1. The guiding ideology changed from "three" to "four"

The biggest change in the Fourth Plenum Communiqué is in the formulation of the guiding ideology. For Chinese politics, changes in guiding ideology often reveal major signals. For example, when the "Mao Zedong Thought" is no longer mentioned in the conference documents, and when the "Three Represents" is included, both represent the node of an era and mark the strategic intention of the highest leader to construct ideology.

Compared with the Third Plenary Session of last year’s communiqué, the statement of the guiding ideology includes “in-depth implementation of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s series” after “under the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the'Three Represents” and the scientific outlook on development. Important speech spirit", the guiding ideology changed from "three" to "four".This is the first time that the "spirit of Xi's speech" has been included in the CCP's highest-level meeting documents with Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of "Three Represents", and the scientific development concept that have been included in the party constitution as the CCP's guiding ideology.

This change shows that the ideological system of the current supreme leader has been incorporated into the supreme ideological theoretical system. What's more noticeable is that so far, the high-level officials have not shown any signs of naming the "spirit of speech" similar to the "three represents" or the "scientific development concept". Will there be any signs of embedding the names of current leaders in power in the future? The situation of guiding ideology (such as Mao Zedong Thought) remains to be seen.

2. The word frequency of "party leadership" hit a new high

In the Communiqué of the Fourth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee, there were 13 times of "Party Leadership". However, there has never been more than 10 times in the Communiqués of the Central Plenary Sessions since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee. Appeared 5 times. The communiqué also wrote for the first time that "the leadership of the party is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics." This indicatesChina’s rule of law is aimed at strengthening the authority of the ruling party, rather than promoting a Western-style political system.

3. "Anti-corruption" only appeared once

To the public’s surprise, the full text of the Fourth Plenary Session of the Communist Party of China only mentioned “anti-corruption” once when summarizing the work in the past year, and there was no “anti-corruption” in the specific discussion on the construction of the rule of law. The two "big tigers" Zhou Yongkang and Xu Caihou were dealt with, and no relevant content was found.This is not to indicate that the high-level officials do not pay much attention to "anti-corruption". It is likely that the high-level officials regard "anti-corruption" as a top-level proposition alongside "ruling the country by law" and will hold special meetings to study in the future.Looking at it now, next year’s Fifth Plenary Session may make a final decision on Zhou, Xu and others, whether it will break the convention and discuss specifically anti-corruption issues outside of the five-year plan, which attracts attention.

In addition, it is noteworthy that the plenary meeting confirmed the disciplinary action of the former deputy commander of the Chengdu Military Region and member of the Central Committee of Yang Jinshan by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee for "expulsion from the party." This is the first time that Yang Jinshan's case has been publicized.

Under normal circumstances, the news of an official's dismissal will not be announced for the first time through the Central Plenary. The Central Plenary only performs procedural procedures for existing cases. The disclosure of the news of the Yang Jinshan case is very different from the conventional one, and it was exposed through the Central Plenary Session, showing the complexity of military governance. Previously, the handling of Xu Caihou, the former vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, also broke the convention. The high-level officials did not disclose the case to the public when the case was filed for investigation. When the case was announced, it had entered the processing stage of "expulsion from the party."

4. Judicial reform has dry goods

The communique clearly mentions three aspects of judicial reform measures:

The first is to establish records, notifications, and accountability systems for leading cadres to interfere in judicial activities and intervene in specific cases. High-level attempts to solve the problem of sensitive officials' involvement in judicial cases. However, the independence of the judiciary involves complicated issues of leadership and being led, such as party power and judicial power, political and legal committees, and courts and prosecutors. It remains to be seen how this system works.

The second is to establish cross-administrative courts and procuratorates to try to solve the problem of excessive interference by local party committees and governments on judicial organs. At the same time, the senior executives also learned from the experience of the United States and other countries and proposed that the Supreme Court should establish a circuit court, and the Supreme Court circuit might become a trial platform for some major and important cases across administrative regions.

The third is to strengthen the "community of legal persons" and propose to recruit legislators, judges and prosecutors from qualified lawyers and legal experts. This measure will help improve China's "judicial professionalism" level. From 1998 to 2008, Xiao Yang, then President of the Supreme Court, pushed hard for judicial professionalization, but after 2008, this trend has obviously changed. Judging from the statement in this communiqué,The reform to promote judicial professionalization from the technical level has been restarted and is expected to accelerate.

5. "Governing the country according to the Constitution" is written into the communiqué

In response to external controversies, the Fourth Plenary Session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China wrote into the communiqué "constitutionally governing the country" and "constitutionally governing".

On December 2012, 12, Xi Jinping first proposed "constitutionally governing the country" at the meeting to commemorate the 4th anniversary of the promulgation of the current constitution. This is regarded as the closest connotation of the term "constitutional government" in the public statements of the new leaders. concept. For a period of time since then, the term "constitutionally governing the country" has appeared and disappeared in public media reports, triggering speculation. andIn the Fourth Plenary Session of the Central Committee, it was stated that “ruling the country according to the constitution” and “ruling the country according to the constitution” indicated that the ruling party is willing to reform the constitution to a greater extent.

However, judging from the content of the communiqué, some major issues concerning the implementation of the constitution have not been directly responded to. The communiqué only proposed in general terms the need to improve the constitutional supervision system of the National People’s Congress and its Standing Committee. Some law scholars called for the establishment of special constitutional supervision institutions such as the "Constitution Committee", and even gradually introduced in-depth reforms such as "constitutional review". There may be no timetable yet. .

Of course, in the Third Plenary Session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China last year, there was a prudent statement in the official statement of the meeting, but the reform of the "decision" finally announced at the meeting exceeded outsiders' imagination. Therefore, the strength of the relevant reforms of the Fourth Plenary Session may still need to be observed in the next few days.

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