In the past few years, there were news reports that a college entrance examination candidate only wanted to go to Tsinghua University and repeated twice, each time he missed the admission line.

While preparing for the exam year after year brought him tremendous pressure, it was also time consuming.

Two days ago, I chatted with former McKinsey alumni and learned that some outstanding graduates wanted to join McKinsey. They would not hesitate to spend two or three years on interviews and practice case studies. They were finally rejected.

The huge time invested could not be recovered, and other good opportunities were also missed.

This friend used to be an interviewer for McKinsey,It is easy to see the routines of this type of "over-prepared" job seekers when encountering such job seekers.

Because too many analysis models not only fail to give full play to their logical analysis capabilities, but will produce counterproductive effects, limiting creativity and true problem-solving thinking.

What is it that limits our growth and pays huge opportunity costs?

This article was originally created by LinkedIn, author Chang Na, graduated from ESCP Europe Business School, the oldest business school in the world. I believe that everyone's hard work is a record of history, and we must manage our own growth like a startup CEO. Personal public account: "Chuangkeshiji" (id: chuangkeshiji).

Bees and flies

Who is wiser?

Think about it, if you ask:Who is more wise, bees or flies?

How would you answer?

Carl Wake, a professor at the University of Michigan in the United States, did a fly and bee experiment:

Wake put six flies and bees in a glass bottle and laid the bottle flat with the bottom of the bottle facing the window.

As a result, the bees kept spinning around the bottom of the bottle, trying desperately to find an exit, until they spent all their physical energy and energy-died of exhaustion or starved to death.

But the flies kept ramming, and in less than two minutes, they finally escaped from the other end of the bottle.

Why is this the result?

In fact, the flying ability of bees is not worse than that of flies, and their eyes are not inferior to the evolution of flies.

Both bees and flies live by "compound eyes" composed of densely arranged small eyes. Such a structure can help them identify the light source and confirm the direction of flight.

The difference is that the usual work of bees is "efficient" and methodically: find the source of nectar and return to the hive.

And the fly is like the old saying, like a "headless fly bumping".

But why did the flies instead of the bees escape in the end?

Compared to flies,Bees are smarter and prefer logical persistence.

They know how to pursue light sources and have established goals. They believe that the exit to escape the cell must be in the brightest place.

As for the flies, they lacked logical thinking. They just smashed out of the bottle by accidentally trying different directions.

It seems that they are simple-minded and even stupid trial and error people. However, this kind of "lack of logic" recklessness is precisely an important factor in their freedom and rebirth.

Wake concluded:

This incident shows that experimentation, perseverance, trial and error, risk-taking, improvisation, the best way, roundabouts, chaos, and adaptability all help to cope with change.

In addition, Wake also came to this conclusion: "When everyone follows the rules, creativity will suffocate."

Similarly, a similar situation exists in the workplace. Bees and flies respectively represent two types of jobs in the workplace:

The former (bee) is highly targeted, execution is goal-oriented, does not waste time and energy on seemingly unrelated matters, can "focus" and stay on the same thing for a long time, and the efficiency of naturally conquering the goal is high.

The latter (flies) are good at constant trial and error and risk taking. Although the focus of the target is not as strong as that of the bee, their advantage is to seize all possible and find potential opportunities.

Whether it is the "wisdom" of bees or the seemingly reckless "folly" of flies, both are elements of growth.

But the reason for saying "persistence is victory, is the biggest lie I have ever heard" is because people who are smarter in daily life can't get out of the predicament if they don't know how to judge the situation.

Perseverance and choice with strategy, and the understanding of appropriate abandonment and flexibility are the true wisdom.

Tsinghua candidates and job applicants who insist on entering McKinsey are like bees. They are too insistent on inappropriate goals, instead of jumping out of the cognitive circle, to see more possibilities and opportunities outside, they become fools. Persevere.

Insist on repeating what we are good at

Is it a blessing or a curse?

People who exercise regularly may know that if they always intensively train on the items they are good at, the corresponding body shape will also change.

For example, people who like long-distance running, after long-term running, the lower limbs will be very fit, but the muscles of the upper limbs become weak due to lack of corresponding exercise.

If you describe this person's figure exaggeratedly, you will feel that this person is a piece of upper and lower limbs.

The example of fitness is to illustrate a phenomenon:We are often willing to do what we are good at and keep repeating and strengthening them so that the better we are, the more motivated we are to persevere, thus entering a "virtuous circle".

But these seemingly good things can actually bury hidden dangers, just as long-distance running leads to uncoordinated upper and lower body proportions. Why?

One of the world’s top 50 management thinkers (Thinkers50), a member of the inspection committee of the Harvard Business School, and a professor of organizational behavior at the European Institute of Business Administration (Insead), Herminia Ibarra has discovered through numerous studies :

If we get stuck in what we are good at, it will take up our time in other growth latitudes, allowing us to grow in a certain professional field, while limiting the possibility of progress in other areas.

Persisting in deep cultivation in the same field is the focus of our respect, but this is often the reason for the ability trap.

Cross-industry and diversified growth is not a waste of time. On the contrary, it can build multiple thinking, optimize our thinking and vision, and make breakthroughs in multiple fields more likely.

Simply put, our ability will eventually become a trap for our development, and we will always be good at those limited things.

So what is the solution?

The best way is actually to consciously guard against this kind of ability trap, plan our time and energy, just like loving reading is good.

But it is also necessary to cultivate interpersonal relationships and emotional intelligence, not to become a "nerd".

At work, people with strong professional skills should also pay attention to cultivating themselves in communication, leadership, influence, and cooperation.Build a multi-dimensional matrix of personal abilities, so as to achieve better and more comprehensive development in various fields.

In order to avoid getting more and more "narrow"

What should we do?

The above-mentioned problems arise because we tend to fall into some cognitive misunderstandings unconsciously.

For example, it is easy for people to enter "Tunnel Vision" when setting goals.

Tunnel vision originally refers to peripheral vision that has lost the central vision, and only a narrow circular tunnel-like area is left in the field of vision.

Applied in the goal management process, it means that we set goals beforehand and sometimes hinder our success.

Because once the set goal frame is dead, you will not see the good opportunities on the road, so as to pass by.

What is emphasized here is the negative effect of excessive attachment.

Fundamentally speaking, it is a question of way of thinking.

In psychology, people are more likely to distort reality in a monistic or simple mode of thinking.

Because we will choose what kind of things and opinions we are willing to accept and recognize; on the contrary, we reject and resist facts that are against our will.

With this kind of thinking,The opinions and cognitions that we have screened are ultimately those that conform to our thinking model, and the possibility of truly understanding the world and understanding reality is missing.

People live more and more "narrow".

So how to improve thinking, so as to flexibly switch and adapt? The effective way is to create more diversified thinking modes for yourself.

There is an old saying: "For a person with a sledgehammer, the world is like a nail." This is unwise.

After all, the real world is not categorized according to disciplines, nor is it independent and not overlapping to construct a single rule.

Charles Darwin also summed it up in The Origin of Species:

The species that can survive are not the strongest, nor the smartest, but the most adaptable to change.

Write at the end

Because of the complexity and change of the objective world, having the concentration of bees and the adventures of flies or other thinking, combined with specific conditions for readjustment and selection, is the way to the end to find an "exit".

Wake flies and bees' experiments tell us not only the importance of learning flexibility, but also inspire us to cultivate our own awareness of coping with changes and multiple thinking modes in daily affairs.

Persistence is victory, and it is intended to make us persevere, but whether we win or not depends on whether we persevere properly.

What do you think?