Kodi kufiira kwa mwana ndi khungu? Zifukwa 4 madokotala amakuphunzitsani momwe mungachitire

Tulutsani maso anu, valani mahedifoni, ndipo mverani ~!

Text / Huang Yanpi (Woyang'anira Chipatala Chodala Ana)

Zikope za mwana wanga ndi zofiira komanso zotupa. Chimayambitsa ndi chiyani ndikuchita nazo? (Kutseka)

 

 

孩子眼皮()突然红肿起来,好像长了一个痘痘,过了两天依然不退。Nchiyani chinayambitsa icho?Agogo anateroKukuladiso la singano,说是蚊虫咬了⋯⋯究竟该如何处理?需要马上看?


Zofiira zofiira ndi zotupa Pakhoza kukhala mavuto anayi akuluakuluChoyamba,Stye(diso la singano)

Stye, Amadziwika kuti singano ya singano, ndimatenda a bakiteriya am'magazi olimba omwe amakhala pansi pazikope, zomwe zimayambitsa kufiira ndi pustules m'mphepete mwa eyelashes.
Diso la singano limagawika m'mbali zamkati ndi zakunja, zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndimatenda osiyanasiyana olimba otsekedwa ndikupatsirana. Koma ngati diso la singano lili mkati mwa chikope, sikophweka kupezeka. Poyambirira, mwanayo amamva kupweteka komanso kumva kupweteka m'maso, kufiira ndi kutupa komanso mitu yaying'ono yachikaso, yomwe imawoneka ngati ziphuphu. Pambuyo pake, maso amakhala ndi thupi lachilendo, kuyabwa komanso kung'ambika, ndipo anthu ena amatha kuzindikira kuwala.

Stye amadziwika kuti diso la singano.Ndicho chodabwitsa momwe zotupa zolimbitsa thupi pansi pa zikope zimayambukiridwa ndi mabakiteriya, omwe amayambitsa kufiira ndi pustules m'mphepete mwa eyelashes. (Kutseka)
Chifukwa chiyani ana ali ndi maso a singano? Chifukwa chachikulu ndichakuti nthawi zambiri mumapaka m'maso mwanu ndi manja akuda kuti mabakiteriya alowe m'matenda osakanikirana. Ana ena omwe ali ndi khungu lodziwika bwino, monga seborrheic dermatitis, amakonda singano.
Momwe mungachitire ndi diso la singano? Makolo amatha kuyesa kupukutira chopukutira choyera kapena pepala m'maso mwa mwana, mphindi 5 mpaka 10 patsiku, katatu kapena kasanu patsiku, zimatha kulimbikitsa kutuluka kwa tiziwalo tating'onoting'ono tochepetsera kutupa ndi kutupa. Muthanso kusisita ntchentchezo pang'onopang'ono mukamagwiritsa ntchito kutentha kuti muchepetse kutupa.
Maso a singano si matenda owopsa, ndipo ambiri amatha msanga pakatha masiku ochepa kapena sabata limodzi kapena awiri.特别治疗。但是多数家长无法分辨红肿的缘由,还是建议先请诊断是否只是单纯的针眼。


Chachiwiri,Chalazion

Zofanana kwambiri ndi diso la singanoZofiira zofiira ndi zotupa, NdiChalazion. Zizindikiro zake zimakhalanso ziphuphu ngati zikopa m'maso. Mosiyana ndi diso la singano, chalazion ndimatenda am'mimba osapweteka, omwe siopweteka komanso otupa komanso ofiira ngati diso la singano.
霰粒肿也不是危险的病症,但它消退的时间比较长,有时候要几个星期到几个月。如果长时间不退,可以看眼科做进一步检查,看看是否需要割除。有时,当针眼恢复时会变成慢性的霰粒肿,所以家长如果发现宝宝的眼皮红肿已经消失,但还是有一个小颗粒般的肿块,便有可能是变成霰粒肿了。不过不需太在意,因为绝大部分也会慢慢消失。


Chachitatu, periorbital cellulitis

即使普通的针眼,也有可能造成并发症,如细菌感染眼皮皮肤组织而引起的“眶周蜂窝织炎”,即(眼皮)发炎。
发炎会让眼皮异常的红肿并且疼痛。它和针眼及霰粒肿不同的地方是,不会在眼睫毛边缘或内结膜里发现一个像痘痘般的肿粒。
发炎必须马上看治疗。一般在吃了消炎药的1~2天内便会慢慢消肿,如未消肿,则必须马上回诊,以是否为危险的“眶蜂窝织炎”,即细菌感染不仅限于“框周”,而是引起眼眶后面的软组织发炎。如果是,必须马上进院治疗,否则会导致失明甚至生命危险。


Zinayi, udzudzu umaluma

Zachidziwikire, kuwonjezera pazinthu zomwe zatchulidwazi zomwe zimakonda kuyambitsa zikope zofiira ndi zotupa mwa ana, zomwe zimafala kwambiri mwachilengedwe ndizofiyira komanso zotupa zimayamba chifukwa cholumidwa ndi udzudzu. Nthawi zina mwana akapsa chikope pambuyo polumidwa ndi udzudzu, chikope chonse chimakhala chofiira ndikutupa, kapenanso kutuluka, chomwe chingayambitse kutupa kwa chikope chomwe chatchulidwa koyambirira ndikufunika kumwa mankhwala oletsa kutupa. Ngati ndi kulumidwa ndi udzudzu mophweka, makolo amangofunika kuthana ndi kuyabwa kwa mwanayo, monga mankhwala amkamwa olimbana ndi kuyabwa kapena kuzizira kwa kuluma. ◇


Njira yachilengedwe yolimbana ndi udzudzu! Njira 7 zobwezeretsera udzudzu, osawopa udzudzu womwe ungakulumeninso

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Za wolemba: Dr. Huang Yanpi

黄彦鈜(Grace Yen Hoong Ooi, MD),儿科医学博士,康奈尔下城医院及纽约大学信义会医院临床教授、儿科主治医师,纽约幸福儿科诊所院长。毕业于哈佛大学医、加拿大麦吉尔大学。
Mkonzi woyang'anira: Li Qingfeng

 

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