Authoritative version: What are the benefits after getting the Australian Green Card (PR)?
Australia PR benefits overview
PR refers to Australia's permanent residence visa/right. It is valid for 5 years. If you have lived for 5 years within 2 years, you can apply for naturalization or continue to renew the PT visa.
If you just get a PR, you can only enter Australia and New Zealand visa-free. All other countries require a visa because you are still Chinese. But once naturalized, you are an Australian citizen.
If one of the parents is an Australian green card holder, if the child is born in Australia, then the child is born as an Australian citizen. If the child was born in China, the child is a Chinese citizen, and of course he can apply for an Australian green card in the future. If one of the parents is an Australian citizen, no matter where the child was born (such as China), the child is born an Australian citizen.
There are five main differences in the rights enjoyed by Australian permanent residents and citizens:
1. Right to vote
2. Right to be elected
3. Right to join the army
4. Be elected as a member of the jury
5. Engage in some special jobs of the government (such as intelligence personnel)
The above five rights or obligations are not for permanent residents, only for citizens (with naturalization)
The 9 major benefits of Australia are reflected in:
1. Pension policy, all 60-year-old ladies and 65-year-old men can enjoy pension
2. All people enjoy free medical insurance (Medicare)
3. Government departments provide unemployment benefits
4. Low income allowance
5. 12 years of free compulsory education in primary and secondary schools
6. Before the child is XNUMX years old, enjoy sponsorship expenses and allowances
7. Interest-free government loans for university tuition
8. After the child is XNUMX years old, enjoy student allowance
9. Other benefits: childbirth allowance, allowance for multiple children, allowance for unmarried parents, allowance for single parents, etc.
From the perspective of welfare policy, new permanent residence visa holders are not allowed to apply for unemployment benefits, emergency comprehensive relief and student allowances for the first two years. Other benefits are the same, such as free primary and secondary education, student loans, and free medical care. After holding PR for two years, you can enjoy all Australian benefits.
After getting the PR, you can apply for Australian citizenship if you meet certain conditions. It is worth noting that each person is required to apply for naturalization separately, not as a family. If the wife has lived for 4 years, the wife can apply. If your husband is not full, you cannot apply.
The most important living conditions are:
1. You have lived in Australia for 4 years before you apply, and you must have at least one year (12 months) in PR status within these four years.
2. The total time to leave Australia in these 4 years shall not exceed one year, and shall not leave Australia for more than 90 days in the year of application for naturalization.
In addition, there are some requirements applicable to special populations or special conditions.
3. Plan to settle in Australia, continue to settle in Australia or plan to maintain a close relationship with Australia.
Children under the age of 16 can be included in the naturalization application of either parent without meeting the residency requirements.
There are three main steps to apply for naturalization: application, interview and naturalization ceremony. The whole process generally takes 6 months.
1. Application: Applicants can download the nationality application form online. After filling out, send the application form and necessary materials to the Nationality Office.
2. Interview: Applicants over 16 years old must attend an interview. The purpose of the interview is to confirm that you know the rights and obligations of Australian citizens and that you can use simple English (applicants over the age of 50 do not need to meet this requirement).
3. Naturalization Ceremony: After the interview is passed, you will generally receive a notice within two months and participate in the "Citizenship Certificate Issuing Ceremony" at the specified time and place. In the ceremony, the applicant will take an oath of naturalization and receive an Australian citizenship certificate. After having the citizenship certificate, you can get an Australian passport within 2 weeks. With an Australian passport, you can go to all Western countries without a visa, including the United States and Western European countries.