[In-depth article] Are parents really ready for the arrival of the age of overseas students in Australia after the 00s in China?
"Chinatown"-Official media of Chinese Australians
When you walk into a public primary or secondary school in Australia, don’t be surprised to see many international students from Asia who seem to be only fifteen or sixteen, or even under ten. Since Australia implemented visa reforms last year, after primary students of grade 10 and above can obtain student visas, the number of international students accepted by public schools in Australia has increased by 7%, with the largest number of international students in NSW and Victoria. Most of these international students come from Asian countries, such as China, South Korea, Vietnam and Malaysia.
Among the total number of international students in public schools in NSW, the number of Chinese students exceeds 6%. Behind these so-called post-00s students are the ardent gazes of their parents. When they come to Australia, all the challenges have just begun. What kind of "children" confusions will they face? As for the army of small foreign students, how does Australia view it locally?
Figures: More than XNUMX% of international students from NSW public schools are from China
Australian media recently reported that more and more young people from Asian countries are being sent to NSW public schools to complete their studies. The latest data show that the number of fully self-financed international students has increased by 12% in just 25 months. Admission data show that there are 3386 international students studying in public schools this year, but this number is expected to rise sharply with the end of the academic year in the northern hemisphere.
A spokesperson for the Ministry of Education said that after the visa reform was implemented last year, after the 7th grade and above elementary school students (equivalent to primary school graduates in mainland China) can obtain student visas, the number of Chinese students has increased the most. Chinese students used to account for about 50% of the total number of students studying in NSW, but this proportion has now increased to more than 60%. In the past, Chinese students had to complete 9th grade (equivalent to graduating from a junior high school in Mainland China) before they could apply for a student visa for Australian high school.
A spokesperson for the NSW Department of Education said that there are about 150 public schools in NSW that recruit overseas students, but did not give a list of these schools and the distribution of students.
Due to the strong demand for public school degrees, statistics from the NSW Department of Education show that the number of Australian families needed to place additional international students has increased by 4% in four years.
Reason: Chinese study abroad presents"Younger age"trend
The proportion of Chinese students from NSW public schools is relatively large, and the number continues to grow. The "International Talent Blue Book-China Study Abroad Development Report (2014)" jointly released by China and Globalization Think Tanks and Social Science Literature Press shows that at present, China is still the world's largest source country for overseas students, and the development of Chinese study abroad shows Obvious "younger" trend.
Relevant data last year showed that among the Chinese students in Australia, more than two-thirds of the total number of Chinese students aged 22 to 28, Chinese students in graduate school are still the absolute main force. However, as Australia opened up the market for studying in junior high schools to Chinese students, in 2014 Chinese students studying in Australia became a trend of younger age.
According to a report issued by a Chinese education group, just after the launch of the Australian Study Abroad Policy, many Chinese primary school students in grades XNUMX and XNUMX have signed letters of intent to study abroad and are waiting to go to Australia.
So many Chinese students are looking forward to coming to this shore of the ocean to start a new study career. What are the reasons behind it?
The "International Talent Blue Book-China Study Abroad Development Report (2014)" reports that with China's economic development, family incomes increase, and more and more families have the financial means to pay for their children to study abroad. Some parents and students are dissatisfied with the status quo of domestic higher education, which has directly led to the continuous increase in the number of undergraduates going abroad, and this situation has further penetrated into the basic education stage.
In the eyes of many families, Australia has good teaching quality in English-speaking countries and its academic qualifications (such as HSC) can be widely recognized around the world, and its geographical location is not far away from China. It is an ideal destination for studying abroad. One.
It is worth noting that there are many reasons for Chinese young students to study abroad, and the promotion of their parents is one of the important reasons. Some of these parents yearn for a flexible education model abroad, advocating foreign education that emphasizes the publicity of students’ personality and cultivating students’ independent thinking and problem-solving abilities; some hope that their children will have a broader international vision in the future, or they hope to avoid domestic ones. Employment pressure, some parents hope to immigrate to Australia through their children's studies, and some successful cases of overseas students inspire enthusiasm for studying abroad, etc.
Experts analyze that behind these subjective factors of parents and students, the internationalization of the education market, the development of China's economy, and the increase in family income are undoubtedly an important objective basis for the idea of parents to send their children abroad to study.
Numerous overseas schools, whether it is high school education or higher education, have opened their doors to Chinese students. For some high-income families in China, the cost of studying abroad is not a problem. The key is to consider the growth of the child; and for others As far as working-class families are concerned, no matter how hard they are, no matter how poor they are, they cannot have poor education. As long as the parents feel it is necessary, as long as the children have the will, they will find ways to send their children to study abroad. All of this is driving the Chinese primary school students to embark on the journey of studying abroad.
Reaction from all parties:
Some local parents: worried about the shortage of school resources
Behind these small foreign students is the eagerly expected look of their parents. However, some local parents have mixed feelings about the increase in the number of international students in NSW public schools.
Some people believe that the economic benefits of these international students will allow public schools to have more funds to improve the teaching environment and improve the quality of teaching. In an interview with the media, a principal of a public school said that these additional fees would greatly help the school's budget.
However, some associations and parents worry that the already crowded public schools will become more crowded, the already tight teaching resources will be even more scarce, and at the same time it will take up the power of teachers. This concern is even more pronounced in the more popular and larger schools.
家长及公民协会北悉尼区理事会（ Northern Sydney Council of P&Cs）去年公布了一份公立学校人满为患的问题报告，报告中指出留学生可能导致一些学校需要增配额外的、可拆卸的简易教室（Demountable Classrooms）。
The overwhelming number of students and the serious shortage of classrooms in some public schools in Sydney’s northern suburbs have caused headaches for local parents, schools and related institutions. And some schools in this area are just popular choices for some international students.
In NSW, there are more than 2000 secondary and elementary schools, and overseas students can apply for enrollment in 150 of them. A spokesperson for the NSW Department of Education said in an interview with the media a few days ago that if the school has reached the upper limit of the number of local students enrolled, it will not be allowed to accept enrollment of international students. The principal must file with the education department before deciding whether to enroll international students. In compliance with this policy. The spokesperson also confirmed that the Chatswood, Killara, Mosman and Willoughby Girls secondary schools are full and no longer accepting foreign students.
There are also parents who have raised questions. The fee for overseas students to study in public secondary schools in NSW is A$14,000 a year, which is far cheaper than private or independent schools in NSW. Some private or independent schools charge overseas students at A$2011 or 12 per year. . Relevant data from the NSW Department of Education show that in 16,749/14,000, the NSW government spent $XNUMX per secondary school student, and only charged XNUMX tuition fees for overseas students for a year. In terms of tuition fees alone, whether the difference between this is local Taxpayers are "paying" for the tuition fees of international students?
Although there are various opinions in the society, Lila Mularczyk, chairman of the NSW Secondary Principals' Council, said that secondary schools in NSW welcome foreign students because their arrival has brought different experiences to the school. Promote communication and learning among students. She believes that enrolling international students should be regarded as a good thing, because international students did not affect local enrollment.
Educators and parents: pay attention to the adaptation of studying abroad at a young age
In the local Chinese community or in China, there are still many people who are concerned about whether some Chinese primary school students adapt to the local environment. For an underage child, it is undoubtedly a huge challenge to study and live in a completely different language and culture environment.
Whether in the Chinese forum or interviewed by our reporter, Chinese people have pointed out that no matter what the consideration, domestic parents need to send primary school students abroad to study, they need mature conditions, this condition not only refers to the family’s financial conditions, but also Including parents' accurate judgment, estimation and planning on all aspects of the child's psychology, personality and abilities, while also being able to fully anticipate the impact of studying abroad on the child.
Some people believe that young international students have their own advantages. They have strong learning and adaptability, accept and integrate new things quickly. Studying abroad at the middle school level will help them lay a good language foundation and better integrate into the local society, and it is also easier to raise Become a habit and way of independent living and thinking. If you wait until you graduate from a bachelor’s degree and then study abroad, many of your ideas have been finalized and it may not be easy to integrate into the local culture.
But some people are worried, but because they are young and underage when they go abroad, some are accompanied by their parents, and some are traveling alone. At this age, the outlook on life, world outlook, and values have not yet been formed, self-management and self-control capabilities are still immature, and the youth rebellious period is about to come or has already come. There are certain risks in it. These should be considered in the consideration of parents and children when they decide to go abroad. Inside.
For local educators and parents, they are more concerned about the risks behind the absence of family education for some elementary students.
According to NSW requirements, overseas students under the age of 18 must have suitable accommodation and welfare arrangements when enrolling in the local area. International students from pre-kindergarten to grade 4 must be accompanied by a parent. International students in the 5th and 6th grades of elementary school can live with their parents or immediate family members. High school international students can live with relatives or host families.
Among these small international students, some children go to Australia alone, or live in relatives’ homes or host families, with designated guardians, and their parents still stay in China to work; some are accompanied by their parents, usually the mother is in Australia and the father works hard in China Pattern. If you just think that your child will read well and learn the essence of foreign education after sending it to school, I am afraid it is wishful thinking.
In terms of children's growth and success, in addition to school and social education, family education is also an indispensable part. Elementary international students at this age need some attention, supervision and management. At the same time, these teenage children are looking for their own identity. If their parents are not around, don't give proper support, and they are in a foreign environment, they may suffer even greater impact.
On the other hand, one of the characteristics of Australian school culture is that parents actively participate in various school activities including teaching, sports, charity, tourism and so on. Local workers believe that parents are in close contact with schools and communities, which is the best way to support and participate in children’s education. Parents’ hands-on involvement in school affairs has a subtle and positive impact on children.
A Chinese teacher in a public school in Sydney’s northern district said that if you send your child to study in Australia and the parents also come to accompany you, you should participate in school and community activities, not just attend the child’s graduation ceremony. Some parents do not participate in school activities due to language or cultural barriers, and lack of communication with the school, which is not desirable. The healthy and happy growth of a child needs the parents' in place, not just the educational funds. The Ministry of Education in NSW also encourages parents and students to log on to the website of the Ministry of Education to check the resources provided.
An Analysis of Study Abroad by Public School Teachers"young"Confused
Local educators and parents are concerned about the risks behind the absence of family education for primary international students. This is not unfounded worry. According to a Chinese teacher from a public school in North Sydney, the number of young foreign students from China has increased substantially in recent years. Some have achieved good results, both in daily life or academic ability, and actively integrate into the local community; but there are also some children who have poor self-care and self-control, have difficulty adapting to the new environment, and have some problems in their hearts.
Differences in language, culture and lifestyle will inevitably have a huge impact on children's psychology and growth process, and the individual children's ability to adapt to environmental changes, thinking and teaching methods, and self-care ability are different. Chinese teachers believe that for young international students, it is easy to bear the three mountains in the first days.
The first is language skills and the subsequent social communication skills. The second is the ability to control yourself, including financial, learning and living arrangements. The third is academic ability. However, many Chinese students are not bad in learning ability. Some people who have just arrived in Australia may have some gaps with local students due to the initial maladaptation, but with time and their own efforts, this gap will narrow. So the key is still the issue of living ability.
The teacher said that the pressure of these mountains will easily cause some small international students to feel confused and confused, and they can't find their way for a while. Chinese teachers believe that because of the differences in local language and culture, coupled with the spatial distance from the country, poor communication channels will make some elementary students feel frustrated. Therefore, when children encounter various problems, the communication methods and channels are very important. Students, schools and parents must pay attention to strengthen communication.
Some small overseas students said that they are very disgusted with the term "study abroad rubbish" in society. It is a partial generalization, and it is not appropriate to characterize and label a group casually.
Education experts call for rational study abroad
China's economy is developing rapidly and has become the world's largest exporter of foreign students. In terms of objective conditions, the ever-changing global student flow will be affected by many factors, including demographics, economic changes, the expansion of higher education, immigration policies, and the environment of study destinations.
As far as the individual family is concerned, the ancients said: "You can study abroad, understand the current situation, keep your aspirations, expand your knowledge, increase your talents, and it is not worthwhile if you do not travel abroad." Many Chinese parents now create conditions to send their children to study abroad. Many are out of this mentality.
Australia's overall environment and education situation undoubtedly have much in line with the needs and aspirations of many Chinese parents for international education resources.
Domestic education experts pointed out that the younger age of studying abroad is indeed a reality. Both government authorities and all sectors of society should have an objective and rational understanding of the younger age of studying abroad. They should also provide students and parents with more objective information and effective guidance on studying abroad. Parents and students themselves must be more concerned about themselves. Conditions make an objective and fair assessment, and have a good plan for the future.
In the next few years, it is foreseeable that the number of young foreign students will continue to grow. This will continue to bring new issues to the communities, parents and children of the two places.
Article reproduced from Discover Australia
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