"Chinatown"-Official media of Chinese Australians

As the leakage of citizens' personal information intensifies, harassment of phone calls and various frauds are hard to prevent. The Morning News reported yesterday that the "Internet ID Card" (eID) developed to solve this problem has begun to be issued to citizens. According to reports, eID uses a smart card chip as a carrier, and has a one-to-one relationship with a resident ID. The encryption method is highly secure and can be identified by a card reader or smart phone. Users with eIDs no longer need to submit personal information and register accounts on different websites, and can directly verify their identity with the Ministry of Public Security system by swiping their cards.

One time issue for use everywhere

The reporter learned from the Third Research Institute of the Ministry of Public Security that with the strong support of the Ministry of Science and Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Public Security, China has established the "Ministry of Public Security Citizens' Network Identity Recognition System." The system has passed the security review of the National Cryptography Administration and has begun to issue citizens’ online electronic identity identification "eID" to citizens.

It is reported that eID is based on cryptographic technology and uses smart chips as the carrier, which can remotely identify identities online without revealing identity information. At present, the main carrier of eID is bank financial IC card, which uses asymmetric cryptographic algorithm to verify identity on the Internet. The private key is generated on a secure smart chip and cannot be stolen or used illegally.

When citizens use eID to register for network services, they only need to stick the eID card to the back of the NFC mobile phone to verify their valid identity to the network application agency through the "Ministry of Public Security Citizen Network Identity Recognition System", and users will no longer need to remember more and more in the future Multiple accounts and passwords, so as to enjoy the safe and convenient service of eID's "one-time issuance, use everywhere"; eID's service system allows users to be assigned different identity codes in different network application organizations, which protects In addition to personally identifiable information, it can also prevent the aggregation, analysis and tracking of individual behavior data in the cloud to the greatest extent.

The Ministry of Public Security’s "Internet ID Card" application has been piloted for several years. In 2012, nearly 3 “network ID cards” were issued at Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications to conduct a trial of the entire network business process on campus.

In November 2014, the "Internet ID Card" technology was unveiled at the Shanghai Industry Fair. Yan Zeming, deputy director of the Key Laboratory of Information Network Security of the Ministry of Public Security, said at the time that eID technology uses the "National Secret SM11" algorithm. Through a high-strength security mechanism, it can be ensured that it cannot be read, copied, tampered with or illegally. Use to ensure one-to-one correspondence between the chip carrier and its holder.

In 2014, the Ministry of Public Security has reached an agreement with Industrial and Commercial Bank of China that 600 million ICBC financial IC cards loaded with eID have been issued nationwide on a pilot basis.

Europe and the United States have started network identity authentication

According to the "34th Statistical Report on China's Internet Development Status" issued by the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC), as of June 2014, the number of Chinese Internet users reached 6 million, and cyberspace has become an important carrier of daily life. However, due to the virtuality and uncertainty of identities in cyberspace, various virtual entities and roles in cyberspace lack effective management, causing problems such as the disclosure of Internet users’ private information, hacker theft, commercial fraud, and false information. , The safety of citizens' property and social stability have caused great harm.

At the same time, some real-name authentication on banks and on the Internet requires original ID cards or uploading photos. Resident ID cards contain a lot of personal information, which brings insecurity.

For example, South Korea launched online personal authentication in 2007, with all real names, but in 2007, a well-known social network site in South Korea leaked information and 3500 million netizens' information was leaked. This incident directly led to the failure of South Korean online real names.

Therefore, the virtual identity management of the network came into being. According to Hu Chuanping, the United States has already launched a network ID card and has already started pilot projects in two states. The European Union’s "European Digital Agenda" clearly "strengthening trust, security and protection of cardholder information, and establishing strong identity verification." At present, 10 countries in the European Union have started network identity authentication.

At present, there are hundreds of companies in China, including banks and some institutions, that can perform virtual identity authentication, but each has its own way and cannot be interconnected. Therefore, a unified network identity authentication is imminent.

Article reprinted from Korea-China Legal News

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