Prime Minister Morrison said on Sunday that the growth rate of new cases in Australia has fallen.
ABC News: Alex Palmer
As the new crown epidemic in Australia heats up, the federal government advises people not to go out except for necessary activities and reduces the previous limit of not more than ten people in public gatherings to two.
This new rule is not only for the number of people gathering outdoors, but also applies to indoor private places, which means that people cannot invite more than one friend to come as guests.
At the same time, the federal government has delegated the power to implement this provision to the governments of the states and territories, most of which will be enforced from midnight today (March 3), and corresponding disciplinary measures will be issued for violations.
Under what circumstances can you leave home?
Australian Prime Minister Morrison declared that people "must stay at home" unless for the following reasons:
- Buy what you need.Needs refer to "food and other necessities needed to stay at home".And need to minimize the number of shopping trips
- For medical or comfort needs
- work out
- Need to go out to work or study because you cannot work or study remotely
He also said that “people over 70 years old should stay at home to the maximum extent permitted by the actual scope and self-isolate to protect themselves”.But Morrison emphasized that this is not mandatory, but strongly recommended.
In addition, for families that live together, the regulations that restrict the gathering of two or more people do not apply.Morrison said, for example, a family of four can still go out for a dog walk or walk, but if you run with friends, it can only be the two of you.
ABC has also been confirmed by the government that family members who do not live together are also allowed to gather. Visiting parents and siblings does not violate the regulations, but at the same time social distancing should be paid attention to.
Keep social distance
- If you are outdoors, you must maintain a social distance of 1.5 meters between people
- Keep 1.5 meters away from neighbors when chatting
- Avoid physical contact with others, such as shaking hands, hugging or kissing
- Use credit cards for contactless payment, avoid using cash
- Avoid public traffic rush hours, avoid crowded places
- Visitors should be minimized
- Disinfect frequently touched areas, such as tables, kitchen countertops, and door handles
- Normally open windows for ventilation
If you are sick, never go to work at the company.Try to work from home, if you must go to the company, you should pay attention to:
- Don't shake hands with people
- Meeting via video or phone
- Avoid large meetings
- Meeting outdoors if possible
- Eat lunch at your table or outdoors, avoid eating in a restaurant
- Frequently wipe and disinfect the surface of objects touched by many people
- Normally open windows for ventilation
- Avoid sharing food
- Pay attention to personal hygiene
State penalty measures
Police in many places across the country will punish people who fail to comply with the regulations.
ABC News: Stephanie Anderson
This rule will take effect at midnight tonight (March 3).Some states and territories have disclosed the penalties for offenders:
- Victoria: A fine of more than 1600 Australian dollars on the spot
- South Australia: fine of 1000 Australian dollars
- Queensland: fined A$1330 on the spot
- Western Australia: fine of 1000 Australian dollars
- NSW: Individuals who violate various prohibitions are sentenced to a maximum of six months in prison or a fine of A$1.1 (or both), and the company will be fined A$5.5 or A$27,500 per day.
- Tasmania: Governor Peter Gutwein stated that the police will enforce this rule: "The police can arrest you, you will be charged and summoned."
- Capital Territory: Chief Minister Andrew Barr said that the implementation of the regulations is divided into two stages. The first stage is to educate and warn violators, but in the second stage, law enforcement teams including the police will be used Fines for violators
- Northern Territory: currently enforces the restriction of a maximum of ten people gathering, but will not implement the restriction of a maximum of two people gathering
Will the virus float in the air?
Hassan Vally, an epidemiologist at La Trobe University, said in an interview that “droplets will spray forward when you cough or sneeze.”
Usually this happens within a distance of 1.5 meters, which is why the prescribed social distance is 1.5 meters.
Experts say that the new coronavirus has not yet been officially spread through aerosols, but this does not mean that there is no possibility.
Getty Images: Science Photo Library
So is it possible that the virus will stay in the air?Is it possible that a person carrying the virus can infect others after they have left this space?
In short, there is no answer to this question.
The virus may spread through the surface of objects or feces, causing infection to others.It stays on different surfaces for different times: 72 hours on stainless steel and plastic surfaces, up to 24 hours on cardboard, and four hours on wood.
At the same time, studies have found that the virus can also be artificially converted into aerosol to survive for three hours.But the condition for the virus to turn into aerosol is that droplets with a diameter of less than five microns stay in the air-which is smaller than most of the droplets you exhale when you sneeze or cough.
Euan Tovey, an aerobiologist at the University of Sydney, said: "When it is so small, it basically floats in the air, similar to cigarette smoke."
Although the spread of aerosols outside the laboratory has not been confirmed, some experts believe that it is possible.
Dr. Wali believes: "At this stage, there is no evidence that aerosol substances may spread the virus in the community."
"First, the virus must be able to survive in the air. Secondly, you must verify that the number of survivors is sufficient to infect people."
If you need to know other relevant information about the new crown virus, you can also browse the multilingual related pages of the Australian Federal Government’s Ministry of Health for Chinese information.
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