Australia-"Take life for money"?How did Chinese white-collar workers degenerate into the bottom of society (Photos) | Australia Chinatown

Release your eyes, put on headphones, and listen~!
The excessive squeezing of employees by Internet companies has become a new problem.Restrictions on going to the toilet, unlimited overtime, even sudden death, self

This article is reproduced from Nanfengchuang, and only represents the original source and the original author's views, for reference only, and does not represent the attitude and position of this website.



In early January, CCTV issued a comment stating that struggle cannot evolve into "exchanging life for money."


CCTV commented that struggle should not evolve into "exchange life for money"




This good question needs a good answer. Today we will try to face this problem.

01 bottom layer reproduction

A courier I am very familiar with, surnamed Cheng, often haunts our community.A couplet written by himself is pasted on the rear of his van-type three-wheeled courier: Young and strong don’t work hard, grow up to send express.

Obviously, he is still a "modern traditional concept": he is engaged in manual labor because he has no academic qualifications.This is also the concept that we most easily accept and agree with.

However, in 2020, a set of statistics shows that more than 28 people with a bachelor degree or above are delivering food.

Delivering food and express delivery are actually the same job.Undergraduate courier, I haven't found a recent national figure, but news of undergraduates becoming couriers is not new.A set of partial data shows that from 2015 to 2017, the number of undergraduate couriers in Jiangsu Province increased from more than 5000 to more than 7000.A few years ago, there were still such a number in a province. Today, the scale of undergraduate couriers in the country can match that.

From Meituan's ``2018 Takeaway Rider Employment Report''

In contrast, the more decent online ride-hailing drivers, especially those who purchase their own vehicles, generally have a higher proportion of highly educated drivers.

What is this indicating?

People's first reaction should be: high income.Indeed, in an era when applied technology has just expanded into these areas and caused a capital melee, platforms tend to provide relatively generous subsidies, and there are many takeaways, couriers, and online ride-hailing drivers with a monthly income of more than XNUMX.Hard work, but worth it.

The logic cannot end here.

It’s better to be a restaurant owner than to be a delivery clerk. To work in a small and medium-sized enterprise is worse than to open an online car.Behind these facts is the concentration of market opportunities, increasingly concentrated in the hands of large companies that hold applied technology and large amounts of capital.

The capital scale of platform companies is expanding rapidly, and the rich financing methods have made the explosive growth of capital scale commonplace.This will squeeze out the living space of small and medium-sized market players in similar industries, and the concentration of market opportunities in large companies will mean shrinking opportunities for these industries.

The opposite of the increase in capital is the shrinking of the bottom labor population.It is generally believed that the "Lewis Turning Point" appeared in China 10 years ago, and there was a shortage of labor supply.The labor here mainly refers to the bottom labor.

Lewis Turning Point

The large-scale industrial application of the Internet is later than the "Lewis Turning Point".The huge investment scale must be matched by the corresponding labor force. What should we do?


In a nutshell: More and more middle class, or people who have the hope of becoming middle class, are reduced to the bottom.

This is the "reproduction of the bottom layer".

02 satisfied bottom

The so-called "reproduction at the bottom" is not about returning to the industrial jungle of the 1990s and the beginning of the new century. It is not about suppressing dignity in exchange for low cost and high efficiency.Because the bottom of today is different from the bottom of the past.

In the past, the bottom layer had no food and clothing, and the whole family had only one pair of pants.Today's bottom level is that the income is good, the insurance is complete, and the overtime pay is a lot.

What they have in common is that they work endlessly, and there is not much left in the end, which is not enough to achieve class climbing.Today's bottom layer is what the scholar Aiden mentioned in "Capital" said: "An easy and generous state of subordination."


Life may collapse at any time, and only a few really collapse, but the sense of crisis of collapse always beats them and dare not relax for a moment.This will force them to strive to sell their labor, and if they have already been sold, they will strive to continue selling.



The bottom layer must exist, and it must follow the capital trend and expand on demand.John Belas said: "Work can make people rich, so the more laborers, the more rich people....The work of the poor is the source of wealth for the rich." 

The bottom layer must be able to be manufactured at any time.Mendeville said: "The poor are gone, who is called to work? ... For the poor, he should be saved from hunger, but he should not be allowed to get anything worth hoarding... The largest part of the poor is never lazy. But it is often necessary to spend all of his income.... Except for lack, there is no reason for a person who makes a living by labor every day to stimulate his hard work."


However, the absolute amount of wages (variable capital) may continue to increase because the total investment is expanding in multiples-today's large companies have tens to hundreds of billions in revenue after only two to three years.Therefore, the income of laborers is indeed continuously increasing, and many people are quite satisfied.

As far as the commercial operating mechanism is concerned, how to offset this satisfaction and prevent them from no longer working hard?How to consume their savings and keep them at the bottom?


One is that ubiquitous consumer loans, by continuing to give cultural and spiritual meaning to consumer behavior, and at the same time provide channels for loan purchases, have caused many people to fall into the abyss of debt.

The second is the explosion of thunder with the sound of firecrackers.Every explosion of thunder is the disappearance of the savings of tens of thousands of people.



03 "Collective Dimensionality Reduction"


Traditional agriculture不是一个理想。但日出而作日落而息,如果没有政治动荡、战争爆发、自然灾害、瘟疫流行,一般来说,结构整体上不会发生明显的调整。


Every change will rearrange people's positions. One of the important characteristics is that many, many people will be re-bottomized-in theological language, "human beings are destined to sweat and eat bread on their foreheads."

In the prehistory of capitalism, the most important thing is the history of primitive accumulation.


Smallholder farmers are converted into wage workers in the British enclosure movement

其中的关键词是“. "之后,一无所有,无可选择,就“出卖劳动力”了。

This is the "primitive accumulation" often mentioned in political economy.The original meaning is that the relationship between capital and workers has not yet occurred. This is a process of preparing preconditions for its occurrence. "It is not the result of the capitalist method of production, but rather its starting point." "So the so-called primitive accumulation is nothing more than the historical process of separation between the producer and the means of production."

When the relationship between capital and workers is determined, capital accumulation becomes very easy. It can use many effective levers such as wages and prices to adjust the relationship between investment and the number of workers that match it.

The Egyptian economist Amin Samir has long put forward the concept of "new primitive accumulation". He argued that primitive accumulation not only belongs to the history of capitalism, but has existed for a long time, and it continues to exist in the contemporary era.



Infinite distance is the characteristic of the Internet. In the production application scenario, it refers to the ability to expand beyond geographical restrictions, and the marginal cost of such expansion approaches zero indefinitely as the scale of the enterprise increases.

This means that if national boundaries and policy barriers are not taken into consideration, then in theory the scale of enterprises can be infinite.So we see that today's companies, especially platform companies, can become a behemoth overnight.What they will become in the future, I don't know.



Population age structure and dependency ratio as calculated by the National Bureau of Statistics

There are two ways to obtain a labor force that is compatible with the scale of the giant beast.

The first is what I said earlier, the reproduction of the bottom layer makes some people who have accumulated wealth lose their accumulation, just like the craftsmen of Kilt become industrial workers.





It turned out that Foxconn’s living environment for workers has shifted to white-collar workers in Internet companies.

04Prevent chronic sinking

"Collective dimensionality reduction" is in a completely economic sense.Today's white-collar workers have almost no difference in economic income compared with industrial workers, construction workers, decoration workers, and living service workers, and even white-collar workers are still lower than those called "workers".

"Collective dimensionality reduction" is both logical and a fait accompli.


Thousands of landlords and tenants involved in the 2020 Zhejiang Hangzhou long-term rental apartment thunder

The reason for the narrowness of the road lies in the far-reaching nature of the Internet mentioned above.The giant beast is growing up, and it may not be accurate to grow up. It is apt to say "expansion".From Heilongjiang to Hainan, people used the same software to order takeaways, and used the same software to call online ride-hailing. This was unimaginable in the pre-Internet era.



This is called a monopoly of opportunity.


Because these platforms are large enough.If they can do everything, even selling vegetables, then each of us will be labelled to which platform in the future.This is also a self-evident original intention of platform anti-monopoly.






What we look forward to is, what exactly is this re-accumulation nurturing?

In fact, I have held a view for a long time. For a latecomer, unable and unintentional to carry out overseas colonization and slave trade, China must realize industrialization and then move towards modernization, and even catch up with the early and mature West. We must redouble our efforts and strive for the whole people.If you don't struggle supernormally, you will fall behind, and you will be beaten if you fall behind, and being beaten is a bloody lesson in history.

However, things cannot go in an extreme direction, and struggle cannot evolve into "exchanging life for money."

This article is reproduced from Nanfengchuang, and only represents the original source and the original author's views, for reference only, and does not represent the attitude and position of this website.

Reprint Statement: This article is reprinted and published, which only represents the attitude of the original author or the original platform, and does not represent our views.Only an information publishing platform is provided, and the article may be appropriately deleted.Contact the original author who has objections and requests for deletion.

"Chinatown" Fb shares selected Australian news every day, so that you can know the latest Australian news at anytime and anywhere @娱乐、@migrant、@生活资讯:

[Welcome to the news to discuss cooperation! 】WeChat subscription account: new-china-com-au

Related posts

People have appreciated
China News

Australia-Huawei's "Nanniwan" plan has surfaced, and it is the first to enter the pig industry to break the US containment (photo) | Australia Chinatown

2021-2-18 10: 13: 18

China News

Australia-Reported by female subordinates for coercion and sexual assault, vice president of Shenzhen Securities Association: I am wronged (photo) | Australia Chinatown

2021-2-18 10: 17: 17

0 replies AArticle author Madministrator
    No discussion yet, let me talk about your views
Personal center
shopping cart
Sign in today
New private message Private message list