A detailed introduction to Australian kindergartens, for prospective immigrants and new immigrants to collect!
Like in China, Australian kindergartens are divided into public and private schools. Public fees are cheaper but the opening hours are shorter. For example, for kindergartens within the same city centre of Sydney, the cost of private schools is generally between 110-130 Australian dollars per day, while public ones are between 80-90 Australian dollars. Public kindergartens outside the city center cost 50-60 Australian dollars a day, and private kindergartens are between 80-95 Australian dollars. In addition to institutional kindergartens, there are also many family-run kindergartens, which can enroll 3-5 or more children according to home site restrictions, which is also a good choice. Due to the high cost, many children choose to go to two or three days a week, and the rest of the time is taken care of by their parents or not to kindergarten. Therefore, there are many parents in Australia who choose not to work or work part-time two or three days a week before their children go to elementary school.
Kindergartens are generally divided into "nursery", "toddler" and "preschool". 0-2 years old are in daycare, 2-3 years old are in small classes, and 3-6 years old are in large classes. The daily schedule is slightly different, but in general private kindergartens open early and close every day for a total of about 11 hours, which is convenient for parents to get to and from get off work.
All teachers in the kindergarten, no matter part-time or full-time, need relevant job certificates, and their names and photos are published in the kindergarten. All teachers are gentle and caring. They hug their children from time to time, so that children can feel happiness and love all the time.
The conditions and principles for choosing a kindergarten are based on the following points:
The methods include: site visits; visits to the nursery that may be selected more than once; observe how the nursery staff interact with the children; pay attention to how the nursery operates; request to view the qualification certificate. Parents are advised to visit without an appointment. Parents should be welcomed by the nursery.
When choosing a suitable nursery school and home care, you should consider the following issues:
Location: Is it convenient to pick up and drop off?
Cost: Is it affordable?
Quota: How long should I register in advance?
Needs: Does the nursery meet the number of days you need?
Staff: What are your qualifications?
Course: Is it suitable for children's interests?
Lunch: Do you provide delicious lunches and snacks?
The following is a mother's summary of some educational methods in Australian kindergartens:
1. When the child cries unreasonably
When a child is crying unreasonably, he can't immediately satisfy his unreasonable request in order to stop him crying. Tell him that he can give him a hug and meet his needs when he stops crying! I tried it many times in the class of a one-and-a-half to two-year-old child, and it basically worked! Children will not cry and cry because their needs cannot be met, they will start to do things with a degree! And when necessary, just ignore their crying, and some less willful children can stop it in a minute or two. But pay attention to distinguishing, sometimes the child crying is a physical need, sickness, or want to get your attention. Although the current method of crying or not and holding it without crying has caused much controversy, I personally recommend that mothers use intimate parent-child methods to get in touch with their babies. Otherwise, the baby will always turn a blind eye to crying, and I am really worried that the baby will have personality problems when he grows up.
2. Children's dining education
Australian kindergarten babies start to sit on small benches independently from XNUMX months old, eat independently with hands or utensils on the round table! Learn to use polite expressions such as'please, thank you' during the meal. During the meal, the teacher began to guide the children to learn to wait. The food they want to eat is not available in the next second. Guiding babies to learn to wait and being patient is very helpful for them now or in the future. Starting from the eighteenth month of kindergarten, children can, with the occasional assistance of the teacher, throw the unfinished food into the trash can, and put the cleaned plates into the sink for the teacher to clean! Then wipe your mouth and hands with a wet towel. The teacher only helps when the child hasn't cleaned it himself! Even an XNUMX-month-old baby can have a preliminary understanding of the eating process! Starting from the age of three, no matter it is morning/afternoon tea, lunch all started to be self-service. It is no longer the teacher who distributes the food, but the food on two large plates. Each child chooses the food and the portion according to his needs. Cultivated children's independent opinions, hands-on independence, and began to cultivate a sense of conservation!
3. Children also have the right to choose
Give the child the right to choose, but give him the scope of choice. Children are young and sometimes it is difficult to settle (calm down). It will be difficult to control if he blindly gives him all options. For example, if a child is unwilling to sleep, the teacher will give him a choice: do you sleep by yourself or do I put you on the bed? If a child is unwilling to participate in any program (teaching activity), the teacher will ask you whether you want to draw or build blocks? Sometimes giving children the right to choose is much easier than naked preaching or bullying.
4. Children need a sense of belonging
Let the child participate in adult activities, let him find a sense of belonging, let him feel that he is a very important member of family, study, and even society, and it can also enhance his self-confidence and practical ability. (Belonging is a very important point in the Australian early education program. Belonging, being now, and becoming are the three major outcomes of the program. My personal understanding is that these three points influence each other and complement each other. Belonging is mainly about family, society, and decision The child’s being is now, and now it affects the future of becoming!) So from the age of one and a half, they have been asked to help the teacher clean up the toys they have played with, the little broom began to clean outdoor fallen leaves, etc., and told him in time that the teacher really needs him. Encourage him in time after doing it and tell him that he is a good helper! So in kindergartens, children are rushing to do many of these things, and teachers will be more relaxed because of this!
5. The correct view of right and wrong requires guidance
The concept of right and wrong of a child actually begins to form at a very young age, and it is important that the parents and teachers guide. When the child does something wrong, bring it up in time, and tell him or demonstrate it correctly. Even babies of a few months have a preliminary perception of these. When necessary, punishing children who are particularly stubborn and rebellious. This can cultivate his sense of responsibility, and take responsibility for doing wrong and accept corresponding punishment. In fact, it is usually to stop the game and punishing standing or sitting. After the punishment is over, the teacher will ask him how to deal with such a thing again, and the child usually tells some correct decisions.
6. Educational method of "playing to learn"
About learning through play. No matter how old the children are in Australian kindergartens, there is no concept of'teaching' and'learning'. All classrooms are rarely equipped with tables and chairs. Teachers and students usually sit on the ground, so that everyone has no sense of distance. All kinds of indoor and outdoor activities are set up so that children can improve the five intelligences: cognitive, social skills, language skills, large motor and fine motor by playing, or learning from songs and nursery rhymes. It seems that preschool education is illegal in many countries. A five-year-old Chinese child was criticized by the teacher for putting too much pressure on the child because he could recognize letters, words, and do arithmetic.
However, learning by playing has some advantages of its own, just to mention a few impressive ones. Humanities: Australia is a country of multi-ethnic immigrants, and a class is a United Nations. Therefore, they will have a very preliminary understanding of the customs and simple language of various ethnic groups. There are also many ethnic groups in the classroom, and music CDs are also multilingual CDs. Many children can speak almost two to three languages. Sometimes the teacher will take the children to cook some multi-ethnic food and share them together.
Other aspects: Australian kindergartens encourage children to stay outdoors and do more activities to perceive nature and natural phenomena. The outdoor setting is also like a playground. Sometimes Asian kids still can’t wear less, because their physique is indeed different. At the same time encourage children to exercise, climb ladders, jump from high places, etc. The kindergarten does not encourage too many commercial toys, and more of the raw materials come from nature. One of the items is called a heuristic basket, which contains all kinds of things recycled in life, such as plastic bowls, iron spoons, wood, waste fabrics, etc., more than a dozen kinds. Children can use their imagination to make these objects play various sounds, and at the same time intuitively feel these all-natural unprocessed raw materials, (hear the different sounds of these raw materials and touch their different textures), and most importantly, they are also environmentally friendly. why not? So intuitively feeling the things in nature is indeed much better than commercial toys, and it is also economical. However, hygiene and safety must be the top priority when choosing recycled materials.
The content of social activities has been set up in the class of four-year-old children, and every week the children will be brought to the nearest library in batches. The teacher will introduce to them the difference between the books borrowed from the library and the books they bought, tell them the process of borrowing and returning books, how to ask for help from others when they don’t understand, encourage them to be environmentally friendly, buy less books and borrow more books And assist them to complete the first loan. Some parents will accompany you throughout the process.
In addition to going to the library, they will also go to the market in batches, so that they have a preliminary understanding of buying and selling and how to make purchases according to their own needs and preferences.
In the four-year-old class, the teacher prepared a cute teddy bear doll. This teddy bear will visit different children's homes every week. Parents write journals in the form of photos and text to record the story of the child and the teddy bear at home. I read the whole thick journal. Many children put their own beds in the bears, tell stories and chat with them. Give your own toys and food to this teddy bear. Others give it a bath, even take it to a restaurant to eat, and let it attend their birthday party. I was very touched and surprised after seeing it. The child learned to take care of, love and share with this doll who doesn't even have a soul. At the same time, this doll is also a good way for teachers to reward children. Only the best performers this week will have the opportunity to take this doll home. It really kills two birds with one stone.
Kindergarten classes often hold various shows (performances) and parties (party) from time to time.
Such as pajamas, ask children to go to school directly without changing clothes after getting up. Superman show, dress up as your favorite hero before going to school. The teacher will set up some objects you need to save in the classroom, and then wait for the heroes to come out! it's very funny. There is also an actual fire escape, so that children can learn to save themselves from an early age. It’s just a pity that I didn’t take photos, because the teachers who work in the kindergarten are not allowed to use their mobile phones and cameras to take pictures of their children. Unless the parent has signed the authorization letter. Australian kindergartens respect children's right to portrait and privacy.
7. "Guide" and "Teach"
Having said that, let's talk about the last point. In kindergartens, we do not allow the word "training" to be used, saying that it is only used for pets. Use "guiding". Even if you go to the toilet, it is "toilet guiding" instead of "toilet training". The word training is a negative word in early childhood education. But at the same time it does reflect the essence of early education in Australia. "Guiding" is more important than "teaching"! It is better to teach him "fish" than to teach him "fish"!