Australia's electoral system-elective voting system

Australia’s electoral system has its own unique features among the electoral systems of democratic countries and regions in the world. Because Australia's electoral system is rarely adopted by other countries and is more complicated. The general public and even overseas media have very little understanding of the Australian electoral system, so this article keeps everything simple.

Australia’s electoral system is called the "Alternative Vote System" (AVS), which is one of the absolute majority (Absolute Majority) [the other is of course the "two rounds of voting system" led by France ( Runoff Election)]. The selective voting system is also called "Preferential Voting" (Preferential Voting). The constituency is a single constituency. When voting, voters rank candidates according to their preferences: 1 is the first preference, 2 is the second preference, and so on. In other words, voters are based on their own preferences and mark the order of candidates on the ballot.

At the time of balloting, candidates will be elected if they get more than 50% of the "first preference votes". If no one candidate gets more than 50% preference votes. Just delete the "first preference vote" with the least, and transfer these preference votes to the "second preference vote" (or sequential preference vote) candidates for redistribution, and so on. Until a candidate gets more than half of the votes and is elected. With the exception of Australia, only Ireland’s presidential election uses this system.

Since the elective voting system is a kind of absolute majority, the result of the election is the same as the relative majority in a single constituency. The majority party is formed and a stable government is formed. Moreover, compared to the two-round voting system, which is an absolute majority, the elective voting system is unlikely to be affected by the agreement between candidates, that is, "strategic voting" or even "abandonment effect."

However, the choice voting system has its disadvantages. The result of the election may be determined by voters with low support and possibly extreme political parties, and the winning candidate has only the low support of the first-preferred voters, and the winning The candidate may be the least expected.

In the 19th century, Yomini, the master of strategy with the same reputation as Clausewitz, said: "Nothing is perfect under the sun." The same is true for the electoral system, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Whether an electoral system works properly depends on the local history and political conditions. If it is run properly, it can stabilize politics and make it easier for the ruling party to govern. Otherwise, it will cause the operation of the constitutional government to fall into a vicious circle of political deadlock and instability, and the rulers of the dictatorship will use this as a tool to propagate anti-democracy.

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