"Chinatown"-Official media of Chinese Australians

According to Australia's "Ocean Daily" report, in 2015, the Australian Immigration Department may have set a historical record. If nothing else, they will issue more than 500 million visas for the first time this year.

Compared with the United Kingdom and the United States and other countries, Australia's immigration policy is relatively loose. Many people who intend to study in Australia want to get a permanent residence visa. So, how can they get it? What efforts should be made for this?

IELTS score is the key to "independent skilled immigration"

For international students, the most common way to apply for a permanent residence visa is through independent skilled immigration. In this regard, the Australian government has clear professional requirements, that is, the applicant's major must be on the Technical Occupation List (SOL). Every year, the Australian Immigration Bureau will update the SOL and professional quotas according to the labor market conditions.

如2014年7月1日后,医院药剂师、零售药剂师、飞机维修工程师(航空电子)、飞机维修工程师(机械)、飞机维修工程师(结构)5大专业被移出清单,新增了厨师、砖匠及瓦匠这3种职业。

The Australian Immigration official website therefore reminds: “Don’t link study abroad with immigration. Studying abroad is to receive education. You have to choose from the perspective of interest and career development. It is unwise to choose a major for immigration.”

To qualify for permanent residency in Australia, applicants must be scored in terms of age, work experience, academic qualifications, English proficiency, and time spent studying in Australia. Those who have scored 60 points can submit the EOI.

The Immigration Bureau will select the applicant's immigration score from high to low according to the current year's immigration quota and the applicant's nominated occupation, and then issue invitation letters monthly. Only those who receive the invitation letter can submit relevant materials and wait for the approval result.

It is not impossible for international students to get extra points based on their work experience, but it is very difficult. Local employers usually ask applicants for visa information during interviews, and government jobs are more inclined to local or permanent visa applicants.

"Graduates usually have no work experience and the visa validity period is not long. Our company once hired Indian graduates with good working ability, but soon after his visa expired, he was forced to leave. We also hope to be guaranteed by the employer. He stayed in the same way, but unfortunately, we do not have the qualifications of employer guarantee." said Matt, the department head of the IT industry.

Therefore, for most of the fresh graduates whose majors are in the list of skilled occupations, the level of IELTS test scores is the key to whether they can obtain a permanent residency visa-IELTS score is 9 points, and the minimum requirement for independent skilled immigration is 6 points. A score of 4 in all 7 areas of reading and writing will have 10 points, and 8 points will get 20 points.

Either be good enough or get married

Of course, if you are good enough, Australia has no shortage of examples of "getting a permanent residence visa through employer nomination". John Lu, a postdoctoral fellow at Flinders University, received his doctorate in 3 years and published 4 articles in core journals during his studies. Nominated by his employer and no English test required, he easily obtained a permanent residence visa.

Also worth mentioning is the spouse immigration visa. Oscar Tang, an undergraduate student majoring in hotel management, met and fell in love with Malaysian immigrants in Australia. She originally planned to return to China to choose a career and chose to stay and settle in Australia.

"My husband has worked for a large multinational software company for 9 years and is now a senior manager. Most of his family members are in Australia. It is unrealistic for him to give up his work and life here and go to China with me. Personally , Taking care of the family is also very important.” Oscar said.

According to her experience, applying for a spouse's immigrant visa usually requires a review period of several months or even a year, and then a temporary permanent residence visa will be granted. After that, if the marriage relationship continues within two years, a formal permanent residence visa will be granted. Applicants whose marriage has broken down due to factors such as domestic violence may still be granted permanent residence visas.

Of course, in Australia there are many examples of using spouse to apply for permanent residence visa, such as commercial marriage (commercial marriage is also commonly referred to as "fake marriage", often refers to the use of transnational marriage channels to immigrate abroad). Once discovered, they will face Severe punishment.

Talking about the experience of students studying in Australia

In Australia today, government work that was once regarded as an "iron rice bowl" has also become precarious-since Australian Prime Minister Abbott took office, he has carried out drastic layoffs of civil servants. In the sluggish and volatile labor market, how can international students maintain their competitiveness?

Stephen Ao graduated from the Accounting Department of the University of Queensland in 2010. After graduation, he successfully stayed at the school and became a professional accountant. He believes that "preparing early and seizing the opportunity" is the key to the success of international students in obtaining permanent residence visas.

"I didn't understand what to do until the last minute of graduation. Before that, no one gave me advice. I have missed many internship opportunities in the past 3 years. This is why I want to share my experience." Stephen hopes that international students can plan ahead. Career and find the right person to help.

"It's difficult to find a job that matches your major in a foreign country, but it's not impossible. It depends on how hard you work and whether you are in the right direction." Stephen believes that a real internship is the starting point for everything.

In the year of graduation, he participated in the course of the professional year. This course is a special course designed by the Australian government to help international students (accounting, IT, engineering majors) gain practical work experience related to this major. When applying for immigration, There are 5 points for extra points.

Stephen started looking for a job at the end of the course. “The earlier you start the job search and the more prepared you are, the more sure you are of success”, Stephen said with emotion.

He also pointed out that international students should make good use of the resources of the school and the student union. For example, many Australian universities provide career counseling centers, and the student union will also introduce students to jobs. "Once you have the opportunity of an internship or part-time job, don't hesitate, because through these experience and network resources, you are likely to find a good job." Stephen said.

In addition, fluency in English is a plus. Stephen's School of Business, Finance and Law (BEL) at the University of Queensland has always had the highest proportion of international students. About 40-50% are international students, and most of them are Asian students.

"As far as the accounting profession is concerned, the employer’s expectation is that the applicant’s English is “sufficient”. As long as you can communicate effectively with colleagues and clients, it’s enough. Of course, if you can speak English fluently or very authentically, it’s best. However." Stephen said that he can improve his spoken English by participating in club activities and other means.

Development after immigration is more challenging

In recent years, Australia’s energy boom has cooled, the oil, gas and mining industries have been greatly affected, the manufacturing industry has shrunk, and the number of immigrants has increased, the local job market has intensified competition, and many new immigrants have given up their expertise in other industries. Yes.

Li Hua, a senior engineer who came to Australia while the mining industry was hot, planned to do a lot, but is now unemployed for more than a year; structural engineer Jessie Wong, who has not found a relevant job for 3 years, is engaged in CAD drawing work; James Tang, a Ph.D. who just graduated from the Mathematics Department of Griffith University, said: "The postdoctoral positions in the Mathematics Department are very limited. I plan to transfer to pedagogy to obtain a teacher's qualification, so I can get a middle school math teacher position."

For immigration, international students need to make a lot of effort. However, career development after immigration is more challenging. Many people went home after immigrating to seek better development. "Achieving personal career development is far more important than a visa." Stephen reminded.

Australia’s natural environment is natural and pure, and its social environment is relatively simple. However, losing professional development and sacrificing personal professional skills just for a permanent residence visa is still full of risks and not sustainable.

Article reproduced from Sydney Today

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