Save the children | Fake grades, fake resumes, Chinese students' credit fell to the freezing point?
"Chinatown"-Official media of Chinese Australians
Different from the domestic universities' admission method of "one exam for life" based on the college entrance examination results, American universities are proud that their admission standards have always focused on comprehensive evaluation of applicants. But with more and more students studying abroad, American universities' trust in China's written application materials continues to deteriorate, so what will they do?
In an article "Those Things Chinese Students Taught Me About U.S. University Admissions" in The Atlantic Monthly, the author quoted an estimate by a practitioner from a study abroad training institution: At least half of Chinese study abroad applicants have GPA scores Is false. In fact, this ratio may be higher.
Gui Chun, the principal of Guangzhou New Oriental, has more than ten years of experience in studying abroad. In an interview with China News Weekly, he said that Chinese students' resumes are generally fraudulent, and they have far exceeded the boundary of "reasonable packaging". Schools, especially "international classes", will actively cooperate with GPA fraud for the success rate of their students going abroad. As for self-reported essays and social practices, the intermediary will handle it. In Beijing, the GPA of a middle school student can fill in the scores at will, the school just stamps, another well-known middle school in Haidian District even actively asked the students: how many points do you want to fill in?
At first, some of the problems in the application for studying abroad were considered to be caused by Chinese students and their parents' inadequate understanding of the admissions information and operating procedures of American universities. As a result, all those who do not know are calling on admissions officers to open accounts on Chinese social media platforms to establish direct communication channels with Chinese students. In this regard, a domestic overseas education training teacher corrected him and said: "You are wrong! Chinese students don't care about this at all, all they need is an intermediary!"
In fact, even if there are open channels of information communication and they have enough strength, high school students who are going to study abroad will still rely on intermediaries.
"This has formed the world’s largest prisoner’s dilemma: Chinese students can strive to be honest and complete the entire application process independently, but most of them will feel that if they do not receive the'professional' help from an intermediary agency, then, Compared with those who have been "tutored" by the study abroad agency, they will be less competitive. Everyone has a story of a "smart kid who applied for themselves but was rejected", and none of them wants to be the next one. Child."
According to the information in China Education Online’s 2014 Study Abroad Trends Report, the vast majority of international students will choose study abroad agents when going through the procedures for studying abroad. At present, the quotation of the service fee for the study abroad agency ranges from 1.5 yuan to 6 yuan, and the price depends on factors such as different study destination countries and schools of different levels. The market size of China's study abroad agency service industry is at least RMB 50 billion.
The number of Chinese students enrolled by American universities and their proportion in the composition of students continue to expand. Many people sigh with emotion, strolling on American campuses, and looking at them, the large swathes of Chinese faces seem to give people a kind of exposure to Chinese campuses. The sense of time and space confusion. In April of this year, the US "Overseas News" listed five prestigious American schools with more than 4 Chinese students. Among them, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ranked number one with 5 Chinese students.
"There are always some universities that care more about the high tuition fees of foreign students, and turn a blind eye to their mixed application materials. Only those hot and competitive schools will have zero tolerance for any deception." Universities are also responsible for the fraud of Chinese study abroad applications.
"There is a general view in China: honest applicants are fools"
Under the circumstances that the soft indicators of application for study abroad are falsely packaged to the extreme, applicants who continue to fight for study in the United States can only fight hard indicators-SAT and TOEFL scores. It is precisely because the results of these two standardized tests are very "hard" that American college admissions officers are increasingly relying on test scores.
The so-called comprehensive evaluation has become useless in the overseas enrollment of American universities. "Although admissions officers will say that they want to comprehensively examine the strength of applicants, when they talk privately, they often only mention standardized test scores when talking about admissions." The admission scores of SAT and TOEFL in American universities are due to the high scores of Chinese candidates. Unknowingly, it has become a proud "indicator" in international admissions for American universities.
As a result, the pursuit of high scores in standardized tests has become the final commanding height that Chinese candidates, parents, overseas education training institutions and intermediary agencies are enthusiastically pursuing.
"Jijing" is the jargon among students preparing for TOEFL and GRE. Due to the limited scope of the standardized test questions in the United States, the test questions will be repeated regularly. English training institutions obtain these test questions through various means and conduct "research". The "research results" are regarded by examinees due to the high rate of hitting the test. "Bible for on-board exams", abbreviated as "machine classics". "Putting on questions" and "doing real exams over the years" are commonplace in China, and are the "signature" projects of many training institutions, but in fact, these behaviors are cheating in the United States. Before each standardized test, candidates will copy a section of the affirmation, and its content includes that candidates must not disclose the content of the test questions.
The Washington Post said in December last year that consecutive SAT cheating incidents occurred in Asia at that time, “Due to the high cost of designing a new set of test questions, ETS reused the SAT test papers previously used in the United States in overseas test centers. in."
On May 2015, 5, 28 Chinese students in the United States were sued by the U.S. Department of Justice. They were accused of fraudulently defrauding the Educational Testing Service (ETS) and the American College Board (CB) between 15 and 2011. These students faked their passports and found someone to impersonate themselves to participate in the TOEFL, SAT and GRE organized by the two organizations. Standardized examinations to obtain admission letters from American universities. A federal grand jury in the Pittsburgh area of Pennsylvania found these Chinese citizens guilty of 2015 counts of "conspiracy, forgery of foreign passports, mail fraud and telecom fraud," and could be sentenced to up to 35 years in prison and a fine of $20.
"Putting on questions" and "doing real exams over the years" are commonplace in China. They are the "signature" projects of many training institutions and the "compulsory courses" for many students to prepare for exams. In fact, these behaviors are cheating in the United States. Before each standardized test, candidates will copy a section of the oath, which includes that candidates must not disclose the content of the test questions.
The Washington Post said in December last year that consecutive SAT cheating incidents occurred in Asia at that time, “Due to the high cost of designing a new set of test questions, ETS reused the SAT test papers previously used in the United States in overseas test centers. On the day of the SAT test, the institution sent gunmen to take the test at other test centers earlier in the Chinese time zone. After referring to the previous database to determine the test content to be held later in the day, it provides answers to paying customers via mobile phones.
In 2013, ETS cancelled the SAT exam scheduled to be held in South Korea in May of that year due to an attempt to cheat on a large scale. In 5, ETS received three consecutive reports of cheating in examination rooms from October to December. As a result, it had to postpone the announcement of the SAT scores held in examination rooms in South Korea and canceled the scores of candidates who were confirmed to have cheated in the investigation. The suspected cheating incidents that year involved a total of 2014 test sites in the region. They were located in Macau, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand, South Korea, Japan and other places.
Since ETS has not set up SAT test rooms in mainland China, and for a long time, Chinese test takers have been the main test participants in these test rooms. With the exposure of the Chinese training institutions’ improper behavior in this incident, more than 1 Chinese students may be directly exposed. influences.
Foreign college entrance examination changes: Will Chinese children be ruined?
Admissions officers of some American universities said that in recent years, professors have often reported to them, “How come the Chinese students you recruited behave so badly, do not participate in classroom discussions at all, rarely communicate with teachers, and have poor grades. Students hang out together."
The problem of cheating has gradually surfaced, making admissions officers realize that scores on standardized tests cannot be completely trusted. Therefore, some universities began to conduct Skype interviews with Chinese students, but more universities did not have the energy and financial resources to interview thousands of applicants one by one.
Qiu Yourong once encountered something like this: In an interview, a student accidentally said that although he was studying in a general middle school, he spent most of his time preparing for the TOEFL and SAT, and he had barely attended the school. class. "Some international students claim that they have taken several AP courses (some high schools in the United States offer AP courses so that high school students can get in touch with university courses in advance, and AP test scores become one of the important factors in college admissions considerations), but When I asked him about the content of one of the AP courses, he hesitated and couldn't answer, saying that he was mainly learning English."
Qiu Yourong hates this kind of exam-oriented education aimed at American universities, thinking it is misleading people. She believes that, apart from English, these students hardly learn anything in three years of high school, nor can they get comprehensive skills such as logical thinking. Even if such students pass the standardized test and go to the United States, they cannot keep up with the courses in the university.
However, Chinese parents have locked their children's goal in international classes to take the "foreign college entrance examination". The International Department of a prestigious Beijing school has carefully set up international courses and invited foreign teachers to attend classes. However, they are under pressure from parents. They questioned that the school does not have special SAT and TOEFL test courses. For fear of losing out in the competition, these parents have to make their children absent from school to attend classes outside training institutions.
This year, the University of San Francisco announced that applicants from mainland China may not submit SAT scores and GPA, but instead use Chinese college entrance examination scores and an interview video. Prior to this, Illinois Institute of Technology, Brigham Young University and Suffolk University had accepted Chinese college entrance examination results.
In reality, whether it is "playing" the American SAT as a "foreign college entrance examination" or introducing Chinese college entrance examination results into the admission system of American universities, it is the result of China's "exercise study abroad" for decades.
Article reprinted from Sina Education
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