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  • 前言
  • "Native accent is difficult to change": Nearly 9% of East Asian immigrants have been discriminated against in Australia
  • The next Detroit? "50" Africans in Guangzhou
  • No one can survive the discrimination chain
  • Conclusion


Recently, the "grabbing wars" in major second and third-tier cities in China have intensified:

In the past, there was "Hohhot college students buying a house at half price", and then there was "Ningbo senior talents 800 million yuan resettlement subsidy", and they did their best to retain talents.

However, favorable policies still cannot stop many people from jumping northward, Shanghai, Guangshen, and even overseas.

The smog in Beijing still can't stop many of the hearts of Bei Diao

Australia has always been one of the most popular immigration destinations. In fact, according to the latest official data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, there are currently 120 million Chinese residents in Australia, and in capital cities such as Sydney and Melbourne, there are many "Chinese clusters."

Earlier, "Australian Finance and Economics" reported on the workplace ceilings that many Chinese will encounter in Australia. (click to read"In "Everything is Good", even if they do odd jobs, they still have to stay abroad... How many Chinese have compromised their careers for the "Australian Dream"")

In recent years, with the accelerated development of China's economy and society, China has gradually changed from being a pure "immigrant exporting country" to an importing country frequently chosen by immigrants from other countries and regions. In particular, Guangzhou is known as "Little Africa" ​​because of the large number of legally and illegally stranded Africans.

And these Africans who have poured into China in recent years have often received the attention and controversy of the media and the public at home and abroad.

"When you are watching the scenery on the bridge, the people watching the scenery are looking at you upstairs."

How are the Chinese in Australia viewed by the Australians?

How are Africans in China viewed by the Chinese?

This is a Tale of Two Cities belonging to two groups of foreigners.


"Native accent is difficult to change": Nearly 9% of East Asian immigrants have been discriminated against in Australia

In fact, in China, English education has been increasingly recognized and valued by both "official" and "non-governmental" in recent years.

From the dazzling array of "bilingual kindergartens" to "no graduation certificate issued for college but CET-XNUMX", from the "crazy English" of Li Yang, who has become a "Chinese partner", to the representative of New Oriental...remember that year Beijing's bid for the Olympic Games once set off a peak in English learning for all.

With the establishment of many bilingual kindergartens, the qualifications of teachers are questionable. Source:Sohu (not related to graphics and text)

But knowing English is one thing, "IELTS four 8" is another thing, and being able to communicate with foreigners completely in English is another level.

For many first-generation Chinese immigrants in Australia, the language barrier of non-native English is actually the "visible and intangible" wall.

A research report published by the Australian property website Domain in November last year found that if you or your parents were born overseas and speak a language other than English at home, you may have experienced more races than other Australians. Discrimination.

The website conducted an online survey of 6001 Australians across the country, measuring the degree of attitudes and personal experiences of these respondents to racism, as well as changes over time.

among them,Respondents born in Asia are twice as likely to suffer from racism in their lives as other Australians.

84% of these Asian-Australians have experienced racism; among respondents whose mother tongue is an East Asian national language (including Chinese), this proportion is even as high as 88%.

It is ridiculous and a bit sad to say that in this "immigrant country"-in fact, even Australians whose mother tongue is English are just "foreigners" compared to the aboriginals, but they can rightfully discriminate against other immigrants.

In fact, racial discrimination can occur in many places and occasions, including residential areas, schools, workplaces, shopping centers, and the Internet.

Sometimes it may be a swear word on a remote street; sometimes it appears in a hallowed manner in the canvassing slogans of certain political parties.

For example, the Australian Coalition Party and the One Nation Party have publicly released remarks on "protecting Australia's future" and "defending threats from China" (click to read more "Fatal thinking? New Zealand terrorist attack! The first "holocaust" in the Internet age》).

Sometimes, racial discrimination occurs even because you have a Chinese name.

Mu Mu (pseudonym), a Chinese student studying in Australia for 6 years, told "Australian Finance Insights" that when she was studying at a university in Sydney, she encountered a group assignment for a course that needed to be grouped freely in the online student system, each group at least 3 people. But when she just joined a group on the system, all the people in the group disbanded when they saw her Chinese name.

"I can only work as a team at the end." She was still a little bit brooding about the encounter many years ago. "The teacher said that this is a group assignment. Even if one person finishes it, it can only be Fail."

Mu Mu told the teacher at the time about the reason, but was told that the scoring results could not be changed. After all, "you cannot force others to form a team."

In fact, not all Australians are "distracted" by immigration.

Recently, a paper entitled "Immigration, Population Growth, and Voters: Who Is Concerned and Why?" "(Immigration, population growth and voters: who cares, and why?) The report points out that this watershed between the concept of immigration and population is not divided according to the rich and the poor, but directly related to people’s education level and world outlook. United.

Among them, Australian elites with higher education welcome immigrants more than those with lower education levels.

The research shows that the differences in the views of the elite (ie graduates of university and above) and the non-elite (people who have not received higher education) in Australia on immigration issues are increasing. Among them, 60% of Australia's non-elite people asked to reduce the number of immigrants, but this proportion only accounted for only 33% of the elite.

Simon (pseudonym), a Chinese who travels frequently to various countries, told The Australian Financial Insight, “The problem of discrimination is actually very common all over the world. It mainly depends on the level of the people you come into contact with.”

He added, "In fact, if it is a highly educated person, even if it is really discriminatory, it is impossible to speak up." He added, "After all, in the eyes of people in these countries, we are the sponsors."

As a matter of fact, the Chinese as the "golden masters" have indeed contributed a very substantial book income to Australia.


"Australian Financial Insights" is compiled and mapped with reference to the data reported by the Australian Federal Ministry of Finance

In addition, the Chinese tourists and students who have followed and followed have become Australia's "cash cows":

According to the latest statistics of the Australian tourism industry, in the past year, the number of Chinese tourists to Australia was as high as 140 million, spending a total of 109 billion Australian dollars;

According to the latest "White Paper on Chinese Students Studying in China" released in January, the total number of Chinese students studying in Australia has exceeded 1, ranking second only to the United States. Australia's high cost of studying abroad is even ranked first among the mainstream study destination countries: the average annual bill for tuition alone is 19 US dollars (about 3.5 Australian dollars).

In other words, these Chinese students can bring Australia at least 93 billion Australian dollars in income each year, which does not include other expenses such as food and accommodation, transportation, and living.

The most disturbing thing is that he obviously spent money, but didn't buy "happy".


The next Detroit? "50" Africans in Guangzhou

According to the UN Economic and Social Council report, the number of foreigners living in China has been on the rise in the past 25 years. As of 2015, nearly 98 foreigners have lived in China, of which nearly one-fifth are from South Korea, Brazil, and the Philippines. It followed closely behind.

As a coastal city in China, Guangdong has gradually formed a trading business circle since it took the ride of reform and opening up, attracting many foreign businessmen, including Africans.

In 2010, Dr. Adams Bodomo of the University of Hong Kong found in a survey that as many as 96% of blacks living in Guangzhou were engaged in China-Africa commodity import and export trade and wholesale and retail trade. This is actually the most direct reason why black people gathered in Guangzhou-they came here to do business.

However, there have been many different statistical calibers on the Internet regarding the specific number of African populations in Guangzhou:

"A population of 50", "At least 100 of the 2 Guangzhou residents are blacks, and Guangzhou is full of black brothers", "90% of Africans in Guangzhou are illegal stayers, and 1/10 are wives or girlfriends He is Chinese and gives birth to about 200 Chinese-African mixed-race children every year"...

Lou Jing and her mother (left), the "Chinese-African half-blood beauty" who has been controversial because of her speech and experience in the TV show / Source: "Come on, Oriental Angels"

Although according to official data, there are 11.8 foreigners living in Guangzhou, currently there are only 1.6 Africans in Guangzhou, and foreigners from Europe, America, Japan, and South Korea account for the majority.

However, it is generally believed that the government only counts the legally resident population, which is seriously underestimated. Except for some Africans who enter China legally, most of them are people from the Three Africas (illegal entry, illegal residence, and illegal employment).

Researcher Huang Shiding from the Guangzhou Institute of Social Sciences claimed that according to his research, there are only more than 2000 Africans legally living in Guangzhou.

The "Guangzhou Daily" in a report "The Complete Record of Guangzhou Black "Tribes"" published in December 2007 stated: According to official statistics, since 12, the annual rate of Africans in Guangzhou has been 2003%-30%. Increment. According to reports, the total number of Africans legally or illegally in Guangzhou is as high as 40, and may even reach 30.

At the same time, this group has always been the subject of controversy.

"Blacks have lower IQs than orangutans, so they are so lazy."

"Black people tend to be violent, burning, killing, looting, and doing nothing evil."

"Black people are all promiscuous, drug-addicted and living with AIDS, and they specifically target Chinese women. The combination of China and Africa will inevitably threaten China and cause national subjugation and extinction."

Articles that almost mention these will often gain 10+ readings in a short period of time, and will receive a lot of condemnation and abuse of this group in the comment area.

But is the truth true?

An official report from the Guangdong Provincial Public Security Department may explain the answer-all foreigners, including African countries, have a crime rate of 1.65% in Guangzhou.

However, the vast majority of the rest are naturally drawn into the circle of prejudice.

Kuthman (pseudonym) from South Africa said that the first experience she felt was being discriminated against was in the subway. She said that when occasionally sitting in a seat in a subway car, no one else wanted to sit beside her, no matter how crowded the subway was.

"When this happened for the first time, I thought it was the person's own choice. Then something similar happened again, and I began to know what was going on."

Aken (a pseudonym) from Ghana said that a friend once transferred his video to Chinese social networking sites and received a lot of negative comments. He said: "I don't even want to read the messages that are full of hatred."

Some friends told him that many Chinese like Kobe Bryant, the African-American basketball star, but don't like "black people", which puzzles him.

Kobe, a popular player in China / Source:Bleacher Report

Some people are aggrieved overseas because of the discrimination against Chinese identity and language, while others enthusiastically praised "It is not my race, although it is far away, it will be punishable."

Regardless of whether in Australia or China, in fact, a lot of discrimination is caused by ignorance and fear.

ignorance, It's like an Australian once asked me: "In China, does everyone eat their own pets?"

fear, Is afraid of their own interests being threatened or even deprived of others: “Because the Chinese are speculating on Australian housing prices and seizing the Australian labor market, local Australians have no houses to live in and no jobs to do.”


No one can survive the discrimination chain

In fact, in addition to racial discrimination, there are hukou discrimination, sex discrimination, discrimination against people with disabilities, occupational discrimination, high-income discrimination, low-income discrimination, married discrimination against unmarried people, heterosexual discrimination against homosexuality, and European travel discrimination against Southeast Asia …

All in all, the Chinese discrimination chain system is very complete, and almost no one can "survive".

Everyone, no matter where they are in a certain chain of discrimination, can always find a reason to stand on the commanding heights and realize discrimination against another person or group.

In Mr. Lu Xun’s "The True Story of Ah Q", there is an extremely wonderful segment:

"How do you move your feet..." the nun said with a flushed face, and hurried away.

The people in the hotel laughed. AQ saw that her merits were appreciated, and she became more excited:

"The monk is moving, I can't move?" He twisted Yi's cheek.

The people in the hotel laughed. Ah Q was even more proud, and in order to satisfy those connoisseurs, he twisted it hard before letting go.

In this battle, he has forgotten Wang Hu and the fake foreign devils. He seems to have avenged all the "bad luck" of today; and strangely, it seems that his whole body is more relaxed than the sound of a pat, and he seems to be flying. went.

We cannot say that everyone is Ah Q, but everyone may have the "A Q spirit" moment of spiritual victory.

Ah Q may be just an Ah Q in the feudal era, but in modern society, he may become a "keyboard man" in order to continue to carry forward the "spiritual victory method".


来源:"Green Book" stills

"They have no chance to choose, but you do."