Came to Canada for 3 years and lived in China for more than 30 years. It should be said that there will be a lot of perceptual understanding of two countries with great differences. But after all, I am just a literature teacher. To evaluate the two countries in an all-round way is beyond my knowledge and ability. I can only make a preliminary comparison between the two countries in some aspects that I feel.

I think, first from the large natural resources and environment, then from the social welfare and security, and then from the economic development and daily necessities, housing and transportation to make a rough comparison.

Resource differences

This is the point I felt most strongly after arriving in Canada. Canada is a country with abundant resources and a sparse population. In terms of land resources, China is completely incomparable. Most of the land in Canada is still in the original undeveloped state. As the most populous city in Canada, Toronto is very scattered among the various urban areas, and there are large patches of grass or hillsides overgrown with bushes. In addition to these natural open spaces, the city also has thousands of parks. No wonder many people say that Toronto is simply rural compared to Shanghai and Beijing in China.

In Canada, between cities, there are almost no villages similar to China. The nearly 600-kilometer highway from Toronto to Montreal is lined with woods in the original state, and there are no farmland or vegetable fields that can be seen everywhere along the Chinese highway. Canada has only 5% of farmers, but Canada is one of the world's major food exporters. The land that has been cultivated in Canada is truly fertile black land, as black and soft as the coal we burn, it is the fat and oily land that our poetry says. A friend of immigrants who had worked on farms told me that because the land is extremely fertile, the food, vegetables, and fruits produced on Canadian land never need fertilizer. Farmers are very leisurely, so they usually just sow seeds and cover the soil before harvesting. Of course, what grows on the land without any chemical raw materials is natural and real green food. In China, I have an occupational problem. I always have oral ulcers. After I arrived in Canada, although I was under financial pressure and I felt much more nervous than in China, my oral ulcers were cut off. I did not take any medication. Therefore, I suspect that oral ulcers are caused by chemical contamination of food or water quality. In Canada, due to the abundant land resources, most of the fields here are cultivated one year and fallow the following year. Let the land also have a cycle of adjustment and rest.

In our motherland, the land has been cultivated for thousands of years. In the last few decades, in order to feed an increasingly large population, the land has been overloaded with various fertilizers and pesticides. Some land has been squeezed out of nutrients and turned into loess that is flying in the wind; some land has been severely salinized by chemical fertilizers and turned into soil bumps. Only the hardworking farmers are still hitting these images with their hoes. The soil is as cold and hard as rocks, and more fertilizer is used to produce more food. In this vicious circle, the quality of the land has gone from bad to worse. I have been to the Northwest, where the river is muddy mud, and the farmers live in soil-based houses that are not much different from thousands of years ago. The gray sky is still reverberating with the sad and sad orchid flowers. Taking the west exit reminds me of the scenes from the classic film "Yellow Earth". The vast majority of Chinese farmers still lead a completely farming life, and their productivity is seriously lagging behind. 8 million Chinese farmers, what a huge number? Therefore, we cannot use Pudong in Shanghai and Wangfujing in Beijing to compare with Canada.

There is a question that has always puzzled me: I never seem to have encountered Canadian farmers with obvious group characteristics in Canada? Friends, have you met? There must be farmers in Canada, but they also live in houses and drive carts, and agriculture is fully mechanized. I remember that in the past, there was a book in China. It seemed to be called "I Become a Farmer in the United States". It was about the experience of a Chinese who bought a farm in the United States and became an American farmer. I wonder whether the disappearance of the external characteristics of the peasant group is an important characteristic of whether a country is an industrial country.

Whenever strolling in the open wilderness of Canada, I will be nostalgic for the motherland for thousands of years. I have been dedicated to the land that has never rested. My heart is full of sadness and sadness. Land is a non-renewable resource. How can we do it for What about temporary economic benefits, leaving a scarred and devastated land for future generations?

Canada is also rich in electricity resources. If you look down on any city from a night plane, you will see a sea of ​​lights. From the office building to the street corridor, the lights are always on all night. When I first arrived in Canada, I was very uncomfortable. The shops and office buildings are still brightly lit after they are closed. The lights in the corridors of my apartment and the lobby on the first floor are on day and night. When I am studying at school, the classrooms are also on during the day. . Later, I heard from a friend that Canada’s electricity resources are surplus, and the lights at night are also for safety. Every household in Canada uses electric stoves for cooking, which is safer, clean and pollution-free compared with gas used in major domestic cities. Moreover, it is very cheap. Each kilowatt-hour of electricity costs only a few cents, and all the electricity bills for a family are only 20 yuan a month. After we bought the house, my husband told me that in the winter of last year, we used thousands of kilowatt-hours for electricity and heating, but the electricity bill was only more than 100 yuan per month. Even if you are rich in the country, it is impossible to have so much electricity for you to use.

When I think of when I was in Wuhan, every summer when the power was cut off every summer, I was terrified. In the 80s, people in Wuhan slept on the street at night during the summer, constantly pouring cold water on their bodies; in the 90s, everyone bought the air, so they began to panic. It often stops for a few hours in each district every night. Even if you have money, you can't generate electricity on your own. You often sigh helplessly to the darkness in the heat. Some people predict that the energy crisis will threaten China in the future. Canada is also very rich in water resources. The five largest lakes in the world are in North America. Canada’s lake area accounts for 7.6% of the country’s land and wetlands account for 14%. At the same time, Canada’s population is only over 3000 million. Therefore, its per capita water volume ranks among the top in the world. Due to its extremely rich water resources, Canada’s water prices have been extremely low for a long time and the water quality is very high. Well, tap water can be consumed directly. In Quebec where we live, water is free to use.

China has a vast territory and abundant water resources, but due to its large population, the average person is only one-fifth of the average Canadian.

Some experts predict that in the 2025th century, people will fight for oil, and in the 30st century, people will fight for water. By 7000, XNUMX billion people worldwide will be short of water. At present, in China, half of the cities lack water, and XNUMX million rural people lack sanitary drinking water.

However, there are some details that make me feel a huge difference in the concepts of the two countries.

Canada’s fresh water resources are so rich, but the Canadian government has adopted the "Canadian Federal Water Policy" to make good use and management of these resources and control pollution. Many public places in Canada have used energy-saving toilets with sensor technology. Faucet. In addition, they strengthened the overhaul of water supply equipment to ensure that water pipes, faucets and other equipment would not be repaired when the water was rushing. I remember, three years ago, I went to a public swimming pool for the first time to swim. The faucet in the shower only flowed for 1 minute when I clicked it, and then I clicked it again for another minute. After showering, I needed to keep pressing the water switch. At the beginning, I was not used to it. I found it unhappy and troublesome. At the same time, I didn't understand why such a country with water resources is so frugal? After that, after thinking deeply, I felt that it was really wise! Take precautions before they happen! Even with abundant water resources, water-saving awareness and habits are required.

In our country, water is so scarce and precious, but people generally lack water conservation awareness. Showers in swimming pools or public places are all large faucets, which flow freely, and water-saving faucets are rarely seen. The most intolerable thing is that since the 90s, the crazy development of township and village enterprises and the paper industry have discharged a large amount of fierce and poisonous industrial wastewater into rivers, lakes and rivers for short-term profits, causing disastrous consequences for the environment. Many original clear rivers have turned into stinky waters. In some villages where water sources are seriously polluted, villagers are plagued by various diseases and cancers. A friend from Zhejiang told me that where they live now, the air is filled with unbearable smells. Experts say that the environmental pollution caused by earning US$100 today cannot be remedied with US$1 in the future.

Whenever I read these pollution reports, I really feel distressed! In the final analysis, people are too poor and have left the future of the country behind for immediate self-interest.

Not long ago, a family of my friends returned to China. They landed for three years and had a hard time. They miss the leisurely life of domestic white-collar workers. They hope that if they feel good about returning to China, they will become part of the return. However, two months later, they chose to return to Montreal, the main reason is the environment! My friend said that the domestic cities have developed and are very rich in materials, more high-rise buildings, bigger houses, and more income, but the natural environment has deteriorated. The air pollution is very serious. What my friend sighed the most was that once, when she was at home alone, the water company sent someone to collect the water fee, which was more than 100 yuan. Maybe it was because we never had to pay water fee in Montreal. My friend found it incomprehensible. Wuhan has the most water resources in the country. In a rich city, the water bill can be hundreds of dollars! The water service staff told her that the water fee is rising steadily according to consumption, and if it exceeds a certain limit, it will increase exponentially! He suggested that a friend's house should use less flush toilets, which is the most water-consuming.

What can I use without a flush toilet? My friend found it very difficult to understand. Later, the neighbor told her that their daily water is stored for flushing the toilet, which can save water. People have begun to realize water conservation because of rising water tariffs. This is true even in Wuhan, which has large rivers, but in Beijing, which is severely short of water? At present, the country has spent astronomical amounts of money, which took more than ten years, spanning most of China, and the ongoing South-to-North Water Diversion Project is precisely to solve the water problem in Beijing! Beijing's water problem may be alleviated as a result, but the damage to the environment caused by such a large project and the impact on the natural ecological balance are unpredictable in the short term.

What impressed me best in Canada were public facilities, such as libraries, children’s amusement facilities, every community service center, hospital, and clinic.

In comparison, public facilities in Ontario are generally more advanced and clean than Quebec. Libraries are all over the community, either large ones or small ones. The library has a large collection of books, and the service is attentive and the procedures are simple. You can take dozens of books home with just one envelope from your original place of residence. Each library has a special counter for children, with a dazzling array of colorful children's books. Many libraries in Ontario have volunteers on weekends, telling stories or tutoring English for children. My son fell in love with Canada first from falling in love with Canadian libraries. The decorations of Canadian libraries are generally simple and elegant, comfortable and generous.

Comparing with Canada's public library management system, I remembered some of my experiences in Wuhan as a large library. Wuhan University Library is located in the golden area of ​​Northwest Lake Plaza in Shizhong District. The exterior is extremely luxurious and towering. It is full of marble walls. Once inside, there is a huge hall with colored frosted glass and black dark marble floor. , More like a luxurious ballroom. The library was built in the desire of the people of Wuhan for more than ten years and spent billions of dollars. However, the collection of books that the library should have is pitiful. I once wanted to find my own papers here with full confidence, but found that she had no specialized books at all! Most of them are popular popular books and magazines. Many books are old books donated by various university libraries in Wuhan. Most of them are out of date or books that are no longer needed by these libraries. Before long, most of the patrons of this library were retired elderly people who wanted to enjoy the air conditioning in the hot summer. I asked a manager of the library why the library did not have books? Not to mention a standardized and professional library management system. He spread his hands and said helplessly, where did the money come from? All the money is used to build and decorate the library! Yes, you can buy dozens of thousands of books with one piece of marble veneer, but the officials put them all on the wall. Moreover, where can they make money by buying books? How big is the rebate for decoration! I understand that this costly library project is only a channel for local officials to make money and a project to save face. She did not take into account the cultural aspirations of the citizens! That is an empty building with no content!

You don’t know if you noticed that almost all libraries in Canada are made of concrete on the ceiling and walls, but it does not affect their beauty and comfort. The reading area is carpeted, with comfortable sofas and coffee tables.

I was sitting in the elegant reading room of the Hamilton Central Library in Ontario, looking at the smoke and dream of Lake Ontario through the floor-to-ceiling glass windows, enjoying the joy and tranquility of reading. I think of Wuhan University Library and the empty and cold building.

When will the large number of compatriots in our country also have the perfect dotted public library like Canada?

Before going abroad, I heard people say that foreign countries are a paradise for children. This is true. The most direct manifestation is that once you arrive in Canada, whether it is a small city or a big city, the dotted community parks are full of children’s paradise. There are various colorful large-scale plastic children's amusement toys: castle maze, slide, swing frame, fitness cable, music fountain, dazzling and dizzying. Children of all races gather here to have fun after dinner or on weekends. It makes people feel that this is really a paradise for the people of the world!

At present, the consumption of single children in domestic cities is also very high. There are not a few families who buy high-end toys and computers for their children. However, society does not provide enough entertainment venues and entertainment facilities for children. Even if there is, it is in the big park, and there is a fee.

Canadian community sports and fitness facilities are also very commendable. This point dwarfs even the wealthy American neighbors.

Almost every community in Canada has enough football fields, tennis courts, and swimming pools for community residents. In China, my biggest hobby is swimming. At that time, to apply for an annual swimming card in Shangri-La Hotel, it cost RMB 3800 and there is a limit on the number of times. Shangri-La is a star-rated hotel with very good swimming pool facilities. However, almost every time there are a lot of people, it is impossible to let go. In Canada, there are two free indoor swimming pools near the community where we currently live. During the day, I am often alone in the entire swimming pool, with a lifeguard sitting in a high position. That feeling is really good, think about it, the private swimming pool feels just like that! To be honest, people who like physical exercise are the best to come to Canada. Recall that when his son was in elementary school in China, during the World Cup, the children ran on the dusty playground and kicked a bottle of mineral water. That scene really made the eyes sour.

A friend said that there are too many Chinese cities and too few stadiums; while in Canada, there are too many stadiums and too few people.

In the summer of 2006, my sister and brother-in-law in New Jersey came to Montreal to visit our family. My brother-in-law is a tennis fan. He takes tennis with him and plays wherever he goes. To their surprise, the tennis courts in our community are actually free! In the evening, we were strolling along the St. Lawrence River, next to the open-air dance hall. My sister was addicted to dancing. Asking where to buy tickets, I replied: Free! Sister and brother-in-law are surprised: How come there are so many free in Canada! There is no such thing as free in the United States, all entertainment venues charge.

American income is much higher than that of Canada, but expenditure and consumption are also much higher.

The CLSC in Canada’s community services is also worth mentioning. It provides information and assistance for the elderly, children, and pregnant women in the community. In China, there used to be residents’ committees, which were reduced to a tool for rectification during the Cultural Revolution. I don’t know if there are still such communities. Institutions exist.

For me, Canada’s favorite place is the environment. It turns out that in China, our housing is also very good, and the decoration of the house is very particular. However, we cannot tolerate it if we step out of the house. The downtown area of ​​Hankou is full of small businessmen and hawkers. There are garbage and confetti everywhere. After dinner, I want to find one. It’s not easy to walk around. I remember that in 03, a large company not far from my home spent huge sums of money to build a "forest park". In fact, it was just a few small saplings planted on an artificial hill.

Now, outside my window is the beautiful ANGRIGNON Park. The park can really be called a forest park. The clear stream winds around the dense woods. The park is full of white seagulls, squirrels chasing play, and even rare white cranes. Domestic friends were amazed when they saw the photos I took: Wow, Jiuzhaigou is at your doorstep!

Social security system

At present, capital worship is pervasive in China. After the 90s, China's economy has continued to develop and its status in the world has been rising. However, as the most quintessential welfare system and security system in Western capitalist society, it has not been introduced or has the ability to introduce it. . There is a huge gap between the rich and the poor in the country, and there are many contradictions. Chinese people love to save money, and save money when they eat frugally. In fact, that is a manifestation of the lack of social security. Some people say that there are two mountains currently weighing on the Chinese people. One is medical treatment, which means that they cannot afford to be sick, especially serious illnesses. It may be difficult for a family to lose money and pay for medical expenses. The other is children’s education. Choosing a school at the beginning, the cost of education for a child from kindergarten to university is estimated to be more than 25. This is undoubtedly a heavy burden for ordinary Chinese people.

Although, compared with before the reform and opening up, the lives of Chinese people, especially urban people, have undergone tremendous changes, but people's lives have become richer and their sense of security and happiness is not strong. Many people choose a word "impulsive" to describe China's current cities. I think this word very accurately and vividly summarizes the style of China's current cities.

In terms of social security system, Canada has been very mature and perfect in the past half century. Canada is currently the richest industrial country in the world. The government regulates income through taxation and controls the disparity between the rich and the poor; it has established a free medical system and education system covering the entire population. Canada regulates income through taxes. The Canadian federal government implements a progressive tax rate from 16% to 29%. The tax rate varies from province to province, about 10%. Low-income earners are exempt from tax. The Canadian tax rate is nearly 10 percentage points higher than the US tax rate.

In Canada, people with high incomes are not getting richer. Taxes redistribute a large part of their income to the poor. A girlfriend of mine is married to a specialist doctor, and my husband has an annual salary of 21. However, the annual tax they pay to the federal and the province exceeds 8, which can support two low-income families; the huge real estate of the rich is expropriated every year Huge real estate taxes and school taxes. For example, if you own a mansion worth tens of millions in Mount Royal, the rich man will pay the government hundreds of thousands of taxes each year for the house, enough to help more than ten poor families.

On the contrary, the poor enjoy a lot of subsidies and have a low income. They almost don’t have to pay taxes. Children have a monthly milk payment, adults have housing subsidies, and year-end tax rebates. Although there is not much available money, there is no problem with basic living, the whole family has medical insurance, and children’s education is free. Although the poor are poor, they are happy too. An immigrant friend came to Canada with a family of three. The son was over one year old. The couple went to school as soon as they came. The two received a monthly scholarship and loan of more than 1500 yuan, plus the child’s milk allowance, which was 2000 yuan. Later, the woman was pregnant with a child , The bursary increased to 830 yuan a month, and the two came for a year without working a day, but saved several thousand Canadian dollars. When they told me happily, I said, in fact, the government spends far more than that. Every school accepts an immigrant to study, they can receive a subsidy of 1 yuan from the government!

In fact, as an immigration country, the Canadian government has made considerable financial investment in removing language barriers for immigrants and receiving Canadian education.

In Canada, although the gap between the rich and the poor still exists, the distribution of wealth in Canada has shown a tendency to balance fairness. Since 1985, Canada’s gap between the rich and the poor has been declining. In 2002, Canada’s Gini coefficient was 0.31, which is mainly due to the government’s strong regulatory measures.

Canada's social security system covering all people has expanded the social welfare level of ordinary Canadians and marked Canada's entry into the ranks of welfare states. The guarantees and services undertaken by the welfare state can be divided into three types: projects that guarantee a minimum income, projects that reduce personal economic instability (unemployment insurance, pensions, and medical care), and provide a wide range of social services for all members of society. In addition to debt repayment, social security expenditures have always been the fastest growing item in the government budget. Old-age insurance accounts for approximately 15% of federal government expenditures, unemployment insurance accounts for 7% of federal government expenditures, and health insurance accounts for provincial government expenditures. 25%.

We say that China’s big cities are currently developing extremely fast. In terms of urban architecture and the speed of modernization, China is not far from developed countries. In terms of social welfare, China is in its infancy and it is very unsound. Not long ago, Shanghai The reported social security fund case (2006nian), even the top leader of Shanghai was involved in the case, making people feel that China has a huge loophole in the management of the social security system! Think about it, that is the living money of millions of poor people in Shanghai!

In fact, although both are capitalist countries, Canada and the United States are different in terms of policy and welfare. For example, as the world’s most powerful capitalist country, the United States does not have publicly funded medical care. There are XNUMX million poor people in the United States who buy it. Can't afford medical insurance, health is not guaranteed.

I once wrote a story about A Nan who was born with deafness underwent cochlear implant surgery and rehabilitation in Canada. This story happened in Montreal, where we live, and Ah Nan and his mother live among us. However, the controversy after the publication of this completely true story was something I did not expect. The anger of some compatriots over the drawbacks of Canada’s free medical system was beyond my expectations! However, I have never changed my opinion. In any case, a universal medical system that does not charge fees is the biggest advancement in the social security model compared to a system where people can receive medical care only if they have money.

Of course, Canada's social system has brought some obvious drawbacks. The high welfare provides a group of lazy people who get nothing. A friend who opened a shop told me that her shop was opened in a well-known poor area, but the business was very good. She said that most of these poor people open government welfare payments, and they often give the government to the government in the first half of the month. The money was squandered, buying wine, buying cigarettes, ordering takeout, and tightening his belt in the second half of the month. Some people have never worked in their entire lives and are supported by the government. Many shop owners know that the shops in the rich districts do not make money because the rich people drive to the big supermarkets to shop, and they calculate the prices of the items in smaller shops than the poor.

Canada's pension system is also worth mentioning. From the time one person pays taxes at work, there is a pension amount. Generally speaking, after a few decades, when you retire, the general pension can reach hundreds of thousands or even millions. My former homeowner, a single old Westerner, told me that his pension was 60 yuan. At that time, he sold us hundreds of thousands of yuan. How could he spend so much money alone?

Therefore, in Canada and North America, the richest people are the elderly, and most of them drive Mercedes-Benz and BMW. They can live alone or enter a nursing home. The concept of nursing homes is completely different from the bleak concept of nursing homes in our domestic childhood impressions. Most of them are built in convenient and picturesque places with complete facilities including various gyms, swimming pools, professional nurses and restaurants.

In summer, walking along the green embankment of the Deep Lawrence River, you can always see people swinging and dancing in the nursing home on the shore, and the old people live a poetic and picturesque life.

To be honest, at the beginning, the real reason that really touched me and wanted to stay was because of the future. Everyone will get old. We were born at the peak of China's birth in the 4s and XNUMXs, and will be the most overwhelmed generation in China's aging society. Our children are all only children. Two children will support four elderly people. This kind of general family structure in society will bring about huge social problems. Without sufficient labor to create social wealth, whether the elderly can have comprehensive social security will be a grim reality.

Canada also has the problem of aging, but a steady stream of young and middle-aged immigrants will ease the speed of its population aging. Moreover, as a developed country, Canada has sufficient economic strength to solve the pension problem. Generally speaking, as long as you have lived in Canada for 10 years, you will receive a subsidy of RMB 65 per month from the government after the age of 800. For the elderly, even if they have not worked in a lifetime, their basic life is not a problem.

Urban construction and economic income

Since the mid-90s, there is probably no country in the world whose urban construction speed can be compared with that of China. Chinese cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen have become the model of international modern cities, and their modern prosperity can be comparable to that of New York and Tokyo. , Hong Kong and other international metropolises are comparable. Some people say that the face of Chinese cities is changing with each passing day. Others say that Chinese cities are large construction sites. From the 50s to the 80s, nearly 40 years of economic stagnation brought the depression of several generations of Chinese people, which was released under the stimulation of the active commodity economy in the 90s. The eruption of the power of more than 10 billion people’s strong desire to become rich is amazing. In more than ten years, many large cities in China have completed the decades of development of large cities in developed countries.

A PhD who studied in France in 1989 and then immigrated to Canada told me that in 2003, more than 10 years later, he returned to Beijing and felt that he had become a countryman. Facing the high-rise buildings, the lights feasting, the dazzling array of goods, and the constant flow of traffic, he was a bit unable to turn his consciousness. He said that the rapid development of the domestic city made him a little stunned. He even had a few years of university studies in Beijing and could not find his way back to his alma mater.

In 2003, before going abroad, I met an engineer from Canada on the Oriental Pearl TV Tower in Pudong, Shanghai. This engineer had longed for a distant and mysterious China since childhood. However, what he imagined was a desolate, poor, ancient, and backward China. When he boarded the Oriental Pearl TV Tower and looked down at the high-rise buildings and the illuminated night Shanghai, he was shocked, as if in a dream, he kept saying that he could not believe that this is China, so ultra-modern, so modern, A far cry from the ancient and backward China he imagined since he was a child! At that time, I told him that the reason why he was so surprised was because he had imagined China too badly before!

Stay in China hundreds of years ago. This is almost a general phenomenon, that is, people in developed countries imagine that China is very backward and poor. Therefore, once they come to a big city in China, they are often surprised when they face the high-rise buildings and modern shopping malls in China. Unreasonable. Just like in 2000, after a senior US official visited Shanghai and returned to the United States, he proposed several times at the United Nations meeting that China should be classified as a developed country rather than a developing country. Therefore, China should assume more international obligations.

Contrary to the backwardness of China by people in developed countries, most Chinese people imagine cities in developed countries as being too modern and too developed, so that people in many large cities are always disappointed after visiting developed countries: foreign countries are also in this way! A friend who had landed in Canada before me once sent me some streets of old houses in Toronto, jokingly calling it a big rural area.

In fact, apart from the modern high-rise buildings in the downtown business district, Toronto, known as Canada’s largest and most prosperous city, most of the residential houses in the area are old and dilapidated two-story buildings, and the wires are erected on electric poles. , Which greatly affects the visual aesthetics, and such landscapes have long been invisible in important areas of major Chinese cities. For those who want to come abroad to find a modern urban feel, Canada is certainly not an ideal place. As a result, some people went back home after landing.

Indeed, if only from urban construction, some large cities in China have already left cities in developed countries behind. Even Chinese people will be very surprised and excited when facing the night view of Pudong, and sigh how amazing people's creativity is! I have been to almost all the famous big cities in the world. Paris is elegant, London is classic, and Hong Kong is prosperous. However, it is difficult to compare with Shanghai in terms of momentum and modernity.

In terms of urban construction, China is a rapidly developing country, while Canada is already a mature country, and the pace of urban development is slow or almost stagnant. The city of Hamilton where we lived when we landed has not built a tall building in 30 years; Montreal has not built a tall building in 23 years. An old gentleman who had been in Canada for nearly 30 years told me that they were like this when they came to Montreal 30 years ago, with little change. Due to the small population, slow growth and limited demand, it is difficult for all walks of life to have big opportunities. It is difficult for civil engineers from China to find corresponding professional jobs, because there are no major projects to start. In China, there are dozens of projects worth tens of billions.

Compared with the vigor and vitality of Chinese cities, Canadian cities are quiet and laid-back, with a more casual atmosphere.

The rapid development of China's economy and the rapid changes in urban construction have brought many opportunities. For most Chinese immigrants who were once the backbone of various industries and white-collar workers in Chinese cities, they may have more room for development and promotion in China. In Canada, in an already very mature economic system, urban development tends to be perfect, and because of language disadvantages and differences in cultural background, they do not have too many opportunities. This is also an important reason for the return of some immigrants.

Therefore, when my friends in China asked me that the kind of person is the most suitable for immigrating to Canada, my answer is that whether immigrating to Canada can adapt and like it depends on the state of mind and the life you want and hope to live. If you want to do a big business, you should stay in China; if you want to get rich overnight and earn a lot of money, you should stay in China; if you want to rejoice every night, feasting, calling friends and calling friends, beautiful women are like clouds; that You should stay in China; on the contrary, if you want to live a quiet pastoral life, you want to stay away from the complicated interpersonal relationships, you want to breathe fresh air, you want to get closer to nature, you want to spend more time with your family and children Together, then you are suitable for immigrating to Canada.

Leaving aside China's huge rural poor, it is also interesting to compare the economic income of white-collar workers in Chinese cities and Canadian cities.

In the 90s, a college classmate of my husband worked in a large company in the United States. In other words, his annual salary was 10 U.S. dollars. At that time, the ratio of the U.S. dollar to the renminbi was nearly 9 times, which was converted into renminbi. His income was simply astronomical. I realized that there are not many people earning $10, especially in Canada. Moreover, it is before tax. If after tax, after paying all kinds of pension funds, you can get a few thousand each month; if you provide for house and car, there is not much leftover each month. In other words, even with an income of 10, it is impossible to live a very chic life in the United States.

On the contrary, for white-collar workers in large domestic companies, the normal salary is generally not much. In 2000, a monthly salary of 5000 was considered good. It is said that nowadays, in cities like Shanghai and Shenzhen, there are many people with an annual salary of 10. However, in contrast to foreign countries, in China, wages do not represent the money you really get. Many companies have various awards or subsidies. A person with an annual salary of 10 may actually get 16 or even 20 per year. Moreover, China's wage income is taxed very little. The disposable income of white-collar workers in Chinese cities is far greater than the income on the salary book; while abroad, the disposable income is much lower than the income from wages.

Social and human environment

Many large cities in China are not inferior to those in developed countries in terms of urban construction, and even lead the world in some special aspects, such as shopping malls and restaurants. The magnificent boutique fashion stores on Huaihai Road in Shanghai are comparable to the best fashion stores in Paris and New York, and the beautifully decorated and crowded restaurants in major cities are incomparable to foreign-scale restaurants that are far less popular.

But when the hardware is up, what about the software? In fact, social harmony and the humanistic environment are the areas where the gap between China and foreign countries is the biggest and it is difficult to improve in the near future.

It is very interesting to make an analysis of the current social class in China.

The so-called class refers to social groups divided according to certain standards, and each class has its own independent group interests. The "Research on Social Structural Changes in Contemporary China" of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences divides the current Chinese society into the state and social management, managers, private entrepreneurs, professional and technical personnel, office workers, individual industrial and commercial households, and business service personnel. , Industrial workers, agricultural workers, and urban unemployed, unemployed and semi-unemployed workers.

The workers and peasants who were formerly regarded as the heroes of the great socialist country of China are currently the most numerous, the lowest social status, the lowest economic income, and the lowest social security class in China. They are the largest and lowest level in the social structure. .

The social group composed of a very small number of people who are the actual controllers of power and the owners of the means of production has become the top of the country.

The middle-level population, which is dominated by urban white-collar workers, is far lower than the huge bottom-level population.

The current Chinese social class is a typical pyramid structure.

In developed countries and Canada, while class differentiation still exists, a huge middle class has emerged in society, forming an olive-shaped social structure. The emergence of a huge middle class is an important sign that distinguishes developed countries from developing countries.

根据加拿大统计局的统计,以家庭为单位的收入总额分成几部分:1999年,低于10000 加元的占家庭总数的8.5%,在10000—19999加元之间的为17.8%,20000—29999加元之间的为17.9%,30000—39999加元之间的为15.7%,40000—49999加元之间的为12.4%,5 0000—74999加元之间的为17.6%,75000加元以上的为10.2%(税后)。收入呈现出明显的两头小、中间大的特点。

In 2002, Canada’s per capita income was 28754 Canadian dollars (the minimum after-tax income for households without money was 15493 Canadian dollars, and single non-earning income was 9687 Canadian dollars). Most Canadians belong to the middle class of society, lead a wealthy life, generally have spacious houses and cars, and have a freely disposable income that can be used for tourism.

The existence of a huge middle class is the foundation of social stability. The division of the middle class has both occupational elements and meanings such as income and consumption. In terms of form, it is generally considered to be mainly composed of white-collar workers with management rights and professional technical knowledge. Their main working methods are the application of knowledge, the exercise of management power, and the development of special skills. Typical examples are professional managers of large and medium-sized companies, middle and senior company employees, university professors, senior experts, self-employed small private business owners, stockholders, corporate contractors, senior marketers, well-known lawyers, and intermediary industry Investors, sports stars, singers, etc.

In any society, the middle class is the main force maintaining social stability. It is a buffer layer between the high and the bottom; secondly, the middle layer represents a moderate and conservative social ideology. When this ideology dominates, it is difficult for extreme ideas and conflicting concepts to have a market for development. This is society Stable ideological reasons; thirdly, this class is the most important social group that guides social consumption. When this group becomes the majority of the society in terms of numbers, its lifestyle and consumption style ensure that the society has a huge and sustainable growth of consumption The market, thereby stimulating economic growth, is a strong guarantee for stable and continuous economic growth.

Therefore, a stable and good social class distribution is an "olive shape" with small ends and a large middle, which is a sign and symbol of a civilized and harmonious society.

Although there are extremely wealthy classes in Canada, we do not feel the stimulation of this class very strongly in our lives, and the social hatred for the rich is not so serious. Rich people are also relatively low-key. From a person's appearance, dress, and behavior style, it is difficult to judge the social class they belong to.

However, in today's Chinese cities, you can almost see the bureaucrats and upstarts at a glance. They are arrogant and extravagant. There is a sentence that vividly illustrates the living conditions of this category of people: they have nothing except money. Wealth has not brought about an increase in the sense of social responsibility or civilization of these people. There are many versions of Doufu stories circulating in the mainland. One of them is: the grandmother and grandson came out of a McDonald’s restaurant in Shenzhen. The grandson accidentally scratched a BMW car parked at the door with a toy in his hand. The car driver was reprimanded by the old woman. The mobile phone called a group of people, people with sharp weapons smashed the car, the driver knocked it to the ground, and then threw a big box of money and said, let alone scratch the car, I can smash the car! I'll buy you another one!

Of course, this story is somewhat exaggerated, but it vividly portrays the mentality of the nouveau riche in China.

Due to the existence of a large poor population, the security of individuals and personal property in China is far lower than that of Canada. I think everyone will feel strongly about this. In large cities in China, almost few families do not install anti-theft doors and anti-theft windows. Even residential houses with more than a dozen stories are to be installed. The most difficult thing for a foreigner to come to China is this, why he made his beautiful home like a prison.

When I landed in Canada, I was most surprised that most of the houses here are made of wooden doors, some of them are even glass. Moreover, even the wealthy houses on Mount Royal have no security doors or even walls. However, for China's wealthy class, their luxury homes can be described as heavily barriers. I went to the home of a university classmate in Beijing. It was in a villa area on the outskirts of Beijing. Outside were three guards and five posts, surrounded by a wall covered with broken glass. To be honest, my classmate’s home is magnificent, but I don’t feel a bit bad, it feels like going to jail. My eldest sister's family has a beautiful villa, which attracted countless thieves, and had to raise two ferocious wolfhounds to watch the house. Every time I went, I was afraid, and my good thoughts disappeared.

After landing in Canada for three years, although my so-so habits have not changed, I have never been touched my wallet. And one of my girlfriends returned to Wenzhou last year. In a month, she was stolen from her wallet three times while shopping. She only hated the habit of not being vigilant in Canada.

Simple and harmonious interpersonal relationships are also a very important aspect of a harmonious society. In this regard, there are huge differences between China and Canada.

Some experts have analyzed that there is a common trust crisis in Chinese society at present, which is mainly manifested in four aspects: business credit crisis, public reputation crisis, interpersonal trust crisis and value belief crisis.

Many people believe that in China after the Cultural Revolution, people have generally become unpredictable. They are suspicious of outsiders in the world, expressing problems in a roundabout way, and never express their opinions directly. Everyone has learned to conform to the general trend and to talk about empty words that they do not approve of.

Not all Chinese are like this. Some Taiwanese and Hong Kong people I have met are relatively more trustworthy and easier to get along with than mainlanders. Maybe it's because they don't have the background of the Cultural Revolution in mainland China after liberation.

After the reform and opening up, under the stimulus of the commodity economy, the hearts of the people were even more unpretentious. Just like opening a Pandora's box, people abandoned traditional virtues under the drive of interests. The numerous MLM cases that spread across the country in the 90s broke the trust between China's last family and acquaintances.

In addition, in Canada, you can clearly experience the general goodwill and trust among people.

I once lost my way in Montreal. Two young people who didn’t know each other drove me to the subway station in a car; my son went skating, and a middle-aged white woman who didn’t know each other bent over to help him put on skates and fasten the belt. He has been teaching him to skate; a friend of mine traveled to the small town, and an old couple who had met invited them to live in their spacious house and stayed overnight with warm hospitality.

These short stories are nothing short of a fantasy for the urbanites who are full of wariness between each other in China today.

We encourage laid-off workers to "start from scratch", to inspire rural children who have no textbooks and dictionaries and drop out of school because of poverty, "do not blame the government", and to warn migrant workers who can only write names "knowledge changes destiny" are almost as high-profile as mockery." Compared with the slogan, Canada has issued a very low-key appeal: Canada is full of poor people. At the same time, it is hoped that capable people will contribute a thin slice of bread.

世界哪里都会有富人,同时也必然有她的孪生伙伴–穷人。一个家庭有一个家庭的难处,对于“八国集团”之一的加拿大也不例外。由于人口老龄化,离婚率高和就业率不稳定等基本国情的影响,在加拿大的一些地区的确存在着贫穷的一面,无家可归,家庭暴力,老无所养等等;流落街头的乞丐流浪者就是属于穷人一族。面对穷人弱势群体的出现,社会各个方面都给予了正门的关注和必要的帮助。政府在税收上和福利上对穷人都有所救济,比如对于低收入家庭免征消费税同时还会有一些退税,还有社会福利和失业救济都属于这个范畴。政府还有很多免费以培养技能为宗旨的职业学校,有机械汽车修理电脑等,全日制的课程还可以向政府申请“奖学金”。

What best reflects the characteristics of Canadian charity are the many public welfare undertakings that have emerged in society. The church has played a big role in this regard. In front of a Catholic church in downtown Toronto, some people stand and gather there at noon almost every day. On closer inspection, these people are quite special, with very few elderly people and no children; let alone people with black and Asian faces. Most of them are middle-aged white people in good health. They sometimes smoke and laugh, and sometimes are impassioned. They are waiting to eat free, the church’s free lunch. Many of the crowd are due to unemployed workers and so on. "Free lunch" is not simple. There are rice, beef, vegetables, fruit, etc. The church also prepares a lot of clean and neat clothes, including jeans, shirts, and more. There are overcoats, windbreakers, down jackets, etc. Anyone can get them.

在蒙特利尔还可以看到白色的大帐篷,彩车一样的流动车,这些都是慈善组织为穷人免费提供的“food bank”–食物银行。任何人都可以进去白吃白喝一通。圣诞节前夕,在是市中心搭建的几个白色大帐篷非常显眼。虽然外面是大雪纷飞,里面可还是温暖如春。食品自然不必说,和前面教堂提供的不相上下。除此以外,还有很多人文关怀,保健按摩,理发;还有卡拉OK,读书,节目表演;室外还有小型的沙滩,高尔夫球;甚至还有卡通扮相的美女陪你解闷。上述一切统统的免费。

The popularization of philanthropy has benefited from the participation of a large number of volunteers. It is these "Lei Feng" who are selfless and fearless, regardless of remuneration, that make the philanthropy work practical and truly benefit the poor in need. Among them are old people, middle-aged people, young people, college students and elementary school students; there are officials, staff and workers; the most eye-catching is a large number of beautiful white-collar beauties. They are serious, sincere, and sincere in their work; they have no complaints, no regrets, and no idea of ​​utilitarianism or discrimination. The smile of "helping others for fun" naturally and innocently rippled on the volunteers' faces.

In July 2010, Canada's Lauger and his wife won the lottery first prize and won 7 million Canadian dollars (about 1120 million yuan) in prize money. However, this old couple of ordinary workers did not spend a penny for themselves, but donated all the tens of millions of bonuses to those who need help and organizations. These include local fire departments, churches, cemeteries, Red Cross, hospitals, anti-cancer institutions, etc. When asked if he would regret donating this huge bonus, Violet said: "We are very lucky, we will not regret it." Allen said: "We don't have much money, but we live a very happy life."

Fostering human dignity——To protect human dignity together is the purpose of Canadian public welfare. It is because we face the social reality that we dare to blew up: the poor are everywhere. Caring because of true love; responsibility because of responsibility; dignity because of equality. Charity is not something that GDP can buy. It is rooted in all areas of social life and in everyone's heart.

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