When you walk along the Sydney Harbour,

Blowing the sea breeze, watching the sunset,

While waiting for the next ferry to land,

Have you seen this ship?

The name of a Chinese "Victor Chang"

Embedded in the bow of a ferry.

When you look down over Sydney,

Have you ever seen a heart-shaped monument,

The name "Dr Victor Chang" is engraved on it.

When you pass the post office or gift shop,

Have you seen this 60-point Australian stamp?

Cover character "Victor Chang AC"

Was named in the 90s

"The greatest Australian of the century".

Beloved by thousands of people,

He died accidentally by shooting.

Shocked all of Australia and griefed the whole country,

A crowd of people in Sydney attended his funeral.

In Australia in the last century, there was a Chinese who had a household name.

With his extraordinary medical skills, he performed heart transplants for hundreds of dying patients and successfully saved their lives.

After his death, a national referendum ratified him as"The greatest Australian of the century". The research institute is named after him, the foundation is named after him, and the community and hospital have his memorial statues.

△Image source: News Corporation

he isVictor Chang.

Chinese calledZhang Renqian

△Image source: News Corporation

His name may be unfamiliar to many international students and new immigrants, but Sydney locals must have heard of his name.

War-torn childhood

Zhang Renqian was born in Shanghai in 1936. Both his parents are older generations of Chinese who were born in Australia. He has a younger sister and a brother. Zhang Renqian's father is Aubery Chang (Aubery Chang) and his mother is Mei Li.

He was born in aThe era of war.

△Photo source of Shanghai Beach during World War II: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

During World War II, Japan invaded China. At that time, Zhang Renqian's family in China lived a life of displacement in order to escape the war.


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After Zhang Renqian was born, his family moved from Shanghai to neighboring Singapore, and then to Myanmar. A year later, the family moved back to China and lived in the accompanying capital Chongqing and Hong Kong.

Zhang Renqian in his childhood,

I have no permanent home with my family.

In order to continue his education, when he was 15 years old, his father sent him and his sister from Hong Kong to a secondary school in Sydney, where they were taken care of by relatives in Australia. Finally, he completed high school at Christian Brothers' High School in Lewisham, Sydney's inner west.

His mother, Mei, died of breast cancer when he was 12 years old. This was a big blow to young Zhang Renqian, so heSet up an ambition to learn medicine to save people in the future

After graduating from high school, he was admitted to the prestigious University of Sydney Medical School and graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine with First Class Honours in 1960. Two years later, he received a bachelor's degree in medicine and surgery.

△As an outstanding alumnus, Zhang Renqian once appeared on the promotional poster of the University of Sydney. Picture source: University of Sydney

Zhang Renqian has become Dr Chang, Dr. Zhang.

A pioneer in heart transplant surgery in Australia

In 1962, Zhang Renqian, who graduated from university, went for an internship at St Vincent's Hospital, a high-end private hospital.

At that time, Mark Shanahan, one of only three cardiac surgery operations in Australia, was his enlightenment mentor.

△ Zhang Renqian was an apprentice under a well-known cardiac surgeon at the time. Picture source: Sydney Morning Herald

Shanahan once commented on Zhang Renqian:

"He never made any mistakes in his hands,

But what’s more admirable is that

He has extraordinary self-confidence. "

△Image source: Australian Broadcasting Corporation

After that, Zhang Renqian went abroad to study at Royal Brompton Hospital in the UK. In London, he met his wife Ann (Ann).

The two ignited the spark of love and gave birth to a daughter, Vanessa, and two sons, Mathew and Marcus.

Later, he went to the United States to practice medicine. It was not until 1972 that he returned to Australia and returned to St Vincent's Hospital where he was an intern.

In the 60s, heart transplant surgery achieved breakthrough results in South Africa.

△Christiaan Barnard, a pioneer of South African cardiac surgery in 1967 (left)

Performed the world’s first heart transplant. Picture source: AP

In 1968, Australia also ushered in its first heart transplant. The surgeon is Harry Windsor, Zhang Renqian's old colleague.

This is a photo at that time.

△Image source: News Corporation

His name is Richard Pye, a 59-year-old painter on the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the first patient in Australia to undergo a heart transplant.

△Image source: News Corporation

At that time, the nine-and-a-half-hour operation was over. He smiled hard, opened his mouth as much as possible, and tried to talk to the doctor.

After the operation, all signs of his life were normal.

Unexpectedly after 45 days,

Due to rejection,

The patient passed away.

After the first heart surgery failed in Australia, no one dared to try again for a long time.

Until 1980, with the advent of anti-rejection drugs, Zhang Renqian began lobbying businessmen and politicians to raise funds for hospital heart transplant research. Four years later, he completed a heart transplant for Peter Apthorpe, a 39-year-old shearer.

△Picture source: "60 minutes"

This time,

The patient survived.

Zhang Renqian's operation also marked the success of Australia's first heart transplant operation and was a major breakthrough in Australian medical history.

When the patient Apthorpe was interviewed after the operation, it was hard to say how excited.

△Image source: News Corporation

他 说:

"This is amazing!

Six weeks ago, I couldn’t bear to walk two steps.

Now I can walk from the hospital to the city center and back again. "

△Image source: Daily Post and Telegraph

A month later, he performed two heart transplants for a 14-year-old girl, Fiona Coote, and successfully saved her life.

△Image source: Daily Post and Telegraph

Later, this girl became a famous TV host and also became a famous case of Dr. Zhang. In the days of Kurt's "second life", he has been devoted to the public welfare undertakings of heart disease research.

△Image source: Herald Sun

△ Kurt and Dr. Zhang’s son Marcus collected donations for Zhang Renqian Heart Research Center on White Rose Day in 1998. Image source: Sydney Morning Herald

△In 1999, Kurt and Marcus were the White Rose Day ambassadors. Picture source: Sydney Morning Herald

In his lifetime, Dr. Zhang Renqian has performed 266 large and small heart transplant operations, and the patient survival rate is as high as 91%.

He not only saved the lives of many Australians, but also went to Southeast Asian countries to practice medicine to save people, and shared the advanced research results of heart transplantation with the Chinese medical community to promote the development of China-Australia international relations.

Therefore, in 1986, the Queen of England personally awarded him the Companion of the Order of Australia (AC).

National mourning for bizarre shooting

When Dr. Zhang Renqian's career was in full swing, a catastrophe took his life.

For many local residents living in Mosman, the accidental shooting in 1991 is still vivid today.

One early morning in July 1991, the police received a call from a resident of Mosman, a wealthy district in North Sydney. After arriving at the scene, he was surprised to find a male corpse, abandoned in a drain on a street.

△Mosman murder scene picture source: "60 Minutes"

It was confirmed that the body was actually the most famous cardiac surgeon in Sydney, Zhang Renqian.

Two Malaysian triad men, Chew Seng Liew (Chew Seng Liew) and Choon Tee Lim (Choon Tee Lim), after plotting for more than two months, drove after Dr. Zhang on the way to work on July 2.

The two men blocked Dr. Zhang's car in Mosman for seduction and blackmail. After seeing through the trick, Liu was in a panic and fired two fatal shots at Zhang Renqian's head.

Just listen to two "pops",

The medical giant fell,

Never got up again.

He has devoted himself to the research of heart transplantation technology for ten years and has the world’s highest medical skills.

△Image source: Zhang Renqian Heart Institute

He can bring patients back to life,

But this time he couldn't save his life.

After Liu Helin was arrested and brought to justice, he revealed that the reason for the murder was because a magazine had started the idea of ​​kidnapping. At that time, they read a report on Dr. Zhang and planned to blackmail him 300 million Australian dollars. It was ridiculous.

△Image source of suspect Liu being arrested: News Corporation

The sudden death of Dr. Zhang shocked all of Australia.

△Picture source of Zhang Renqian's funeral: "60 Minutes"

Officials organized a high-level funeral for him at St Mary's Cathedral, and his family members attended with tears. Hundreds of ordinary citizens have come to mourn the heroes of the past.

△Image source: News Corporation

Countless flowers are clustered in front of his memorial service, and I wish him a good journey.

△Image source: News Corporation

Residents of the Mosman community put flowers in the place where he died, mourning.

△Image source: News Corporation

In the murder case, Lin was sentenced to 18 years in prison for supplying guns and was deported to Malaysia in 2010. Liu Ze was sentenced to 26 years in prison for murder. After being denied parole in 2011, he was deported to Malaysia in 2012.

27 years later, the memory continues

It has been 27 years since Dr. Zhang Renqian passed away.

Every year, many people come to pay homage to him in front of his statue. People's recognition of his outstanding contributions and mourning for him have never stopped.

△In a park in Darlinghurst, Kurt and Marcus pay homage to Zhang Renqian's statue. Source: News Corp.

In 2017, in a ferry naming contest involving 1 people, the name "Victor Chang" won an overwhelming number of votes.

From then on, his name will be remembered by future generations when strolling along the Sydney Harbour.

△Image source: Internet

In 1999, the then Prime Minister of Australia, John Howard, declared Zhang Renqian as "the greatest Australian of the century" at the Australian People's Choice Awards ceremony.

When her daughter Vanessa took the stage to accept the award, she was very excited:

"The last time I spoke in front of so many people, it was my father's funeral.

For eight years, this award symbolizes that the Australian people have not forgotten my father’s work before his death. They have been supporting my father’s research on heart disease. "

As early as 1994, the then Prime Minister of Australia, Paul Keating, presided over the establishment of the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute (Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute), dedicated to the research of "the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of myocardial diseases".

△The statue of Zhang Renqian is displayed in his institute. Image source: Zhang Renqian Heart Institute

Since then, the institute attracted charitable donations from businessmen and celebrities, and even Princess Diana came to raise funds for it, and highly praised Dr. Zhang Renqian as a "pioneer in the field of cardiac surgery."

△In 1996, Princess Diana unveiled the Zhang Renqian Heart Institute. Picture source: Daily Post and Telegraph

Today, in the park next to St Vincent's Hospital where Dr. Zhang worked before his death, there is a monument to him, on which is carved the eulogy of his daughter Vanessa to her father.

If you look down on this monument from the air, you will find that it is like a heart, protected by a curved stone wall, symbolizing that Dr. Zhang Renqian has dedicated his life to protecting the human heart.

△(Left) Son Mathew, (Middle) Daughter Vanessa, (Right) Widow Ann, in front of the monument at the hospital where Zhang Renqian worked in 2007. Source: Daily Post and Telegraph

He is gone, but there is hope of life

It has been 34 years since the first successful heart transplant operation in Australia. With the continuous development of medical research, it has benefited hundreds of heart disease patients.

The appearance of Doctor Zhang Renqian,

It can be described as the best gift God bestows on these patients.

From 1984 to today, in the operations performed by Zhang Renqian and his research team, at least 1200 have successfully undergone heart exchange operations, and the survival rate is higher than the world average.

△Image source: Daily Post and Telegraph

Doctor Zhang’s medical results are in the research institute named after him,

Sprout.

Experts in cardiac surgery and researchers from all over the world have come here, which has also promoted the further development of the field of heart transplantation in the institute. The latest achievement of the institute is that it can save a dead heart and use it to save patients, solving the urgent need of organ donation.

△Picture source: "60 minutes"

Dr. Zhang Renqian is kind, optimistic and conscientious, and is loved by colleagues and patients.

△Picture source: "60 minutes"

Shanahan, a former colleague and intern tutor once said:

"Dr. Zhang treats patients with an optimistic attitude. When they see him, he is always wise, joyful, confident, and always smiling.

If the patient asks him:'Is the operation difficult? What's the wind? 'He will answer:'Relax, you just leave your worries to me. '"

△Image source: Australian Broadcasting Corporation

△Picture source: "60 minutes"

Dr. Zhang Renqian said before his death:

"I always admire those family members who are willing to make such a decision when others’ lives are in danger, (donate the hearts of the deceased relatives),To give him hope in life, I think that is the greatest gift. "

Doctor Zhang, you are also our great gift. Although you once said, "Life is not eternal", but,

Because of your presence,

It brings new hope for many lives that are about to die.

△Picture source: "60 minutes"

Do not forget, remember,

2018, the 27th anniversary of the death of Dr. Zhang Renqian.

Editor: Quincy

Editor in charge: Naxi

Reference: Zhang Renqian Heart Research Institute, ABC, SMH, News Corporation, Daily Post and Telegraph, "60 Minutes", network synthesis

The sources of the first three pictures are in order: Zhang Renqian Heart Institute, Monument Australia, Internet