The research of South Australian scientists has achieved landmark results, and fat may become a new treatment against prostate cancer.

According to The Advertiser, prostate cancer accounts for 13% of deaths from cancer in Australian men, and this rate is expected to increase in the coming years. This research breakthrough in South Australia provides new hope for combating this human disease.

Researchers from the South Australian Institute of Health and Medical Research (SAHMRI), the University of Adelaide (UoA) and the Masonic Center for Men’s Health (FFCMH) found that the fat used by prostate cancer cells to replenish energy can be used to kill these cancer cell.

Cancer cells use an enzyme that regulates fat to maintain energy and protect themselves from death due to excessive fat. Starving these enzymes will cause cancer cells to swell on fat and die. Drugs used to block enzymes have been approved for other diseases, such as angina pectoris.

Lisa Butler, a professor at the Cancer Council's Beat Cancer Project, said that controlling the fat content in cancer cells is the key to destroying them.

"The next step is to apply for a funding for clinical trials." She said: "This is an enzyme that has never been studied before. It is the first link in the process of burning fat in cancer cells." She is optimistic. It is believed that the same process will apply to other tumors.

The completion of this study used live tumors donated by Adelaide prostate cancer patients. Butler said that fast access to newly removed tumors is important for this study. She said: "This is a good example of collaboration between scientists, doctors, nurses and patients to achieve goals."

Editor in charge: Chen Ziyu