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The topic of the resignation of civil servants has attracted much attention from all walks of life recently. The reporters of "Liaowang" News Weekly conducted interviews and surveys in Beijing, Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Anhui and other places. The degree of "tide".

Increased number of civil servants resigning in individual places

A reporter from "Liaowang" News Weekly conducted a survey at the grassroots level and found that the number of civil servants who resigned in some places has increased, but the overall civil servants have not changed significantly.

The person in charge of the Jiangsu Provincial Civil Service Bureau said that from statistical data, there is no so-called "resignation wave" in Jiangsu; provincial-level departments have not noticed a significant increase in the resignation of civil servants. It is true that some civil servants have resigned in individual regions and individual units, but they are basically within the scope of normal staff turnover. "Compared with the current resignation phenomenon of civil servants in the early 90s and early this century, the phenomenon of resignation is far from equal."

The relevant person in charge of the Xiamen Municipal Civil Service Bureau said that since 2014, civil servants in the government agencies managed by the bureau have not voluntarily resigned. In the past five years, there has been no abnormality in the flow of civil servants in Xiamen. Only a small number of people have resigned, mainly young civil servants who do not hold leadership positions. Some resigned and went home to "take over" to manage the family business, and some resigned because their family members were abroad. .

In early 2014, Zhou Dayue, deputy secretary-general of the Hefei Municipal Party Committee and Director of the Municipal Party Committee Office in Anhui, and leaders of the Xinzhan District of Hefei City, resigned and caused social concern. However, the local cadres interviewed said that the resignation of many cadres in Hefei, Anqing and other places in a short period of time was just a coincidence .

Our reporter's survey found that in some large cities, there are more civil servants resigning due to more job opportunities. Liang Wenhao, director of the Civil Service Management Office of the Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of Human Resources and Social Security, said that the number of civil servants resigned in Shenzhen last year exceeded 100, but the proportion of the city's 4.6 civil servants is not high. In general, male civil servants resign more than female employees.

The reporter learned from the Beijing Municipal Party Committee Organization Department, Human Resources and Social Security Bureau and other departments that there has not been a large-scale resignation wave in Beijing, but compared with the past few years, the number of young division-level cadres under the age of 45 has increased, and young people with resignation intentions The proportion of civil servants has also increased. According to statistics from a district in Beijing, 5 civil servants under the age of 30 have been lost in the past five years.

The relevant person in charge of the Daxing District Government in Beijing said that the number of civil servants leaving their jobs is gradually increasing, and the current cadre team is under certain psychological pressure. In 2014, 10 department-level officials in the district went to private enterprises and state-owned enterprises. Recently, some officials have also applied for resignation. "They are all younger and highly educated people. Old comrades don't have that many ideas, and companies don't need it. In the long run, this phenomenon should be taken seriously."

At the same time, college students' willingness to apply for civil service examinations has declined. A survey conducted by Meng Hua, an associate professor at the School of Public Affairs of Xiamen University, shows that students’ motivation to apply for civil service examinations is declining.

另据统计,2015年度国家公务员考试计划招录人数为2.2万人,共有140.9万人通过资格审查,比上一年减少11.5万,报录比为64:1。这一比例和2011年的133.7:1、2012年的117.7:1、2013年的107.2:1、2014年的71.9:1相比,呈持续下降趋势。

Three types of resigned civil servants

Meng Hua believes that the first reason why the public is concerned about the resignation of civil servants is that my country's "official culture" is deeply rooted. For most people, getting into official career is the first choice. Therefore, the resignation of civil servants is unbelievable; secondly, as the anti-corruption continues to deepen, the changes in the overall political climate have put pressure on some cadres, and the public also expects civil servants to choose to resign under pressure, thus amplifying the resignation of individual civil servants.

Yu Jianfu, chairman of Anhui Nanxiang Group, believes that civil servants have always been regarded as golden rice bowls. Excellent talents are rushing to get into the civil servants. This is one of the misunderstandings of talent mobility for the entire society. If 80% of people want to be civil servants, this society is not normal. In fact, companies also need excellent talents. The phenomenon of job-hopping of cadres now helps break the structural imbalance of talents.

According to a survey conducted by a reporter from "Liaowang" Newsweek, there are three main types of civil servants currently leaving their jobs:

The first is the "tired body and mind type."

Take the four cadres who resigned in Daguan District of Anqing City as an example. According to local cadres, the reasons for these four cadres' applications for resignation were all personal or family health problems. District Party Secretary He Qian suffers from depression and long-term insomnia; Tan Hao, Secretary of the Party Working Committee of Huating Street, Daguan District, also suffers from depression; Wang Qiang, Secretary of the Party Working Committee of Longshan Street, suffers from hypertension and stomach problems; He, Secretary of the Party Working Committee of Linhu Street Lin's husband was paralyzed in a car accident and needs long-term care.

The second is the "rapid stream retreat type."

A director of a county-level city development zone in Jiangsu has been engaged in economic work for decades and resigned to work in a company in 2014. He told reporters: "Resign and change peace of mind. For those who have been engaged in economic work for many years like me, who can guarantee that they did not help others to do the first approval and then the construction in the previous years? Who can guarantee that the imported enterprises will pass the EIA? Who can guarantee the development of the development zone? At the beginning, there were no disputes over land acquisition? Now that I work in a company, the previous violations can be cancelled."

The resignation of Zhou Dayue, deputy secretary-general of the Hefei Municipal Party Committee, to go to the enterprise was also regarded by local officials as a kind of "rapid retreat." A leader in Hefei said that the deputy secretary-general is also an important leadership position, and it takes a lot of courage to take this step.

The third is the "large pressure mountain".

Before his resignation, lawyer Chen Changhou served as a judge in an Intermediate People’s Court in Fujian Province for 6 years. He said: “I resigned mainly because of too much pressure. At 3100 yuan a month, it is difficult to support the family. On the other hand, the workload is large and the social transformation has led to more and more cases. Overtime is the norm, and the life-long responsibility system for cases is also under great pressure."

Many grassroots cadres reported that the work requirements for grassroots cadres have now been significantly improved. An cadre in Anqing City said: “In the past, the district’s annual work plan was seven or eight sheets of paper, but now it is as thick as a book. The content has increased, the process has been refined, and the people have been implemented. The demands are diverse, some old methods are no longer available, new methods are still being explored, and the pressure on the grassroots is increasing."

Three reasons for the resignation of grassroots civil servants

Reason XNUMX: The salary level is low

A reporter from "Liaowang" News Weekly found out that there is still a certain gap between the salary and benefits of civil servants and corporate personnel. Especially in the current situation, some hidden benefits have been reduced, or even not at all, and some grassroots civil servants feel uncomfortable.

"Now the hidden income is gone. Take the Spring Festival as an example. In the past, the unit had to send melon seeds, peanuts, biscuits and other New Year goods of about 1000 yuan, and also invited employees to eat the New Year's Eve dinner, which has now been cancelled." Said a deputy cadre surnamed Chen.

Sun Xi graduated from a bachelor's degree in 2010 and was admitted as a civil servant, working in a street in Chaoyang District, Beijing. At that time, she felt that although the salaries of civil servants were lower, the benefits were good. "After arriving at the post, I felt that the gap was very big." Sun Xi said that her monthly salary was about 2000 yuan, and the first month was only 1800 yuan. The unit did not have a dormitory. She was renting a house in Caochangdi Village outside the East Fifth Ring Road. A small single room of less than 10 square meters with no windows can only put a bed, a desk and a simple wardrobe. The monthly rent is 600 yuan. . She spends 40 minutes riding a bicycle to work every day. "After working for 4 months, my mother cried when she came to Beijing and saw the house I lived in."

"I felt desperate at the time." Sun Xi said that such income and treatment were too difficult to live in Beijing. In 2014, she was admitted to a graduate school in Guangzhou and decided to leave the civil service.

A civil servant surnamed Shen in Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province, who did not want to be named, became a "successful person" in the circle of classmates after passing the civil service examination four years ago. The classmates would jokingly say, "Dr. Shen, help me more." By the end of the year, his income treatment has almost stayed in place. When I first started, I could get more than 4 yuan per month, plus various subsidies at the end of the year, which averaged more than 5000 yuan per month. Four years later, he is already the deputy chief clerk, and he still gets so much every month, but the cost of living is increasing.

He already has a wife and children. The monthly rent is more than 3000 yuan. The price of more than 1 yuan per square meter in the city makes him discouraged. "Two people save a few thousand yuan a month together. It is basically impossible to buy a house. It is basically impossible to give the children a future education. Investment, let alone think about it." Now, he moved to a company as the head of the department, with an annual salary of 30 yuan.

"Civil servants are seeking stability and security after retirement. In the past, they did not pay insurance, and their retirement benefits were a bit higher than that of enterprises; now that insurance has to be paid by themselves, why not go directly to the enterprise?" One has not resigned but has started Said county-level civil servants in Jiangsu Province looking for corporate positions.

A civil servant surnamed Zheng who is working on the street in Beijing and preparing to resign said: "I live in a difficult situation, how can I let others live and work in peace?"

Reason XNUMX: The promotion space is narrow

"Liaowang" Newsweek reporter learned in an interview that there is another important reason for some civil servants to resign-the space for promotion is narrow, and promotion depends on years and relationships.

A civil servant with the surname Chen, who moved from the economic management department of Jiangsu Province to the China University of Mining and Technology, told reporters that there are usually two promotion channels for civil servants. One is to take leadership positions, that is, from section staff to deputy section, section chief, and deputy department. ; There is also a non-leadership position, that is, deputy chief staff, chief staff, etc.

"In a competitive job for leadership positions, in a democratic recommendation session, three people were selected and more than 3 people were shortlisted. The competition was fierce." He said, "People always need to be recognized, and promotion is the most important recognition. It takes a lot of things to get promoted. Associate graduates can only be eligible to compete in full courses for three years. It also depends on previous work experience, age, and complex factors such as relationships and relationships."

A civil servant surnamed Guo from Fengyang County Government in Anhui Province has plans to resign. The "post-70s" he was admitted as a civil servant from one of the school's teacher positions in his early years. When he first entered the government agency, he felt that he had social status as a civil servant and his treatment was fairly good in the local area. But in recent years, he has increasingly felt that this industry is under pressure. "The most important thing is that there is limited room for promotion. If I find a suitable job, I will definitely go."

Although the country introduced a parallel reform of civil service positions and ranks at the end of last year, it has changed the narrow development path that only relied on the promotion of positions in the past, "Huashan One Road", but after careful study, he believes that "the conditions are too harsh, and it will take many years. There are not a few qualified people around. Only when you are old can you enjoy the treatment of a deputy department. Is there still the motivation to start a business at that time?"

"This kind of mainly depends on the number of years, rather than the promotion orientation according to the size of the contribution or the work ability, which seriously dampens the enthusiasm of civil servants, especially young civil servants." The civil servant surnamed Guo said, "The civil servants do more and less do less. Honestly. Few people pay attention to actual work, and it's no wonder that many people are running for officials."

Chen Changhou, the former judge of an Intermediate People’s Court in Fujian Province, who has resigned, said, “I like a freelance career, but the work in the court can be seen in the future. The deputy department may at most be the deputy department. . Now you can fully imagine the state of work 30 years from now."

Reason three: high pressure and low happiness

Many civil servants who have resigned or intend to resign complained to the reporter of "Looking" Newsweek that they left or hoped to leave the civil service position. Another reason is that the grass-roots work is intense, pressured, and risky, and "frequently work overtime", "5 +2", "white + black", low happiness.

A cadre who resigned from the Management Committee of Xinzhan Development Zone in Hefei City, Anhui Province said that the "5+2" and "white + black" work model made her "stressful". "The department I am in charge of has to connect with more than 20 units in provinces and cities. In addition, the task of attracting investment and constructing the new development zone is extremely heavy, which is indeed very stressful." The cadre exclaimed.

"I have been thinking about when I can resign and what to do after I quit." said a director of a grassroots police station of the Public Security Bureau of Ningde City, Fujian Province. Such pressure comes from the work unit, society and family. Now the masses' hatred of the rich, officials, and police is very serious. After an incident occurs, the police often become the opposition at the scene.

The reporter learned that some civil servants have a weakened sense of professional honor and belonging. Chen Changhou said that public opinion all say that judges are black, which makes it difficult for us to carry out some work.

Some civil servants also expressed dissatisfaction with the prevailing trend of unit relations and overcrowding. Sun Xi said that nowadays, the interpersonal relationship of the unit is complicated, and sometimes it is necessary to "stand in line". If you say anything wrong, you may offend people. "All kinds of pressure are really too great."

Article reprinted from "Liaowang" News Weekly

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