Total population: 23 people
Population density: 2.8/km^2
Official language: English
主要节日：澳大利亚日 – 1月26日和澳新军团日 – 4月25日
Road traffic direction: drive on the left
National symbol animals: kangaroo, emu, koala
For a long time, four of Australia's five major cities have repeatedly entered the top ten of the World's Best Cities to Live in by the British Economist. Over the years, Australia has consistently ranked among the best in the Global Human Development Index, and in 5 it achieved the top position
Australia is a multicultural country. Australia’s mainstream culture is derived from British culture, and its various arts, literature, music and film cultures are all in line with the world’s mainstream culture. From the perspective of mainstream culture. Australia belongs to the Western culture, with a lifestyle similar to Western Europe and North America. It is one of the exporting countries of mainstream culture in the world. Australia has achieved great success in film, literature, pop music and art, and there have been many world-class masters who have contributed to world culture and art
In terms of climate, Australia’s western plateaus and inland deserts have a tropical desert climate with aridity and little rain. The northern part of Australia has a tropical grassland climate, which is a rainy area in the country, and a small part of it is subtropical; the south of the New England mountains in the east has a temperate broad-leaved forest climate. As it is the driest continent in the world, Australia's drinking water mainly comes from natural precipitation and relies on dams to store water for water supply. The government strictly prohibits the use of groundwater, because once it is exploited, it is difficult to recover.
Australia’s national structure is a federal system, and its political system is parliamentary democracy. It has a federal parliament, six state parliaments and two representative councils. Australia’s head of state is the Queen of England and the Governor of Australia, which is why the Queen’s Birthday is celebrated. Australia’s election is basically a responsible voting system. Citizens over 6 years old must vote, otherwise they will be fined based on the number of days of delay in voting. In contrast, indigenous people can freely choose whether to register and vote. There are dozens of large and small political parties in Australia. The main political parties are: the Australian Labour Party, the Liberal Party and the National Party. The government of the Commonwealth of Australia is a constitutional monarchy and a cabinet system. The government has three major systems: legislative power, executive power and judicial power. The exception is that the Northern Territory adopts a high degree of local autonomy because of the deep-rooted culture of the Aboriginal Australians (the other territory is the Australian Capital Territory). The Northern Territory has one senator and two representatives (same as the capital)
Basic knowledge of life in Australia
In Australia for so long, the biggest feeling is that many aspects of life are different from China. Next, explain those differences from the following aspects.
1. As Australia does not have an ID system, in many cases, people do not need student ID and work permits to go to school and work. When people encounter some things that need to show their personal ID to deal with, the driver's license is generally the first choice. Australia's privacy law prohibits mutual access to information between agencies.
3. Australia’s regulations on the sale and control of alcoholic beverages vary from state to state. Generally, people over the age of 18 can buy or drink alcoholic beverages.
4. The standard voltage in Australia is 240V-50Hz, and the standard voltage in China is 220V-50Hz. Chinese electrical appliances can be used in Australia, but the power plug may need to be changed in the process.
5. Tap water in Australia can be consumed directly. The water that people usually drink is tap water.
6. Most houses in Australia use electric stoves, and only some houses use gas.
7. Australia's number for international calls is 61, and China's number for international calls is 86.
8. Telstra provides high-quality and fun Internet services
9. Overseas students work part-time in Australia for up to 40 hours every two weeks
10. In terms of business hours, there are also some differences between Australia and China. New students need to adapt:
(1) Shop: Monday to Friday-9am to 5pm, usually Thursday and Friday may be 9pm
Saturday-9am to noon/5pm
Sunday-still open in most places
(2) Supermarkets: usually from 9am to 8pm in the morning, some supermarkets near gas stations are 24 hours
(3) Bank: Monday to Thursday-9am to 4pm
Monday to Friday-9am to 5pm
Weekend-some branches in big cities-8am to 6pm, Friday night will be open until 9pm
(4) Post office: Monday to Friday-9am to 5pm
(5) Restaurants: it depends on the specific situation, some restaurants open at night
(6) Almost all Australian attractions are closed during Christmas, and many attractions are also closed during the New Year and Good Friday
Various emergency numbers in Australia
|Emergency and police calls (Police, fire, ambulance)||000 (International calls dial 112)|
|Emergency for callers who are hearing or speech impaired||106 (TTY/textphone)|
|Search and Rescue||1800 641 792 (on sea)|
|1800 815 257 (air)|
|Voice translation assistance (Translating and Interpreting Services <TIS>)||131 450|
|Poisons Information Centre||131126|
|Child Abuse Prevention Service||1800 688 009|
|Power failure or gas accident (Energex-Loss of Power/Accidents)||136 262|
|Environmental Protection Agency Pollution Hotline (Environmental Protection Agency Pollution Hotline)||1300 130 372|
|Directory Enquiries Local||12 455|
|Directory Enquiries International||1225|
|Reverse Charges||12 550|
|Operator assisted calls||1234|
|Time Service Hotline (Time)||1900 937 105|
|Weather Service Hotline (Weather)||1900 937 107|
|Australian Tax Office (Australian Tax Office)||132 861|
|Transport help line||131 500|
|Yellow pages direct (Yellow pages direct)||131 319|
|NRMA Road Service Hotline (NRMA Road Service)||131 535|
|Gas Service Hotline (AGL Gas Company)||131 707|
|Telstra Service Hotline||132 125|
|Visa Stolen (Visa Stolen)||1800 805 341|
|Citibank Bank Card (Citibank Stolen)||1800 037 067|
|ANZ Bank Card (ANZ Stolen)||1800 033 844|
|Commonwealth Bank Card (Commonwealth Stolen)||132 221|
Australian Medical Insurance
About Australian medical insurance
Australia has a comprehensive medical insurance system. You can often see public health facilities for women and children in major central locations in Australia. The cost of medical treatment in Australia is generally more expensive than in China.
When your country does not have a reciprocal medical insurance agreement with Australia, whether you are traveling in Australia or holding another visa, you will not be able to enjoy the benefits of the Australian Universal Medical Plan. So you can choose to purchase medical insurance from companies or travel agencies that provide medical insurance plans, and ensure that the trip is within the coverage period of the policy.
It usually takes 3 to 12 months to buy insurance, and the waiting time varies according to the disease.
Australian Medical System Classification
When it comes to medical insurance, one will also pay attention to what Australia's medical system is like. Australia's medical system is divided into public and private. Hospitals are also divided into private hospitals/clinics and public hospitals.
The medical expenses of the public medical system are paid by the Australian government.
National Public Medical System Card (Medicare)
Medicare cards are generally suitable for Australian citizens, permanent residents (PR), some people who have a bridge visa or temporary residents (the goal is permanent residence). It is the most common card used when seeing a doctor.
1. Eliminate various laboratory fees
2. Eliminate all kinds of hospital expenses (medicine, nursing, bed, etc.)
3. Eliminate the cost of teeth (excluding teenagers)
4. Eliminate the cost of physical therapy (such as massage, acupuncture, Chinese medicine, etc.)
5. Eliminate or pay less for outpatient expenses (such as blood test, X-ray, etc.)
6. Payment of medicine expenses (except for most medicine expenses during hospitalization)
7. You can only choose to go to a public hospital, not a doctor or a private hospital
8. For some diseases, it may take a long time to receive treatment
Health Care cards are generally applicable to people receiving government relief funds and people suffering from chronic diseases.
1. Eliminate the cost of teeth
2. Eliminate the cost of physical therapy
3. Pay minimal medical expenses
The medical expenses of the private medical system are jointly paid by insurance companies, individuals and the state. The personal payment ratio is determined by the insurance company. Generally applicable to anyone, the most representative private medical insurance company is Medibank. There are three types of private medical insurance:
(1) Hospital Cover: Expenses in private hospitals
(2) Extras Cover: costs for teeth, glasses, ambulance, physical therapy, etc.
(3) Overseas Student HealthCover: Similar to hospital insurance, it does not cover the cost of teeth and glasses, but includes the cost of an ambulance. Applicable to foreign students applying for a visa.
1. The proportion of expenses paid when seeing a doctor varies according to the condition
2. You can choose to see a doctor in a specific private hospital
Related first aid
-After dialing the emergency number "000", usually someone will ask "Police", "Fire" or "Ambulance". After you say "Ambulance", the call will be transferred to the medical emergency department.
-You can also call the 24-hour medical consultation telephone "1800 022 222" provided by the Australian government
Australia's major holidays
|Jan.||1/1||The new year|
|1/26||Australia Day (Australia Day)|
|Jan.||First Monday||Labor Day (Western Australia, Tasmania)|
|The second Monday||Labor Day (Mumba Festival, Victoria)|
|Third Monday||Labor Day (Capital District)|
|Jan.||The first full moon day (April 2012-4 in 6)||Easter (Pasqua, Friday and Monday)|
|Jan.||First Monday||Labor Day (Northern District, Queensland)|
|5/26||National Sorry Day|
|Jan.||The second Monday (June 2012 in 6)||Queen’s Birthday (Victoria Day, excluding Western Australia)|
|Jan.||First Monday||New South Wales Bank Festival|
|Jan.||The first Monday (October 2012st in 10)||Labor Day (Northern District, New South Wales)|
|10/6||Queen's Birthday (Western Australia)|
|The second Monday||Labor Day (South Australia)|
|Jan.||The second Tuesday||Melbourne Race Festival (Melbourne Cup)|
|11/11||War memorial day|
|Jan.||12/25||Christmas (Christmas Day)|
|12/26||Gift Festival (Boxing Day)|
Official websites of Australian governments and institutions
|Australian Police Service||http:www.afp.gov.au/|
|Australian Civil Affairs Bureau||http://monumentaustralia.org.au/|
|Australian Taxation Office||http://www.ato.gov.au|
|Australia New Zealand Food Authority||http://www.anzfa.gov.au|
|Australian Inspection and Quarantine Service||http://www.aqis.gov.au|
|Australian Ministry of Defence||http://www.defence.gov.au|
|Australian Treasury Department||http://www.treasury.gov.au|
|Cabinet of the Prime Minister of Australia||http://www.dpmc.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade||http://www.dfat.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries||http://www.affa.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Environment and Heritage||http://www.environment.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Immigration and Multiculturalism||http://www.immi.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Family and Community Services||http://www.facs.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services||http://www.dotrs.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Finance and Administration||http://www.finance.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Industry, Science and Resources||http://www.isr.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Health and Elderly Health||http://www.health.gov.au|
|Australian Ministry of Communications, Information Technology and Arts||http://www.dcita.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs||http://www.detya.gov.au|
|Australian Department of Employment, Labor Relations and Small Business||http://www.dewrsb.gov.au|
|Australian Department of National Reconciliation, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Affairs||http://www.doratsia.gov.au|
|Australian Attorney General||http://www.law.gov.au|
|Australian government official website||http://australia.gov.au/|
|Australian Federal Government||http://www.fed.gov.au|
|Australian Federal Parliament||http://www.aph.gov.au|
|Australian Trade Commission||http://www.autrade.gov.au|
|Chinese Embassy in Australia||http://au.china-embassy.org/chn/|
|Australian Embassy in China||www.china.embassy.gov.au/|