Chisankho ku Australia-US General: Ndani amalamulira White House ndipo zikhudza bwanji ubale wapakati pa Australia, United States ndi China? - Australia Chinatown

Tulutsani maso anu, valani mahedifoni, ndipo mverani ~!
Novembala 11 ndiye Tsiku Lonse Losankhidwa ku U.S.Woyimira Republican komanso Purezidenti Trump wapano ayamba kuthamanga komaliza komaliza ndi wotsutsana ndi Democratic Bidid Biden.Kodi kutha kwa chisankho cha ku United States kukhudza bwanji tsogolo la ubale pakati pa Australia, United States ndi China?Aphunzitsi atatu achi China ochokera kumayunivesite atatu ku Australia anafotokoza malingaliro awo.

Dulani a Joe Biden ndi a Donald Trump akuyang'anizana ndi mawonekedwe abulu ndi njovu kumbuyo.

Nkhani za ABC: Jarrod Fankhauser

11月3日是美国大选日。共和党候选人、现任总统特朗普将与民主党候选人拜登目前势均力敌,这意味着将展开最后的冲刺与较量。

Akatswiri atatu aku China-Australia adasanthula zomwe zingachitike pazisankho zaku US pamgwirizano pakati pa Australia ndi China potengera ubale wazachuma, ndale komanso zamayiko.
三位澳大利亚华裔从经济、政治以及外交关系层面分析美国大选对澳中关系的潜在影响。
(ABC Chitchaina)

Wokhudzidwa ndi mliri wa korona watsopano, kuchuluka kwa ovota aku America omwe adasankha kuvota pasadakhale komanso mwa kutumiza makalata chaka chino kwachuluka kwambiri. .

Pakadali pano, zotsatira zakufufuza kwa atolankhani ambiri komanso zipani zandale zikuwonetsa kuti Biden ali patsogolo pa a Trump.Komabe, pakuwona kusokonekera kwakukulu pazovota kumabweretsa zisankho mu 2016, zikuwoneka kuti zisankhozo sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati zodalirika maziko olosera zotsatira za chisankho cha chaka chino.

而这场世界聚焦的美国大选结果又将给澳美、澳中和美中关系带来怎样的影响?本周ABC中文的《直播澳洲》节目邀请了三位澳大利亚华裔专家,从多个角度对此进行剖析。

Trump vs. Biden: Ndani amalamulira zokwera ndi zotsika?

Pasanathe sabata kuchokera kumapeto komaliza, woyimira purezidenti wa Republican a Trump anali akuvutikabe-kulimbitsa mvula kuti achite nawo zisankho.
Pasanathe sabata kuchokera kumapeto komaliza, woyimira purezidenti wa Republican a Trump anali akuvutikabe-kulimbitsa mvula kuti achite nawo zisankho.
(AP: Evan Vucci)

Pamene imfa yatsopano ya korona yapadziko lonse lapansi komanso milandu yotsimikizika ikupitilizabe kukwera, misika yamasheya yapadziko lonse yasinthanso.

美国12个州昨天(10月28日)创下了新冠住院病例的最高纪录。在欧洲,德国和法国相继宣布强化一系列疫情管控措施,这些都对全球股市造成了极大的冲击。

A Eric Kuby, oyang'anira mabungwe azachuma ku North Star Investment Management Corp. ku Chicago, adati: "Zikuwonekeratu kuti vutoli layamba kulamulidwa. Ndipo likupitilirabe kumtunda, zomwe ndizowopsa."

"Lingaliro loti [mliri watsopano wa korona] uwonongeka ndichinyengo chabodza."

迪肯(Deakin University)国际关系专业副教授潘成鑫博士认为,这会成为特朗普连任上的一只“拦路虎”。

"点将成为很多[美国]选民在投票时的决定性因素。”

截至10月29日早上8:30,美国新冠确诊人数超过883万,死亡病例达22.7万。

Chisankho cha 2020 U.S. chidzatsimikizira amene adzayang'anire White House pazaka zinayi zikubwerazi. Kodi izi zingasokoneze ubale wovuta pakati pa Australia-US-China?
Chisankho cha 2020 ku America ndi chomwe chidzasankhe yemwe azitsogolera White House pazaka zinayi zikubwerazi. Kodi izi zisokoneza ubale wapakati pa Australia, United States ndi China?
(Reuters: Daniel Acker)

不过,蒙纳士商学院经济学教授史鹤凌博士认为,从目前竞选活动的人气上看,特朗普的人气似乎还在上升。

"Ndikuganiza kuti mwayi woti a Trump asankhidwenso ndiwokwera kwambiri. Chofunikira kwambiri ndikuyang'ana malingaliro a anthu. Pali anthu ochepa omwe amamvera Biden kulikonse komwe angapite, ndipo a Trump ndiosiyana kotheratu."

据此前曾正确预测2016年美国大选结果的“义乌指数”(通过中国义乌的候选人竞选商品的数量来预测选举结果的非官方数据)来看,今年看来又是特朗普的势头压过了拜登。

Kuphatikiza apo, pali chosinthanso china pachisankho cha US chaka chino, ndiye kuti osankhidwa awiriwo ndi omwe amawathandizira sangazindikire zotsatira za zisankho, zomwe zitha kubweretsa kusamvana kwamalamulo ku United States.

Atolankhani akuda nkhawa ngati mkangano womwe udzagawanitse anthu aku America usandutsa United States of America kukhala "Magawo Ogawanika a America" ​​ochulukirapo.

《纽约时报》此前报道,大选前,美国枪支的销售十分火爆,以至一度脱销,另一份由加州戴维斯分校所做的研究发现,在加州,买枪者大多是首次拥枪者。

史鹤凌教授说,全球化及自动化给美国和欧洲带来了“去制造业化”,这严重削弱了大批中产阶级的利益。这种情况虽然在澳大利亚表现得不明显,但是却成了美国和欧洲部分经济体的硬伤。这种贫富分化加剧带来了族群冲突与社会的不稳定。

Kodi ubale wa US-China upitilizabe kuwonongeka?

Ubale pakati pa US-China wafika povuta kwambiri pazaka zinayi za Purezidenti wa Trump.
Maubwenzi apakati pa US-China afika poipa kwambiri pazaka zinayi za Trump ngati Purezidenti.
(OWERENGA: JASON LEE)

Pulofesa Shi Heling amakhulupirira kuti kusankhidwanso kwa a Trump kupindulira China pamapeto pake.

"A Trump apatsa China mutu wofunikira koma wovuta kwambiri. Izi zipititsa patsogolo chitukuko cha chuma cha China pankhani yogulitsa. Izi zikhala zopindulitsa kwambiri pakukula kwachuma ku China mtsogolo."

"M'malo mwake, ngati Biden asankhidwa, padzakhala ubale wosamveka pakati pa China ndi United States. Izi zikuwononga kwambiri kusintha kwachuma kwa China."

悉尼科技(University of Technology Sydney,UTS)社会、政治学项目副教授冯崇义博士也有同感,他认为如果特朗普当选,他会继续对中国表现出强硬的一面。

"[Washington] atapanikizika, [boma la China] lichepetsa kupondereza anthu. Zidzapangitsa [Beijing] kuletsa pang'ono."

Komabe, Pulofesa Wothandizira Pan Chengxin amakhulupirira kuti chifukwa cha "Mtambo wa Thucydides", United States safuna kuwona opikisana olimba akuwonekera, kaya ku Asia kapena ku Europe.

"mkati点上讲,不管是特朗普,还是拜登当选,中美之间的紧张关系还会持续下去。当然,具体的策略上,形式、方式方面有所不同。”

"Trump sakudziwika ndipo wapanga zidule zosamvetsetseka. Malinga ndi malingaliro aboma la China, ngakhale zisankho za Biden zipitilizabe kupondereza China, iye ali makamaka pankhani zongolankhula komanso zofuna zaku China. Mwachitsanzo, kunena pang'ono, pamenepo sizikhala zodabwitsa pankhani ya Taiwan, ndipo kuneneratu ndikokulu. "

Ubale wa "United States" ku Australia ndi Australia upitilizabe

Pansi pa "Australia-New Zealand-US Security Security Pangano" (AUNZUS), United States, Australia ndi New Zealand ndi ogwirizana ankhondo, ndipo onse ndi mamembala a "Five Eyes Alliance", mgwirizano wogawana nzeru.

Ndichifukwa cha ubale wapaderadera pakati pa mayiko awiriwa kuti Pulofesa Wothandizira Feng Chongyi adalongosola Australia ndi United States ngati "abwenzi achitsulo".

“无论哪个[美国]总统上来,美澳关系不会有太大变化。这两个是铁哥们儿。”

Anatinso ngakhale maphwando akusinthasintha mphamvu, ubale wapaderawu sunasinthe.

Palibe njira yothetsera ubale waku Australia ndi China womwe ukuwonongeka?

Pambuyo pa 2017, maubwenzi aku Australia-China ayambanso kuchepa.
Kuyambira 2017, ubale pakati pa Australia ndi China wasokonekera pang'onopang'ono.

Wothandizana nawo Pulofesa Feng Chongyi adati boma la Australia ndi anthu amathandizira phindu loteteza demokalase komanso ufulu.

"Ndondomeko iliyonse, makamaka ntchito zabwino, ili ndi mtengo. Palibe chakudya chamasana chaulere. Mukalimbikira mfundo zanu ndipo simukuchita ndi satana, mudzataya zina. Onani zisankho zaku Australia, anthuwo ndiololera kupirira "."

"Ndale zaku Australia zakhala zikulankhula za bizinesi yathu posachedwa, koma sitingaleke mfundo zathu. Sitingathe kusiya zomwe timafunikira. Komanso sitinyalanyaza mikangano yamabungwe, malingaliro ndi phindu pakati pa Australia ndi China."

Video Player yalephera kutsegula.

Mapu a satellite aku Australia okutidwa ndi China ndi mbendera zaku Australia.

Nyumba的华人林立问澳中关系是否会回到从前?

Play

Malo oti muzisewera kapena kuyimitsa, M kuti musalankhule, mivi yakumanzere ndi kumanja kuti mufufuze, mivi yakukwera ndi kutsika kwa voliyumu.

Nyumba的华人林立问澳中关系是否会回到从前? (
ABC Chitchaina
)

Poyankha mafunso kuchokera mu kanema wa omvera, Pulofesa Feng Chongyi adati ndizosatheka kubwerera ku njira yakale ya Australia chaka cha 2017 chisanafike, kudalira United States pazachitetezo ndi luntha, ndikudalira China pachuma.

“三、四十年以来,[西方]与中国的接触参与,几乎是无地与中国合作,[西方]他们曾经有一个期待,希望在得到了这么多好处和空间之后,政治和社会方面会变得更开放,更自由,也越来越像一个民主。但是结果却和他们的善良愿望相反。”

“政权反而利用它的经济上的起飞、增长,国力的增强,来强化它的统治和数码集权主义,加强对社会的控制。也在国际舞台上推行‘战狼’外交。对周边,甚至欧美的民主都是很大的威胁。”

"Khalani ndi chikhumbo chachindunji cholowerera ndikusokoneza lingaliro la ufulu ndi demokalase. Lolani China ikhale ndi ufulu wolankhula kuti isinthe mayiko owolowa manja."

Komabe, Pulofesa Wothandizira Pan Chengxin saganiza choncho.Ananenanso kuti Australia ndi China ndizothandizana kwambiri.

"Kapangidwe kameneka katsimikizira kuti China ipitilizabe kukhala bizinesi yaku Australia. M'zaka zikubwerazi, China ikhalabe yogulitsa kwambiri.

“近些年来,澳大利亚政府一直在强调在出口方面减少对中国市场的依赖,从原材料到中国留学生市场,但是说起来容易做起来难,因为没有其他能够替代中国这个大的市场。”

Pulofesa Pan akukhulupirira kuti panthawi yomwe mliri watsopanowu umakhudza kwambiri chuma cha Australia, chuma chomwe chawonongeka chikufunika kuchira msanga.

Video Player yalephera kutsegula.

Asitikali aku China People's Liberation Army (PLA) ovala maski oteteza nkhope akuyenda kudutsa pakhomo lolowera mumzinda woletsedwa

A He, aku China omwe amakhala ku Sydney, adafunsa ngati pangakhale zotsatirapo zoyipa ngati Beijing ikalamulira utsogoleri wapadziko lonse m'mikangano lero.

Play

Malo oti muzisewera kapena kuyimitsa, M kuti musalankhule, mivi yakumanzere ndi kumanja kuti mufufuze, mivi yakukwera ndi kutsika kwa voliyumu.

A He, aku China omwe amakhala ku Sydney, adafunsa ngati pangakhale zotsatirapo zoyipa ngati Beijing ikalamulira utsogoleri wapadziko lonse m'mikangano lero. (
ABC Chitchaina
)

Mmodzi mwa omvera ku Sydney adafunsa ngati China tsiku lina idzakhala yamphamvu zikutanthauza kuti dziko lomwe sililankhula zaufulu ndi ufulu lidzatuluka.Pulofesa Shi Heling adati adakhulupirirabe China.

"Kuda nkhawa kotere kulipo. Chifukwa mzaka zaposachedwa, malingaliro aku China akuwoneka kuti akutenga gawo lofunikira kwambiri. Chachiwiri, kulimbana pakati pa malingaliro aku China ndi demokalase yowolowa manja kuli kwamphamvu kwambiri."

"Komabe, ndikuganiza kuti kuzindikira padziko lonse [za ufulu ndi demokalase] ndikofunika padziko lonse lapansi komanso kuti [malingaliro achi China] azitsutsa miyoyo ya anthu, ndikuganiza China isintha."

“特朗普给全球设立了一个非常清晰的信号,就是说我们作为自由民主的,要设置一个底线,不允许整个社会堕落到到这条底线之下。”

Video Player yalephera kutsegula.

Ophunzira ku Yunivesite ya New South Wales

Mmodzi mkati读博的中国留学生姜源表达了夹在两国关系紧张之下的压力。

Play

Malo oti muzisewera kapena kuyimitsa, M kuti musalankhule, mivi yakumanzere ndi kumanja kuti mufufuze, mivi yakukwera ndi kutsika kwa voliyumu.

Mmodzi mkati读博的中国留学生姜源表达了夹在两国关系紧张之下的压力。 (
ABC Chitchaina
)

Mmodzi mkatiTekinoloje就读博士的中国留学生姜源提出,在中澳两国之间的冲突不断升级的大背景之下,他亲身感触到了遭到质疑的压力。

Mnzake Pulofesa Pan Chengxin adanenanso kuti kupsinjika uku ndi nkhawa sikuli kopanda maziko.

"Kwa ophunzira omwe akuphunzira ku China, anthu akukayikira. Izi sizoyenera. Ndikuganiza kuti ili ndi vuto lomwe anthu aku Australia amachitira achi China. Nthawi zambiri, kukayikiraku sikunachitike mwachilungamo komanso kosamveka."

"Kukayikira kwamtunduwu kumapangitsa ophunzira akunja, kapena achi China omwe akugwira ntchito ndikuphunzira pano, kumva kupsinjika kwamtunduwu. Ndikuganiza kuti kupsinjika kwamtunduwu kutembenuka ndipo kudzawononga zomanga zikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana ku Australia."

Anatinso izi zalandilidwa ndi atolankhani aku China ndikuwonjezera mbiri yoyipa ku Australia.

然而,冯崇义副教授说:“如果[中国]留学生群体充当‘小粉红’,做出了一些不被国际社会接受的行为,留学生群体要好好反思[为什么澳洲社会会质疑他们]”。

Atolankhani akulu, anangula ndi owunikira ochokera ku Australia Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) adzakonzekera chisankho chanu cha 2020 U.S. General, kotero khalani tcheru.

Australia Broadcasting Corporation ABC idatumiza gulu loyamba kukapereka lipoti pazisankho za Purezidenti wa 2020 US.
Australia Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) idatumiza gulu loyamba kukapereka lipoti pazisankho za purezidenti wa 2020 US.
(ABC)

Nthawi yomweyo, takulandirani kuti mulowe patsamba la ABC Chinese Facebook kuti muwone zonse zomwe zatuluka mu 13 ya "Live Australia".Lachitatu lirilonse nthawi ya 5:00 pm Nthawi Yotentha ya Kum'mawa, "Live Australia" idzakumana nanu nthawi.

Takulandilani kuti mutiuze mitu yomwe mukufuna kudziwa kudzera pazazomwe zili pansipa, kapena mutipatse ndemanga kapena malingaliro ofunikira.

Chiyanjano choyambirira

"Chinatown" Fb amagawana nkhani zaku Australia tsiku lililonse, kuti muthe kudziwa zaku Australia nthawi iliyonse komanso kulikonse @Play, @Immigration, @ 生活 信息: https://www.fb.com/news.china.com.au/

[Takulandilani nkhani kuti mukambirane! Nkhani yolembetsa ya WeChat: nkhani-china-com-au

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