AustraliaThe state government is vigorously promoting the plan of migrants to the mountains and the countryside, trying to get a large number of new immigrants to move to remote areas. The purpose is to reduce the population of capital cities and relieve the pressure on crowded urban infrastructure, while prospering the economy of remote areas and stimulating the local economy and employment. development of.

A few days ago, ABC News conducted a special report on this policy: Experts said that the immigration plan to the mountains and the countryside has put new immigrants and local communities into trouble.

It is clearly stated that this plan cannot achieve the government's established goals. Affected by this policy, many new immigrants are unable to contribute their abilities to society, but are trapped in the predicament of not being able to meet their life needs.

It was reported in the news that a new immigrant from China was named Apple Wang. After obtaining an accounting degree in Melbourne, she had to move from Melbourne to Tasmania for immigration purposes.

At that time, Apple Wang thought that with his accounting degree, he could find a job in Tasmania soon. However, after 9 months, she couldn't find a relevant position at all, and she couldn't even solve the problem of food and clothing. In the end, she had no choice but to switch to Uber.

This was completely different from her vision at the time. She thought that she might encounter some difficulties, but never thought that her major would not have any job opportunities in Tasmania.

There is not much market for Uber in remote areas. She told about her own experience that she earns about 15 Australian dollars per hour when she drives Uber, and she can only meet the rent and food and clothing for a day of work.

Apple Wang said that the cost of living in Tasmania is far more expensive than Melbourne.

Renting has become difficult, with a small population and fewer vacant houses. It is difficult to find satisfactory listings. The second point is that the price of food is more expensive. In Melbourne, there are many restaurants and many choices. 5 Australian dollars and 10 Australian dollars can solve a meal.

But in Tasmania, 10 Australian dollars is not enough to eat, even for a girl who doesn't eat much.

Apple Wang works hard every day, trying to find more job opportunities. However, the reality is always cruel. The other costs of her immigration are still solved by the family. This kind of undeveloped life, she has to go through 2 years for this ability Meet the basic needs of immigrants.

Because of this predicament, she had no choice but to go to another remote area of ​​Adelaide to try to start a new life.

However, the situation has not improved, and she still cannot find any accounting-related work here.

In order to survive, she still drives Uber, sometimes even working 12 hours a day, and sometimes working more than 60 hours a week. Even so, she can barely satisfy her food and clothing.

Apple is just a microcosm of many new immigrants to remote areas. New immigrants who have the same experience as her, who have high education and could find a stable and excellent job in big cities, are difficult to obtain corresponding job opportunities in remote areas.

The Australian Immigration to the Countryside Program is to push these talents who could have contributed to society to areas where there are no job opportunities.

In such a place, new immigrants cannot even satisfy their food and clothing, let alone help the development of remote areas.

Take Tasmania as an example. Hobart is the most popular area for new immigrants. As of June 2018, in 6 months, 12 people chose to come here to apply for immigration from remote areas, an increase compared to the previous fiscal year. 2580%.

Because of the large number of people moving in, Hobart has a very serious social problem——Housing crisis.

The population of capital cities has increased and the infrastructure is overwhelmed, but the infrastructure in remote areas is not sufficient, and the population has suddenly increased and the load is even greater.

According to the latest statistics, the housing vacancy rate in Tasmania is only 0.5%, which means that many people cannot find suitable housing here.

Directly lead to skyrocketing rents and further increase in the cost of living. It is the same as the housing vacancy rate. Because of the influx of large numbers of people, although the unemployment rate has decreased, the employment rate is also decreasing, and a large number of new immigrants cannot find suitable jobs.

The sluggish job market is an unchangeable fact, and remote areas cannot provide the most basic jobs for the influx of large numbers of people.

Therefore, many new immigrants have to change areas of residence, such as moving from Tasmania to other cities marked as remote areas to find more job opportunities.

This also proves that the initial concerns of many sociologists are correct. Remote areas cannot accommodate large numbers of people entering, and even if a part of the population is attracted through immigration policies, a virtuous circle cannot be realized.

If the problem of being unable to retain talents is not resolved as soon as possible, remote areas will never be able to usher in real development.

There are still many sociologists who have made this warning. They believe that the government's plan is a negative investment, which brings in talents but cannot keep it, and indirectly stimulates local consumption levels.

This unbalanced development method will eventually lead to the collapse of social forms.

But there are also data showing that Tasmania’s problems are in other remote areas, such as Adelaide in South Australia, but the opposite is true.

Although Apple Wang said that he did not find a suitable job in Adelaide, as the capital city of South Australia, Adelaide's economic development is better.

There are more choices and opportunities for employment, and the pressure-bearing capacity of infrastructure is stronger. If it can absorb enough talents, it can develop rapidly in a short time.

There is only one in Adelaide, which is also a problem that Australia has to face. There are still many remote areas that still cannot withstand the entry of large numbers of people.

If the problems caused by the influx of population cannot be solved, Australia's policy of moving up to the mountains and going to the countryside is doomed to fail.