Australia-Covid-XNUMX: Five pandemics affecting the course of human history (Photos) | Australia Chinatown

Release your eyes, put on headphones, and listen~!
The new crown pneumonia epidemic continues to spread around the world, with the death toll and the number of infections increasing. March 2020, World Health

新冠肺炎疫情继续在全球蔓延,死亡人数上升,感染病例增多。

2020年3月,世界卫生组织将新冠肺炎Covid-19为定性为“全球大流行”。目前,新型冠状病毒仍在全球继续蔓延,确诊病例超过一亿,死亡超过两百万例。

A child wearing a facemask at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila

许多国家疫情形势依然严峻,还有一些国家在“亚平曲线”一段时间后疫情复燃。

病毒改变了、而且仍在继续改变着千百万人的生命轨迹,变化有短期也有长期;国家、区域和世界范围,影响更深远,有些甚至不可逆,人类历史的轨迹因此而改变。

There has been more than one precedent for this.

The Black Death in the XNUMXth Century and the Rise of Western Europe

黑死病直接动摇了中世纪欧洲佃农制经济的基础
黑死病直接动摇了中世纪欧洲佃农制经济的基础

Around 1350 AD, a plague believed to have originated in Mongolia swept across Europe, killing tens of millions of people, and reducing the population of Europe by a third.The plague was also called the Black Death.

Historians believe that, after the plague, many feudal countries in Europe have reborn from devastation and began to move towards modern society and commercial economy, paving the way for the rise of Western Europe and the dominance of the world in the future.

There is even a view that the plague gave birth to contemporary Western civilization.

Because a large number of young adults died of the plague, the rural labor force dropped sharply, and the feudal lord manor’s tenant farmers and serfs were in short supply, which shook the foundation of the feudal tenant farming system.

黑死病泛滥,人们为了控制传播焚烧患者衣物
黑死病泛滥,人们为了控制传播焚烧患者衣物

The demand for labor is in short supply and the labor is expensive, which directly promotes tool improvement and technological innovation.

Other historians believe that the rise of navigation, exploration, and imperialism in Western Europe is partly due to the plague.

On the three cornerstones of social and economic modernization, increased investment in technological inventions, and encouragement of overseas expansion, Western Europe has rapidly become the most prosperous and powerful region in the world.

America's smallpox and global cooling

墨西哥阿兹特克,1520年,西班牙殖民者遭遇当地人勇猛抵抗。
墨西哥阿兹特克,1520年,西班牙殖民者遭遇当地人勇猛抵抗。

15世纪末美洲成为欧洲的殖民地,这段历史无比血腥,除了死于枪炮屠刀,还有大量美洲原住民死于欧洲殖民者带去的各种致命疫疾,主要是天花,还有麻疹,流感,鼠疫,疟疾,白喉,斑疹伤寒和霍乱。

There are so many people dead that even the climate is affected.

英国大学学院一项研究发现,欧洲在美洲的殖民扩张的百年期间,美洲人口从6千万(当时世界人口的10%)减少到500万 – 600万。

西班牙探险者觐见秘鲁土着酋长
西班牙探险者到达美洲大陆,他们带来的疾病导致美洲数千万原住民死亡。图为西班牙探险者与秘鲁土着酋长见面

人口锐减,意味着农耕减少,大量农田回归荒地或森林草原等自然生态。大量是什么概念呢?现代历史学家和科学家估计推算有56万平方公里,相当于法国或肯尼亚的国土面积。

Such a dramatic increase in the area of ​​forests and pastures has led to a reduction in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and a drop in temperatures in many parts of the world.The carbon dioxide content of that historical period was extrapolated from Antarctica's ice core samples.

科学家认为,这个人为导致的变化,加上大型火山爆发和太阳活动减少,推动地球进入了一个”小冰川纪”。

欧洲和世界许多地方一样经历了气候变化带来的后果,包括农作物严重减产和饥荒。

Some people think this is retribution.

Yellow fever and French colonial rule in Haiti

黄热病疫情帮助海地反叛力量击败了法国军队,结束了法国殖民统治。
黄热病疫情帮助海地反叛力量击败了法国军队,结束了法国殖民统治。

The outbreak of yellow fever in Haiti indirectly drove French colonial power out of North America, and the United States of America quickly grew.

At the end of the 18th century, the French colonies continued to rebel against the French colonial rule by black slaves. In 1801, the two sides made peace, and the rebel leader Dusan Louvidour became the head of the Republic of Haiti.

But the political situation of the suzerain state was turned upside down, and Napoleon proclaimed himself emperor. He then decided to send troops to Haiti to suppress the rebellion and regain the colonial power.

Tens of thousands of French troops landed in Haiti, invincible on the battlefield.

拿破仑军队镇压海地起义失败,也导致法国放弃了在北美的殖民野心
拿破仑军队镇压海地起义失败,也导致法国放弃了在北美的殖民野心

At this time, yellow fever began to spread among the French on the island.A total of 5 French officers and soldiers, colonial authorities, doctors and sailors died from this infectious disease.Only 3 survivors fled back to France.

黄热病源自非洲,欧洲人对它没有天然免疫力。

After Haiti was defeated by the plague, Napoleon not only gave up Haiti, but also gave up his colonial ambitions on the North American continent.

出兵海地惨败两年后,法国政府把210万平方公里的北美殖民地卖给年轻的美利坚合众国,美国国土面积扩大了一倍,史称”路易斯安那购地案”。

African rinderpest and European colonial expansion

非洲牛瘟直接导致大范围饥荒,使欧洲殖民扩张易如反掌
非洲牛瘟直接导致大范围饥荒,使欧洲殖民扩张易如反掌。

A rinderpest epidemic broke out in Africa in the 19th century, which accelerated the process of European expansion of colonial rule in Africa.

牛瘟病毒在1888 – 1897年间杀死了非洲90%的牛,疫情最严重的地区包括非洲之角、西非和西南非洲。

Rinderpest directly caused famine, the collapse of social order, and the displacement of people.

欧洲14国在柏林开会协商如何瓜分非洲,之后不久非洲就开始流行牛瘟、饥荒。
欧洲14国在柏林开会协商如何瓜分非洲,之后不久非洲就开始流行牛瘟、饥荒。

Areas dominated by farming are not immune to rinderpest, because many places rely on cattle to plow the land.

At this time, European countries took advantage of the emptiness to establish colonial rule in large areas of Africa.

The plan to colonize Africa was drawn up a few years ago. In 1884-85, 14 European countries met in Berlin to discuss how to divide up African colonies. At the end of the meeting, a formal resolution was formed, delimiting their respective spheres of influence.

This has changed the course of history in Africa.

满清覆灭大明王朝,是一段血腥的历史
满清覆灭大明王朝,是一段血腥的历史

In the 1870s, 10% of Africa belonged to European colonies. In 1900, only 10% were not European colonies.

In this process, rinderpest, and the economic crisis it caused, became the helpers of European colonial sovereign states.

For example, when Italy entered Eritrea in early 1890, there was a famine, and one of the three people had starved to death.

瘟疫和中国明朝的终结

China's Ming Dynasty was prosperous for three centuries, and it could be called a strong national power, and its political and cultural influence radiated large areas of East Asia.

However, a great plague declared the end of the Ming Dynasty.

长城的很大一部分建于明朝
长城的很大一部分建于明朝,或在明朝得到加固、翻新。

In 1641, a plague appeared in northern China, and the population in some areas decreased by 20% to 40%.Nearly 60% of people in Kyoto died from the plague in the late Ming Dynasty.

Misfortunes never come singly. When the plague hit, it was a drought and locust plague in North China, and there was no harvest of farmland particles.The corpses were everywhere.

The plagues of the late Ming Dynasty probably included plague and malaria, and the virus may have been brought into the pass by the Qing army in the north.

This may explain why the Qing army entered the Pass safe and sound.

However, in the last years of the Ming Dynasty, the prosperous age was no longer, the imperial court was severely corrupt, and the mansions were about to fall. The Qing army looked forward to it. The famine and plague only helped the Qing Dynasty.

Topic: Countries around the world respond to the new crown pneumonia epidemic into the topic >>

Too scary!After taking Pfizer vaccine, the eyes were slanted and 4 people had adverse reactions. The FDA insisted that there was no problem... (Picture)


Australia wants to take the lead in investigating the origin of the virus!Beijing clearly refuses: political manipulation is unpopular (photo)


Why did you suddenly change your face?WHO also needs to investigate the source of the virus, will China agree to it (photo)


Reprint Statement: This article is reprinted and published, which only represents the attitude of the original author or the original platform, and does not represent our views.Only an information publishing platform is provided, and the article may be appropriately deleted.Contact the original author who has objections and requests for deletion.

"Chinatown" Fb shares selected Australian news daily, so that you can know the latest Australian news at anytime and anywhere @玩, @Immigration, @生活信息: https://www.fb.com/news.china.com.au/

[Welcome to the news to discuss cooperation! 】WeChat subscription account: news-china-com-au

Related posts

People have appreciated
国际 新闻

澳大利亚 - 大国角力不可避 唯需辨良性竞争与恶性对抗(组图) | 澳洲唐人街

2021-2-17 23: 12: 26

国际 新闻

澳大利亚 - 中国博士生未测核酸被UIUC开除!1万4千人联名替他喊冤(组图) | 澳洲唐人街

2021-2-17 23: 13: 33

0 replies AArticle author Madministrator
    No discussion yet, let me talk about your views
Personal center
shopping cart
coupon
Sign in today
New private message Private message list
Search
Fulfill your dreams!Sign up for $30