When it comes to Australia, everyone will praise its abundant and pure sunshine and clear blue sky. Unexpectedly, this advantage often mentioned by everyone has turned out to be the cause of cancer in Australia.The culprit.
Because the air in Australia is too"Spotless"So that the airOzone layerVery thin. In this way, there is no effective layer"Protective Cover", To block the sunlightUltravioletDirect exposure to the ground, the human skin will be greatly affectedhurt.
And for those who are keen to conduct variousOutdoor sportsOf Australians, long-term exposure to direct UV rays will make themSuffering from skin cancer(Divided into melanoma and non-melanoma) chanceStraight up:
according toAustralian Cancer SocietyThe latest data
Non-melanoma skin cancers account for
Among the cancers detected80%
That is 80% of Australian cancer patients
Are all skin cancer patients
(Picture from Globocan 2018)
More data show that two out of three Australians are tested for skin cancer at the age of 70. Diagnosis rate of melanoma from 1982 to 2010Increased by 60%, Non-melanoma skin cancer reached95 million people!
(Picture from Daily Mail)
According to the "Daily Mail" report, Emma Betts is an optimistic and lovely Australian girl who likes to be on the beach like other AustraliansSun tanning.
Two years ago, Emma was reminded by a stranger that herA mole on the shoulder, Go to the hospital for treatment. Unexpectedly, the doctor told her that this is malignant melanoma, and it has reached the fourth stage of the disease course. She may only be leftThree month life.
But the strong EmmaBroke the curse of illnessLive to the present. In the past two years, she has been committed to calling peoplePay attention to sun protection.
Emma said: “People of our age don’t treat skin cancer as a thing, but also hold early skin cancer.Not fatalThe idea is alive; but I still want to say, useThe price of lifeCome and get yourself healthyBrown skin, Really undesirable. "
Australia is the country with the highest incidence of skin cancer in the world, but many AustraliansDidn't realizeAt this point, 10 out of 4 of them have never had a skin examination.
A data from the World Health Organization shows that according to its ranking of cancer cases in its 185 member states, there will be nearly960 million peopleDied of various cancers; andAustralia and New ZealandThe risk of cancer in the area is actuallyHighest in the worldof.
According to the latest data from World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF): Australia’s cancer incidence isNo. XNUMX in the world(10 people will suffer from cancer per 468 people). In addition, Australia’s cancer incidence is actually the 10th highest in the Netherlands.1.4 times(For every 10 people, 334.1 people will suffer from cancer).
(The picture comes from WCRF)
And "help" Australia's "cancer rate" ascend the world's number one "throne"The biggest behind-the-scenesThat isskin cancer.
(The picture comes from WCRF)
WCRF has strong evidence that drinking containsarsenicOf water oralcoholDrink,Birth weightThe base is relatively large, and the tallerhigh, MetropolisincreaseRisk of skin cancer. In addition,Drink coffeemaybe减少The chance of getting malignant skin cancer.
For this discovery
tall和Birth weightFriends with a large base
In my heartSo bitter
In addition to the first time, WCRF also found that:Light radiation,somedrugIntake, andFamily genetic historyFactors such as this will also increase the risk of people suffering from skin cancer.
(The picture comes from WCRF)
After reading the above global cancer ranking list, everyone will be surprised to find that the higher the cancer incidence, the higher the quality of lifeHigher, Medical conditionsBetter,Average lifetimeThe longer.
(Picture comes from World Health Organization data)
So what is the reason?
Published by the World Health OrganizationLife expectancyAs far as we can find, in the countries with the highest incidence of cancer, most of the average life expectancy is inOver 80 years old. Australia is one of the countries with a relatively high life expectancy, with women reaching 84.8 years old and men reaching 81 years old.
According to relevant surveys, regardless of men and women, whenAfter 55 years of age, The incidence of cancer began to rise exponentially. So, the air qualityThe better developed countries.The higher the incidence of cancer; Because generally speaking, thereLife expectancy will be longersome. In some backward countries in Africa, the average life expectancy is low, although the incidence is low, the medical level is also very limited, and the survival rate is very low.
In terms of lifestyle, because some Australians don’tHealthy lifestyleInduced related cancers. Take Australia's high incidence of skin cancer as an example: This is related to Australians who like to go out to sunbatheNo sun protection,preference日光浴And so on.
Besides, Australians loveOutdoor dinner, BBQ is the first choice for everyone. And this kind of foodExtremely unhealthy, Easily produced in the process of marinating and grillingCarcinogenWill also causeRelated cancerThe production.
But everyone alsoDon't worry too much
Even though Australians have a high risk of cancer
As AustraliaGovernment and medical profession
Has always been committed to escorting this
So cancerThe mortality rate is not high
According to the "Lancet" magazine (the magazineIs one of the world’s oldest and most valued peer-reviewed medical journals) The data show thatThe incidence of melanoma in Australia worldwide is worldwideHighest ranking, But itsFive-year survival rateRanking in the worldVery forward(11 people). In general, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Finland, Iceland, Norway and SwedenThe vast majorityCancer ranks high in the five-year survival rate.
(Picture from 9 NEWS)
According to 9NEWS, Australian doctors are treatingLateBreakthroughs have been made in non-melanoma skin cancer, and newly developed drugs haveFifty percentPatients with advanced skin cancer have a curative effect.
World superstar "Wolverine" from Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Hugh Jackman,Had suffered from skin cancer. But because I foundtimely, Actively accept relevant治疗, The body is still healthy and active on the big screen.
Skin cancer self-test website
First of all, I recommend to everyone to test yourself"The chance of getting melanoma skin cancer"The website serves as a reference.
Skin cancer prevention work guide
I have to mention that skin cancerPreventive workBut the same cannot be less, the top priority isSun protection.Many male friends think sun protection isGirls only doIt would be strange for boys to sunscreen.
The editor is here to remind you male friends that for your own health, this idea mustCorrect in timeOh.
1. Covered by clothes.Even if it is cloudy,70% UVIt will still be projected on the ground. Ultraviolet rays will penetrate the surface of the skin and destroy deep skin cells, triggering the growth of cancer cells. Therefore, when walking outdoors during the day, you should wear a hat, long-sleeved clothes, etc.
2. Apply sunscreen.It is best to apply sunscreen to all exposed skin. Before going out20 to 30 minutesIt is useful to apply sunscreen. Don't think that there is no ultraviolet light in cloudy days and under the shade. The intensity of ultraviolet light is only reduced by 30%. Sunscreen achieves the purpose of sun protection by absorbing or reflecting pure ultraviolet rays. Generally, it is marked with a sun protection factor (SPF). The higher the factor, the better the effect.
3. Healthy living and eating habits.Vitamin C and E can help resist sun exposure. In addition, tea and coffee contain a kind ofPolyphenolsThe anti-cancer substances can inhibit the activity of free radicals. Therefore, drinking tea or coffee can also predict skin cancer. Exercising more and eating less smoked or grilled foods can also reduce the risk of cancer.