Australia-The number of illegal immigrants and refugees surges, the immigration crisis at the US-Mexico border continues to ferment-Chinatown Australia

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For a period of time, the number of illegal immigrants and refugees at the border between the United States and Mexico has increased sharply. Many detained children have been separated from their parents. Their poor living conditions have attracted widespread public concern and concern.Rodrigo Salazar, a researcher at the Latin American Academy of Social Sciences in Mexico, believes that a "humanitarian crisis" is occurring at the Mexican-US border.

The border between the United States and Mexico. (Photo/Xinhua News Agency)

Beijing’s “People’s Daily” reported on April 4 that the number of illegal immigrants and refugees at the border between the United States and Mexico has increased sharply for some time. Many detained children have been separated from their parents. Their poor living conditions have attracted widespread public concern and concern.Rodrigo Salazar, a researcher at the Latin American Academy of Social Sciences in Mexico, believes that a "humanitarian crisis" is occurring at the Mexican-US border.

美国政府4月8日公布的数据显示,美国海关与边境保护局3月在美墨边境拦截非法移民总数达17.2万,创下历史新高。3月拦截的非法移民中包括近1.9万名无人陪伴的未成年非法移民,这一数字是2009年开始公布数据以来的单月最高纪录。美联社报道说,这些儿童移民被关押在严重拥挤、条件恶劣的临时拘留设施中,还很高的新冠病毒感染风险。

"The environment of the detention center is not suitable for minors in any case"

At the end of March this year, an Associated Press reporter was allowed to enter a border detention facility in the Rio Grande Valley area of ​​Texas for interviews with child immigrants.The report described the scene the reporter saw: "There are few staff here and the infrastructure is seriously inadequate. The children can only lay on the floor and sleep side by side. An 3-year-old brother needs to look after his 11-year-old sister..."

according to披露,美国政府几周来一直试图阻止公众了解儿童身处拘留中心的场景,“联邦机构拒绝或无视媒体数十次提出进入拘押场所的要求”。直到3月底,美国政府才首次允许美联社和美国哥伦比亚广播公司记者进入这处拘留所。

美联社记者报道说,这一拘留所是今年2月用帐篷搭建的临时设施,原本设计容量为250人,实际上却羁押了超过4000名无人陪伴的儿童移民,是目前美墨边境关押儿童移民最多的拘留所。帐篷内部用塑料板隔出了8个独立区域,每一区域面积约297平方米,却关押了超过500名儿童,极为拥挤。

3月中旬,全美青少年法律中心儿童福利高级主管利西亚·韦尔奇探访该拘留所后,对美国有线电视新闻网表示,在这一简陋的帐篷设施中,孩子们按年龄和性别划分,大约每50人一组。大多数孩子已在此羁押5到7天,好些天无法洗澡,也无法联系到他们父母。“许多孩子显然是被吓坏了,哭个不停,担心不能够再和家人说话。一些人说已经好没见太阳了,幸运的话,每隔才能到户外放风20分钟。”

According to the "New York Times" report, two inspectors appointed by the U.S. district judge detailed the current situation of the severely overcrowded detention center in a report submitted to the Los Angeles Federal Court.They wrote: “Social distance cannot be maintained here, overcrowding, and isolation measures to reduce the spread of the new crown virus are useless. The environment of detention centers is not suitable for minors in any case.”

"What happens to children runs counter to the principle of protecting children's well-being"

美国边境执法人员每天在美墨边境拦截和扣留的非法移民数量仍在迅速增加。仅在3月份,美墨边境拦截的非法移民就比2月份71%,其中大约1.9万名是无人陪伴的儿童移民,比2月份99%。截至4月6日,美国国土安全部和卫生部监护的无人陪伴未成年非法移民数量已超过两万人。

According to U.S. federal law, minors cannot be detained in border detention centers for more than 72 hours, after which they will be transferred to asylum institutions established by the Department of Health and Human Services to accommodate minor illegal immigrants.In fact, more than 2000 children have been detained in the detention center for more than 72 hours. The average time for each child is 133 hours, of which 39 are more than 15 days.In February, of the more than 2 unaccompanied child immigrants detained by US border law enforcement officers, about 9400 were detained in border detention centers for more than the 4000-hour limit.

拘留所拥挤不堪,导致孩子们的健康极大隐患。美联社记者在现场记录了刚被扣押的儿童移民进入拘留所注册的全过程。美国边境执法人员对孩子们进行了一些疾病检查,但是拒绝进行新冠病毒检测,除非孩子们相关症状。

美国边境巡逻队里奥格兰德河谷分局负责人奥斯卡·埃斯透露,大约14%的孩子被转送至庇护机构后,新冠病毒检测呈阳性。得克萨斯州卫生与公众服务厅统计,从3月1日至3月30日,该部门下属的50个庇护机构中,共有40个机构了647例新冠肺炎确诊病例。其中在得州卡里佐斯普林斯移民儿童福利院,约10%的儿童新冠病毒检测呈阳性。

The New York Times quoted Amy Cohen, an expert on the psychological problems of immigrant children in the United States, as saying: "In these temporary detention centers, the children's experience runs counter to the principle of protecting the well-being of children."

"Refugees and immigrants should be treated humanely, and the US government's actions are blatantly illegal.

US Secretary of Homeland Security Majorcas recently stated that the number of illegal immigrants at the US-Mexico border has reached the highest level in 20 years.But he refused to call this a "crisis", but a "challenge".Majorcas accused the previous US government of "destroying" the US immigration system, causing the current government to rebuild it "from scratch."

Republicans in the U.S. Congress blamed the White House's relaxation of immigration policies for the problem, which led to a surge in immigration across the border and a crisis.Republicans accused the White House of abruptly changing the border policy of the previous administration, but did not take other measures to stop illegal immigration, and did not prepare for the expansion of detention centers in advance of the surge in illegal immigration.

认为,美国党争不断,在移民政策上搞“否决政治”和“作秀政治”,才是导致边境移民危机迟迟未能解决的根本原因。《大西洋月刊》评论说,美国确实边境危机,而且这是一场持久的危机,处于美国羁押下的移民一直遭到虐待。“美国只有履行其人道对待移民的法律义务,这一问题才能得到解决。”

非营利组织国际救援委员会(IRC)发表文章说:“美国移民拘留以非人道的条件和医疗服务严重不足而知名,疫情期间大规模拘留和驱逐移民进一步疫情扩散的风险。”IRC敦促美国政府完善其庇护制度,向中美洲国家提供援助以解决问题的根源。

古巴外交部美国事务处主任费尔南德斯·德·科西奥在社交媒体上发文说,美国在本国和世界其他地区公然侵犯人权。美国政府宣称将人权作为外交政策的优先考量,这是极其虚伪的。

美国《圣迭戈联合报》评论说:“美国联邦法律要求美国为难民提供获得保护的途径。难民和移民应受到人道对待,美政府做法公然违反法律。”

Editor: Yang Zichen

"Chinatown" Fb shares selected Australian news daily, so that you can know the latest Australian news at anytime and anywhere @玩, @Immigration, @生活信息: https://www.fb.com/news.china.com.au/

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