In 1992, 2001 and 2012, with a deep Russian complex, the writer Ye Yonglie visited Russia on three occasions. His "Three Explorations in Russia" was recently launched by Shanghai Jiao Tong University Press. How does Yeltsin know Putin with his eyes? What is the relationship between Putin and Yeltsin after he came to power? The author came to Yeltsin’s tomb in the New Saintess’s Cemetery to narrate this piece of history.
In June 2012, I revisited Moscow and once again came to the Novodevichy Cemetery in the suburbs. I always thought that it would be worthwhile to visit the Novodevichy Cemetery a few more times, because it is condensed with the history of Russia and gathers the late Russian elite. According to the cloud, only after certain approval procedures, the deceased is indeed a celebrity in a certain field, is eligible to be buried in the New Saintess Cemetery.
Revisiting the New Saintess Cemetery, I found that there was a new tomb not far from the gate. This new tomb is unique: one is that it covers a large area, indicating that the recently passed away celebrity has a high status; the other is that there are no common bronze or marble statues in front of the tomb; the third is that the tombstones in the Cemetery of the New Saints are usually gray, It's black, but this new tombstone is colored, which is very bright and eye-catching.
The tombstone of this new tomb is a fluttering flag of the Russian Federation, made of white, blue and red marble. It is said that white is white marble from China, blue is blue mosaic from Italy, and red is red porphyry from Brazil.
I approached the tombstone and looked at it carefully. On the white marble, a line of Russian was engraved, that is, "Boris Nikolaevich Yeltsin".
This is the tomb of Russia's first President Yeltsin. Because Yeltsin's name on the white marble is a shallow relief, if you don't look carefully, you can't see it, so many people mistakenly think that there is no name on the tombstone.
On December 20, 1999, on the last day of the 12th century, Yeltsin, who had always dared to act, suddenly announced his resignation as the president of the Russian Federation and let young Putin serve as acting president. At that time, although Yeltsin won the general election, he dared to retreat bravely and knew Putin with his eyes. This was Yeltsin's most praised thing.
Entering the 21st century, Yeltsin is a retired old man. The title Putin gave him became a dazzling halo after his retirement --- "Russia's first president". Putin signed the order to give the "first president of Russia" Yeltsin a very high courtesy. Since then, Yeltsin has lived a worry-free retirement and has become "the happiest old man in Russia."
After Yeltsin retired, he was enthusiastic about traveling. Yeltsin once said, "I visited more than 60 countries as the president, but I didn't look anywhere." This is because when he visited as the president of Russia, he was busy with government affairs, and he followed a lot of entourage everywhere, so he could not be free. Local tourism.
After retiring, as the "first president of Russia," Yeltsin will be reimbursed by the state for all travel expenses, while the expenses for accommodation and play in tourist destinations are usually borne by the inviting party. With such good travel conditions, Yeltsin has become a "trapeze". He went to China to see Chinese medicine, went to the UK to watch a tennis match, soaked in hot springs in Japan, went to Italy to recuperate, and flew to the United States to fish...
After Yeltsin retired, he was enthusiastic about writing memoirs. He doesn't need to write by himself, but only dictates, and naturally a secretary and writer will sort it out for him. His "President's Marathon" (Chinese version is "Midnight Diary") was published, and immediately became a bestseller, and was reprinted in many newspapers and magazines around the world. Later he completed two more memoirs. His three memoirs, published in different languages in 60 countries, earned him a lot of royalties. So Yeltsin had plenty of money in his later years and his life became more comfortable.
In Yeltsin's memoirs, he wrote:
In October 1994, he accepted an invitation from the mayor of St. Petersburg to participate in a hunting in the suburbs. He noticed a late attendant. The mayor told him that the person who was late was Putin, the first vice chairman of the St. Petersburg city government. At noon, the entourage set a table on the grass and prepared lunch. At this moment, a wild boar appeared. In a critical situation, Yeltsin's glasses fell to the ground. So the entourage went under the table and went to help Yeltsin find glasses. Putin did not drill under the table at this time, he was holding a shotgun and watching the wild boar intently. Then two gunshots were heard and Putin hit the wild boar.
Yeltsin recalled: "My first impression was that this was a tough, uncompromising and quick-thinking person. Moscow needs such a person."
Yeltsin also recalled that in 1999, when he decided to let Putin take over, Putin refused to take over at first. Two weeks later, he talked to Putin again and talked about handovers again. This time, Putin agreed. Yeltsin said to Putin at the time: "I gave you a hard life." During the handover process, Yeltsin did not seek any privileges for himself. He said: "I didn't make any requests."
In his memoirs, Yeltsin talked about why he trusted Putin so much?
Yeltsin said that he learned that Putin’s mentor Sobchak was defeated in the election of governor of St. Petersburg in 1996. Putin, who was loyal to his mentor, ignored the victor’s retention and followed Sobchak and left the St. Petersburg city government. He said something like this. The words: "It is better to be hanged for loyalty than to betrayed." Putin's loyalty to his mentor deeply moved Yeltsin. Yeltsin knows that Putin is a person who knows what to do, so he handed over the supreme power to Putin. Putin will definitely ensure that his life after losing power will never harm him.
Sure enough, Yeltsin lived a comfortable retirement life under Putin's meticulous protection.
After Yeltsin retired, he was enthusiastic about fitness. When Yeltsin was in office, due to overwork, he went to the hospital for rescue several times. In 1996, he had a heart bypass surgery.
In 2001, Yeltsin and his wife were invited to Dalian, China to recuperate, where they received Chinese medicine treatment. After Yeltsin returned from China, his face was red, and he became the best advertisement for Chinese medicine. Many Russian dignitaries heard the news and wanted to go to China for recuperation.
A Chinese qigong master instructed Yeltsin to continue fitness after returning home. According to reports, after Yeltsin wakes up every morning, he first faces the wall to practice exercises, and then practices a few tricks on the carpet in the house. He once told reporters in the Russian media: “Practicing Qigong refreshed my energy, which is in stark contrast to the poor physical condition when I was president.” Yeltsin’s wife once said: “Now, there is no tension and fatigue in our family anymore. ."
Yeltsin also successfully lost weight. He stopped eating after 4pm every day, including snacks. So his weight has been reduced by 20 kilograms compared to when he was president! Yeltsin once said that his food intake after retirement was only 1/3 of his previous food intake, and he must eat fish, vegetables and fruits every day, so he successfully lost 20 kilograms of weight.
Although Yeltsin was good at fitness after retirement, he was still addicted to alcohol. This is undoubtedly extremely detrimental to his health, especially since he suffers from heart disease. Because he was the "first president of Russia", three doctors followed him and checked him from time to time.
Yeltsin is a tennis fan. One day he watched a live TV broadcast of a tennis match late at night. When going upstairs to sleep, he didn't pay attention to the steps under his feet, fell and broke his leg... Yeltsin was immediately sent to the hospital for treatment. President Putin heard the news and rushed to the hospital to visit.
Putin and Yeltsin have always maintained a very good friendship. Every time Yeltsin’s birthday, Putin must go to congratulate; when Putin’s birthday, Yeltsin must also be a guest. After retiring, Yeltsin hardly interfered in Russia's political situation and let Putin go in power.
After Yeltsin retired, he encountered "trouble". According to reports, “The owner of a construction company in Switzerland revealed that he paid a lot of commissions to Yeltsin’s political aide Borodin and Yeltsin’s daughter Naina in order to obtain the contract for the decoration of the Kremlin and other official residences, and also accused the money. It’s in a bank account in Switzerland."
This report caused a sensation in Russia. Putin naturally paid attention to this case. Soon, "Russian judicial authorities pointed out that the corruption allegations involving the daughter of former Russian President Yeltsin and other cronies were not true after investigation. It is recommended that the investigation be cancelled." In this way, Yeltsin passed the test safely.
After Yeltsin died of a heart attack on April 2007, 4, Russian President Putin, former US President Bush, Clinton, former Soviet President Gorbachev, the main leaders of the Russian Federation, as well as the European Community, European Union, and Northern Europe The head of state and other political figures attended Yeltsin's funeral.
Yeltsin was not buried in the Red Square like Lenin and Stalin, but in the Cemetery of the New Saints. Yeltsin’s tomb was originally erected with a wooden cross and a color photograph of Yeltsin. It goes without saying that it was only a temporary measure.
Yeltsin’s tombstone was designed by the famous Russian sculptor Georgy Frangulian. Flangulian broke through the traditional design concept of the tomb, instead of carving a statue of Yeltsin, he used a floating Russian flag as his tombstone. Flanculian said: "Yeltsin is a symbol of the new Russia. It is because of Yeltsin that Russia has the current national flag." Flanculian thought that Yeltsin was a man of great power and had great ups and downs throughout his life. The Russian flag as a tombstone is waving violently, condensing the situation of the times.
Yeltsin's family was very satisfied with Frankuliang's design. Putin and many Russians also affirmed Frankuliang's design.
On the first anniversary of Yeltsin's death, a grand unveiling ceremony of Yeltsin's tombstone was held at the New Saintess Cemetery. Putin, Medvedev and Yeltsin's widow Nina Yeltsin, Yeltsin's daughter and grandson attended the opening ceremony of the day.
In his speech, Putin commented on Yeltsin and said: Yeltsin was "the most outstanding politician of Russia in the 20th century and had a significant impact on Russia and the history of the world."
Putin also said, "The turbulent 90s of the last century was an era of drastic change, an era of brave and extraordinary people, an era of people who are good at running against the current, calling for new goals and dominating the masses, Boris. Yeltsin deserves to belong to this generation of outstanding leaders."
Putin pointed out, "He has walked a difficult path as a politician and citizen. He has faced complex and critical choices more than once in his life. This path is so unique, just like the destiny of our country."
Putin said that he will continue Yeltsin's career, "Russia's presidential system will always be the guarantee of the Constitution and the rights of the people."
It is said that there is still a large open space on the right side of Yeltsin's cemetery, which is reserved for Putin.
Wenhui Reading Weekly