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The Beidaihe Conference refers to the meeting held in Beidaihe by the senior leaders of the Communist Party of China in the summer since 1945, also known as the "Summer Summit."

The "XNUMXth Five-Year Plan" has attracted much attention. In addition to being related to China's goal of achieving a moderately prosperous life and economic prospects, it is also the first five-year plan after Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, took office. It will become Xi Jinping's political economy. Completely presented works.

According to previous Hong Kong media reports,The focus of the leadership of this year's meeting is different from that of previous years. The focus will be on the medium-term economic development plan and the resolution of the next step.

The central government still believes that the economy can be above 7% this year, so it is possible to maintain its concentration and focus on future work and discussions on the 10th Five-Year Plan. From now until the Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee in October, the focus of the Fifth Plenary Session is to pass the CCP’s decision on the XNUMXth Five-Year Plan. There are only a few months left. So now the discussion on the XNUMXth Five-Year Plan, Beidaihe The meeting is the key.

The remaining days in the second half of this year will be the 6 months that China will pave the way for and shift from the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” to the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan”.The next six months are particularly important, because the core of the 6th Five-Year Plan is the key to China's transformation from a big country to a strong one.Regarding the Belt and Road Initiative, market participants now believe that China’s economy will shift from “radical” development to coordinated and harmonious development in the next five years. It is necessary to complete China’s internal and external relations, speed and quality, development and ecology. The key word of five is "balance", so it is enough to set a target of 5% in the next five years.

The "XNUMXth Five-Year Plan" has attracted much attention. In addition to being related to China's goal of achieving a moderately prosperous life and economic prospects, it is also the first five-year plan after Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, took office. It will become Xi Jinping's political economy. Completely presented works.

A reporter from China Times learned from the National Development and Reform Commission that the preparation of the "2014th Five-Year Plan" was officially launched in April 4. At that time, 25 major topics related to the overall situation were selected, and social forces were organized to conduct research through public bidding. Various reform tasks proposed by the Third Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee.

"It is scheduled that the decision-makers of the Beidaihe meeting at the end of July will discuss the 7th Five-Year Plan." On July 7, an expert who has long provided decision-making advice to the National Development and Reform Commission told reporters. It is understood that this year’s Beidaihe meeting is different from previous years. It will focus on discussing the new five-year development plan to solve the next step. Some experts infer from this that the discussion on the "23th Five-Year Plan" will become the subject of the Beidaihe Conference.

The "5th Five-Year Plan" period is the key to China's transformation from a big country to a strong one. The focus is on "One Belt One Road" and "Innovation Driven". Chi Fulin, Dean of the China (Hainan) Reform and Development Research Institute, analyzed that in the next five years, China’s economy will have to complete a variety of balances between China’s internal and external, speed and quality, development and ecology, so the XNUMXth Five-Year Plan The key word is "balance".

Close to people's livelihood

"If your broadband speed cannot be increased, other consumption based on the Internet will also be affected." An official from the National Development and Reform Commission said that my country has potential demand in many areas, but our supply is insufficient. These issues will be considered during the XNUMXth Five-Year Plan."

In fact, local governments still place more emphasis on economic construction and do not pay enough attention to people's livelihood issues.

"Currently, what the higher authorities require, and what follows will be followed." On July 7, a local official in Shanxi Province said that although the higher authorities require people’s livelihood projects, they have clearer indicators for economic construction. People's livelihood issues are easy to slack off.

An example is that various localities have to find ways to complete the annual fixed asset investment targets, keep on ground projects and engage in demolition, but often do not deal with issues such as people's livelihood resettlement after land acquisition and demolition.

Song Xiaowu, an adviser to the China Society for Economic System Reform, pointed out sharply that the fundamental reason for "emphasizing the economy and ignoring people's livelihood" is the failure to clarify the relationship between the government and the market, leading local governments to blindly set investment targets and engage in GDP competition. For example, there are more than 20 indicators in the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" of Hainan Province, but the restrictive indicators for social construction such as medical care, resources and environment are not clear.

Many grass-roots cadres complained in interviews that the mismatch between central and local financial powers and powers has also led to insufficient capacity for local governments to protect and improve people's livelihood. "Because of the many investment projects to be launched, local matching funds will also need more, but the local government cannot free up more financial resources to solve people's livelihood problems." A deputy county magistrate of Sichuan Province told reporters that this has caused more funds for people’s livelihood projects to not be guaranteed.

Chi Fulin suggested that, in the future, equalization of basic public services and basically complete public facilities should be used as the main indicators to measure the coordinated development of provinces, cities, and districts. He said that during the "XNUMXth Five-Year Plan" period, the protection of people's livelihood should be more prominent, and the government should gradually withdraw from the front line of economic operations and effectively become the promoter of public utilities.

Gao Fuyi, director of the Economic Research Institute of the Shandong Provincial Development and Reform Commission's Macroeconomic Research Institute, suggested that during the "XNUMXth Five-Year Plan" period, the upper limit of resources and the ecological red line need to be considered, and soil pollution and groundwater pollution should be included in binding indicators.

At present, focusing on people's livelihood is becoming a hot spot in the "5th Five-Year" plan. Taking Beijing as an example, Beijing’s XNUMXth Five-Year Plan Preparation Leading Group has launched XNUMX thematic proposals, including "Resolving Beijing’s non-capital functions and the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei", "Ecological civilization construction and sustainable development", etc. , Focus on listening to the thinking, opinions and suggestions on these issues from all walks of life.

Focus on balanced development

"The government should shift from an economical government to a service-oriented government, and must change the government's incentive mechanism so that the government can play a more balanced and effective role in economic and social development." Chi Fulin said.

Xu Lin, director of the Development Planning Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, recently revealed that "to start the preparation of the 25th Five-Year Plan, we have selected XNUMX major issues related to the overall situation." He said that the general background that needs to be considered in the preparation of the plan is the correct handling of the relationship between the government and the market proposed by the Third Plenary Session of the XNUMXth Central Committee.

"How to better handle the relationship between the government and the market will be a key issue that needs to be grasped during the preparation of the XNUMXth Five-Year Plan." Xu Lin said.

In fact, "China's five-year plan has always been focused on economic planning, while social planning has been relatively lagging." During the National Two Sessions this year, Chi Fulin also told reporters that my country is in a critical period of economic transformation and upgrading, and the transformation of government functions has not yet been fully implemented.

"The local government has not yet regarded public services as the top priority, but still regards GDP growth and expansion of investment as its primary goals." The aforementioned deputy county magistrate told reporters that only by setting binding targets in the "XNUMXth Five-Year Plan" and focusing on people's livelihood like economic construction, can we ensure that the government's commitment to the people is fulfilled.

According to the reporter's understanding, the National Development and Reform Commission has also put forward some binding indicators, such as environmental protection and resource conservation, but these policies are prone to be out of shape in the implementation. "We do still have some weak links. For example, the transformation and upgrading are not ideal. To do this, it will not work without innovation drive." On July 7, an official of the National Development and Reform Commission told reporters.

It is not ruled out that other issues will be involved in the XNUMXth Five-Year Plan, such as environmental protection and ecological civilization construction. However, Shi Zhengwen, director of the China Finance and Taxation Law Research Center, emphasized in an interview with reporters that during the "XNUMXth Five-Year Plan" period, the "financial and taxation system reform" should be promoted as soon as possible, and the powers of governments at all levels should be clearly defined, and the financial resources that match it should be implemented.

The interviewed expert Wang Yukai, vice president of the China Administrative System Reform Research Association, also believes that in the past, due to the mismatch between the central and local financial powers, the current people's livelihood problems are very prominent.

Article reprinted from "China Times"

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