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At the end of the college entrance examination, everyone is waiting for the release day, and what is even more exciting is the appearance of the "No. 2015 Scholar" in the college entrance examination in each province. Today, the China Alumni Association Network exclusively published the "1952 China National College Entrance Examination No. 2014 Survey Report" through the Yangcheng Evening News, analyzing the fate and occupational distribution of the "No. XNUMX Scholars" in the college entrance examination in China from XNUMX to XNUMX.

It is reported that this is the ninth consecutive year that the Ai Ruishen Research Institute has released a survey report on the “No. 9 Scholar” in China’s college entrance examination. It has tracked the original “No. There are more than 1952 people divided into "No. 2014 Scholar" and "No. 3000 Scholar" in repetition. The report shows that the “No. 7 Scholar” in the college entrance examination has achieved high achievements in the field of academic research, but business and politics are not the strengths of the “No. The success rate of "No. XNUMX Scholar" in the college entrance examination is much lower than social expectations. In addition, due to the current college entrance examination model "preferring" women, the proportion of male "champions" last year hit a XNUMX-year low.

A Hong Kong's colleges and universities are less attractive

Which universities in the Mainland or Hong Kong do the “No. According to the report, from 1977 to 2014, among the “No. 784 Scholars” in the provincial college entrance examination in various regions of China, Peking University was the most favored by the “No. 2 Scholars” in the National College Entrance Examination, with 618 students enrolled in the “No. The school has admitted more than 1400 "champions" in the college entrance examination, accounting for 80.62% of the total. It can be seen that the two schools have social recognition and influence unmatched by other famous universities in the four places. In addition, Fudan University, University of Science and Technology of China, and University of Hong Kong ranked third, fourth, and fifth. In the past 37 years, Sun Yat-sen University in Guangdong has attracted 11 college entrance examination "champions", ranking ninth.

According to statistics from reporters, Beijing is the most popular area for the “No. 37 Scholars” in the college entrance examination, attracting 1469 “No. 72 Scholars” in 64 years. Followed by Hong Kong, attracting 11 people; Shanghai ranked third, attracting a total of 53 "champions"; Guangdong attracted XNUMX college entrance examination "champions" and ranked fifth. It is worth mentioning that Anhui Province. Although the economic development level of the province is lower than that of the eastern coastal provinces, because the University of Science and Technology of China is in the province, Anhui has successfully attracted XNUMX "champions" and ranked fourth.

Professor Jiang Guohua, Honorary Dean of the Erishn Research Institute, pointed out that it is regrettable that the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, which enjoys the reputation of being the highest institution of science and technology in China, failed to achieve a zero breakthrough in the national college entrance examination for its first undergraduate enrollment in 2014. This is inconsistent with the strength and level of the National University of Science and Technology. He pointed out that it is necessary to vigorously learn from Peking University and Tsinghua University admissions promotion strategies, and strengthen the promotion of admissions for high-quality candidates.

It is worth mentioning that in the ten years from 2005 to 2014, Hong Kong University and other Hong Kong schools have continued to lose their appeal to the national "provincial champion", and the number of provincial champions admitted has declined year by year. In 2014, the Hong Kong school only admitted two provincial “champions” and became supporting roles in the battle for “champions” in the provincial college entrance examination of China's famous universities. Hong Kong universities have begun to retreat to second-line positions to compete for the prefecture-level "champion". Most of the high-scoring candidates admitted are "city champions" from prefecture-level cities. It can be said that Hong Kong schools have basically withdrawn from the competition for the best source of students in the mainland college entrance examination. For example, among the 2013 provincial “champions” admitted by Hong Kong schools in 4, Liu Dingning, “champion scholar” in Liaoning liberal arts, dropped out of the University of Hong Kong and re-entered. In 2014, he again won the provincial college entrance examination “champion” and was admitted to Peking University.

B Business Administration is the most popular

中国高考“状元”最青睐哪些学校的哪些本科专业?报告显示,从2000-2014年中国各地区省级高考“状元”中,北京大学的工商管理专业最受全国高考“状元”青睐,选择攻读的“状元”人数最多达到284人,同样是北大的经济学专业则以242人屈居第二。北大这两个专业的选读“状元”合计至少有520人, 占这一时期“状元”总数的46.10%,并呈现逐年上升趋势。

Jiang Guohua pointed out, "Which major is most favored by China's college entrance examination "No. XNUMX"" reflects the status of the undergraduate major in the minds of the best candidates, reflects the social reputation and core competitiveness of a university undergraduate major, and is to test whether a major is Chinese An important symbol of the most popular profession and the most competitive profession in China.

According to reports, comparing the professional enthusiasm on the list and the professional salary income, it is found that since 2000, the national college entrance examination "champion" major is basically the most competitive and most profitable popular major recognized by the society. Among them, management, engineering, and economics majors are the most favored by "No. 68.63 Scholars", accounting for XNUMX% of the total number of "No. XNUMX Scholars". The number of "No. XNUMX Scholars" in the college entrance examination for management majors ranks first in all disciplines. Relatively speaking, history, education, philosophy, literature, medicine and other majors that are relatively unpopular, harder in their studies, and lower in future career salary expectations have less "champion".

C "Champions" are mostly engaged in high-paying industries

Earlier, there was a survey report saying that in recent years, the "No. XNUMX Scholar" in the college entrance examination has not been successful, and the life is very mediocre. This can not help but make many people sigh. In the end, which Chinese college entrance examination "champions" have become socially recognized outstanding talents? Which professional field has the highest achievement in the college entrance examination "champion" career?

The report shows that among the “champions” in the provincial college entrance examination in various regions of China, fewer people choose to work or start a business in China after completing their undergraduate studies. Most of them choose to study abroad for master's or doctoral degrees in the United States, Singapore, the United Kingdom, and Canada. Developed countries are the first choice for studying abroad.

From the perspective of occupational distribution and income, the employment of “champion” is more widely distributed; economic income and professional status are relatively high, and most of them are engaged in “high-paying occupations”, and most of them belong to white-collar or gold-collar workers in various industries. From the perspective of professional achievement, the average level of career development of the “No. XNUMX Scholar” in the college entrance examination is significantly higher than the average level of the non-“No. XNUMX Scholar” group. Professor Jiang Guohua said that the society’s expectations for the “No. XNUMX Scholar” in the college entrance examination cannot be compared with those of the non-“No. XNUMX Scholar” group. However, after the “No. In other words, the success rate of "No. XNUMX Scholar" in the college entrance examination is much lower than social expectations.

According to reports, in order to compare and analyze the career development status of the “No. 1952 Scholars” in the provincial college entrance examination in various regions of China since XNUMX, the research team of Erison China University screened XNUMX top talents, leading talents and outstanding talents in the political, business and academic circles in China. These include outstanding politicians, billionaire entrepreneurs, academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Engineering, thousand scholars, Yangtze River scholars, and outstanding natural science fund winners, outstanding humanities and social scientists, etc.

The survey found that my country's academic research field currently has the highest professional achievement of the “No. XNUMX Scholar” in the college entrance examination, with dozens of top talents and leading talents. Professor Cai Yanhou, the chief expert of the Erishn Research Institute, pointed out that compared with the academic “No. XNUMX Scholars”, business and politics are not the directors of the “No. XNUMX Scholars” in the college entrance examination; among the “No. But so far no one has been on the global rich list such as Hurun, Forbes, New Fortune, and China's rich list. In the political circles, the career development of the “champion” in the college entrance examination is relatively ordinary, with mayors and director-level figures appearing, but no officials above the provincial or ministerial level. In contrast, in the professional and technical fields such as literature, media, law, securities, and finance, the college entrance examination "champion" has a relatively high career achievement, and the industry's top talents and leaders frequently appear.

D "Zhuangyuan" gradually "yin is prosperous and Yang is declining"

What is the ratio of males to females in the college entrance examination? The report shows that from 2000 to 2014, there is another special phenomenon among the “No. 52.65 Scholars” in the provincial college entrance examinations in various regions of China, that is, “women” overwhelm “beards”. Overall, the female “champion” accounted for 47.35%, and the male “champion” accounted for XNUMX%.

Jiang Guohua said that compared with the national “No. 1999 Scholar” gender ratio before 2014, the ratio of “No. 2013 Scholars” in the college entrance examination has begun to reverse. In 4.69, the proportion of “No. 40.43 Scholars” in the provincial college entrance examination in various regions across the country decreased by 59.57 percentage points from XNUMX to XNUMX%; while the proportion of “No. XNUMX Scholars” women increased to XNUMX%, and women have a dominant position in the national college entrance examination. More prominent. At present, the temporary phenomenon of “yin prosperous and declining” in the national college entrance examination “champion” is still worthy of attention.

Some experts pointed out that this phenomenon shows that women in China not only go to school, but also can go to school, more women are beginning to share the development results of high-quality higher education, and women’s education is progressing quickly and effectively. On the other hand, it also shows that women and men Compared with the lack of IQ and EQ, the gap is not obvious, and there is an equal chance of success with men in academic and professional aspects.

However, Professor Cai Yanhou pointed out that the national college entrance examination has an imbalance in the proportion of men and women who are the “champion”, which is in an "upside-down" state with the current situation where men dominate among various outstanding talents in society. The current college entrance examination model "prefers" women. Women have more advantages than men in terms of language application, care and memory accuracy. However, the current set of compulsory subjects for college entrance examinations includes Chinese and English as language tests. More emphasis is placed on tests such as carefulness and memory accuracy, which are more conducive to girls' potential. To change this situation, it is necessary to carry out comprehensive, systematic, and gradual reforms in the forms, subjects, and content of the college entrance examination.

Which provinces the college entrance examination "champion" would like to visit

北京 1469人

64 people in Shanghai

53 people in Anhui

Guangdong 11 people

72 people in Hong Kong

Which colleges and universities are most favored by the "No. XNUMX Scholar" in the college entrance examination

784 people from Peking University

618 people at Tsinghua University

55 from Fudan University

53 from University of Science and Technology of China

48 people from the University of Hong Kong

Sun Yat-sen University (9th) 11

Cultivated 38 provincial “Champions” in 23 years

Third in China

Which top middle school in China is rich in "No. 1977 Scholar" in the college entrance examination? The report shows that from 2014 to 38 in the provincial college entrance examination of China from 28 to 23, the affiliated high school of Yunnan Normal University trained 10 of them, which is a veritable "cradle of the cradle of the Chinese college entrance examination"; the affiliated middle school of Northeast Normal University has 30 He became the “champion” in the college entrance examination and ranked second; Guangdong’s South China Normal University High School and Hainan Middle School each trained XNUMX “champions” and ranked third. The survey found that there are XNUMX middle schools nationwide that have trained more than XNUMX candidates in the college entrance examination.

According to Jiang Guohua’s analysis, it is difficult for county-level middle schools to find the “champion” in the college entrance examination, highlighting the serious imbalance in the allocation of educational resources. Most of the middle schools on the list are in the provinces with a long history of running schools and strong teachers or areas with strong economic power in the province. The key middle schools of the city have abundant administrative resources, educational resources, student resources and social resources. Relatively speaking, ordinary city, county and district high schools with short school history, few outstanding students, lack of top-notch teachers, weak campus culture, and poor school resources are obviously at a disadvantage in the overall competition with these famous "champion schools". In particular, Hengshui Middle School, known as the “Super College Entrance Examination Factory”, has not the most number of “champions” trained. Huanggang Middle School, once known as the "myth" of Chinese high school education, only trained 1977 "champions" from 2014 to 5, ranking 76th in the country.

Cai Yanhou pointed out that, on the whole, with the exception of the 4 municipalities directly under the Central Government, since 2000, most of the top candidates in the college entrance examination in all regions of the country have come from the capitals of provinces, cities, and autonomous regions or large and medium-sized cities with more developed economies. The cities with a concentration of schools on the list have obvious advantages in running schools in terms of basic education resources. They have richer administrative, educational, student and social resources, and there are many famous middle schools.

Article reprinted from Yangcheng Evening News

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