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Reference News Network reported on March 7 The US "National Interest" bimonthly website recently published an article titled "A Few Points the United States Needs to Know About China's New Military Strategy" by Lauren Dickey and Stephen Liszewski, compiled as follows:

On May 5, the Ministry of National Defense of China issued its first policy document in two years, a white paper entitled "China's Military Strategy." The timing of the release of this document coincides with China’s ongoing reclamation activities and a warning of US Navy aircraft operating in the South China Sea. It outlines how the Chinese armed forces might support Beijing’s geopolitical goals.

In this white paper, China vowed to pay more attention to the use of military power and means to create a favorable strategic situation to provide a guarantee for the country's peaceful development. The document also more bluntly condemned the United States (and other neighboring countries) for taking provocative actions around China's islands and reefs.

The following are several strategic points that are particularly worthy of the United States' attention:

The army can win

The focus of the Chinese military is to ensure that the recent investment in the People's Liberation Army can be transformed into a real combat capability. The white paper clearly stated that the PLA’s intention is to strive for the strategic initiative in military struggle, actively plan military struggles in all directions and fields, and seize opportunities to accelerate military construction, reform, and development. The Chinese military is eager to build an army that has a strong offensive capability and can overcome any challenge.

The white paper particularly emphasized China's ambition to build an ocean-going navy. China's ocean-going navy regularly operates in areas outside the "first island chain" that separates the South China Sea, the East China Sea, and the Yellow Sea from the Pacific Ocean to protect China's strategic interests.

From Beijing’s point of view, the ocean-going navy is a modern army capable of defending territorial sovereignty, launching global operations, and posing a real challenge to the US Navy (this is perhaps the most important point). Although the desire to build a strong ocean-going navy is not surprising, it is a warning to other countries in the region. This warning is unlikely to ease the current tensions with neighboring countries such as Japan and the Philippines. A Chinese army that can fight and win wars is also an army that may easily use force to defend its sovereignty.

Dealing with surrounding threats

The white paper and its re-formulated strategic guidelines reflect the perception of various “new” national security issues, including the US’s return to Asia strategy, Japan’s revision of its military security policy, foreign intervention in China’s territorial disputes in the South China Sea, etc. The unstable situation on the Korean Peninsula, etc.

Beijing’s security interests now cover areas farther from the mainland, and it needs to actively deploy military forces in various places along the way. The PLA's top leaders are working hard to provide and train the military to adapt to China's new understanding of the security environment. The white paper is convinced that China must unhesitatingly adhere to the military strategy of "active defense." The document subdivides this strategy into three principles: defense, self-defense, and post-attack.

Overcome huge obstacles

The white paper examines the necessary measures to reform the daily operations and internal structure of the military. These measures include: strengthening ideological and moral construction, advancing the construction of modern logistics, further advancing the rule of law and strict rule of the army, and speeding up the development of military-civilian integration. The white paper puts special emphasis on strengthening national defense education, enhancing the national defense concept of the whole people, and improving national defense mobilization systems and mechanisms. These measures are obviously all aimed at remedying the existing organizational and manpower deficiencies in order to build a stronger army.

Transparency is increasing

The white paper stated: The Chinese military will continue to "develop non-aligned, non-confrontational, and non-targeted military relations against third parties." More specifically, the white paper expresses China's interest in building a new type of military relationship with the United States, which includes strengthening defense dialogue, exchanges, and other measures aimed at enhancing mutual trust, preventing risks, and managing crises.

Military exchanges with China are beneficial to the United States because these measures help avoid misjudgments and allow the United States to better understand China’s intentions. Military exchanges also lay the foundation for negotiations and mitigation of crises in the future. The white paper clearly stated Beijing's military intentions. After reading this white paper, the international community has a better understanding of China's military planning.

As long as you read China’s new white paper carefully, you will no longer naively think that Beijing wants to be a peaceful and responsible stakeholder in maintaining global order. In addition to its interest in deepening military relations, this new strategic guideline undoubtedly demonstrates China's ambition to become a modern maritime power that can challenge the United States in the Asia-Pacific and other parts of the world.

The white paper shows that the Chinese military wants to break through the surrounding areas and project its military power onto the high seas in order to pursue a "national rejuvenation" aimed at resisting the US-led effort to contain China's rise.This document marked a significant change in China and repositioned its policy of focusing on economic development and not interfering in international affairs. This positioning not only involves the global scope of China’s interests, but also shows that China will resolutely defend its own by force. interest.

China’s white paper sends out some disturbing signals that China is firm about gradually gaining regional dominance. China seems to have both visions and plans for expanding the PLA's global power. Now is the time for the United States and its allies in the Pacific to communicate with China and work hard to come up with adequate countermeasures.

The article is reproduced from Reference News Network

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