a few months; *Your interest in coffee/cooking/food/customer service *You can work during peak lunch hours (involving you personally) If you are not free at noon every day, let him know which days you are free at noon) Speak at a moderate speed, don’t be too rushed, and speak clearly.
After the interview, he may ask you to go back and wait for the news, or he may ask you to try work that day. So you better be mentally prepared.
It is strongly recommended that you arrive half an hour early on the day of the interview, and read the menu of that store, in case something you don't know or words you don't know cause you to feel nervous.
4. Work
4.1 matters needing attention
4.1.1 Tips

Mentioned earlier. If there is a table service or payment after meal, there is usually a tip. There are also coffee clerks who put a small cup next to the coffee machine, with the label TIPSPLEASE written on it.
4.1.2 hygiene
Many stores require the staff not to touch the food directly with their hands, but to use food tongs or wear disposable gloves. If you have already put on gloves, remember not to touch dirty things, hair, clothing, or face with your gloved hands. Otherwise, change your gloves before touching food.
If girls have long hair, it is best to tie them up, otherwise the hair will fall into the food easily. Shopkeepers generally have strict requirements for dark-haired shop assistants, because it is difficult to detect blond hair falling on food, while black hair is very obvious.
4.2 Actual work
4.2.1 How to take order?
4.2.1.1 Restaurants without tips

I think everyone knows to ask "Hi, how can I help you?" or "Hi, what would you like?" If a customer has stood there for a long time without responding, or you are not sure if the person has ordered food , You can say "Are you all right?" or "Have you been served?"
Example A-Eating coffee in class: A: Hey, are you all right? B: Yes. Hmm… can I please have… a soy latte? A: Have it here or take away? (If it’s a takeaway, there will be Cups of different sizes, if it is eat-in, there is only one size) B: I'll have it here. A: Can you show me the table you're gonna sit? B: The one close to the window. A : Yep. Anything else? B: No, thank you. A: Two dollars eighty please! B hands over 5 dollars A: That's five dollars (A then entry the transaction, put the money in the cash machine and get the change.) A: Two twenty change. Thank you!
Example B—Take-out coffee: C: G'day! Ahh… can I please have a skim cappuccino? D: Yep! Have it here or take away? C: Take away. D: Small size or large? C: Large, please? D: With any sugar? C: Hmm… can I have 2 equal? ​​D: Sure! So it's large skim cappuccino with 2 equal? ​​C: Yes, thank you. D: Anything else? C: Hmm, I'll have a cheesecake as well D: Yep. Comes to five o five. C hands over $5.05):g”TC: Thank you.
Example C—A fresh sandwich E: Hi, you guys are all right? F: Oh, yes! Hmm… can we please have… a Hawaiian sandwich and a… chicken schnitzel roll? (Hawaiian sandwich— Hawaiian sandwich, ham and pineapple roll? Cheese) E: Yep. White or brown bread for the Hawaiian? F: Brown, please! E: Both with cheese? F: Yes, please. E: Any salads for the chicken schnitzel roll? F: Just lettuce, tomato and onion E: Any sauce? Salt or pepper on it? F: Just pepper, please. And can we have both of them toasted? E: Sure! Any drink with them? E: Comes to nine dollars fifty.
4.2.1.2 A tipped shop In this kind of shop, it is mainly to ask the customer four questions: pre-meal, staple food, dessert, and beverage.
example
: A: Hi, are you ready to order? B: Yes. Can I please have a Bolognese Spaghetti and a Mediterranean salad? A: Yes. Any entries at all? B: No, thank you. A: Would you like any desserts as well? B: Hmm…okay! I think I'll have a tiramisu. A: Yep! Any drink? A: Yep, what flavour? B: Ciata, please! A: Is that all you want? B: Yes. In fact, you will be required to make records during the taking order process. Many stores will have their own special codes. For example, sk means skim milk. If you are not sure whether your records are accurate, you must check with customers in time. Also, customers will ask you to explain what ingredients are used in a certain dish and how it tastes like. So you'd better understand some background knowledge in advance
4.2.2 serving the table
This step is the key. Because it affects how much you tip (of course, the service when you let guests order also affects the tip). After ordering, you can start to distribute knives, forks and tissues. When the dishes are served, if multiple people are dining at the same table, be sure to serve everyone’s dishes to your side. So when you are near the food table, it is best to report what kind of food you are on. Then look at the customer's reaction. Some experienced waitress/waiter can even remember who ordered what food with their brains, which is quite amazing! Don't forget to say some appetizers after serving the dishes. For example: Enjoy your meal!
4.2.3 Tips collection skills Sometimes your entire service is good. But one or two of your fatal mistakes will prevent you from getting tips: *Can’t wait to urge guests to pay the bills*Don’t give change when looking for money (for example, if you are looking for 5 yuan, it is best to give two 2 yuan and two 50 cents, In this way, if the customer does not have change around, they can use the money you find to pay the tip. If you give the entire 5 yuan and the customer has no change, then your service will be useless) *An error in ordering or Wrong dish. (Anyway, any mistake that makes the customer unpleasant may make the customer refuse to pay the tip) *The waiting time is too long. (Some dishes take a long time to cook, so customers will wait for a long time. In this case, it is best to be like the customer when ordering, let him prepare mentally) *I am not familiar with the recipe. (For example, someone asks you what ingredients are in a certain dish, and you don't know anything.) *The order and time of serving are wrong. (For example, you serve dessert just halfway through the dinner. If the dessert happens to be ice cream, don’t expect a tip. In this case, it’s best to put the dessert in the refrigerator and see that the customer has basically finished. During dinner, go to the table and ask if you can serve dessert.) *Wrong target. (Middle-aged couples are the easiest to pay tips. So as soon as this kind of person enters the store, you have to do it. If you are a group of teenagers, you will generally not be tipped. After all, their financial resources are also very limited)


5. Commonly used English
5.1 English vocabulary preparation

If you rarely visit foreign restaurants, you'd better familiarize yourself with the common vocabulary listed below. If time permits, it is best to go to the supermarket to see what individual things you don’t know look like. But don't be intimidated by my vocabulary list. Because I try to cover possible new words, but in fact not all stores will have these things.
5.1.1 Coffee
5.1.1.1 Types of coffee:

espresso—-small cup of super strong coffee without milk
short black---is espresso, different names
long black—-large cup of coffee mixed with hot water, no milk
cappuccino—-卡布其诺:1/3咖啡,1/3热牛奶,外加1/3奶沫(floth)。巧克力粉撒在最上面。
Cafe latte (or simply called "latte")—Latte/milk special is more than cappuccino milk, nearly 1/2. No chocolate powder.
flatwhite—a little less froth than latte
mugaccino-is cappuccino in mug cup
macchiato-is shortblack plus a layer of milk froth
mocha—- Mocha, just cappuccino with cocoa powder
(The above is "hot drink" hotbeverage)
iced coffee—-Ice coffee (made with milk, iced espresso and ice cream)
iced mocha---ice mocha
frappuccino—- Shaved ice Chino (made with ice cubes, milk, iced espresso concentrate)
Additives:
soymilk soy milk, some people use soy milk instead of milk to lose weight
skimmilk skimmed milk
equal sugar substitute. It is usually packed in a small blue paper bag.
Needless to say milk and sugar.
5.1.2 Sandwich
5.1.2.1 spreads and cheeses
butter---butter
tasty cheese---special fragrant cheese
cheddar cheese—-Cheddar cheese
swiss cheese—- Swiss cheese
low fat cheese / lite cheese-weight loss cheese (less fat)
smoked cheese—- smoked cheese
cottage cheese—- cottage cheese
philadelphia spread—- a white bread coating, a bit like cheese
camembert-Camonport cheese, named after its birthplace Camonport. The outer shell is slightly harder, and the inner texture is soft and elastic. The exterior is white and the interior is creamy yellow.
brie—a French soft cheese (white)
mozzarella—- An Italian cheese. The texture is softer, but the taste is stronger.
parmesan—a kind of Italian cheese. The texture is hard, the milk concentration is high, and the milk flavor is strong.
vegimite—a breaded sauce made with vegetables, brown
5.1.2.2 Bread/bread
white bread—- white bread
whole meal—- whole wheat bread
whole grain---whole grain bread
brown bread—-black bread, whole meal and whole grain are black bread
Lebanese bread---Lebanese bread
tortilla---pancake (a bit like extra-large spring roll wrapper)
raisin—- Raisin Bread
5.1.2.3 Fillings
ham---ham
turkey---turkey
bacon—-Bacon
egg---egg
chicken schnitzel---Fried chicken breast
salami---salami
pepperoni—-spicy salami
roast beef—-Roast beef
tuna---tuna
salmon—-Salmon
pineapple---pineapple
silverside—-Beef rump
kransky—a European-style sausage, a bit like red sausage, but shorter
lettuce---lettuce
tomato---Tomato
sun-dried tomato---dried tomato
eggplant—-eggplant
capsicum---light pepper
mushroom—-Mushroom
sprout---bean sprouts
cucumber---cucumber
spinach---spinach
Spanish onion---Spanish onion (purple onion)
French onion---French onion (the kind with brown skin)
Olive---olive
pickle/gherkin-pickled cucumber
carrot---carrot
beetroot---beetroot
5.1.2.2 Sauces and Seasonings
mayonnaise/mayo---mayonnaise
BBQ sauce—-Barbecue sauce
tomato sauce---tomato sauce
chilli sauce---chili sauce
garlic sauce---garlic sauce
American mustard---American mustard
French mustard---French mustard
Dijon mustard-Dijon mustard (Dijon is a French city)
Caesar sauce/Caesar dressing—-Caesar sauce
tartar sauce—-a white seafood sauce
thousand island---thousand island sauce
pesto-a green Italian sauce
Cranberry sauce—-Cranberry sauce, usually used with turkey (remember that there is an episode about Thanksgiving in Friends, Chandler made cranberry sauce in that episode, and Monica roasted the turkey)
apple paste/sauce—-Apple sauce, usually used with ham
white vinegar---white vinegar
balsamic vinegar-aromatic vinegar
black pepper---black pepper
5.1.3 Baked products
pie---pie
sausage roll—- sausage roll
spinach roll---spinach roll
quiche—-an open pastry case, filled with a mixture of eggs, cream and other savoury foods, which is baked and eaten hot or cold
cheesestick—-Cheese stick
5.1.4 Cakes and Cookies
muffin---muffin cake
cheesecake—-cheese cake
chocolate eclair—-a small French dessert wrapped in chocolate with cream in it. Shanghainese call it "chocolate bucket"
chocolate mud cake—-Chocolate mud cake
tiramisu-Tiramisu (made with chocolate, coffee and ladyfinger biscuits)
custardtart-egg tart
Portuguese tart---Portuguese egg tart
pudding—-pudding cake
apple turnover—a kind of dessert with crispy crust on the outside and cream and diced apple on the inside
Scotch short bread—-Scotch short bread
ANZAC biscuit/cookie—-ANZAC biscuit
Pavalova-Pavalova cake.
Chocolate mousse—-Chocolate mousse
croissant---croissant
florentine—-a kind of sweet pie with multiple nuts
teacake---tea cake
fruit tart---fruit tart
5.1.5 Staple food
If it is a simple coffee sandwich shop, please skip this section.
There are not many words to learn as a staple food. As long as you understand the names of all kinds of fish and seafood. Such as: chicken, beef, lamb, veal, pork, salmon, tuna, crab, prawn
There is also a need to master the name of some pasta/macaroni.
Of course, the more common ones are penny, spaghetti, lasagna, shell, vermicelli, fettuccine
If you have a good memory, you can also remember pasta sauces, such as bolognese, marinara, arrabiata, alfredo, etc. You can see many commonly used ones on supermarket shelves.
Also, some restaurants with table service will sell pizza, so it's best to memorize the pizza menu in advance. I won't repeat it here. Please find the detailed information on the websites of pizzahut and domino.

(The article and pictures were sorted out by Dianping Melbourne and reprinted from the Internet)