The border between the United States and Mexico. (Photo/Xinhua News Agency)
Beijing’s “People’s Daily” reported on April 4 that the number of illegal immigrants and refugees at the border between the United States and Mexico has increased sharply for some time. Many detained children have been separated from their parents. Their poor living conditions have attracted widespread public concern and concern.Rodrigo Salazar, a researcher at the Latin American Academy of Social Sciences in Mexico, believes that a "humanitarian crisis" is occurring at the Mexican-US border.
"The environment of the detention center is not suitable for minors in any case"
At the end of March this year, an Associated Press reporter was allowed to enter a border detention facility in the Rio Grande Valley area of Texas for interviews with child immigrants.The report described the scene the reporter saw: "There are few staff here and the infrastructure is seriously inadequate. The children can only lay on the floor and sleep side by side. An 3-year-old brother needs to look after his 11-year-old sister..."
according toAmerican Media披露，美国政府几周来一直试图阻止公众了解儿童身处拘留中心的场景，“联邦机构拒绝或无视媒体数十次提出进入拘押场所的要求”。直到3月底，美国政府才首次允许美联社和美国哥伦比亚广播公司记者进入这处拘留所。
3月中旬，全美青少年法律中心儿童福利高级主管利西亚·韦尔奇探访该拘留所后，对美国有线电视新闻网表示，在这一简陋的帐篷设施中，孩子们按年龄和性别划分，大约每50人一组。大多数孩子已在此羁押5到7天，好些天无法洗澡，也无法联系到他们父母。“许多孩子显然是被吓坏了，哭个不停，担心不能够再和家人说话。一些人说已经好A few days没见太阳了，幸运的话，每隔A few days才能到户外放风20分钟。”
According to the "New York Times" report, two inspectors appointed by the U.S. district judge detailed the current situation of the severely overcrowded detention center in a report submitted to the Los Angeles Federal Court.They wrote: “Social distance cannot be maintained here, overcrowding, and isolation measures to reduce the spread of the new crown virus are useless. The environment of detention centers is not suitable for minors in any case.”
"What happens to children runs counter to the principle of protecting children's well-being"
According to U.S. federal law, minors cannot be detained in border detention centers for more than 72 hours, after which they will be transferred to asylum institutions established by the Department of Health and Human Services to accommodate minor illegal immigrants.In fact, more than 2000 children have been detained in the detention center for more than 72 hours. The average time for each child is 133 hours, of which 39 are more than 15 days.In February, of the more than 2 unaccompanied child immigrants detained by US border law enforcement officers, about 9400 were detained in border detention centers for more than the 4000-hour limit.
The New York Times quoted Amy Cohen, an expert on the psychological problems of immigrant children in the United States, as saying: "In these temporary detention centers, the children's experience runs counter to the principle of protecting the well-being of children."
"Refugees and immigrants should be treated humanely, and the US government's actions are blatantly illegal.
US Secretary of Homeland Security Majorcas recently stated that the number of illegal immigrants at the US-Mexico border has reached the highest level in 20 years.But he refused to call this a "crisis", but a "challenge".Majorcas accused the previous US government of "destroying" the US immigration system, causing the current government to rebuild it "from scratch."
Republicans in the U.S. Congress blamed the White House's relaxation of immigration policies for the problem, which led to a surge in immigration across the border and a crisis.Republicans accused the White House of abruptly changing the border policy of the previous administration, but did not take other measures to stop illegal immigration, and did not prepare for the expansion of detention centers in advance of the surge in illegal immigration.
Editor: Yang Zichen
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