After 28 hours of uninterrupted heated debates, this Wednesday, Victoria’s controversial securityThe happy death bill was finally passed in the upper house with 22 votes in favor and 18 votes against!

Faced with such a hard-won result, many of the parliamentarians present were emotional, hugged each other, and even cried.

So far,Victoria has only one step left to legalize euthanasia-the House of Commons passed.

In fact, as early as last month, the House of Commons47 votes in favor and 37 votes againstAs a result, the euthanasia bill was passed. However, in order to ensure that this bill can be passed smoothly in the House of Lords, the government was forced to make some changes to some of its contents, soNext week, the revised bill will return to the House of Commons to be approved and then take effect.

But because the House of Commons has said yes before, soThere is no suspense in the so-called voting. Therefore, the Australian media used a very affirmative tone in their reports:Victoria is bound to make history and become the first state in Australia that can legally euthanize!

What kind of people are eligible to apply for euthanasia?

The revised bill proposes several standards:

1. At least 18 years old; 

2. Sober minded;

3. 在维州居住时间至少12个月以上(修改之前的法案没有这条规定);

4. Suffer from an incurable disease, and this disease causes unbearable suffering. Severe illness and live less than 6 months (the bill before the amendment was 12 months. Except for patients with neurodegenerative conditions, their time is still 12 months);

5. Merely suffering from a mental illness or mental disability is not a reason to apply for euthanasia, but people who meet the conditions and also suffer from mental illness or disability will not be rejected.

6. The death certificate of the patient must state that the method of death is euthanasia (the law before the amendment did not have this provision).

How does euthanasia work?

The patient must confirm his intention to die without coercion, and submit two formal applications and a written statement.

Three applications will beTwo separate doctors will conduct an evaluation within 10 daysIf the review is passed, the doctor will prescribe the euthanasia drug and the pharmacist will dispense the drug.

At last,Patients must self-administer or inject euthanasia drugs. In rare cases, if a patient is unable to euthanize himself due to physical reasons, a doctor can assist.

The patient must designate a contact person to return the unused medication to the pharmacist.

If doctors themselves oppose euthanasia, then they have the right to refuse to provide information about euthanasia, to prescribe euthanasia drugs or to assist patients in taking euthanasia drugs.

What kind of euthanasia drugs are used?

This is not clearly stated in the bill, only that the prescribing doctor will specify the specific drugs used. But federal law stipulates that the drugs currently used to euthanize petsNembutal is prohibited for use in humans. In addition, the drugs for euthanasia willStore in a locked box.

A parliamentary report stated that clinicians need time to prepare before the euthanasia law comes into effect. The report calls for between the time the bill becomes a formal law and the formal implementation of euthanasiaLeave a gap of 18 months.

How many people will apply for euthanasia?

It is expected that Victoria will have150Apply for euthanasia around.

Euthanasia has always been a controversial and sensitive topic. The English word "Euthanasia" for euthanasia is derived from Greek, meaning good death. It refers to a way for the patient to die as painlessly as possible with his own will when the patient has to endure the torment of an unrecoverable disease for a long time.

For a long time, the cause of euthanasia was considered"Murder" and "Assisted Suicide"Controversial.

Therefore, the Victorian bill stipulates that all doctors and nurses are not allowed to intervene in the patient's application for euthanasia, and doctors are also prohibited from having any discussion with patients about ending their lives. In other words, euthanasia must be entirely based on the patient's own wishes, and cannot be encouraged, suggested, or persuaded by anyone.

In addition, in order to prevent some patients from being abused or threatened to apply for euthanasia, the bill also lists 68 "safeguard measures", including a special committee to review all euthanasia cases; threatening others to euthanize is considered a crime, etc. .

Euthanasia is currently divided into three types:Voluntary euthanasia, involuntary euthanasia, unconscious euthanasia.Currently, only voluntary euthanasia is legally recognized in some countries and regions, including:

Belgium, Colombia, 

India (only for permanent vegetative people), 

Ireland, Canada, Luxembourg, 

Mexico, the Netherlands and some states in the United States.

This Victorian bill is unintentionally important for critically ill patients and their families, because it allows patients to die with dignity.

Although there is nothing more important than life in this world, if a person cannot determine his birth right, then having the right to end a painful life is also an improvement?

News compiled from "the guardian"


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