"In the face of a new round of global growth, only reformers will advance, only innovators will be strong, and only reform and innovators will win." On November 11, at the opening ceremony of the APEC Business Leaders Summit, Xi Jinping once again demonstrated to the outside world that he attaches importance to reform.
Twenty-two years ago, in the book Emancipating Poverty, he also bluntly expressed his firm will to reform: "Comrade Deng Xiaoping said that reform and opening up should be bolder, dare to experiment, and cannot be like a woman with little feet. Just try boldly. If you don’t have the spirit of trespassing, you don’t have the spirit of'taking', you don’t have a breath of energy, you can’t make a good way, if you can’t make a new way, you can’t do it. Create a new career."
What the heart yearns for must be pushed hard. At the XNUMXth National Congress of the Communist Party of China two years ago, Xi Jinping was elected as the general secretary of the Communist Party Central Committee, and comprehensively deepening reforms has become the main axis of the new central leadership group's governance.
"Take a good road", "take a new road", "make a new career", plan a new voyage of China's reform and opening up, and let the reform get out of the deadlock and predicament, a new designer is needed. Xi Jinping has stood in this position. His courage, responsibility, and hard-working spirit have made him increasingly clear as a "top designer" for comprehensively deepening reforms.
The road to reform is uneven, look at Xi Jinping
On December 2012, 12, less than a month after the change of the 8th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping went out to Beijing for the first time, that is, he went to Shenzhen Lianhua Mountain to present a flower basket to the bronze statue of Deng Xiaoping and planted a wish tree behind the bronze statue.
A detail worth recalling is that in addition to local officials who accompanied Xi Jinping to Lianhua Mountain, there were four veteran comrades who were the Guangdong officials who accompanied Deng Xiaoping on his southern tour.
The wish tree represents Xi Jinping's determination and conviction: to unswervingly reform and open up, and to make new developments.
For Xi Jinping’s inspection this time, Professor Zhang Xixian of the Central Party School commented: “After 30 years of development, nowadays China needs a new reform and opening up.”
More than 30 years ago, Deng Xiaoping and other revolutionaries of the older generation stepped forward and shouted "If there is no reform, there will be a dead end," correcting the course of the Chinese ship.
The 1992 Southern Tour, in the eyes of former US Secretary of State Kissinger, was another "great public appearance" of Deng Xiaoping "seeing that reform efforts are at a standstill" and "fully defending the reform plan." The southern tour "almost produced a mythical meaning, and his speech became the blueprint for China's later economic and political policies."
The chief designer of reform and opening up, the reform resistance he faced was very complicated. "The road to reform is uneven" has become a common sigh of people in that era. China today seems to have reached a crossroad of "uneven reforms". After more than 30 years of reform and opening up, "crossing the river by feeling the stones", now facing the "rocky shoal", how to create a new situation?
"The problems after development are no less than when there is no development." How to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor, how to get rid of the extensive economy, and how to correct the relationship between the government and the market are all major problems.
Behind these problems, there are hidden obstacles: unreasonable relations between power and the market, and huge interest groups. How to adjust the existing interest structure and form a new interest distribution mechanism that benefits ordinary people is an extremely difficult task.
Xi Jinping is very clear about all this: "After more than XNUMX years of reforms, China has entered the deep water zone. It can be said that the easy and happy reforms have been completed. The delicious meat is eaten, and the rest is difficult. Hard bones to chew."
Regarding all this, Xi Jinping is also very clear that “reform and opening up can only be in progress but not completed.” It requires the courage to “know that there are tigers in the mountains and lean toward them” to continuously push forward reforms.
"China has already woken up, and Xi Jinping is shouldering the historical mission of awakening this lion in an all-round way." China's reforms in the new stage will indeed still have "uneven roads", but look at Xi Jinping, the confidence and drive of the Chinese people are once again Was awakened.
Xi Jinping is planning the next 30 years
Whether a designer is good depends not only on whether his work can be praised immediately, but also on whether it can withstand the test of time. To meet this test, we must see the small knowledge at the beginning of the design, control the overall situation, and look into the future.
What kind of understanding does Xi Jinping, who advocates the comprehensive deepening of reforms, requires top-level design?
In 2007, the Zhejiang People's Publishing House published a new book - "The river language", author: Xi Jinping.
In this book, Xi Jinping regards the “top leader” as the “squad leader” of the party and government collective, and it is the fundamental responsibility of the “top leader” to take direction, grasp the major issues, and seek the overall situation, and “continuously improve the principled and systematic leadership of leadership. , Predictability and creativity."
During the two years at the helm of China and drawing the blueprint for reform, he continued to emphasize: We must look at the problem from the overall situation, "really look forward, think ahead, and plan ahead."
In his eyes, China faces many roads, the old roads that are closed and rigid, and the evil roads of changing the flag. These roads are dead ends either without reform and opening up or denying the direction of socialism.
"Our direction is to continuously promote the self-improvement and development of the socialist system, not to change the course of the socialist system." His blueprint for reform eliminated all kinds of interference.
An Australian media noted that in his blueprint for reform, "the initial focus was mainly on those more specific commitments: relaxation of the family planning policy; abolition of the reeducation through labor system and establishment of a national security committee."
But this is only the curtain of reforming the stage. At the second plenary session of the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee, Xi Jinping clearly pointed out that this "is not to promote reforms in one field, nor is it to promote reforms in several fields, but to promote reforms in all fields." Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to thoroughly study the top-level design and overall plan for comprehensively deepening system reforms, strengthen research and judgment on the relevance of various reforms, and organically integrate system reforms in economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological aspects.
In this series of reform plans, the most unusual is the rule of law. Xi Jinping is linking the future of reform to the rule of law.
He has repeatedly emphasized that to "rule the country according to law, the first is to govern the country according to the constitution; the key to governing according to the law is governing according to the constitution." Even the current drastic anti-corruption storm will eventually be brought into the track of the rule of law, "putting power in the cage of the system, forming a punishment mechanism that dares not to corrupt, a prevention mechanism that cannot be corrupted, and a protection mechanism that is not perishable.
The rule of law was written into the reform decision of the Third Plenary Session and became the theme of the Fourth Plenary Session. It is undoubtedly far-reaching. Singaporean scholar Cheng Yongnian has a unique analysis of this kind of "profound". He pointed out that Xi Jinping "is not completely thinking about himself, he is not thinking about two terms of office." "What he has to do now is to think about the next 30 years. ".
It is out of respect for reform designers who have a vision for the future, the Japanese "Diplomat" magazine website published an article on September 9, calling Xi Jinping "a visionary leader" and "a serious reformer." ".
"Going to the FireWire to Lead Reform"
If a designer throws out the blueprint and then ignores it and does not participate in the completion of the work, even if he is confident, people's recognition and confidence in his work will be greatly reduced.
The same is true for reformers. Specific to today's China, the difficulties are more arduous and complex, and there are higher requirements for the hard work, responsibility, and responsibility of reform designers in the new stage.
But Xi Jinping did it. Regarding his "responsible posture of leading the reform on the front line," Singapore's "Lianhe Zaobao" analyzed that these all illustrate the determination and responsibility of the highest level, which exceeded expectations.
With this kind of hard work and responsibility, in the first two years at the helm of China, the "Xi-style new normal" is gradually taking shape.
These two years have been the "year of swattering the tiger". Since Xi Jinping made clear the concept of "fighting tigers and flies together", Zhou Yongkang and Xu Caihou sacked, and the anti-corruption has shown normalization, no dead ends, and no blind spots. Anti-corruption, the starting approach of Xi's ruling, is extraordinary.
These two years are still "ban years." There are as many as 30 new regulations on the prohibition of building halls and halls and clearing and retiring houses, almost one per month. This is by no means "small repairs and small supplements", people can appreciate the strength and courage behind "nothing big and small": from the details and small things, no one has a chance, don't imagine that change is just a gust of wind.
The past two years have also been "years of change": from fighting against corruption and attacking interest groups, to streamlining administration and delegating powers to more than 600 approval powers, from the advent of fiscal and taxation reforms to the reform of household registration, to the deployment of the Fourth Plenary Session of the country’s rule of law and the modernization of the military. Reforms have been accelerated, military auditing departments have been upgraded, and so on. In the past two years, some reforms involving deep-level interest adjustments that have not made progress for many years have been pushed forward strongly.
The past two years have also been the "Year of Great Power Diplomacy" that demonstrates the Xi style. From the establishment of the East China Sea air defense identification zone, regular inspections of the Diaoyu Islands, the launch of a new type of major power diplomacy with the United States, visits to Asia, Africa and Latin America, to the use of acupoint-style diplomacy with neighboring countries, welcome neighboring countries to "free ride in China", a major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics The road is clearly on paper.
Xi Jinping often appeared at the forefront when "whacking" the reform shoal. He is not only the leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reform, but also the leader of the Central Cyber Security and Informationization Leading Group, the Central Military Commission’s Leading Group for Deepening National Defense and Army Reform, and the Central Financial and Economic Leading Group, driving the reform engine at multiple levels.
In the past two years, Xi Jinping's figure has also appeared in Beijing Normal University, Jiao Yulu Memorial Hall, Qingfeng Baozipu and other places. Many people have become accustomed to calling him "Xi Da" on the Internet or even face to face. The public opinion contained therein is obviously heavy.
"Anti-corruption, he established faith, neutralized coordinates, and underlined the red line; reform, he personally took command, strengthened the top-level design, and the Chinese dream led the new normal." For the transcripts of Xi Jinping’s governance and leading reforms in the past two years, Professor Gong Fangbin of the National Defense University concluded that the "Xi style" has been formed, and he is the new designer of China's road to a great power.