Australia-Iran’s 2021 New Year's radical move and the international game surrounding the nuclear deal – BBC News

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At the beginning of 2021, Iran announced that it would increase the abundance of enriched uranium to 20% and seize a South Korean oil tanker. What is the intention?How is the international reaction to this?How do the experts interpret it?

File photo showing Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (R) inspecting nuclear technology in Tehran (9 April 2019)

The Iranian leader emphasized that if all parties fully resume compliance with the Iran nuclear agreement and lift sanctions on Iran, the uranium enrichment issue will be completely reversible.

年伊始,伊朗宣布把浓缩铀丰度提高至20%,扣押一艘韩国油轮,意在何为?

Iran's fierce move has attracted continued attention from the international community, but it still maintains a relatively moderate response.

年新年之初,伊朗宣布福尔多核设施已经开始了丰度为20%的铀浓缩活动。这相当于大大突破了2015年国际间有关伊朗核协议所规定的3.67%的水平。

At the same time, the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps seized a South Korean flag tanker, accusing it of violating marine environmental laws.

Both of the above actions are related to the 2015 international agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue.

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Uranium enrichment abundance and agreement

The purity of low-enriched uranium is usually 3-5% U-235, which can be used to produce fuel for commercial nuclear power plants.

而高浓缩铀的浓度为20%以上,用于研究反应堆。但国际原子能机构一般规定,民用级浓缩铀的丰度最高达到20%。

However, according to the 2015 nuclear agreement, Iran can only extract enriched uranium with a purity of up to 3.67%; and store no more than 300 kilograms (660 pounds) of material; run no more than 5060 Iranian old and inefficient centrifuges ; And completely stop uranium enrichment in Fordo.

But since Trump came to power, he has withdrawn from what he accused of flaws in the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement and restored US sanctions on Iran.

伊朗也随之采取措施,不断减少对2015年协议的承诺。这些措施包括建立低浓缩铀储备、生产4.5%浓缩铀、重新启动先进离心机以及恢复在福尔多的铀浓缩活动。

但伊朗外交部穆罕默德·贾瓦德·扎里夫在提升浓缩铀的浓度为20%后也表示,如果各方完全恢复遵守伊核协议后,浓缩铀问题完全可逆。

Experts from the American Arms Control Association said that Iran is currently expressing to produce and store 120 kilograms of enriched uranium with a purity of 20%, which is about half the amount required for a nuclear bomb.

They also warned that the production of highly enriched uranium would pose a more serious short-term proliferation risk.

South Korean oil tanker and sanctions against Iran

韩国油轮被伊朗扣押后,韩国要求立即释放油轮外,还立即向霍尔木兹海峡附近派出一艘搭载着反海盗部队的韩国军舰。

The oil tanker incident happened at a time when a certain amount of Iranian funds was frozen in the Bank of Korea because of US sanctions against Iran.And Iran is currently under funding.

After announcing the dispatch of warships, the South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that it would send a delegation to Iran as soon as possible to try to resolve the issue through bilateral negotiations.

韩国外交部还表示,原定的韩国外交部副部对伊朗的访问仍将按计划进行。

A handout photo made available by the Tasnim News agency shows Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) jet boats seizing a South-Korean flagged tanker named Hankuk Chemi in Persian Gulf, 04 January 2021.

Because of the U.S. sanctions against Iran, a certain amount of Iranian funds was frozen in the Bank of Korea.Then Iran detained a South Korean oil tanker.

国际反应:“严重"

Some experts believe that Iran’s announcement of increased uranium enrichment is an attempt to put pressure on Biden, who will succeed Trump as president on January 1.

Biden has said that as long as Iran resumes full compliance with the agreement and promises to negotiate further, he will consider rejoining the nuclear agreement.

美国发言人表示,伊朗将铀浓缩提高到20%浓度,显然是在加码其核勒索活动,这种企图仍将失败。

欧盟发言人斯塔诺称,伊朗此举严重背离了伊朗在伊核协定中做出的核承诺,对核不扩散具有严重的.

以色列总理本雅明·内塔尼亚胡是伊朗在中东的主要反对者之一。他表示,伊朗的决定说明其继续实现其发展军事核计划的意图。他强调以色列不会允许伊朗制造Device.

Iranian troops hold Mohsen Fakhrizadeh's coffin at a funeral ceremony in Tehran (30 November 2020)

Iran's parliament passed a law requiring 20% ​​enrichment after the killing of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh

Expert analysis: "bargaining chips"

有专家分析认为,伊朗宣布提高铀浓缩丰度意在向拜登传递一个信息,表明在重返伊核协议谈判的过程中,美国并未处于更有利的地位,伊朗也在加重手中的筹码。如果拜登政府继续特朗普的美伊对抗政策,伊核问题可能升级为危机。

至于伊朗扣押韩国油轮,有专家认为,这也说明对伊朗的制裁目前严重到其资金状况,折射了制裁下的伊朗国内压力的深重。

As a party to the Iranian nuclear agreement, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said that the current Iranian nuclear issue is at a critical juncture and the situation is complex and sensitive.

She said that China urges all parties to maintain calmness and restraint, adhere to the consensus on maintaining the comprehensive agreement, avoid actions that increase tensions, and leave room for diplomatic efforts and the situation to change.The top priority is that all parties should push the United States to return to the comprehensive agreement as soon as possible and unconditionally, and lift all relevant sanctions, so as to create conditions for pushing the comprehensive agreement back on track.

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