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Chinese financial scholar He Jiangbing analyzed, "I think it is possible to fine, but as #Alibaba, it may also want this'boot...

Chinese financial scholar He Jiangbing analyzed, “I think it is possible to fine, but as
#巴巴 来说,它可能也希望这只‘靴子’早点落地,罚款对它来说还好受些,要是被接管或分拆才是更大的灾难。”https://t.co/brKmmO6xnb

- 自由 亚洲 电台 (@RFA_Chinese)
March 12, 2021

有美国媒体报道北京当局正在考虑对巴巴开出天价罚单,中国官员周五表示相关不实。但就在同一天,监管部门对十余家中企作出了反垄断处罚,巴巴旗下的蚂蚁集团公布了自律准则,其总裁也宣布辞职。

《华尔街日报》周四引述知士说,中国监管机构正考虑对巴巴开出巨额罚单,其金额可能会超过美国高通公司2015年因反竞争行为向中国支付的9.75亿美元的创纪录罚金。他们还说,巴巴还将被要求停止“二选一”的做法,也就是要求部分卖家只在平台销售商品。

官员称天价罚单不属实

但法新社周五引述中国国家市场监督管理总局的一位发言人说,当局并没有对巴巴开出创纪录罚金的计划,表示如果他们的官网上没有,相关说法就不属实。

不过,中国金融学者贺江兵分析说,虽然官方否认将对巴巴开天价罚单,不代表当局不会作出处罚,但对这家科技巨头来讲,罚款可能只是小意思。

“我估计罚款是有可能的,但作为巴巴来说,它可能也希望这只‘靴子’早点落地,罚款对它来说还好受些,要是被接管或分拆才是更大的灾难。”

尽管如此,中国政府在同一时间仍然放出了的政策信号。周五当天,市场监管总局依据《中国反垄断法》,对腾讯、百度、滴滴等十二家企业各处以五十万元人民币的罚款,指出他们涉及的十起案件均构成违法实施经营者集中。记者注意到,这些企业遭到处罚大多是因为他们没有依法申报收购或合资等经营者集中行为,并非是因为这些行为产生了排除、限制竞争的效果。

Same day,巴巴旗下的金融科技公司蚂蚁集团对外发布了其制定的数字金融平台自律准则,提出他们会自觉打击诱导性营销,加强风险提示和者适当性管理,还表示不会对未成年人放贷、不对偿力低或年轻群体发放“超出基本生活所需”的额度。蚂蚁集团还表示,其总裁胡晓明基于“个人原因”已于周五辞职,公司董事长井贤栋将兼任总裁一职。

Where are Internet companies heading?

Last October,巴巴联合创始人马云在公开场合对中国金融监管制度表达了不满,这令习近平在内的国家领导人感到愤怒,最终引发蚂蚁集团的上市计划被叫停。央行随后表示,他们已经要求蚂蚁集团整改信贷和其他消费金融业务,当局还开始排查这家公司对数十家企业的股权.

Xiao Yunjun, a Chinese private entrepreneur living in the United States, believes that the recent centralized rectification of Internet companies by the Beijing authorities did not begin with a single person, but reflects a regulatory trend.

"In fact, this is not related to Ma Yun’s personal reasons, because Ma Yun also knows how to adapt to the Chinese environment, and he understands the routines. The key to the problem lies not in him, but the Chinese government through this kind of warning and threats. Internet companies are nationalized."

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang emphasized in his government work report last week that while supporting the innovative development of platform companies, the state must also regulate development in accordance with the law. The authorities must also strengthen anti-monopoly and prevent disorderly expansion of capital.

《华尔街日报》日前还引述了解监管机构思路的人士说,尽管中国政府对巴巴的战略感到不满,当局并不想大力削弱这家公司的实力。知情者透露,当监管机构对巴巴发起反垄断调查时,调查人员曾要求这家公司确保业务运行,因为任何服务中断都可能会影响巴巴的全球用户。事实上,这家公司上个月公布的业绩报告显示,去年第四季度,巴巴净利润达到592亿元,预期和前一年的同期业绩。

金融学者贺江兵说,从蚂蚁集团制定自律准则来看,中国互联网企业近期会进一步落实监管部门的要求,以“自律”防“他律”。

"This self-discipline standard is related to the requirements of the one party, two meetings, and the four major regulatory agencies of the Foreign Exchange Bureau. Ant Group is implementing their rectification plan. I predict that in the future, all Internet financial technology companies will even form a self-discipline. association."

截至美东时间周五午间,巴巴美股报231.54美元,较去年十月的高位下跌超过四分之一。

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