"Chinatown"-Official media of Chinese Australians

In the past few days, the Red Cross Society of China has become confused on the Internet. It turned out that the Red Cross Society had just promulgated a new charter. Article XNUMX of it stipulates that the Red Cross Society of China shall have an honorary president, an honorary vice president and an honorary director. According to work needs, it may set up consultants. The honorary chairman and honorary vice-chairman are appointed by national leaders appointed by the council. As soon as the news came out, netizens continued to complain about the "trick" of the Red Cross. The more unanimous call is that accounts must be made public and a supervisory institution must be set up, otherwise all talk is empty! Yuan Fang, how do you see? Let’s take a look at the new charter of the Red Cross with the editor.

 

ChugokuThe Red Cross Society recently announced through its official website a new version of the "Chinese Red Cross Constitution" adopted on the closing day of the conference. The new version of the Constitution has made many changes. Article XNUMX stipulates that the Chinese Red Cross shall have an honorary president, Honorary vice presidents and honorary directors can set up consultants according to work needs. The honorary chairman and honorary vice-chairman are appointed by national leaders by the council.

Constitution of the Chinese Red Cross

Adopted by the 2015th National Congress of the Red Cross Society of China on May 5, 6

Chapter XNUMX General

Article XNUMX is for the development of the Red Cross undertaking with Chinese characteristics. This charter is formulated in accordance with the "Red Cross Law of the People's Republic of China".

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society of China is a unified Red Cross organization of the People’s Republic of China and a social assistance organization engaged in humanitarian work.InternationalMember of the Red Cross Movement.

Article XNUMX The purpose of the Red Cross Society of China is to promote the spirit of humanity, fraternity, and dedication, protect human life and health, and promote the cause of human peace and progress.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society of China shall abide by the national constitution and laws, follow the basic principles of the International Red Cross Movement (humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unification, universality), in accordance with the Geneva Convention and its additional protocols, the The “Cross Society Law” and this statute carry out work independently.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society of China participates in the International Red Cross Movement in accordance with the principles of independence, equality and mutual respect, and develops friendly and cooperative relations with relevant international organizations and the Red Cross or Red Crescent Societies of various countries.

Article XNUMX The General Society of the Red Cross Society of China (referred to as the General Society) has the legal personality of a social organization, represents the Red Cross Society of China externally, and guides the work of the National Red Cross Society internally. The meeting place is located in Beijing. Local Red Cross Societies at all levels and industrial Red Cross Societies obtain the legal person status of social organizations in accordance with the law, and the Red Cross Societies at all levels are located at the same level of government.

Local Red Cross Societies at all levels and national industrial Red Cross Societies are branches of the Red Cross Society of China. The higher-level Red Cross will guide the work of the lower-level Red Cross, and the lower-level Red Cross will report important matters to the higher-level Red Cross.

Article XNUMX The staff of the Red Cross Society at or above the county level (including the county level (the same below)) shall be managed in accordance with the Civil Service Law of the People’s Republic of China.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Societies at all levels shall carry out activities related to their duties in accordance with the law, and accept the support, funding and supervision of the people's government.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society at or above the county level shall commend and reward the collectives, Red Cross staff, members, volunteers, donors and people from all walks of life that have made significant contributions to the Red Cross cause; Contributors shall be awarded honorary titles in accordance with relevant regulations.

Chapter II Responsibilities and Rights

Article XNUMX The Red Cross shall perform the following duties in peacetime:

(XNUMX) Propaganda and implement the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Red Cross Society" and the "Measures for the Use of the Red Cross Symbol of the People's Republic of China";

(XNUMX) Carry out disaster preparedness and relief work. Formulate emergency plans and establish emergency rescue teams; reserve disaster relief materials, construct and manage disaster preparedness and relief facilities; carry out rescue and rescue work during natural disasters and emergencies; according to the specific circumstances of natural disasters and emergencies, the General Conference Make appeals at home and abroad and accept donations from domestic and foreign organizations and individuals in accordance with the law; local Red Cross societies issue appeals in their jurisdictions to accept donations from domestic and foreign organizations and individuals in accordance with the law; provide urgently needed humanitarian assistance to the people and victims in the disaster area , Participate in post-disaster reconstruction.

(XNUMX) Carry out the publicity, popularization and training of emergency rescue and disease prevention knowledge; carry out primary health rescue training in government agencies, enterprises and institutions, communities, rural areas, schools, and industries and groups prone to accidental injuries, and organize the masses to participate in accidental injuries And on-site rescue of natural disasters; improve the ability and level of emergency assistance under emergency conditions;

(XNUMX) Establish and manage the database of Chinese hematopoietic stem cell donors; carry out publicity, mobilization and organization of donation of hematopoietic stem cells;

(XNUMX) Carry out publicity and promotion of unpaid blood donation, and jointly commend and reward advanced units and individuals with people's governments at all levels;

(XNUMX) Carry out social assistance and related services. Relief for vulnerable groups and provide services for those in need; establish Red Cross service stations in communities and rural areas to carry out activities such as serving the masses, publicity and training, and fundraising assistance; and other humanitarian services such as helping to find separated relatives and restoring family links jobs;

(XNUMX) Carry out and promote the donation of dead bodies and organs (organs) in accordance with the law; carry out AIDS prevention and control publicity and education, care and care for people living with HIV, patients and other humanitarian assistance;

(XNUMX) Carry out Red Cross youth activities that are beneficial to the physical and mental health of young people;

(XNUMX) Carrying out Red Cross volunteer service activities;

(XNUMX) Promote international humanitarian law and the basic principles of the Red Cross Movement, and the General Assembly will undertake the daily work of the secretariat of the China National Committee on International Humanitarian Law;

(XNUMX) Carry out fund-raising activities in accordance with the law; set up and manage Red Cross donation boxes in public places; and independently dispose of donations in accordance with laws and regulations;

(XNUMX) Establish social welfare undertakings in line with the purpose of the Red Cross;

(XNUMX) Participate in international humanitarian relief work; carry out exchanges and cooperation with the International Red Cross, Red Cross or Red Crescent Societies of various countries and other international organizations;

(XNUMX) Complete the entrustment of the people's government.

Article XNUMX In accordance with the Geneva Conventions and their additional protocols, the Red Cross shall perform the following duties during wartime and armed conflict:

(XNUMX) Organize a Red Cross rescue team to participate in battlefield rescue;

(XNUMX) Assisting in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases in the armed forces according to law;

(XNUMX) Rescue civilians in theaters;

(XNUMX) Assist prisoners of war, imprisoned persons and refugees to get in touch with their families, transfer money and goods, and establish necessary communication channels for this;

(XNUMX) Participate in visits and witness exchange of prisoners of war.

Article XNUMX The staff of the Red Cross Society performing humanitarian relief tasks are protected by the Geneva Convention and its additional protocols during wars and armed conflicts, and protected by relevant national laws and regulations during natural disasters and emergencies.

Article XNUMX In natural disasters and emergencies, persons wearing the Red Cross logo, materials and vehicles with the Red Cross logo shall have priority in passing.

Article XNUMX In natural disasters and emergencies, Red Cross rescue personnel shall give priority to the use of transportation, communications and other resources in order to perform rescue tasks.

Article XNUMX The social welfare undertakings established by the Red Cross shall enjoy tax reduction and exemption policies in accordance with relevant state regulations.

Article XNUMX Disaster relief materials donated by foreign organizations and individuals accepted by the Red Cross shall enjoy relevant national tax reduction and tax exemption policies. Relevant departments give priority to arranging transportation and going through relevant release procedures.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross conducts activities and propaganda work, broadcasts,TV, Newspapers, internet, etc.NewsThe media should actively support.

Chapter XNUMX Membership

Article XNUMX. Citizens of the People’s Republic of China, regardless of ethnicity, race, sex, occupation, religion, belief, or education, abide by the "Red Cross Law of the People’s Republic of China", recognize this charter, and pay dues, can apply to join the Red Cross meeting.

Article XNUMX The members of the Red Cross are divided into individual members and group members.

Citizens who join the Red Cross in their personal capacity are individual members, students who join the Red Cross in school are Red Cross youth members; those who join the Red Cross in government agencies, enterprises, institutions and related organizations are group members.

Article XNUMX: Individuals should apply for membership voluntarily and be approved by the local Red Cross organization at the local level. They should be reported to the Red Cross Society at or above the county level for the record. Membership cards will be issued to become members of the Red Cross Society. Units that have made greater contributions to the Red Cross cause And individuals, the Red Cross at or above the county level can be directly absorbed as members. Organs, enterprises, institutions, and related organizations must submit a written application to join the Red Cross Society, which shall be approved by the Red Cross Society at or above the county level, issued with certificates and signs, and become members of the Red Cross Society; the organization member unit should have a dedicated person in charge of the Red Cross Society jobs.

Article XNUMX Chinese and foreign individuals who have contributed to the cause of the Red Cross in China may be approved by the Red Cross at or above the county level and awarded the title of honorary member of the Red Cross at the same level.

Article XNUMX Rights of members:

(XNUMX) Participate in relevant activities, conferences and professional training of the Red Cross;

(XNUMX) Have the right to vote, be elected and vote;

(XNUMX) Put forward suggestions and criticisms on the work of the Red Cross;

(XNUMX) Wear the red cross sign;

(XNUMX) The freedom to withdraw from the membership.

The rights of group members are exercised by the legal representative of the unit.

Article XNUMX Obligations of members:

(XNUMX) Study, publicize and implement the "Red Cross Law of the People's Republic of China" and "Methods of the Use of the Red Cross Emblem of the People's Republic of China"; disseminate basic knowledge of international humanitarian law and the Red Cross movement;

(XNUMX) Comply with the "Chinese Red Cross Constitution";

(XNUMX) Pay the dues on time;

(XNUMX) To complete the tasks assigned by the Red Cross;

(XNUMX) Safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of the Red Cross.

Article XNUMX If a member withdraws from the membership, the membership card and placard shall be taken back after the original approving authority; if an individual member withdraws, it shall be reported to the original filing authority for the record.

A member has one of the following conditions as automatic withdrawal:

(XNUMX) Not participating in Red Cross activities for two consecutive years;

(XNUMX) Failure to pay dues for two consecutive years;

(XNUMX) Cancellation, merger, and dissolution of corporate member legal persons.

Chapter XNUMX Red Cross Volunteers

Article XNUMX Chinese and foreign persons, regardless of occupation, race, or religion, abide by Chinese laws and regulations, and regardless of remuneration, can participate in Red Cross volunteer services and become Red Cross volunteers upon application.

Article XNUMX Red Cross volunteers are divided into registered volunteers and registered volunteers.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society at or above the county level is the Red Cross volunteer registration approval agency; the grassroots Red Cross volunteer service organization is authorized by the Red Cross Society at or above the county level to carry out volunteer registration and registration within the scope of its duties.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society at or above the county level shall actively develop Red Cross volunteers, establish volunteer service teams of different professions and fields, and carry out volunteer service activities with Red Cross characteristics.

Article XNUMX Rights of Red Cross Volunteers

(XNUMX) Obtain information about Red Cross volunteer services;

(XNUMX) Obtain the necessary conditions and guarantees for Red Cross volunteer services;

(XNUMX) Obtain the education and training required for Red Cross volunteer service activities;

(XNUMX) Put forward opinions and suggestions on the Red Cross volunteer service work;

(XNUMX) The freedom to withdraw from the Red Cross volunteer service organization;

(XNUMX) Other rights granted by relevant laws and regulations and relevant regulations.

Article XNUMX Obligations of Red Cross Volunteers

(XNUMX) Comply with Chinese laws and regulations and volunteer to provide humanitarian services;

(XNUMX) Follow the purpose of the Red Cross Movement and actively participate in Red Cross volunteer service activities;

(XNUMX) Fulfill voluntary service commitments and consciously maintain the image of voluntary service organizations and volunteers;

(XNUMX) Protecting the privacy of others and other legally protected information learned in the course of voluntary service activities, and consciously safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of service objects;

(XNUMX) Correctly use the Red Cross volunteer logo and properly keep the volunteer card;

(XNUMX) It is not allowed to engage in profit-making or other behaviors that violate the purpose of the Red Cross and social morality as a volunteer.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society at or above the county level establishes the Red Cross Volunteer Service Working Committee, maintains contact with the voluntary service agencies of other departments, organizes and guides Red Cross volunteers and voluntary service organizations to carry out activities, and safeguards Red Cross volunteers and their The legitimate rights and interests of the service organization shall regularly assess, evaluate and commend the Red Cross volunteer service.

Chapter V National Organizations

Article XNUMX National Member Congress

The highest authority of the Red Cross Society of China is the National Congress. The National Member Congress is held every five years and is convened by the Chinese Red Cross Council. It can be convened earlier or postponed in special circumstances.

The representatives of the National Member Congress are composed of member representatives elected by the General Assembly and local Red Cross Societies, as well as representatives and specially invited representatives elected through consultation with relevant departments. The proportion of representatives is determined by the Standing Council according to the number of members and the needs of the Red Cross career development.

The resolutions of the National Congress will take effect after being passed by more than half of the delegates present.

The powers of the National Congress are:

(XNUMX) Election of directors of the Red Cross Society of China;

(XNUMX) Amend the "Articles of the Red Cross Society of China";

(XNUMX) Review and approve the work report of the council;

(XNUMX) Review and approve the work plan submitted by the council;

(XNUMX) Decide on major issues of the Red Cross Society of China.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society of China shall have an honorary chairman, an honorary vice-chairman, and an honorary director. According to work needs, consultants may be appointed. The honorary chairman and honorary vice-chairman are appointed by national leaders by the council.

Article XNUMX The functions and powers of the President of the Red Cross Society of China are:

(XNUMX) Convene and preside over the meetings of the council and the standing council;

(XNUMX) Guide the work of the Executive Committee;

(XNUMX) To attend important meetings and activities of the Red Cross Movement at home and abroad, and participate in important affairs.

Article XNUMX Council

The council implements its resolutions during the inter-sessional period of the National Congress. The term of office of the council is five years, and the term will be changed when the next National Congress is held.

The council meets once a year. More than two-thirds of the directors attend the board of directors, and the meeting is valid. The resolutions of the board of directors shall take effect after more than half of the board members have voted.

The responsibilities of the council are:

(XNUMX) Hiring honorary chairman and honorary vice-chairman;

(XNUMX) Election of standing directors;

(XNUMX) Election of the president, executive vice president, and vice president;

(XNUMX) Determine the secretary general based on the nomination of the president;

(XNUMX) Adding, replacing or dismissing directors and standing directors;

(XNUMX) Examine and approve the work report, career development plan and annual work plan, financial income and expenditure reports of the Red Cross Society of China;

(XNUMX) Examine and approve the composition plan of the next council;

(XNUMX) Decide on other important matters.

Article XNUMX The Standing Council

The standing council is responsible to the council and accepts its supervision. The standing council is composed of standing directors elected by the council. The Standing Council meeting is held twice a year.

More than two-thirds of the executive directors attend the executive council, and the meeting is valid. The resolutions of the Standing Council shall take effect after being passed by more than half of the standing directors present.

The responsibilities of the Standing Council are:

(XNUMX) Propose a proposal to amend the articles of association;

(XNUMX) To propose to the board of directors proposals for replacement, addition and removal of directors and standing directors;

(XNUMX) Review the work report, career development plan and annual work plan, financial income and expenditure reports of the Red Cross Society of China;

(XNUMX) Review the composition plan of the next council;

(XNUMX) Approve the establishment and cancellation of the National Industrial Red Cross;

(XNUMX) Hiring honorary directors;

(XNUMX) Decide on other important matters.

Article XNUMX Executive Committee

The Executive Committee is responsible to the Standing Council. The executive committee is composed of full-time executive directors stationed in the headquarter. The executive vice president serves as the director of the executive committee and the legal representative of the Red Cross Society of China. The responsibilities of the executive committee are:

(XNUMX) Implement the resolutions of the member representative assembly, the board of directors and the standing board of directors, and preside over the daily work of the general assembly;

(XNUMX) Responsible for preparing budgets and reviewing the financial final accounts of annual funding;

(XNUMX) To guide the work of the National Red Cross;

(XNUMX) Manage the movable and immovable properties of the Association;

(XNUMX) Undertake the civil and legal liabilities of the General Assembly;

(XNUMX) Responsible for foreign exchanges and cooperation;

(XNUMX) Hiring consultants; awarding honorary members;

(XNUMX) Approve the establishment of a special committee;

(XNUMX) To complete other tasks assigned by the board of directors and the standing board.

Chapter VI Localities, Industries and Primary Organizations

Article XNUMX Local Red Cross Societies

(XNUMX) The organ of power of the local Red Cross societies at all levels is the member congress at the same level. The member congresses of the local Red Cross societies at all levels are convened every five years and are convened by the board of the Red Cross Societies at the same level. The convening can be advanced or postponed in case of special circumstances, and the time shall not exceed one year.

(3) Local Red Cross Societies at all levels establish councils and standing councils for a term of five years. The Red Cross Society with more than 3 (including XNUMX) full-time executive directors needs to set up an executive committee to take charge of daily work.

The honorary presidents of the Red Cross Societies at the provincial, municipal (prefecture), and county levels are appointed by the local main leaders by the council at the same level.

(XNUMX) Provincial, municipal (prefecture), and county-level Red Cross Society presidents should generally be elected as local leaders at the same level, and should be re-elected in time when their jobs change.

The executive vice president, vice president and secretary general should maintain relative stability. The executive vice president is the legal representative of the Red Cross organization at this level and presides over the daily work.

(XNUMX) The Red Cross Society at or above the county level shall be equipped with full-time staff according to work needs and have the conditions to be able to carry out work independently.

Article XNUMX Industrial Red Cross

The National Red Cross Society is an industry Red Cross Society of the Chinese Red Cross Society and is approved by the Standing Council of the Chinese Red Cross Society. The establishment and staffing of its working organization shall be decided by the Standing Council of the Industrial Red Cross in accordance with the needs of the work.

The Industrial Red Cross will carry out its work in accordance with the basic principles of the Red Cross Movement, in accordance with the "Red Cross Law of the People's Republic of China", following this charter and combining the characteristics of the industry.

Article XNUMX Primary Organization

The Red Cross established in urban streets (communities), rural towns (villages, groups), enterprises and institutions, schools, medical institutions, and other organizations are grassroots organizations. The main responsibilities of the grassroots organizations of the Red Cross are: to publicize and popularize Red Cross knowledge, to carry out humanitarian relief activities, to organize primary rescue training, popularize health knowledge for the masses, and other activities in line with the purpose of the Red Cross.

Chapter VII Organizational Structure of Special Administrative Regions

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society of the Special Administrative Region shall be a highly autonomous local branch of the Red Cross Society of China.

Article XNUMX: Special administrative divisions shall carry out their work independently in accordance with the basic principles of the Red Cross Movement and in light of the actual conditions of the special administrative regions.

Article XNUMX Special administrative divisions may refer to this charter, formulate organizational rules or organizational regulations in accordance with the laws and regulations of the special administrative region, and report to the general meeting for the record.

Chapter XNUMX Funds and Property

Article XNUMX The main sources of funds for the Red Cross:

(XNUMX) Membership fees paid by members of the Red Cross;

(XNUMX) Accept money and goods donated by domestic and foreign organizations and individuals;

(XNUMX) Income from movable and immovable properties;

(XNUMX) Appropriations from the people's government;

(XNUMX) Other legal income.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Societies at all levels shall establish a fund review and supervision system; they shall accept the audit of the audit department and the supervision of the relevant departments.

The use and management of membership fees shall be implemented in accordance with the provisions of the "Chinese Red Cross Association Fees Management Measures".

The use and management of funds and materials donated by domestic and foreign organizations and individuals shall be implemented in accordance with the "Management Measures of the Chinese Red Cross on Fundraising and Accepting Donations".

Article XNUMX The funds and property of the Red Cross Society are protected by law, and no organization or individual may embezzle or misappropriate them.

Article XNUMX The Chinese Red Cross Society is the professional supervisory unit of the Chinese Red Cross Foundation. Provincial Red Cross Societies can establish foundations in accordance with the law, and local Red Cross Societies can establish special funds.

Chapter XNUMX Logo, Emblem and Flag

Article XNUMX The Red Cross Society of China shall use the red cross emblem on a white background. The method of use shall be implemented in accordance with the "Measures for the Use of the Red Cross Sign of the People's Republic of China" and the "Regulations on the Marked Use of the Red Cross Sign of the Red Cross Society of China".

Article XNUMX The emblem of the Red Cross Society of China is a red cross on a white background surrounded by golden olive branches.

Article XNUMX The flag of the Red Cross Society of China is a white flag with the emblem of the Red Cross Society of China printed in the center.

Article XNUMX The Red Cross societies at all levels throughout the country uniformly use the red cross emblem, emblem and flag on a white background.

The red cross logo, red cross flag, Chinese Red Cross emblem and flag (pattern attached), membership cards, group membership signs, honor certificates, etc., which require the use of the red cross logo, shall be implemented in accordance with the relevant regulations of the Red Cross Society of China.

Chapter XNUMX Supplementary Provisions

Article 1949 The “Geneva Conventions” mentioned in these statutes refer to the four Geneva Conventions concluded on August 8, 12, which China has joined, namely: the Geneva Conventions for the Improvement of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, The Geneva Convention for the Improvement of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked in Armed Forces at Sea, the Geneva Convention for the Treatment of Prisoners of War, and the Geneva Convention for the Protection of Civilians in Time of War.

本章程所称日内瓦公约“附加议定书”,是指中国加入的于1977年6月8缔结的《1949年8月12日日内瓦四公约关于保护国际性武装冲突受难者的附加议定书》和《1949年8月12日日内瓦四公约关于保护非国际性武装冲突受难者的附加议定书》。

The “International Humanitarian Law” mentioned in this statute refers to the protection of not directly participating in military operations (such as civilians) or not participating in military operations (such as the wounded, sick, and prisoners of the army) in accordance with regulations and practices in wars or armed conflicts. The general purpose of the principles, rules and systems governing the conduct of warring states or parties to an armed conflict is the purpose of establishing the Geneva Convention and its additional protocols.

Article XNUMX The English translation of the Red Cross Society of China is "Red Cross Society of China".

Article XNUMX The name of the local and industrial Red Cross Society is: add "Red Cross" after the name of the administrative region or industry; the name in foreign exchanges is: add "China Red Cross" before the name of the administrative region or industry. Association", add "branch" after the administrative region name or industry name, the English translation is: "Red Cross Society of China *** Branch".

Article XNUMX: The names of grassroots organizations are: urban streets (communities), rural towns (villages, groups), enterprises and institutions, schools, medical institutions and other organizations with the name "Red Cross" added after the name.

Article XNUMX The name of the Red Cross Society of the Special Administrative Region is: "China ** Special Administrative Region Red Cross Society" [English translation: The Red Cross of the **Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China] Abbreviation: "** Red Cross (Chinese Red Cross Society)" [English translation: **Red Cross (Branch of the Red Cross Society of China)].

Article XNUMX The right to amend this charter belongs to the National Congress of the Red Cross Society of China, and the right to interpret it belongs to the General Committee of the Red Cross Society of China.

Article XNUMX This Articles of Association shall take effect from the date of adoption and shall be reported to the State Council for the record.

Article reprinted from Sina.com

============================

Go to the "Chinatown News" Fcebook page and click like, you can know the latest Australian ๑play, ๑immigration, ๑life information anytime and anywhere ☆✿~
https://www.facebook.com/news.china.com.au
---------------------
"Chinatown" WeChat subscription account is now available, allowing you to keep track of more updated Australian information every day
WeChat subscription account: news-china-com-au
============================