Why are there so many car accidents in China? A pragmatic comparison of Chinese and foreign driving regulations
Recently, a long-lost college classmate passed away in a car accident. His child was only 3 years old. After attending the funeral, I remembered that the child’s face was full of tears and could not sleep through the night.
I searched on Baidu and found that China’s car accident mortality rate has remained the world’s number one for more than 10 years. With 3% of the world’s car ownership, we accounted for 16% of the world’s death toll. China has become the most dangerous place to drive in the world.Most netizens blamed the low quality of Chinese drivers and irregular driving. I strongly oppose this "quality theory".
I was born and grew up in China.After graduating from university, I went to the United States to study for a master's degree.I took the license plate test in the United States.After that, due to work reasons, I drove in many countries, including Hong Kong, Japan, Italy, Mexico, Thailand, and the Philippines. I think there are many car accidents in China. The main reason is that the concept of overall traffic management is backward. I never think that the quality of Americans is much higher than that of Chinese. Have you seen the photos of the New Orleans typhoon? American soldiers brought submachine guns to the disaster area for rescue.
If they don't bring guns, there will be people smashing and looting. Did the PLA carry a gun during the Wenchuan earthquake? The death rate per 17.8 vehicles in our cities is 17.8 times that of the United States. Will our quality be XNUMX times worse than them?
The "quality theory" concealed the real cause of the many car accidents, and also clarified the responsibility of the traffic control department. To save the relatives and friends around us who will be killed or injured in a car accident, the most feasible and fastest way is to reform the concept and system of traffic management in China. Traffic management, like factory management, is essentially a science. Chinese The factory can introduce advanced foreign management experience, why can't traffic management introduce the experience of others? The following are some of my experience of driving abroad and at home, for your reference:
1) When I was learning to drive in the United States, the instructor told me in the first lesson that about 45 degrees behind is the blind spot of the left and right rearview mirrors. If you change lanes after overtaking, you must turn your head slightly to ensure that the corner of the eye There is no car in the blind spot to change the line.
If you are following someone else’s car, it’s best not to stay in the blind spot of the car ahead for a long time, lest the other person can’t see you and make a sudden turn. This blind spot is known to all drivers in European and American countries.
I have asked friends in the so-called "third world countries" such as South America and Southeast Asia, and they all know it, and I was surprised that I asked them this question. In their opinion, this is the same as the sky is blue and the grass is green. Everyone should know.
In China, we pay tuition to drive the school to learn how to drive a car. Did the coach teach you blind spots? No, because their master did not teach them. We can only understand it at the cost of blood from a car accident.
2) The traffic in China needs to be improved, and the driving school is the first place to go. Let me talk about two more examples:
a. Change lanes after overtaking in the United States. The master will tell you that you can change lanes only when you see the front wheels of the rear car in the rearview mirror. This method is highly maneuverable.
But no one in China teaches this, and occasionally a master teaches it only to say 50 meters or 60 meters. How can you know how far 50 meters is in the rearview mirror?
b. Regarding the high-beam headlights, all American drivers know that you should not use the high-beam headlights when it is fogging, because you can’t see clearly; in addition, don’t turn on the high-beam headlights as a last resort, if you interfere with the sight of the driver of the opposite car , I was unlucky when I bumped into you. Chinese car coaches do not teach this. They always emphasize the need to be sharp-eyed, as if only quick response can survive on the road. Instead of teaching basic safety knowledge.
3) In the United States, if there is a car accident on the highway, the traffic/police will place cold light candles (windproof) on the ground at least 200 meters away to remind you to change the line. The cold light candles are connected to a long flame light diagonal line, and the driver behind There is enough time to avoid the fault zone.
In China, at most, the traffic/policeman puts a fluorescent warning sign tens of meters away. When you see it, there are only a few seconds left before the malfunctioning car.
The triangle signs and ice cream cones are very unscientific equipment. They are not conspicuous enough when it is dark and they are too big for traffic police and drivers to bring too much. If it is placed directly in the middle of the road, it is easy to cause a car accident.
It is strongly recommended that China's traffic control departments study and introduce western cold light candles. It's small in size, doesn't take up space, and it's easy to use. Just throw it on the road. You don't need to brake if you run over one or two accidentally.
If we also adopt the same failure warning method in Europe and America, how many lives can be saved every year? I don’t know other places. In Guangdong,
In the past few years, only 5 traffic policemen were sacrificed on the Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway and Humen Bridge because of the rear-end collision of the troubleshooting vehicle.
4) In China, the traffic control department likes to build flower beds in the isolation belts in the lanes. In some places, there are even flower beds in the isolation belts of expressways. This practice is only available in China in the world. Why don't other countries do it? Others make sense. The flower bed is built in the middle of the road and it is easy to distract the driver. It is the most practical and cheap to use the fence. In addition, the flower bed needs to be pruned and watered regularly. During maintenance, the garden truck parked on the roadside and the slow-moving sprinkler It is easy to cause rear-end collision.
To beautify the city, flower beds can be built on the roadside. If we must plant flowers and plants in the middle, can we use varieties that do not require pruning and watering?
5) It has been 10 years since I returned to China, and I have driven a car in China for 10 years. Like ordinary Chinese drivers, I occasionally foul for convenience, such as turning left on double yellow lines and so on. But I dare not go abroad.
I think my personal qualities have not changed (an ordinary person). The reason why I drive indiscriminately at home and be cautious abroad is because the cost of violations abroad is far higher than that in China. Taking my driving experience in the United States as an example, it feels like every 10 violations will result in at least 1 traffic police arrest. Once in the outskirts of San Francisco, driving to 65 miles on the 80-mile highway at two o'clock in the morning was stopped by a police car and fined. The traffic police in the United States are mostly mobile law enforcement, they will emerge from any place, so you dare not take a fluke.
On the other hand, in China, our traffic police like to stay at the crossroads. In many places, traffic police are also allowed to stand at crossroads to direct traffic. I never wanted to understand, isn’t there a traffic light at the intersection? Stop the red light and go on the green light. It is clear and straightforward. Why should the traffic police do complicated actions to give the same instructions? The speed of China's traffic police formation is far behind the increase of vehicles. The limited police force should be used on the blade. Crossroads should be handed over to traffic lights.
6) Finally, I want to emphasize one point of view. Traffic management, like management in other fields, is a science and needs to be studied in a scientific manner. Researchers in the United States have studied the 10 crossroads with the highest accident rate in the United States and found a common problem. The traffic lights at these intersections are not high enough, and not enough. If there is a truck in front of you, the cars following you will not see the change of traffic lights, which may cause a rear-end collision. **After improving the traffic lights according to their research, they found that the accidents were reduced by 15% in the second year.
If the results of this study are correct, 90% of China's traffic lights have room for improvement, and the changes will take effect immediately. How many lives can be saved and how much losses can be saved every year? These results have been studied by others, and they are all published publicly. There is no patent fee. We just need to use it. Why not do it?
The country has so many delegations visiting each year and spending so much money every year to introduce technology, such as high-speed rail. Why is no one willing to take the time to study the advanced experience of others in traffic management?
The last thing I want to say is that my profession has nothing to do with work and transportation. My understanding of traffic management is a superficial understanding of an ordinary driver.
But I strongly oppose using the "bad quality" of drivers to explain the backwardness of China's traffic management. The poor quality is our traffic manager, and the poor one is the management concept, not the driver.
If each of us thinks that Chinese drivers are of low quality, damn it, there will be no pressure to do a good job. The driving school has made a fortune and the Transportation Bureau has been promoted. We are very happy to label ourselves "low quality", and finally we have to take our lives.
We are already "the world's number one" and it's time to change. If everyone stays out of the way, the next car accident may be you and me.
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