Australia-Australia East Timor Chitchainizi-Mboni ndi Ophunzira a East Timor History-Australia Chinatown

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Ogasiti 8 ndi chikumbutso cha 30 cha referendum ya East Timor, yomwe idayika maziko a ufulu wa East Timor mu 20.Mwinamwake simukudziwa kuti anthu ambiri achi China obadwira kumeneko adachita mbali yofunikira mumsewu waku East Timor wodziyimira pawokha.

Anthu atatu aku Australia aku East Timorese Yu Yuanrong (kumanzere), Li Guangneng (pakati) ndi Xie Daxian (kumanja) adalankhula zakukonda kwawo East Timor.

三位澳大利亚东帝汶华人叶圆芸(左)、黎光能(中)和谢达贤(右)畅谈他们的东帝汶情缘。

ABC

Ogasiti 8 ndi chikumbutso cha 30 cha referendum ya East Timor, yomwe idayika maziko a ufulu wa East Timor mu 20.Mwinamwake simukudziwa kuti anthu ambiri achi China obadwira kumeneko adachita mbali yofunikira mumsewu waku East Timor wodziyimira pawokha.

East Timor ili ku Southeast Asia, kum'mawa kwa zilumba za Indonesia, ndipo Australia kumwera chakum'mawa.Malowa ndi ochepa, makamaka kum'mawa kwa chilumba cha Timor.East Timor kale inali koloni ya Chipwitikizi. M'dzina lake "Timor-Leste", Leste amatanthauza "East" mu Chipwitikizi, ndipo Timor imachokera ku Indonesia timur, zomwe zimatanthauzanso "East".

Mbiri ya East Timor ikhoza kunenedwa kuti ndi yayitali komanso yovuta.Pofika zaka za m'ma 14, aku China ndi amwenye adachita malonda pano. Pambuyo pa 1769, Apwitikizi adalanda East Timor mpaka 1974, pomwe Portugal adasiya ulamuliro wawo wachikoloni ku East Timor chifukwa chakusintha kwanyumba.Pankhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse, asitikali a Allies ndi Japan nawonso adalanda East Timor.

Mu Disembala 1975, asitikali aku Indonesia adalanda East Timor ndikuyika East Timor m'chigawo cha 12 cha Indonesia.

Mpaka pa Ogasiti 1999, 8, kusankhidwa kwa referendum ku East Timor moyang'aniridwa ndi United Nations kunabweretsa dzikolo pakusintha ufulu wawo.Chaka chomwecho, 30% aku East Timorese adasankha kudziyimira pawokha.

Pa August 2001, 8, East Timor inachita chisankho choyamba mu April 30. Mu April 2002, Gusmão anasankhidwa kukhala Pulezidenti wa East Timor.

2002年5月20日,东帝汶正式独立,并于2002年9月成为联合国第191个成员国。

Pali achi China ambiri ku East Timor, ndipo atenga gawo lofunikira pakudziyimira pawokha kwa East Timor.

Zolemba zakale zikusonyeza kuti mu 1511, anthu atatu achi Canton adabwera ku East Timor Okusi kudula mitengo ya sandal ndipo adakhala achi China oyamba kwambiri ku East Timor.

Kuchokera nthawi imeneyo, Hakkas ambiri aku Cantonese adapita ku chilumba cha God kukachita bizinesi, ndipo ambiri adakhazikika kuti apange gulu loyamba lachi China ku East Timor.Pomwe zinthu zinkayenda bwino kwambiri, nthawi ina ku China kunali anthu XNUMX.

Malinga ndi malipoti, dziko la Indonesia lisanalandidwe mu 1975, aku China anali ndi chuma ku East Timor, komanso ulimi waku China unkalamulidwanso ndi achi China.

Pambuyo pa 1975, olamulira ku Indonesia adathetsa masukulu achi China ndi maphunziro achi China, ndikukakamiza kuphunzitsidwa kwa manyuzipepala aku Indonesia, komanso aku China komanso zolembedwera zinaletsedwanso kulowa ku East Timor.Ambiri aku China adathawa East Timor motsatira, ndipo ambiri adasamukira ku Australia.

Mizinda iwiri yamkati ya Melbourne, Richmond ndi Flemington, ndi malo osonkhanira achi China ku East Timor.

Masiku angapo apitawo, atolankhani a ABC Chinese adayenda m'magulu awiriwa, adayendera anthu atatu aku China a East Timorese, ndikuwamvera akunena za mbiri ya lupanga ndi mthunzi.

Li Guangneng: "Sananenepo chilichonse kuti andinyengerere kuti ndichepe"

Li Guangneng nthawi ina adamenyera ufulu wodzilamulira ngati zigawenga ku East Timor.Iye ndi mkazi wake Wu Bihuan ali kunyumba kwawo ku Melbourne.
Li Guangneng nthawi ina adapanga zigawenga ku East Timor kuti amenye ufulu.Chithunzicho chikuwonetsa iye ndi mkazi wake Wu Bihuan kunyumba kwawo ku Melbourne.
(ABC: Jason Fang)

Monga Hakka, Li Guangneng ndi m'badwo wachiwiri wobadwira ku East Timor.Anakhazikitsa gulu lachigawenga Indonesia atalanda East Timor ndikukumana ndi asitikali aku Indonesia.

"Ine ndi anzanga ambiri omwe tidakulira m'derali tidatenga nawo gawo pomenya nawo nkhondo. Usiku wina, gulu lankhondo laku Indonesia lidatizungulira ndi gulu la anthu opitilira 40," atero a Li Guangneng ku Mandarin.

"Pa nthawiyo, zidamveka kuti tonse tidamwalira. Komabe, khumi ndi awiri aife tidapulumuka."

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Yesani kutero

Tsitsani mwachindunji
(17.68 MB)

Mwamuna wanyamula mbale yotchedwa "Unity Action And Progress".

Li Guangneng adafunsidwa ndi atolankhani a ABC Chinese ndipo adalankhula za masiku ndi usiku wa zigawenga zake.

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Malo oti muzisewera kapena kuyimitsa, M kuti musalankhule, mivi yakumanzere ndi kumanja kuti mufufuze, mivi yakukwera ndi kutsika kwa voliyumu.

Malo oti muzisewera kapena kuyimitsa, M kuti musalankhule, mivi yakumanzere ndi kumanja kuti mufufuze, mivi yakukwera ndi kutsika kwa voliyumu.

  • Tsitsani (17.68 MB)

  • 17.68 MB

Li Guangneng anafunsidwa ndi atolankhani a ABC Chinese za usana ndi usiku wa zigawenga zake. (
ABC Chitchaina
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Amakumbukirabe kukhumudwa kwa abambo ake pomwe amatumiza anzawo operekedwa kumudzi.

"Bambo anga ayenera kuti ali ndi nkhawa kwambiri za ine. Komabe, sananene chilichonse kuti andinyengerere. Izi zikundilimbikitsabe."

Pofuna kupeŵa kusaka kwa gulu lankhondo laku Indonesia, iye ndi banja lake adachoka kudera lamapiri lomwe lidasakazidwa ndi nkhondo kupita ku likulu la Dili, ndikubisala ku Tibet.Mwana wake wamwamuna wachiwiri adabadwa usiku wachiwiri akusamukira ku Dili.

Pokumbukira zochitika zaka zoposa 40 zapitazo, mkazi wa Li Guangneng, Wu Bihuan, yemwenso ndi banja lachitatu la Hakka ku East Timor, adati akukumbukirabe zatsopano.

"Koma sindinkaopa kukhala ndi mwamuna pambali panga."

Zikakhala zovuta kwambiri, Li Guangneng adaperekanso chakudya ndi zinthu kwa zigawenga m'dera lamapiri lija.Pogwiritsa ntchito mwayi wopereka katundu kuboma mothandizidwa ndi Indonesia, adatumiza zigawenga zingapo zofunikira kwa zigawengazo.

"Ndimawabweretsera mabatire. Ndimabweretsa mabokosi awiri amabatire nthawi iliyonse. Ndimawayika pansi pa mpando woyendetsa."

Mu 1981, iye ndi banja lake adasankha kusamukira ku Australia.

Atafika ku Australia, Li Guangneng adapitiliza kukweza ndalama zodziyimira pawokha ku East Timor ndikuwuza boma la Australia ndi anthu ku East Timor.

Watenga ana awo ndi akazi awo ku Canberra nthawi zambiri kuti apite ku Canberra ndikuyika zikwangwani patsogolo pa Nyumba Zamalamulo kuti akadandaule za East Timor.

"Mwana wanga wamkazi adayamba kuyankhula adakali wamng'ono kwambiri. M'ma XNUMX, palibe, pafupifupi anthu khumi ndi awiri kapena makumi awiri omwe adachita nawo ziwonetserozi. Nthawi imeneyo, ana anga atatu adabwera ndi ine ku Canberra."

Amakhalanso ndi wailesi ya ola limodzi ndi theka sabata iliyonse, ndikuwonetsa mauthenga ochokera ku East Timor kwa anthu pano.Mpaka pano, adakali ndi bokosi lalikulu la matepi ochokera ku East Timor mumsonkhanowu.

Osangoti izi, Li Guangneng adalinso pagulu la achichepere achichepere ku East Timor ku Australia.Ku mbali imodzi, adawakonzekeretsa kuti azisewera masewera, ndipo mbali inayi, amapatsanso ana awa omwe alibe zambiri kukumbukira kuphunzira za East Timor ndikukweza ndalama zothandizira gulu lotsutsa kumeneko.

"Nthawi zambiri, misonkhano ya boma la ku East Timore la ku ukapolo limachitikira mchipinda changa chochezera," adatero, akuloza zithuzi zomwe zili mu chimbale cha buku lalikululi.

Li Guangneng adalankhula pamsonkhano womwe bungwe la East Timor Independence Movement lidachita koyambirira kwa ma 80.
Li Guangneng adalankhula pamsonkhano womwe bungwe la East Timor Independence Movement lidachita koyambirira kwa ma 80.
(Zoperekedwa)

Amuzunguliridwa ndi anthu odziwika odziwika ku East Timorese monga wopambana Mphotho ya Mtendere ya Nobel, komanso Prime Minister wakale komanso Purezidenti wa East Timor atalandira ufulu, monga José Manuel Ramos-Horta.

East Timor italandira ufulu, Li Guangneng adapitilizabe kugwirira ntchito chipani chake, East Timor Independent Revolutionary Front.Koma adawonanso kumenyana, kumenyera nkhondo, komanso ziphuphu.

"Pambuyo pake ndidazindikira kuti anthu ambiri a ku East Timore aphunzira za ziphuphu. Nthawi imeneyo, ndidatseka maso anga ndipo mwadala sindinkawawona. Izi zidandipangitsa kukhala wosasangalala. Ndikalankhula mosabisa, anthu ambiri sangasangalale ndipo abweretsa chidani. . Zonse zomwe ndazimiririka ndale. "

Ponena za momwe amaonera achi China ku East Timor, a Li Guangneng adati: "Ndikumvetsetsa kuti anthu ena akuwopa Indonesia, ndipo ena mwa iwo safuna kulumikizana ndi East Timor konse. Amaganiza kuti East Ufulu wodziyimira pawokha ku Timor ndi nkhani ya nzika zadziko. Zilibe kanthu. Sindikugwirizana ndi malingaliro okhalitsa. "

Ye Yuanyun: "Dziko langa lapita, nanga kukhala ndi moyo ndi chiyani?"

Ye Yuanrong anali ndi zaka XNUMX zokha pomwe Indonesia idalanda East Timor.Komabe, adadzipereka pagulu lodziyimira pawokha ku East Timor atathawa East Timor.
Ye Yuanyun anali ndi zaka zisanu ndi zinayi zokha pamene Indonesia idalanda East Timor.Atathawa ku East Timor, adadzipereka ku bungwe lodziyimira pawokha ku East Timor.
(Zoperekedwa)

Agogo ake a Ye Yuanyun adasamukira ku East Timor kuchokera ku China ndikukwatira mkazi wachiaboralo wakomweko.Abambo ake ndi achi China obadwira ku East Timorese obadwira kuno.Chifukwa chakuti ali ndi chiyambi cha anthu amtundu wa East Timor, nthawi zonse amadziona ngati chizindikiro cha mgwirizano wapadziko lonse wa East Timor.

"Ndili mwana, East Timor inali yobwerera m'mbuyo kwambiri chifukwa inali yotsekedwa kwambiri, chifukwa boma la Chipwitikizi lidatengera mfundo za anthu opusa."

"Palinso mikangano pakati pa achi China ndi anthu akumaloko. Ichi ndichinthu chomwe mbali zonse zikuyenera kuwunikanso."

Anatinso makamaka anthu aku China amasankhabe Aaborijini akumaloko.

Ye Yuanyun anali ndi zaka zisanu ndi zinayi zokha pamene East Timor idagonjetsedwa ndi Indonesia, koma amakumbukirabe nthawiyo yakale idakali yatsopano.

"Usiku woyamba [gulu lankhondo laku Indonesia lidaukira], banja lililonse linagogoda pazitseko zawo nati, 'Musayatse magetsi usikuuno,' chifukwa Indonesia yatsala pang'ono kuwukira."

"Pambuyo pake, kuwombera mfuti kumamveka tsiku lililonse. Ndipo asitikali aku Indonesia amabwera kunyumba kwanga tsiku lililonse kuyambira m'mawa mpaka usiku kudzafuna mchimwene wanga yemwe adatenga nawo gawo pagulu lodziyimira pawokha ... Ndipo nthawi iliyonse ndikabwera kudzatenga zonse. nthawi imeneyo, banja lathu linanenadi kuti Ndiwophunzira m'banja. "

Ye Yuanyun adakumbukiranso kuti nthawi zambiri ankamva nkhani zakufa panthawiyo, "zinali zowopsa kwambiri."
Amakumbukirabe bwino lomwe kuti nthawi imeneyo abambo ake adamuphunzitsa kuloweza "Nyimbo ya Ana Asanu ndi awiri" a Yiduo.

Australia ndi East Timor akhala akufunsana maulendo angapo momwe angaperekere mafuta mu Timor Sea.
Australia ndi East Timor akhala akufunsana maulendo angapo momwe angaperekere mafuta mu Timor Sea.
(ABC TV)

Mu Marichi 1925, Wen Yiduo adayerekezera malo asanu ndi awiri osungidwa ndi kubwereketsa monga Macau, Hong Kong, ndi Taiwan ndi ana asanu ndi awiri omwe adatengedwa kuchokera kwa amayi ake pophunzira ku United States mu Marichi 3, kuti akambirane za "otayika a thandizo mdziko lawo, kuzunza alendo. "Zachisoni.

"[Ndakatulo iyi] imandipangitsa kukhudzidwa kwambiri. Abambo anga nthawi zambiri ankandiphunzitsa kuti anthu ayenera kukhala ndi msana. Anatinso ngakhale dziko lawo lapita, ndiye kuti tikhale ndi moyo wanji?"

Anatinso chifukwa chachidziwitso chomwe abambo ake adamuphunzitsa kuti adachita khama kwambiri pa ufulu wa East Timor.

Atawonongeka, banja lake lidaganiza zothawa ku East Timor.

"Banjali lidaphwanya poto ndikugulitsa chitsulo ndikugulitsa zonse zomwe zinali mnyumba pamsika. Ndipokhapo pomwe adapeza ndalama zokwanira kuti achoke ku East Timor."

Iwo adafika koyamba ku Jakarta, Indonesia, kenako adathawira pachilumba chaching'ono pafupi ndi Singapore, kenako anazembetsa kupita ku Singapore, napita ku Portugal, ndipo adafika ku Australia mu Epulo 1981.

Ye Yuanyun adati anthu aku Australia alidi abwino, ndipo adati sakukhutira ndi zomwe aboma aku Australia adathandizira poyambitsa nkhondo yaku Indonesia ku East Timor.

East Timor isanachite referendum mu 1999, adathandizira kukonza referendum ku Melbourne. East Timor itadzilamulira, idatumikiranso ngati woimira East Timor ku Victoria, South Australia ndi Tasmania, Australia.

Anatinso adalowa nawo gulu lodziyimira pawokha ku East Timor kuti asapeze ntchito, koma kuti apeze dziko lotayika.

谢达贤:“不能再留下了”

Banja la Xie Daxian, wachi China wachiwiri wobadwira ku East Timor, adathawa usiku waku Indonesia ku East Timor.Anatinso kuti ngakhale adabwerera ku East Timor nthawi zambiri atalandira ufulu, sanali kulumikizana kwambiri ndi komwe adabadwira.
Banja la Xie Daxian linathawa East Timor madzulo a ku Indonesia atagonjetsa East Timor.Anati ngakhale adabwerera ku East Timor nthawi zambiri atalandira ufulu, salinso pachibale ndi komwe adabadwira.
(zoperekedwa)

Monga m'badwo wachitatu wa East Timorese Chinese, Xie Daxian ndi Hakka.Anakumbukira kuti dziko la Portugal litachoka ku East Timor komanso dziko la Indonesia lisanafike ku East Timor, panali kugawikana ku East Timor.Nthawi imeneyo, magulu aku pro-Indonesia, pro-Portuguese komanso odziyimira pawokha adalimbana.

"Pambuyo pake, nkhondo yapachiweniweni idasanduka nkhondo yapachiweniweni. Posakhalitsa Indonesia idalanda," akukumbukira.

"Tinayang'ana momwe zinthu zilili panthawiyo ndipo sitinakhalebe."

Atapereka ziphuphu, Xie Daxian wazaka 23 ndi banja lake adafika ku Bali ndi bwato. Pambuyo pake, anthu ena adakwera ndege kupita ku Taiwan, ndipo ena omwe anali ndi mapasipoti aku Portugal adapita ku Macau.

Anati: "Anthu aku Indonesia ndiowopsa kwambiri atalowa ku East Timor kuposa ziwanda zaku Japan mu Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yapadziko Lonse ... chilichonse."

Banja lake linatayidwa katundu yense, kuphatikizapo nyumba, galimoto, ndi bizinesi.

Atakhala zaka zisanu ku Macau, Tse Tat Hsien ndi banja lake adasamukira ku Australia ku 1981.

Banja la a Xie Daxian, omwe akukhala ku Melbourne, ati pambuyo pa chisankho cha East Timor komanso ufulu wodziyimira pawokha, analinso ndi anzawo omwe amapita ku East Timor kukachita bizinesi, koma chifukwa cha ziphuphu ndi zina, sanachite chilichonse.

"M'nthawi yaulamuliro ku Indonesia, [ndidapitako] ku East Timor katatu, ndipo nditalandira ufulu, ndidapita kasanu .. Ndimapita kukalambira makolo anga, agogo, agogo, agogo, agogo, ndi amalume awiri . "

Anati tsopano banja lake lazolowera moyo ku Australia ndipo alibe cholinga cholumikizana ndi East Timor.

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