Everyone is equal? Stop it! Experts divide Australian society into six major classes, come and see which one you belong to
I don’t know if you have heard a sentence before: "People are divided into three, six or nine grades." Although it is already the 21st century, as long as you are not stupid, you must understand that, no matter where you are,Everyone is equalThey are just good wishes, even in Australia, which has always believed that there is no class in its social system.
Recently, an ABC report"The new six-class classification system shatters the myth of Australian egalitarianism"For the title, with an objective and icy perspective, more than 2400 million Australians are divided into six major classes.
Whether you like it or not, you have undoubtedly become a member of one of the classes.
According to the pillar theory of 20th century sociology, people are divided into three classes:Working class, middle class和upper classIn comparison, this new theory written by Jill Sheppard and Nicholas Biddle of the Australian National University is obviously more detailed."Classification, Capital and Identity in Australian Society"In the report, by analyzing the results of questionnaires participated by more than 1200 people, Australians are divided into six classes: the six major classes in Australian society
The unstable proletariat (The precariat ） :
Of the total population13%, This class includes Australia’s poorest citizens. They have the lowest average family income, many are unemployed or need government assistance, and their social and cultural capital scores are the lowest.
Ageing workers :
This category of people has the highest average age (58 years old), of the total population14%. A large part of this class are pensioners, and like proletarians, they are least likely to get high-paying jobs.
New working class (New workers) :
Compared with older workers, nearly half of this class are new workers who have just entered the job market, accounting for the entire population.24%Their average age is naturally younger and they are more employed in full-time jobs. Although the professional prestige of such people is lower than that of older workers, their financial situation is better and their social capital and cultural capital scores are higher.
Established middle class :
Same account24%The full-time employment rate of this class is slightly lower than that of the new working class, but the people of this class are more stable and their status is higher than that of the new working class. As a result of accumulating more wealth, they as a whole "have an advantage" over the new working class.
Emerging affluent :
Interestingly, it accounts for the total population15%The income of the emerging wealthy class in China is higher than the income level of the stable middle class, but "wealth accumulation" (ie assets and savings) is not as good as the stable middle class.
Established affluent :
This is the class closest to the aristocracy in Australian society, and the class with the least number of people, accounting for only 11% of the total population. In the report of social, economic capital and cultural capital, they all scored the highest.
The report also shows that among the six major classes, among the wealthiest and stable affluent classes, the most are professionals, such as experts and professors, while Australian manual workers who have always given the impression of “very profitable” are Most exist in the proletariat.
However, in the stable middle class, 9.3% of the people are engaged in manual work, maybe they created"Australian plumbers all open Land Rover"Illusion.
In addition, if you look at the length of work, even the rich and stable local tyrants have 48% of them working full-time, and the emerging affluent class has the highest proportion of people working full-time, accounting for 50%.
In other words, "you don't have to go to work if you have money" is definitely an unrealistic fantasy.
Of course, this report is not just a simple classification of incomeSocial reputation,Cultural qualityOther factors will also have an important impact on the division of their classes.
Even when you have a night that belongs to you without work or watching your children, whether you will watch a movie, read a book, listen to a concert, or use your mobile phone at home all night can affect your "class" fraction".
The report also shows that if your best friend is in the same profession as you, and his class is not high, then congratulations, your "class score" will be affected by him and become even lower.
Another interesting phenomenon revealed by the questionnaire is that when an Australian is asked to followWorking class, middle class和upper classMany people are not very self-aware when categorizing themselves relatively simply.
For example, there is2%The unstable proletariat actually considers itself to be the upper class, and25%The stable and wealthy class in China feels that they are just ordinary workers.
Finally, although the Australians are artificially divided into six classes, Jill Sheppard still believes that Australia is not the United Kingdom, and the class has not been solidified to a very serious level. It is difficult for you to judge a person's class by accent or dress.
This leads to the following two possibilities:
First, it is easy for everyone to hide their class;
Second, the subsequent discrimination will be greatly reduced.
In fact, regardless of whether it is divided into the three major classes or the six major classes, everyone should have a clear understanding of where they are in the entire Australian society.
Not being discouraged for being a proletariat, or being complacent about having reached the affluent class, is the most meaningful message that sociologists hope to convey to everyone.
News compiled from "ABC"
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