Australia-the trade war continues?US initiates 337 investigations against China | Australia Chinatown

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On January 2021, 1, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China issued a message criticizing the US International Trade Commission (ITC) for launching targeting Chinese companies. . .
            

2021年1月26日,中国工业和信息化部发布消息,批评美国国际贸易委员会(ITC)发起针对中国企业的「337调查」。北京反对美方「滥用,打压正常商业竞争的霸凌行为」。这是拜登当局首次因「霸凌行为」遭遇中方抗议。

On January 1, the U.S. International Trade Commission decided to determine the specific electrical connector and cage components and their products (Certain Cellular Signal
Boosters, Repeaters, Bi-Directional Amplifiers, And Components
Thereof)发起337调查。该调查由美国安费诺(Ampheol)公司于12月18日依据《美国1930年关》第337节规定,向ITC提出申请,指控对美出口、在美进口或在美销售上述产品侵犯其专利权,请求ITC发布有限排除令和禁止令。涉案公司为立迅精密工业股份有限公司、东莞立迅精密工业有限公司。

It is undeniable that the Biden administration has just started a week, and the USITC initiated the "337 Investigation" only for the patents, designs and copyrights of individual industry-related products, allowing most of the responding companies to pay patent fees and close the case by "reconciliation."It is different from Trump (Donald
During the Trump period, the "301 Investigation" was initiated for interference in the protection of intellectual property rights of the country concerned.

In addition, the "337 investigation" is also the same conventional US trade remedy measures as anti-dumping and countervailing. It is also different from the "301 investigation" which involves the legislation of the country concerned.But as far as the specific demand for intellectual property protection is concerned, Trump and Biden may not be much different, and the United States has shown continuity on this point.

特朗普及其幕僚认为,法规、政策和行为「可能损害美国的知识产权、创新或者技术发展」,称中方通过「强制性的技术转让要求」,提出「歧视性的技术许可要求」,进而以「策略性的海外投资并购」等手段「获取商业秘密」。

拜登也在12月2日接受采访时吐露了类似意向。他表示要遏制中国「窃取知识产权、企业倾销产品、向企业提供非法补贴,以及迫使美国企业向中国企业转让技术」等行为。

中国科学家近年来虽然在第三类存储技术等有所突破,但目前半导体技术的很多基础及相关专利仍在美国一侧。美方的公吿中限定了华为公司获取「美国软件和技术」,这种其实事出有因。(新华社)

As the two have determined that China is "stealing intellectual property rights," the Biden administration will inherit the previous government's policy on trade with China, and the formation of a "coherent strategy" will become a more likely event.

当然,相对于交替使用极限和贸易霸凌,试图藉此勒索的特朗普当局,拜登团队可能要圆滑许多。

Among Biden's staff, there are not a few people in the political and financial circles who hope that China and the United States will compromise and each step back.Take Campbell (Kurt M.
A new group of American politicians led by Campbell also pointed out on January 1 that the United States under Biden needs to prepare an environment of "competition and peaceful coexistence" towards China.Washington will also change its previous practice of squeezing China's living space and turn to "extortion for road money."

The US's painful killer against Huawei is also related to the fact that it has won 337 investigations more than once in recent years.

遗憾的是,中美之间的经济问题终究不以态度为转移。环顾中美近年来的337调查内容,以往美国非实体企业以专利问题指控中国企业或中国巨头的局面正在逐渐消失。美国产业巨头针对中国企业展开「同业竞争」的局面已成为337调查的主要申请主体。

在2019年时,中国TCL公司美国半导体巨头,世界第三大半导体企业格芯 (Global
Foundries) reached a settlement on semiconductor technology patents, but this settlement was at the cost of the "cross-licensing" of the patents of both parties.

到2021年,发起调查的美国企业甚至直接请求「排除令和禁止令」,想把中国企业罚出场外。因此,即便拜登当局在国际分工、价值观等问题上都容忍中国,希望淡化此前的激烈斗争,但这种妥协终究存在隐患,发展亦不会因勒索而停止。

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