Where should Notre Dame de Paris go after the fire? It's better to leave it to this world heritage country...
More than half a month has passed since the Notre Dame de Paris fire, but people's grief cannot easily disappear.
This beautiful building with more than 850 years of history and endless cultural treasures, in this way, "leaves" us in a heartbreaking way.
All the cathedrals in France ringed bells collectively to pray for the fire-stricken Notre Dame de Paris. Countless Parisians also gathered in the streets to sing hymns and prayers.
After lamenting and praying, I return to the most realistic question, which isReconstruction of Notre Dame de Paris. Since the start of the local government, every step of the progress has touched the hearts of people all over the world.
Recently, France announced that it would launch a global tender for the reconstruction of the spire of Notre-Dame de Paris, which reminded Xiaomi Mi of a suitable country——Italy.
After the fire broke out, Italy immediately stated that it would send technicians to help rebuild Notre Dame de Paris. Gutuso, head of Italian cultural heritage and activities, also said,"With our experience and technology, Notre Dame Cathedral can be restored and rebuilt".
The La Fenice in Venice also expressed confidence in the reconstruction of Notre Dame de Paris on Twitter, saying that it will be stronger after being reborn from the fire.
in fact,There have been two similar serious cases in Italian history, Fires are caused by on-site construction.
One was the fire at the La Fenice in Venice in 1996, and the fire at the Chapel of the Sacred Shroud in Turin a year later. After professional and lengthy restoration, both were finally reborn after the fire.
La Fenice Theatre
Chapel of the Holy Shroud of Turin
Why is the restoration of Italian cultural relics so powerful?
As the origin of modern European civilization, a long history and culture has made Italy the oldest and most charming country in Europe.
Italy has the largest number of world cultural heritage sites in the world. As of this year, a total of 53 Italian World Heritage Sites have been approved for inclusion in the "World Heritage List" by UNESCO, of which 48 are cultural heritage and the other 5 are natural heritage.
Therefore, the Italian government attaches great importance to the protection of cultural relics, and the restoration technology of cultural relics has already reached the world-class level.Italy is an out-and-out restoration power of cultural relics.
Although the current donation for the reconstruction of Notre Dame Cathedral has exceeded 10 billion euros, experts said that the cultural relics collected and stored in Notre Dame Cathedral have been seriously damaged.Reconstruction will take at least 10 years, during which time it may not be open to the public.
The cultural relics in the long river of history have survived to this day, and they are all precious. If you miss the Notre Dame Cathedral, don’t miss these classic Italian cultural heritage~
The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, also known as the Florence Cathedral,It is one of the five cathedrals in the world.This splendid building was built in 1296. At that time, it was not only unparalleled in scale, but also a representative building of the entire early Renaissance.
As a well-deserved city landmark of Florence, the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore uses Italy's most precious marble, white, red, and green, which is also the color of the Italian flag.
The most famous thing about the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore is the huge crown-like dome.At the beginning of construction, because the dome was too big to be technically capped, the roofless church had stood for more than a hundred years.
The architect Brunelleschi created this miracle. In order to prevent his opponents from stealing his designs, Brunelleschi never left any artwork.The entire design process is entirely based on mental arithmetic and precise spatial imagination.
If you witnessed this masterpiece with your own eyes, you would never believe in such a huge dome. During the design and construction period, there was no sketch, no set of calculations, and no internal scaffolding.
Even Michelangelo once visited the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore and exclaimed, "I can build a dome bigger than it, but it can't be more beautiful."
Brunelleschi was also buried in the church grounds after his death because of his immortal achievements. His statue was also standing on the square, and he looked up forever at the dome he loved.
There are more than 40 museums and art galleries in Florence, as well as more than 60 palaces and countless churches. The Uffizi Gallery's status is the chief of all.
Today, there are about XNUMX famous paintings, sculptures, ceramics, etc. in the museum.It is one of the largest and highest level art museums in the world.
It used to be the office of the Medici family. The word "Uffizi" means "Office" in Italian.
The Medici family was the most powerful celebrity in Florence, Italy during the 13th-17th centuries. They made their fortunes by relying on the financial industry, from bankers to politicians, priests, and nobles, and gradually embarked on the upper class in Florence, Italy and even Europe. peak.
It is precisely because of such financial resources and status that the Uffizi Museum has a huge collection, including Michelangelo’s "Sagrada Familia" and Botticelli's "The Birth of Venus". "And "Spring", Titian's "Venus of Urbino", Leonardo da Vinci's "Annunciation", Giotto's "Virgin and Child", etc.
Botticelli "The Birth of Venus"
Michelangelo, The Holy Family
St. Peter’s Square is located in the easternmost part of the Vatican. It was built in the Baroque era in the early 17th century.Bernini, the father of Italian BaroquePersonally design and supervise the construction.
The square is 340 meters long and 240 meters wide, and can accommodate 50 people. It is the place where the Holy See holds large-scale religious events.
St. Peter’s Square is spectacular, especially the one above the circular square column140 1:1 human statues, They are all famous saints and saints in the history of the Roman Catholic Church. Each statue has a different spirit and is lifelike.
On the left side of the square is the statue of Saint Peter.Saint Peter is a major disciple of Jesus. He has a calm expression and a smile on his face. In his right hand he holds two keys to heaven that Jesus gave him. In his left hand he holds a scroll of the decree Jesus gave him.
Statue of St. Peter
The statue on the right side of the square is another proud disciple of JesusSao paulo.He held a sword in his hand and looked solemn, holding a book in his left hand, which read "I can give everything to the people who make me strong. "
Statue of sao paul
There are also 13 statues standing on the front of the church. In the middle is Jesus. He carries a cross and has a circular sacred halo on his head. The statues of his 12 disciples are lined up on both sides, looking down at the world with Jesus. All living beings.
In the early days of the West, there was a popular saying: "If you come to Rome but don't visit the Pantheon. Then you are a stupid donkey when you come, and a stupid donkey when you go."
Although the words sound a bit rough, we can also see the artistic status of the Pantheon.
The most famous of the Pantheon is undoubtedly the "big vault".There are no windows in the hall, and there is only a large circular hole with a diameter of 8.9 meters at the top, which is the only lighting spot.
This hole has a religious meaning. The light leaks from the top. With the movement of the sun, a huge spot of light is also constantly moving on the indoor wall. This is an absolute divinity in the era without electrified lighting. of.
The line of sight rises with the walls of the building, and finally focuses people’s attention on the void. The void is void, and the void that fills this void is light.It represents the highest and intangible god, Really great and clever design.
Some people may think, what if it rains? Could it be that the Pantheon was also equipped with many cleaning aunts holding mops day and night to clean it?
Actually, the Pantheon is not a house, it is an altar, And it’s an open-air altar with what looks like a roof. If so, do we still worry about rain on the open-air altar? I'm afraid not.
Such a dome design has a sense of transformation that sacred ordinary rain and dew. The same raindrops falling from the clouds have a completely different meaning from falling directly through this void.
It is out of this pursuit and understanding that even today, people have not covered a layer of glass there. Therefore, if we catch the rain when we visit the Pantheon, we can see the wonder of indoor umbrellas and raincoats, which can be regarded as a special landscape of the Pantheon.
It is precisely because of having so many precious cultural heritage that Italians have unanimously regarded the awareness of protecting historical sites as one of their "DNA".Both the public and the officials have guarded and taken care of the ancient buildings and cities.
More than two thousand years have passed. The afterglow of the Roman Empire is scattered in every city in Italy, and the Renaissance, which exudes human light, shines in every corner of Italy.
With its rich history and brilliant culture, every inch of Italy's land is worth measuring with our feet. Entering it, if you can always accompany you with someone who understands Italy, it will allow you to reap a more real and pure Italy.