Iwo amene akufuna kugula galimoto akuyendetsa! Mabomba agalimoto mamiliyoni 6000, kuseri kwa zikumbutso zakumbuyo zazikulu kwambiri m'mbiri ya magalimoto ...

Tulutsani maso anu, valani mahedifoni, ndipo mverani ~!

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Akadakhala kuti Takata adauza anthu chowonadi, zikadalepheretsa izi kuti zisinthe padziko lonse lapansi

"Amati akadafunafunabe zomwe zimayambitsa. Zikumveka mopanda nzeru ngati O.J. Simpson akuti apitilizabe kufunafuna wakupha wa mkazi wake Nicole."

Mu Januware 2015, Carlos Solis adachoka kunyumba kupita kunyumba ya mchimwene wake kunja kwa mzinda wa Houston. Msuwani wakeyo anali atakhala pampando wapaulendo, ndi galu wawo pampando wakumbuyo wa galimoto. Pamene iwo amatembenuka ndikuyenda m'chipinda chanyumbacho, awo a 1 Honda Accord adagunda. Kuthamanga kwakuthupi sikuthamanga, ndipo kuwonongeka kwa thupi lamagalimoto sikunali kwakukulu. Ma airbags onse ali kutsogolo kwagalimoto adayikidwa. Msuweni wa Solis adatuluka mgalimotomo ndipo sadavulazidwe. Galu ali bwino, koma Solis sangathe kusuntha. Anavulala, ndipo sizikudziwika kuti vutoli lidali liti poyamba. Msuweni wake mwachangu adatcha m'bale wake wa Solis Scott. Scott adathamangira m'galimoto ndipo adawona Solis ali ndi bala lakuthwa m'khosi. Anayesetsa kuletsa magaziwo pachilonda, ndipo ogwira ntchito zadzidzidzi omwe atabwera pambuyo pake anayesanso kuchita zomwezo, koma sizinathandize. Solis adasiya kupumira asanatumizidwe kuchipatala.

Malinga ndi lipoti ya autopsy yomwe pambuyo pake idagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati umboni ku khothi, kachitsulo kake kakakulu ngati chipewa chotuluka kanatuluka mu chikwama cha air ichi cha Honda Accord, ndikudula chibowo pakhosi la Solis, ndikugwera kukhosi pake. Mapewa ake adadula mitsempha ndi mitsempha m'khosi mwake, ndipo matenthedwe adalungidwanso. Ndiye waku America wachisanu ndi chimodzi kuti afe pomwe chikwama cha ndege chopangidwa ndi Takata waku Japan chiphulika.

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Masabata awiri atamwalira a Solis, mkazi wake adalandira chikwati cha chikumbutso cha Takata. Takata adakumbukira nthawi yoyamba zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri zapitazo, mchaka cha 7, pomwe panali magalimoto pafupifupi 2008 a Rhandi okha. Mpaka pano, kukumbukiraku kwachitika maulendo 4000. Omwe aposachedwa kwambiri anali mu Meyi chaka chino. Ilinso ndi yayikulu komanso yovuta kwambiri m'mbiri yaku America. Zimaphatikizapo magalimoto opangidwa ndi BMW, Ford, Honda, Tesla, Toyota ndi magalimoto ena 20, okhala ndi ma airba opitilira 5 miliyoni, ofanana ndi asanu aliwonse omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ku United States Imodzi mwa magalimoto imaphatikizidwa ndikukumbukira. Padziko lonse lapansi, magalimoto opitilira 12 miliyoni akhudzidwa ndi izi. Zinyalala zomwe zikuuluka kuchokera ku zikwama zankhondo izi zapha anthu 6000, pomwe 5 anali ku United States; anthu opitilira 1 adavulala.

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Panthawi yomwe a Senate a US akufufuza komanso milandu ya okhudzidwa, anthu adapeza zolemba za Takata kuti kampaniyo sigwirizana ndi nkhawa zomwe antchito amkati adabera ndipo yabisa zomwe zingavulaze kasitomala wamkulu wa ambuye ndi olamulira aku US. . Mneneri a Takata adati mu imelo, "Zikalata zina zomwe komiti yayikulu ya Seneti ya U.S. yachita ndikuwonetsa pamilanduyi zikuwonetsa mavuto okhudzana ndi data. Nkhani zoterezi sizokhululukidwa ndipo sizingavomerezedwe ndipo sizingachitike. . "Koma alibe chilichonse chochita ndi zomwe zimayambitsa kuphulika kwa ma airbag.

Pali mitundu ingapo yamagetsi ovuta ochokera ku Takata Corporation akuyembekeza kuti asinthidwe, ndipo zitenga zaka zitatu kuchokera ku Takata ndi ena opanga ma airbag. Chifukwa cha zida zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ma airbags, ma airba a Takata sakhala olimba pakapita nthawi. Kwa mamiliyoni a madalaivala omwe magalimoto awo ali ndi ma airbags oterewa, izi zikuwoneka kuti zikuwombera nthawi yowazungulira.

Mbiri ya Takata Corporation

Takata anayambitsidwa ndi banja la a Takata m'ma 30s ndipo anali wopanga nsalu. Mu 1960, Takata Corporation inayamba kupanga malamba okhala opanga magalimoto. Mu 1973, Takata anali yekhayo wopanga malamba okhala ndi magalimoto omwe adadutsa mayeso a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake, Honda adapempha Takata kuti aganizire zopanga ma airbags. Honda ali ndi magawo ochepa ku Takata, ndipo makampani awiriwa akhala akugwira ntchito limodzi mogwirizana. Honda atatsegula fakitale yamagalimoto ku UK, Takata adatsegula fakitoli ku Ireland. Honda atalowa ku China, Takata adatsatiranso.

A Scott Upham, omwe anali wamkulu wa dipatimenti yotsatsa ya Takata ku Auburn Hills, Michigan kuyambira 1994 mpaka 1996, adati, "Makampani awiriwa akuyenera kuti akugonjetsa msika wamagalimoto padziko lonse lapansi. "Upperm tsopano ndi CEO wa kampani yopanga kafukufuku wamsika Valient Market Research. Ngakhale a Honda amakonda kwambiri ma flebags, a Juichiro Takada, omwe adalowa m'malo mwa bambo ake monga CEO wa kampaniyo mu 1974, sanazengereze.

Lingaliro lakapangidwe ka chikwama cha airbag limachokera ku kapangidwe ka rocket ndi zopopera. Saburo Kobayashi, yemwe anali injiniya ku Honda, adalemba za memoir mu 2012, pomwe adalemba kuti Takata anali wokayikira kupanga zamatumba a ndege. Koma kumapeto Takata adaganiza zopanga.

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Mkati mwa bagaleti simamakhala madzi ambiri; pomwe chikwama cha mpweya chimapangidwa kuti chitseguke pazifukwa zina, wolumikizayo yemwe mkati mwake amawotcha kuti adzaze ndi mpweya. Zofukizira zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati ndege za ndege (kupanga kutulutsa), mfuti, ndi migodi ndi ntchito zophulitsa.

Makina omwe amaphatikizika mu airbag amakakamizidwa mpaka kukula kwa piritsi ya aspirin ndipo imayikidwa mu chubu chachitsulo chotchedwa jenereta yamagesi. Galimoto ikawonongeka, chowotchera chosasunthika chimasiyidwa, kenako chimasintha kuchokera ku cholimba kupita ku mpweya, kuchotsera ku jenereta, ndikudzaza thumba la mpweya. Zimangotenga mamilimita angapo kumaliza izi. Kuyambira 1989, United States yalamula kuti kukhazikitsidwa kwa ma airbags m'magalimoto onse.Malamulo akuti chipangizochi chimatha kupulumutsa pafupifupi anthu 2500 pachaka chilichonse. Komabe, mosiyana ndi mankhwala omwe amagwiritsidwanso ntchito kupulumutsa miyoyo, kupanga ma airbags sikufuna chitsimikiziro.

Upham adati, "Galimoto ili ndi magawo pafupifupi 1, ndipo chikwama cha ndege chitha kukhala chopangidwa mwaluso kwambiri, kuposa zida zamagetsi zamagalimoto." Chifukwa amafunika kuyikika mu chiwongolero ndi malo ena owoneka bwino. , Thumba lankhondo liyenera kupangidwa laling'ono komanso lopepuka, ndipo liyenera kupangidwadi pamene mphamvu yakunja ili yochepa. Akatswiri pazofufuza zapadera amakhala olimbikira, akumapangitsa olemba ma patent atanganidwa kwambiri. Nthawi zonse amayesa kuyambitsa njira zabwino komanso zotsika mtengo. Iliyonse mwamagetsi asanu opanga ma airbag omwe ali mdziko lapansi amapanga formula yawo yama kemikali.

Zambiri zophulika monga ma propellants zimapangidwa bwino kwambiri pamalo otentha kwambiri. Takata adayamba kupanga magesi opangira ma airbags ku United States mu 1991. Fakitoli ili ku Moses Lake, Washington, komwe malo ozungulira Western Great Plains amachititsa kuti mpweya uziuma. Malinga ndi a Lil Lillie, omwe adalemba ntchito ngati mainjiniya a Takata Corporation mchaka cha 1994, a Takata Corporation adakhazikitsa mgwirizano ndi kampani yotchedwa Rocket Research, ndipo kenako adagula 50% ya mnzakeyo mgululi. % Zogawana. Lili adati, "Takada adagwira ntchito molimbika kuti apindule nawo pamsika ndi ukadaulo wapamwamba. Tidapita patsogolo mwachangu panthawiyo. Zinali zowopsa, komanso zosangalatsa."

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Fakitale ya Takata ku Japan

Woyamba wa Takata adagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala okhala sodium azide wodziwika bwino, yemwe amachokera ku njira yopangidwa ndi asitikali yokhazikitsa torpedoes ndi zida zoponya. Komabe, sodium azide ndiyovuta kutaya mufakitiyi chifukwa imapsa mosavuta ikakhudzidwa ndi mpweya, kuwala kapena kufinya .. Thupi laumunthu kupuma kwa sodium azide amathanso kuyambitsa poyizoni, ndipo chikwama cha airbag chikapundidwa, galimotoyo Padzakhala zotsalira zamankhwala. Nthawi imeneyo, makampani ambiri omwe amagwiritsa ntchito sodium azide nthawi zonse anali kufunafuna njira zina.

Mu 1996, Takata anakonza gawo lake lachiwiri, lomwe limachokera ku mankhwala ena otchedwa tetrazole, otetezeka kuposa sodium azide koma ali ndi vuto lofananalo. Ndondomeko yomwe ofufuza adalemba formula yawo inali 3110, ndipo dzina la amalonda lomwe Takata adakweza ndikukweza anali Envirosure. Takata anali kampani yoyamba kugwiritsa ntchito tetrazole kupanga ma propellants, ndipo idakopa makasitomala akuluakulu monga Ford ndi General Motors, yomwe inakweza gawo la msika wake ku North America mpaka 10%. Komabe, kuphatikiza kwa ma tetrazole apamwamba kwambiri ndi ochepa komanso okwera mtengo. "Zowonjezera zomwe Takata amalonjeza kwa makasitomala ndizovuta kutsimikizira ngati zitsata njira zomwe zilipo kale zopangira zopangira," Lili adatero. "Chikhalidwe cha kampani panthawiyo chinali: ife timapanga malonjezo kwa makasitomala, kenako tidzagwira ntchito molimbika, zivute zitani Malonjezo awa ayenera kukwaniritsidwa. "

Zatsopano zotsatsa

Takata amakhalanso ndi ntchito yapadera yofufuzira ku Detroit, Automotive Systems Labs (ASL). Ntchitoyi ndikupanga mtundu wothandizirana nawo womwe ndi wosavuta kutulutsa komanso wotsika mtengo kuposa Envirosure, komanso kuti ma airbags apangidwe kukhala ochepa komanso ochepa. kuwala. Uppem adati, "ASL yaphunzira pafupifupi gawo lonse lodziwika." Amaphatikizanso ammonium nitrate, yomwe ndi yamphamvu kwambiri yogulitsa zamankhwala padziko lapansi, ndipo mphamvu yake ili pafupi kwambiri ndi nitroglycerin. Mu 1995, a Timothy McVeigh anagwiritsa ntchito pafupifupi ma kilogalamu 900 ammonium nitrate kuti aphulitse nyumba ya Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building ku Oklahoma.

Malinga ndi a Upham, omwe adawunikiranso ma Patent am'magawo, mtengo wa ammonium nitrate uli pafupi gawo limodzi mwa magawo khumi a tetrazole, koma ali ndi vuto loopsa lomwe limakhumudwitsa opanga ma airbag ena, ndiko kuti, ili ndi mitundu isanu yosiyanasiyana. Gawo, katundu wake ndiwovuta kusunga bata pakapita nthawi. Mapulogalamu opangidwa ndi ammonium nitrate adzakulitsa kapena kuchita mgwirizano ndi kusintha kwa matenthedwe, ndipo mapiritsiwo adzayamba kusanduka ufa. Madzi ndi chinyezi zithandizira izi. Powder imawotcha mofulumira kuposa mapiritsi. Chifukwa chake, ngati propellant yomwe ili mu chikwama cha airimu idasweka, zomwe zimayambitsa zimakhala zowopsa kwambiri pomwe chikwama cha airbox chikuyambitsidwa ndikuponyedwa, ndipo kuphulika komwe kumayendetsedwa koyambirira kumakhala kuphulika kwenikweni.

"Aliyense akuyenda munjira inayake, ndi Takata yekha yemwe wapeza njira yina," a Jochen Siebert, omwe akhala akutsatira malonda a airbag kuyambira 90s ndipo pano akutumizira monga director director a JSC Automotive Consulting Nenani kuti, "Mukawerenga zolemba zamisonkhano nthawi imeneyo, mupeza kuti aliyense ananena nthawi imeneyo," Simuyenera kuchita izi. Ndi zowopsa kwambiri. "

Mu Disembala 1998, akatswiri opanga makina a Lili ndi Takata a Moses Lake adakumana ndi anzawo a ASL kuti apange mtundu watsopano wopangidwa ndi ammonium nitrate. Lili adati panthawi yomwe adauzidwa kuti nkhani yokhazikika pagawo yathetsa. Komabe, adavota mosemphana ndi kapangidwe kake. Mu Januwale 12, a Lili adachita umboni pazamilandu yovulaza munthu payekha motsutsana ndi Takata ndi Honda kuti ASL yalephera kupereka umboni wotsimikizika pankhani yachitetezo cha malonda. Anatero mu umboni wake, "Palibe umboni, palibe zotsatira zoyesa, palibe malipoti a mayeso, mwachidule, palibe chomwe chingatsimikizire kuti athetsa vuto la kukhazikika."

"Pamisonkhano imeneyo, ndidati: Ngati izi zipitilira, moyo udzatayika." Anawonjezeranso umboni wake poyankhulana. Lili adati ataganiziranso kapangidwe kameneka, adakumana mosiyana ndi injiniya yemwe amayendetsa mgwirizano ndi likulu la Takata likulu la Tokyo. "Mauthenga omwe ndidalandira pamsonkhanowu anali akuti, 'Chabwino, ndifotokoza nkhawa zanu, koma musayembekezere kuti achite chilichonse, chifukwa zinthu zasankhidwa kale." Mtsogoleri wa ASL panthawiyo anali Paresh Kan Hadia (Paresh Khandhadia). Lili adati ali ndi digiri ya master mu engineering ya mankhwala. Kanhadia adachoka ku Takata mu 2015. Chaka chatha, Kanhadia sananene chilichonse atapereka umboni m'bwalo lamilandu, akunena kuti malinga ndi Fifth Amendment ku Constitution ya US, ali ndi ufulu osadzizunza.

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Lili adati adachoka ku Takata mchaka cha 1999, mwa zina chifukwa kampaniyo sinatchere khutu ku chenjezo lake la ammonium nitrate. Anatinso kuti mameneja a Takata ndi ogwira ntchito ku dipatimenti yopanga, sanakonzekere kutengera njira yopusitsayi komanso kupanga. "Omakina ku Takata akuti ali ndi njira yamatsenga yomwe palibe amene angaganize kupatula iwo, koma ali ndi izi."

Pamene chomera cha Moses Lake chinali kukonzekera kugwiritsa ntchito ammonium nitrate propellant kuti apange magesi, omwe anali nawo kale a Lili adakhala ndi nkhawa. A Michael Britton, omwe anali mainjiniya oyendetsa mzinda wa Takata mchaka cha 2000, anati, "Nthawi zonse zimadutsa, zochuluka, kenako kupitirira malire." Lili anachitira umboni kuti kasamalidwe sangalole mainjiniya a Takata kuti afufuze Makina opanga gasi anaphulika nthawi ya mayesowo, mainjiniya atatsutsa, nthawi yomweyo anasinthidwa. A manejala abwino adauza Lili kuti manejala pa chomera cha Moses Lake adamukakamiza kuti achite kena kake ndi mayeso a mayeso.

Lili adati muumboni wake kuti mainjiniya adafotokoza njirayi ngati "kupanga njira zama data kukhala chinyengo." Mneneri a Takata adati mayeso omwe ASL anali nawo anali "apamwamba kuposa momwe amagwirira ntchito panthawiyo." Poyesedwa, palibe kusintha kwakukulu komwe kunapezeka pakuchita bwino komanso zinthu zakuthupi za propellant, ndipo bungwe lofufuzira ku Germany pambuyo pake linazindikira kuti kunalibe chochitika chilichonse. Zizindikiro zakuchepa kwa bata. Mneneri adatinso palibe umboni kuti a Lili adawunikira mafunso kapena nkhawa zokhudzana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito ammonium nitrate, komanso palibe zochitika pomwe oyang'anira a Takata alibe chidwi chomvera izi.

Mu Novembala 2000, Tom Sheridan, m'misiri wopanga makina ku Takata Corporation panthawiyo, adalemba zikwangwani kwa abwana ake angapo za zambiri zoyesa za mayeso a Honda. Adatinso memo, "Kalatayi ikuwonetsa kuti lipoti la mayeso a Honda likugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zochepa, kuphatikizapo data yomwe singatsimikizire, deta yomwe sinalembedwe molakwika, kapena deta yomwe kulibe." Chikalatacho chidatumizidwa kwa woyimira milandu yemwe adasuma makampani awiriwo. A Sheridon, omwe adachoka mu kampaniyi mchaka cha 11, adachitira umboni kuti atapereka lipotilo, palibe wamkulu wake yemwe adalankhula naye za mavuto omwe adabweretsa. Pankhaniyi, mneneri wa Takata adati, "Takada akudandaula kwambiri kuti data yoyesera yotsimikiza idalephera kuperekedwa m'njira yoyenera," koma zowunika izi sizikugwirizana ndi zomwe zidapangitsa kuti chikwama cha airbag chiphulike.

Mitundu yatsopano yonyamula ma airbag yoyambitsidwa pamsika

Podzafika 2001, Takata adakhulupirira kuti adapanga njira yotetezeka yopangira ma airbags okhala ndi ammonium nitrate, ndipo adayamba kugulitsa ma airbags ngati opanga ma mota monga Honda ndi Nissan. Inayamba kusamutsa kupanga kukhala chomera chotsegulidwa ku Monclova, Mexico. Upham adati Takata amalemba anthu ntchito kwawo ndikuwapatsa ufulu wambiri. Malinga ndi zolembedwa, kuyambira kumapeto kwa 2001 mpaka kumapeto kwa 2002, ogwira ntchito pafakitaleyi adawulula gawo lokakamizidwa kukhala malo opanda chofunda. Pakapita nthawi, othandizira awa amatha kuyambitsa "amphamvu kwambiri kuyaka ". Pambuyo pake Takata adauza NHTSA kuti ntchito za fakitaleyo zidayenda bwino.

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Mu 2004, kuphulika kwa chikwama cha airbag kunachitika ku Honda Accord ku Alabama, ndikupangitsa zidutswa zazitsulo kuti zisiyanike ndikupangitsa kuvulala kwa driver. Takata adati izi zinali zachilendo kwambiri. Kuyambira nthawi imeneyi, pachitika zochitika zopitilira 100 zomwe zikukhudza kuvulala kwa chikwama cha ndege ya Takata. Honda adati chafika pakukambirana ndi woyendetsa magalimoto ndipo mawu ake amakhala achinsinsi.

Munthu yemwe amagwira ntchito ngati manejala wamkulu wa mabizinesi a Takata ku Europe adanena kuti nthawi yomweyi, anafunsa Canhadia zokhudzana ndi ammonium nitrate, koma Canhadia imathandizidwa ndi likulu la Tokyo. Munthuyu pambuyo pake adagwira ntchito ku Takata zaka zina 10. Popeza akugwirabe ntchito mumakampani omwewo, adapempha kuti asaulule dzina lake. Ku Europe, sakhala yekhayo nkhawa kuti chiopsezo chogwiritsa ntchito ammonium nitrate ndiwokwera kwambiri. Renault anakana kugula ma airbags omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ammonium nitrate. Munthu wakale wa Takada sanayang'ane mwachindunji ndi Kanhadia. Ananenanso kuti adalemba ntchito akatswiri kuti awathandize kupanga njira yokhazikika yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito guanidine nitrate Chifukwa chake, kuyambira 2008, Takata Europe wayamba kugulitsa maoba.

Malinga ndi ofesi yakale ya Takata European, a Bob Schubert, injiniya wopanga maofesi a Takata ku US, ali ndi nkhawa ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka ammonium nitrate. Mu Januware 2005, Schubert ndi akuluakulu ake adanena kuti deta yazomwe kampaniyo idapereka ku Honda inali "itayesedwa." Ma airbags a Takata akuti apambana mayeso ena, koma zoona zake sizinachitike. Adalemba mu imelo, "Ndazindikira kuti machitidwewa adutsa malire ndipo atha kukhala achinyengo." Schubert tsopano ndi membala wa gulu lachitetezo latsopanoli la Takata. Takata adati adapepesa chifukwa cha zolakwa izi, koma sizinakhudzane ndi kukumbukira kwaopanga magesi a ma airbag.

Zoopsa zobisika zikubwera

Mu Marichi 2006, kuphulika katatu kunachitika ku chomera cha Takata Monclova. Takata anangonena kuti chochitikachi chinayambitsidwa ndi ogwira ntchito akulephera kutaya "zinyalala zoyenera" kuyambira nthawi imeneyo. Fakitiyi idayambiranso kupanga mkati mwa mwezi umodzi, ndipo ogwiritsa ntchito a Takata sanasokoneze kupanga magalimoto. Webusayiti ya magalimoto zamagalimoto ku U.S. yotchedwa Newsotive News yotchedwa Takata ichira msanga "modabwitsa kwambiri."

Makina a Takata akhala akupempha patent kuti ipangitse njira yolimbikitsira kukhazikika kwa ammonium nitrate. Lili adati imodzi mwazomwe adagwiritsa ntchito patentyi idafotokoza za ntchito ya serafini kuti asindikize tinthu tating'onoting'ono tokhala ndi mankhwala kuti apange gawo loteteza ku kutentha ndi chinyezi. Adawunikira zikalata zoyenera. Pulogalamu ina inati ammonium nitrate propellant yomwe yakwanitsa kukhazikika "ikuwonetsa machitidwe olimba kwambiri", komanso kuti opanga ma giya ama airbag amakhudzidwa mosavuta ndi zochitika zachilengedwe ndipo amayambitsa mavuto, kuphatikizira "kubzala kwa gasi Kupanikizika kwakukulu kwa chipangizo chowongolera mpweya kunayambitsa. Takata adanenanso kuti "nthawi zonse limamvetsetsa kuthekera kwa chinyezi pazomwe zimapangidwira ammonium nitrate, koma pomwe ammonium nitrate propellant yokhala ndi gawo la gasi imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'matumba opanga mpweya wa mpweya, ngati adapangidwa bwino ndikupanga, Ndiotetezeka komanso wogwira ntchito ".

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Mu 2006, manejala wa dipatimenti yoyendetsa mapulani a Takata Corporation adalemba mu imelo kuti zidziwitso zokhudzana ndi zovuta zomwe zikupezeka poyesa mankhwala zidabisika. Imelo idati, "Tilanda vuto lina, ndipo ndizosatheka kupeza yankho lenileni. Tikadakhala kuti tidadandaula mokulira za fakitoli." Mneneri a Takata adatinso kuti vuto la kusakhulupirika kwa data ndi losakhululukidwa. Sadzalekerera, koma alibe chochita ndi chifukwa chomwe chimaphulitsa mpweya.

Mu Novembala chaka chomwecho, magawo a Takata adalembedwa pagulu pa Tokyo Stock Exchange. Nthawi imeneyo, banja la Takada ndi trasti wake adasunga zoposa 11% zamagawo (pakadali pano ali pafupifupi 80%). M'chaka chachiwiri, kampaniyo idakhazikitsa dongosolo lolowa m'malo mwake. Shigehisa Takada adasankhidwa kukhala Chairman wa kampaniyo, ndipo adakhalabe CEO mpaka mwana wawo, Shigehisa, wazaka 60, atalanda. Takada Shigehisa adakwezedwa kukhala Purezidenti wa kampaniyo. Amayi a Takada Shigehisa, Akiko Takada, adasiya ntchito yotsogolera ndipo adakhala mlangizi. Takada ndi mwana wawo wamwamuna adawonetsa mayendedwe osiyana: bambo ake Shigeichiro Takata [ogwira nawo ntchito aku America amamuwuza kuti Jim (Jim)] akagwada ndikuwunika zida za fakitale, koma malinga ndi malongosoledwe ndi Rili, Shigehisa Takata anali wodekha, wosakhazikika, komanso wachikondi kuvala mizimu. Chakumapeto kwa zaka zam'ma 41, sankafuna kuvala zovala zodzitchinjiriza akamayang'ana fakitale ya Moses Lake, zomwe zidamuthandiza kuti asalowe nawo mu fakitale yopanga mafakitale.

Car idakumbukira chifukwa cha zovuta za airbag

Honda adalengeza zakukumbukira kwa magalimoto 2008 mu Novembala 11, ponena kuti ammonium nitrate propellant yopangidwa ndi chomera cha Takata ku Mexico idakhudzidwa kwambiri chifukwa cha chinyezi chambiri. Takata adatsimikizira olamulira a Honda ndi federal kuti vutoli limakhala ndi malire ndipo latha. M'malo mwake, Takata adasinthitsa formula yabwino ndikuwonjezera desiccant yomwe imatha kuyamwa madzi. Okonza makampani amakhulupirira kuti izi zimathandiza kupewa kuwonongeka ndi kuphulika kwa ammonium nitrate.

Pambuyo pa miyezi isanu ndi itatu, Shigehisa Takata adayenera kuteteza kampani yake pamaso pa antchito aku Honda. Malinga ndi maimelo a mkati mwa maimelo omwe amapezeka pamlanduwo, pamsonkhano womwe unachitikira muofesi ya Honda kunja kwa Los Angeles, wina adafunsa Takada Shigehisa ngati akudziwa kuopsa kwa vutoli. Wogwirizira wa Honda adati "nthawi zonse amakhala ndi nkhawa" chifukwa zikuwoneka kuti Takata sangathe kuwongolera zinthu. Malinga ndi zomwe imelo idakwaniritsidwa, woyang'anira ndende ya Honda adati, "Makina a mkati mwa Takata adzalimbikitsidwanso." Katswiri wina wa Honda anawonjezera kuti zomwe Takata anachepetsa. "Kodi nchifukwa ninji zinaphulika? Ndikufuna kudziwa chifukwa chenicheni. "

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Kumapeto kwa chaka cha 2009, bungwe loyendetsa zinthu ku U.S. lidayambitsa kafukufuku wokhudza Takata, ndipo lidamaliza kafukufukuyu patatha miyezi 6. Iwo adati kampaniyo idazindikira vutoli .. Zidachitika chifukwa cholakwika pakupanga kwina pa chomera china ku Mose Lake, ndipo Honda adachita Ndinayambitsa kukumbukira chikwama cha ndege chomwe chinakhudzidwa. Poyankha, a Clarence Ditlow, wamkulu wa Center for Auto Safety, bungwe losagwiritsa ntchito ndalama zachitetezo cha magalimoto, adati, "Ngati NHTSA idachita ntchito yake moyenera ndikufufuza Takata, bwenzi atamugwira kale. Sitingakumanenso ndi mavuto ngati lero. "Dietlow adati," Takata wachita cholakwika chachikulu kwambiri m'mbiri yamakampani agalimoto. "

Mphamvu zoyipa zikupitilira kukula

Mwa ngozi zokhudzana ndi ma airbag, mlandu umodzi womwe udachitika pa Epulo 2010, 4 walembedwa kwambiri. A Kristy Williams (Kristy Williams) adayimilira pamsewu ku Morrow, Georgia, koma chikwama chake cholumikizira ndege cha 20 a Citiz Civic chidatsegulidwa mosalephera. Wopanga mafuta mu chikwama cha mpweya unaphulika, ndipo chidacho chidagunda pakhosi la Williams, ndikugwetsa chotupa chake. Pambuyo pake, pamlandu wokhudza mlandu wa Takata ndi Honda, adati kuwonongedwa kwa magazi kumamupangitsa kukwapula kangapo, kulanda kamodzi, ndi aphasia imodzi. Pambuyo pake makampani awiriwa adagwirizana ndi iye, ndipo zomwe adasunga zidasungidwa zachinsinsi.

Honda adakumbukirabe magalimoto okhudzana ndi Takata mu 2009, 2010, ndi 2011, ndipo chiwerengero chonse chokhudzidwa chidafika pa 250 miliyoni. Mu 2013, Takata adatumiza lipoti lolakwika pagalimoto ku bungwe loyang'anira boma la U.S., likuti chifukwa cha zolakwika zomwe amapanga, mipando ina ya ndege yanyamuka ikhoza kuphulika. Patatha chaka chimodzi, a NHTSA adapempha magalimoto 10 kuti akumbukire magalimoto okwana 7 miliyoni okhala ndi zikwama zama ndege a Takata m'maiko asanu ndi awiri a kumwera kwa United States, Puerto Rico ndi Zilumba Zachilumba cha U.S. Nkhanizi zikalengezedwa, anthu adalemba tsamba lawebusayiti ya NHTSA kuti zitsimikizire, ndikupangitsa tsambalo kukhala lopuwala. Toyota ikulangiza okwera kuti mitundu ina yamagalimoto iyenera kupewa kukhala pampando wakutsogolo isanasinthe ma airbag.

Zomera za Takata's Monclova zingayambitsenso mavuto ena a Takata. Guillermo Apud, yemwe amagwira ntchito kuyang'anira ntchitoyi, sanawathandize koma kuwadzudzula mwamphamvu antchito chifukwa cha ntchito yawo yoyipa imelo mu Meyi 2011. Adawona kuti ali ndi chodabwitsa cha "rework", ndiko kuti, kuyesera kumanganso zigawo zolakwika pamzere wamagetsi wamagetsi m'malo motola kuti akawunike. Imelo idati, "Rework ndi yoletsedwa pamzerewu! Sitimalola kuti amene akuwongolera / zinthu / munthu / wothandizira kuti akonzenso zida kumanzere ndi kumanzere kosaloledwa popanda chifukwa. Chifukwa cha ichi timakhala ndi zinthu zopanda tanthauzo mobwerezabwereza. Tikuyenera kusintha tsopano! ”Mu 5, ogwira ntchito pafakitoli adayika zolakwika zamagetsi, zomwe zidakumbukira magalimoto oposa 2012 kuchokera pamakina atatu. Takata adati kusuntha kwa Apad ndikugogomezera kufunikira kwa chitetezo chamtundu ndi chitetezo, ndikuwonetsetsa kuti jenereta yamagesi ikhoza kupangidwa moyenera.

M'mwezi wa Marichi 2012, a Angelina Sujata adayendetsa galimoto ya 3 Honda Civic pafupi ndi Columbia, South Carolina, pa liwiro la makilomita 2001 pa ola limodzi. Galimoto kutsogolo kwake idalowera yakugumuka. Suharta adagunda m'galimoto patsogolo, ndipo adamva kuwawa pachifuwa pake. Pambuyo pake, adotolo adachotsa zidutswa zingapo zachitsulo kwa iye. Chaka chimodzi pambuyo pake, adalandira chikumbukiro cha chikwama chowongolera mpweya. Adandaula mlandu wa aHonda ndi Takata ndipo pakadali pano akuyembekezera nthawi yoikika yozenga mlandu.

Takata sanavomereze mpaka chaka cha 2015 kuti vuto lomwe lakhudzidwalo ndi lalikulu, ndipo NHTSA yalengezanso za dziko lonse lapansi zomwe zikupanga magesi pafupifupi 2200 miliyoni. Mneneri wa NHTSA a Bryan Thomas adati, "Kwa zaka pafupifupi 10, zambiri zomwe Takata adapereka kwa owongolera sizinali zolondola, zopanda tanthauzo, komanso zabodza ... Ngati Takata adawululira anthu zowona, Zikanalepheretsa izi kuti zisinthe kukhala vuto lapadziko lonse lapansi. "Takata adakana kuyankhapo.

Takata amapepesa

Takata Shigeichiro atamwalira mu 2011, Takata Shigehisa wazaka 45 anatenga kampaniyo. Shigehisa Takata agwira ntchito ku Takata Corporation kuyambira atakula. Pokumbukira mobwerezabwereza, adangowonetsa chikhululukiro chake kudzera m'mawu olembedwa komanso zotsatsa nyuzipepala. Pulezidenti wa U.S. atayitanitsa Takata kuti achitire umboni, adatumiza wachiwiri wake. Apa mpakana pa 4 June, 2015 adapepesa pagulu koyamba. Adawerama pamaso pa aliyense, kenako ndikung'ung'uza: "Kampani yomwe imayenera kubweretsa chitetezo kwa ogwiritsa ntchito idatha kuvulaza ogwiritsa ntchito. Ndikumva chisoni kwambiri ndi izi." Adanenanso kuti makatani a ndege a Takata ali otetezeka. M'mawu ake, sananene kuti Takata adayesetsa kuthetsa vutoli mwa kusintha njira yowonjezera yomwe idachitika mu 6. Mawu ake amapangitsa anthu kuganiza kuti zomwe zimayambitsa mavutowa zimawonekerabe ngati chinsinsi. "Amakanabe kuti vuto la ammonium nitrate ndilo vutoli," adatero Uppham. "Amati akadafunabe chomwe chimayambitsa. Zimamveka ngati O.J. Simpson akadanenanso kuti apitiliza kufunafuna ndikupha mkazi wake. "Wophera enieni a Nicole ndiwopusa."

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Miyezi isanu itadutsa, pa Novembala 5, 2015, woimira boma ku U.S adalengeza kuti Takata ayenera kulipira ngongole ya US $ 11 miliyoni, ndipo ngati sangathe kukwaniritsa zomwe walonjeza, ayenera kulipira ndalama zina ku US $ 3 miliyoni. Iyeneranso kugwirizana ndi bungwe loyang'anira loyang'anira pawokha. NHTSA idatinso chindapusa chachikuluchi ndi lamulo lalikulu kwambiri lomwe lidachitapo, ndipo mulingo wokhudzidwa ndi mabungwe oyang'anira pawokha siunachitikepo. CEO wa Takata Shigehisa Takata adati, "Poganizira zofuna za NHTSA ndi nkhawa za ogwiritsa ntchito," kampaniyo yavomera kuti alipira ndalama, "ngakhale tikukhulupirira kuti malonda athu ali otetezeka." Tsiku lomwelo, a Honda adanena kuti Takata akuwoneka kuti ali ndi mayeso obera Khalidwe la deta. Shigehisa Takada atafunsidwa za izi pamsonkhano wa atolankhani, adayankha, "Sitinachite izi."

Kumayambiriro kwa Meyi chaka chino, bungwe loyendetsa zachitetezo ku feduro linanena kuti chifukwa cha ma airba omwe anamwalira, maofesi atatu odziyimira pawokha afika pamalingaliro osasinthika: kuwonekera kwakutali ndi kusintha kwa kutentha ndi chinyezi kungapangitse kuti mphamvu yophulika ya ammonium nitrate propellant ikhale yoopsa. A Mark Rosekind, wamkulu wa NHTSA, adatinso, "Kafukufuku wasayansi wasonyeza kuti" magesi omwe amapanga magesi sangakhale otetezeka patapita nthawi. Ngati atakhala m'malo osinthasintha kutentha ndi chinyezi. Njirayi ikuyenda mwachangu. ”NHTSA yawonjezeranso kuchuluka kwa ma airbag.” Zowonjezera zonse zatha kupitirira 5 miliyoni, ndiye kuti, ma bag onse a ma airbe osagwiritsa ntchito desiccant. Chikwama chamavuto chiyenera kusinthidwa isanafike 6000. Takata ayeneranso kutsimikizira pofika kumapeto kwa 2019 kuti ma airbags omwe amagwiritsa ntchito desiccant ali otetezeka. Ripoti lomwe lidaperekedwa ndi Nyumba ya Malamulo ku US pa Juni 2019 lidanena kuti opanga magalimoto anayi akugulitsabe mitundu yatsopano ndi zikwama zamagetsi zovuta zomwe zikufunika kusintha.

Japan posachedwapa yakukulitsa kuchuluka kwa ma chikwama cha airbag, kuphatikiza magalimoto pafupifupi 2000 miliyoni. Pakadali pano ndizosatheka kupeza manambala enieni; Takata sanalenge nambala yonse yamabagi omwe amafunika kusinthidwa. Bloomberg News ikuyerekeza kuti padziko lonse lapansi pali anthu pafupifupi 1 miliyoni polumikizana ndi opanga magalimoto omwe akhudzidwa ndikuphatikiza nkhani yomwe inatulutsidwa ndi woyang'anira.

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Katswiri wina yemwe watchulidwa uja Schubert, yemwe adalumikizana ndi gulu lachitetezo cha malonda a Takata, nthawi ina adanena mu umboni wake kuti "ammonium nitrate propellant alibe mavuto mpaka patadutsa nthawi yayitali atatha kuwonongeka, ndipo zotulukapo zake ndikuti ma handbag amaphulika mwachangu." Akuyerekeza kuti njirayi imatha kutenga zaka 10, ndipo ena mwa owazunza 'adanenanso kuti zitha kutenga zaka 7 zokha. Izi zitha kufotokozera chifukwa chomwe milandu yakupha ya airbag yomwe yakhalapo kuyambira 2011 idakhudza ma airbags omwe adapangidwa zaka 10 zapitazo.

Pofika mu Meyi chaka chino, ndege za Takata pafupifupi 5 miliyoni zokha ku United States zidasinthidwa. Opanga magalimoto ndi ogulitsa amakumana ndi mavuto awiri. Ngakhale Takata amagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala omwewo popanga ma propellants, ma airbags opangidwa amakhala ndi mawonekedwe ndi kukula kwake, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ntchito yotsitsidwayo ikhale yovuta kwambiri. Takata adati "zakulitsa kwambiri" kupanga magawo atsopano, koma opikisana nawo ndiwosangalala nawo. NHTSA yati magesi omwe amapangidwa ndi makampani awa ndi 840% yaomwe abwezeretsa. Koma ngakhale zili choncho, pali kusiyana komwe kulipo.

Vuto lachiwiri ndilakuti nthawi zambiri zimakhala zovuta kupeza eni magalimoto akale, ndipo magalimoto akale akale asintha manja kamodzi. Izi ndizomwe zimachitika ndi galimoto ya Honda yoyendetsedwa ndi Carlos Solis yemwe tamutchula koyambirira kwa nkhani ija, yomwe idasinthira manja kawiri asanaigule kwaogulitsa magalimoto omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kale. Lamulo silifuna kuti ogulitsa magalimoto ogwiritsa ntchito awa azitsatira mbiri yakukumbukira yamagalimoto omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito omwe amagulitsa. Kuyambira chaka chatha, a Honda akhala akutumiza zikumbutso pa zikwangwani za pa siteji komanso kutsatsa pa Facebook ndi Twitter. Kampaniyi idalemba ngakhale ochita zinsinsi kuti apeze eni magalimoto akale.

Takata pakali pano akufufuzidwa ndi dipatimenti ya Zachilungamo ku US ndipo aimbidwa mlandu ndi boma la Hawaii pazifukwa zomwe kampaniyi idabisala zolakwika m'matumba ake a ndege. (Takata Corporation idati ikugwirizana kwathunthu ndi kufufuzidwa ndi Unduna wa Zachilungamo. Komabe, silinenapo kanthu pa milandu ya Hawaii State.) Kampaniyo ikhoza kulipitsidwa ndalama, ndipo ikhoza kukumana ndi zolipirira komanso kubwezera ndalama kwa omwe akukhudzidwa. Panthawi inayake, iyenera kulipira ndalama zomwe zimayenera kukhala ndi opanga, omwe pakalipano amalipira zomwe zololedwa ma airbag. Malinga ndi kuyerekezera kwa Jefferies, zonsezi kuwonjezera, ndalama zonse zimatha kupitilira madola 110 biliyoni aku US. Ndipo Takata alibe ngakhale 10 biliyoni. Ili ndi katundu wongopeza $ 5.2 miliyoni komanso mtengo wamsika pafupifupi $ 3.4 miliyoni, womwe ndi wocheperako gawo limodzi mwa magawo khumi a zipatso zake mu 2007. Kampaniyo inali ndi gawo la 17% yamsika wapadziko lonse lapansi panthawiyi, ndipo Upham akuwerengera kuti msika wake udzachepa mpaka 2020% pofika 5.

Pa Meyi 5, Takata adati adalemba ganyu Lazard kuti athandizire kupezera ndalama komanso kukambirana ndi makasitomala. Kunena mwanzeru kuti tsogolo lake lidzasankhidwa ndi ena. Ngakhale munthu wina uyu ndi ndani, magawo a mabanja a Takata akhoza kuchepetsedwa, ndipo wamkulu wa kampaniyo adzasinthidwa. Mchimwene wake wa Carlos Solis adati, "Takata alola kuvomereza zowona zomwe achita ... akuimba mlandu."

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2016-6-21 10:03:31

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